Daiva; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Daiva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Daiva (दैव).—Almighty God. (See Īśvara).

2) Daiva (दैव).—A kind of marriage. The form of marriage by which one gives his daughter to a priest. (See Vivāha).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Daiva (दैव).—Name of a system of grammar or a work on grammar the peculiarity of which is the omission of the एकशेष (ekaśeṣa) topic; cf. अनेकशेषं दैवं स्यात् (anekaśeṣaṃ daivaṃ syāt)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Daiva (दैव) (masc.) appears in the list of sciences in the Chāndogya-upaniṣad, where Śaṅkara explains it as utpāta-jñāna, apparently the ‘knowledge of portents’. The St. Petersburg Dictionary suggests that the word is here used adjectivally, and this view is followed by Little and by Böhtlingk in his translation.

2) Daiva (दैव) is the patronymic of the mythical Atharvan in the first two Vaṃśas (lists of teachers) of the Bṛhadāraṇyaka-upaniṣad.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Daiva (दैव).—What are the causes of influx of karmas leading to birth in the heavens (daiva)? Self-restraint with attachment (sarāga-saṃyama), partial-restraint (saṃyamāsaṃyama), involuntary dissociation (akāmanirjarā) and austerities with perverted views (bālatapa) are the causes of influx of karmas leading to birth in the heavenly realms.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

daiva (दैव).—n (S) Destiny, fate, fortune. 2 The caste collectively or as assembled. daiva ughaḍaṇēṃ-upaṭaṇēṃ-khulaṇēṃ g. of s. To become prosperous; to begin to thrive and flourish. daiva ubhēṃ rāhaṇēṃ To appear or come actively forward--one's destiny. daiva kāḍhaṇēṃ or daivāsa caḍhaṇēṃ To become pro- sperous. daivācā Fortunate. daivācī parīkṣā karaṇēṃ-pāha- ṇēṃ To try one's luck. daivānēṃ upaṭa khāṇēṃ To become exceedingly propitious--the fates. daivānēṃ ōḍha ghēṇēṃ or daiva ōḍhavaṇēṃ To constrain to some evil--one's destiny. daivānēṃ dhāva ghēṇēṃ -karaṇēṃ To take a run of good or evil--one's fortune or luck. daivāsa yēṇēṃ To get into luck; to begin to prosper. 2 To come upon one from his destiny. daivāsa raḍaṇēṃ To cry out upon one's destiny. Pr. dhaḍa kāṇṭyāvara ghālūna daivāsa raḍaṇēṃ. daivāntūna utaraṇēṃ To be utterly lost--a person or thing. daivānēṃ ucala karaṇēṃ -yārī dēṇēṃ -hānta dēṇēṃ To give one a lift--one's destiny. daivānēṃ māgēṃ ghēṇēṃ -māgēṃ pāhaṇēṃ -māgēṃ saraṇēṃ -māgēṃ haṭaṇēṃ To become adverse--one's fortunes. daivāvara havālā dēṇēṃ To commit unto the disposal of destiny.

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daiva (दैव).—a (S) (-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ m f n) Relating to divinity or a deity, divine.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daiva (दैव).—n Destiny. Luck, fortune. a Divine. daiva ughaḍaṇēṃ Become favourable -one's destiny. daiva ubhēṃ rāhaṇēṃ Come actively forward-one's destiny. daiva ōḍhavaṇēṃ Constrain to evil-one's des- tiny. daiva kāḍhaṇēṃ Become prosperous. daivācā Fortunate. daivānēṃ dhāṃva ghēṇēṃ Take a run of good or evil. daivāvara havālā dēṇēṃ Commit unto the disposal of destiny. daivāsa yēṇēṃ Being to prosper.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daiva (दैव).—a. (- f.) [देवादागतः अण् (devādāgataḥ aṇ)]

1) Relating to gods, caused by or coming from gods, divine, celestial; संस्कृतं नाम दैवी वागन्वाख्याता महर्षिभिः (saṃskṛtaṃ nāma daivī vāganvākhyātā maharṣibhiḥ) Kāv.1.33; दैवीनां मानुषीणां च प्रतिहर्ता त्वमापदाम् (daivīnāṃ mānuṣīṇāṃ ca pratihartā tvamāpadām) R.1.6; Y.2.235; Bg.4.25; 9.13;16.3; Ms.3.75.

2) Royal; दैवी वाग्यस्य नाभवत् (daivī vāgyasya nābhavat) Rāj. T.5.26.

3) Depending on fate, fatal.

4) Possessing the quality of सत्त्व (sattva).

-vaḥ 1 (i. e. vivāhaḥ) One of the eight forms of marriage, that in which the daughter is given away at a sacrifice to the officiating priest; यज्ञस्य ऋत्विजे दैवः (yajñasya ṛtvije daivaḥ) Y.1.59 (for the eight forms of marriage see udvāha or Ms.3.21).

2) A worshipper of god (devabhakta); दैवान् सर्वे गुणवन्तो भवन्ति (daivān sarve guṇavanto bhavanti) Mb. 12.158.35.

-vam 1 Fate, destiny, luck, fortune; पूर्वजन्म- कृतं कर्म तद्दैवमिति कथ्यते (pūrvajanma- kṛtaṃ karma taddaivamiti kathyate) H. दैवमविद्वांसः प्रमाणयन्ति (daivamavidvāṃsaḥ pramāṇayanti) Mu.3; विना पुरुषकारेण दैवमत्र न सिध्यति (vinā puruṣakāreṇa daivamatra na sidhyati) 'God helps those who help themselves'; दैवं निहत्य कुरु पौरुषमात्मशक्त्या (daivaṃ nihatya kuru pauruṣamātmaśaktyā) Pt.1.361. (daivāt by chance, luckily, accidentally.)

2) A god, deity.

3) A religious rite or offering, an oblation to gods; उत्तिष्ठ नरशार्दूल कर्तव्यं दैवमाह्निकम् (uttiṣṭha naraśārdūla kartavyaṃ daivamāhnikam) Rām.1.23.2.

4) A kind of Śrāddha ceremony.

5) Parts of the hands sacred to the gods, i. e. the tips of the fingers; cf. Ms.2.59.

6) Royal duties; न तु केवलदैवेन प्रजाभावेन रेमिरे (na tu kevaladaivena prajābhāvena remire) Mb.1.222.1.

7) A science phenomena, unusuals (utpātas); Ch. Up. 7.1.2.

-vī 1 A woman married according to the form of marriage called daiva q. v. above.

2) a. Divine, super-human; दैवी संपद्विमोक्षाय निबन्धायासुरी मता (daivī saṃpadvimokṣāya nibandhāyāsurī matā) Bg.16.5.

3) A division of medicine (the medical use of charms, prayers &c.).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daiva (दैव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) Of or relating to divinity or a deity, divine, celestial, &c. mn.

(-vaḥ-vaṃ) Destiny, fate, fortune. n.

(-vaṃ) 1. The part of the hand sacred to the gods; the tips of the fingers, (some exclude the thumbs.) 2. One of the forms of marriage; the gift of a daughter at a sacrifice to the officiating priest. f. (-vī) a division of medicine, the medical use of charms, &c. E. deva a deity, and aṇ affix of reference or relation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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