Apararatra, Apararātra, Apara-ratra: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Apararatra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Apararatra in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Apararātra (अपररात्र) refers to the “latter half of the night”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Himācala (Himavat) said to Menā:—“O dear, at the end of the latter half of the night [i.e., apararātra], I too had a dream. Please listen to it lovingly. I shall zealously explain it. A great saint of exquisite limbs, as mentioned by Nārada, arrived near my city with very great pleasure in order to perform penance there. Delighted much I took my daughter there with me. He was recognised as Lord Śiva, the bridegroom as mentioned by Nārada. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Apararatra in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Apararātra (अपररात्र) refers to the “end of the night”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: “Son of good family, those sixty-four dharmas are included in one hundred twenty-eight dharmas. What are those one hundred twenty-four? [...] (59) the lightness of body is included in knowing the proper time for eating and making an effort at practicing vigilance in the beginning and end of the night (pūrvarātra-apararātra); (60) lightness of thought is included in eagerness and examination; (61) being free from lassitude is included in impermanence and suffering; (62) desire is included in the absence of what belongs to the ego and property; [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apararatra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apararātra (अपररात्र).—f (S & masc) corruptly aparātra f The end of the night; the last watch.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apararātra (अपररात्र).—f corr. aparātra f The end of the night.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apararatra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apararātra (अपररात्र).—[aparaṃ rātreḥ] the latter or closing part of night, the last watch of night (P.V.4.87); उत्थायापररात्रान्ते प्रयताः सुसमाहिताः (utthāyāpararātrānte prayatāḥ susamāhitāḥ) Bhāgavata 8.4.24. °कृतम् (kṛtam) P.II.1.45.

Derivable forms: apararātraḥ (अपररात्रः).

Apararātra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms apara and rātra (रात्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apararātra (अपररात्र).—m.

(-traḥ) The end of the night, the last watch. E. apara the end, rātra from rātri a night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apararātra (अपररात्र).—[masculine] the latter half of a night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apararātra (अपररात्र):—[=apara-rātra] [from apara] m. the latter half of the night, the end of the night, the last watch.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apararātra (अपररात्र):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-traḥ) The latter part of the night, the last watch. E. apara (see I. 1. 3.) and rātri, samāsānta aff. ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apararātra (अपररात्र):—[apara-rātra] (traḥ) 1. m. The end of the night, the last watch.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apararātra (अपररात्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avaratta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Apararatra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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