Aparanta, aka: Aparānta, Apara-anta; 8 Definition(s)
Aparanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1) Aparānta (अपरान्त).—A city on the west coast of ancient South India. (Mahābhārata, Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 67).
2) Aparānta (अपरान्त).—Another name of the Śūrpāraka temple. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 49, Verse 67).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Aparānta (अपरान्त).—A northern kingdom.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 46; III. 62. 39; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 51; Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 81.
1b) The people of the western country.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 16.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Aparānta (अपरान्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aparānta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
Mentioned in a list of tribes. Ap.ii.359.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
One of the countries to which Asoka sent missionaries after the Third Council. The leader of the mission was Yonaka Dhammarakkhitta (Mhv.xii.5; Dpv.viii.7). He preached to the people the Aggikkhandopama Sutta and 37,000 people embraced the new faith, a thousand men and even more women entering the Order (Mhv.xii.34-6; Sp.i.67).
The country comprises the territory of Northern Gujarat, Kathiawar, Kachch and Sindh. Fleet J.R.A.S. 1910, p.427; Bhandarkar in his Early History of Dekkan puts it in North Konkan (p.23); see also Burgess: Arch. Reports ii.131.
According to Hsouien Thsang, the country seems to comprise Sindh, Western Rajaputana, Cutch, Gujarat and a portion of the adjoining coast on the lower bank of the Narmada. Cunningham Anct. Geog. of India, notes, p.690; and Law: Early Geography 56ff.
Probably Buddhism was known in Aparanta during the time of the Buddha himself. Dutt: Early Hist. of Bsm. p.190; Dvy., pp.45ff; but the reference is to Sunaparanta.
It is said that when Mandhata brought all the four continents under his sway people from the three other continents came over to Jambudipa and lived there. When the king died they found themselves unable to get back, and begged his minister to allow them to start settlements in Jambudipa itself. He agreed, and the settlement of those who had come from Aparagoyana was for that reason called Aparanta (DA.ii.482; MA.i.184) (Aparantaka).
(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)
Aparanta and Aparantaka were two different areas. Buddhist sources unambiguously indicate the location of Aparantaka in the east and not in the west. Magadha and Aparantaka kingdoms were undoubtedly neighboring kingdoms.(Source): academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
Languages of India and abroad
aparanta : 1. the last end; 2. the future; 3. name of a country in Western India.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Aparānta (अपरान्त).—a. living at the western borders. (-ntaḥ) 1 the western border or extremity, the extreme end or term. the western shore.
2) (pl.) the country or inhabitants of the western borders near the Sahya mountain; अपरान्तजयोद्यतैः (aparāntajayodyataiḥ) (anīkaiḥ) R.4.53 Western people. दशार्णाश्चापरान्ताश्च द्विपानां मध्यमा मताः (daśārṇāścāparāntāśca dvipānāṃ madhyamā matāḥ) Kau.A.1.2.
3) the kings of this country.
4) death, Pātañjala Yogadarśana 3.22. °ज्ञानम् (jñānam) anticipation of one's end.
5) the hind foot of an elephant; मृदुचलदपरान्तोदीरितान्दूनिनादम् (mṛducaladaparāntodīritāndūninādam) Śi.11.7;18.32.
6) Islander, inhabitant of an island (dvīpavāsin) कोट्यापरान्ताः सामुद्रा रत्नान्युपहरन्तु ते (koṭyāparāntāḥ sāmudrā ratnānyupaharantu te) Rām.2.82.8.
Aparānta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms apara and anta (अन्त).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Aparanta, Aparānta or Apara-anta. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - Teaching the Rādhasutta at mount Makula < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
Appendix 5 - The story of Vakkhali < [Chapter XXXIX - The Ten Powers of the Buddha according to the Abhidharma]
The Non-existence of Time According to the Mahāyāna < [Part 1 - Mahāyānist list of the eighteen special attributes of the Buddha]
The Mahavamsa (by Wilhelm Geiger)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 13 - Enumeration of holy spots (tīrtha) for Śrāddha < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]