Parapara, Parāparā, Pārāpara, Para-apara, Pārāpāra: 12 definitions
Parapara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Parāparā (परापरा).—The third stage of Kāmākṣī, the second being Suddhaparā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 39. 11.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)
Parāpara (परापर) refers to “one who is both supreme and inferior” and is used to describe Svacchanda, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult. Accordingly, “O goddess, Svacchanda is in the middle, within the abode of the triangle. Very powerful, he has five faces with three times five flaming eyes. [...] Īśāna is the upper face. Both supreme and inferior [i.e., parāpara], its nature is creation. (White) like snow, jasmine and the moon, it is stainless like pure crystal. It nourishes the entire universe with its moon rays as it rains in a great torrent a stream of nectar-like (bliss). Contemplating Īśāna (in this way) one attains (all eight) yogic powers. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
The name of a family. See Parapariya.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
parapara (परपर) [or रां, rāṃ].—ad Imit. of the sound of cloth splitting and tearing, of reiterate ventris crepitus &c.
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parapāra (परपार).—m S The opposite or farther bank or side.
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parāpara (परापर) [or रां, rāṃ].—ad Imit. of the sound of cloth splitting and bursting and tearing with close reiteration; of rapidly successive ventris crepitus &c.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
parapāra (परपार).—m The opposite or farther bank or side.
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) far and near, remote and proximate.
2) prior and posterior.
3) before and beyond, earlier and later.
4) higher and lower, best and worst.
-raḥ a Guru of an intermediate class.
-ram (in logic) a property intermediate between the greatest and smallest numbers, a species (as existing between the genus and individual); e. g. पृथ्वी (pṛthvī) which is पर (para) with respect to a घट (ghaṭa) is अपर (apara) with respect to द्रव्य (dravya); द्रव्यत्वादिक- जातिस्तु परापरतयोच्यते (dravyatvādika- jātistu parāparatayocyate) Bhāṣā. P.8.
Parāpara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and apara (अपर).
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Pārāpāra (पारापार).—both banks, the nearer and further bank.
-raḥ the sea, ocean; शोकपारावारमुत्तर्तुमशक्नुवती (śokapārāvāramuttartumaśaknuvatī) Dk.4; Bv.4.11.
Derivable forms: pārāpāram (पारापारम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Best and worst, prior and posterior, in front and behind, earlier and later, &c. n.
(-raṃ) (In Logic,) Community of property intermediate between the greatest and smallest numbers: a species, as being between genus and individual. m.
(-raḥ) A Guru of an intermediate class, a term applied in the Tantras to the goddess Durga. E. para, and apara another.
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Pārāpāra (पारापार) or Pārāvāra.—m.
(-raḥ) The ocean. n.
(-raṃ) The two banks of a river. E. pāra the further bank, and apāra near bank.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parāpara (परापर).—[neuter] the far and near, more and less, better and worse, earlier and later, cause and effect; [abstract] tā [feminine], tva [neuter]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Parāpara (परापर):—[from para] mfn. remote and proximate, prior and posterior (as cause and effect), earlier and later, higher and lower, better and worse, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] m. = -guru below
3) [v.s. ...] n. (in logic) a community of properties in a small class under the larger or generic, a species or class between the genus and individual, [Horace H. Wilson]
4) [v.s. ...] Grewia Asiatica, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
5) Pārapāra (पारपार):—[=pāra-pāra] [from pāra] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a kind of Tuṣṭi (sub voce), Sāṃkhyas [Scholiast or Commentator]
7) Pārāpāra (पारापार):—[from pāra] a n. the nearer and the further sh°, both banks (= and [varia lectio] for pārāvāra), [Matsya-purāṇa]
8) [v.s. ...] m. the sea, ocean, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) b pārāyaṇa See under 1. pāra, p. 619, col. 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Parāpara (परापर):—[parā+para] (raḥ-rā-raṃ) a. Best and worst; first and last. n. Species.
2) Pārāpāra (पारापार):—[pārā+pāra] (raḥ) 1. m. The ocean; the two banks of a river.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+18): Paraparata, Amanaskalaya, Paravara, Paratparaguru, Paraparajna, Pararam, Paraparadrishtartha, Paraparaguru, Aparapara, Paraparatva, Paraparesha, Paraparaitri, Ratishekhara, Paropariya, Parayana, Parahpara, Citpara, Trika, Sattvendriyaparapara, Paravata.
Search found 18 books and stories containing Parapara, Parāparā, Pārāpara, Parapāra, Parāpara, Para-apara, Pārāpāra, Pāra-apāra, Pārapāra, Para-para, Pāra-pāra; (plurals include: Paraparas, Parāparās, Pārāparas, Parapāras, Parāparas, aparas, Pārāpāras, apāras, Pārapāras, paras, pāras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Part 2a - Trika Philosophy (Introduction) < [Krama system and Trika school]
Verse 36 [Power group of Śakti (Śaktivṛnda)] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 175 [Sṛṣṭikāli’s Dvādaśakrama Cidūrmi] < [Chapter 3 - Third Vimarśa]
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Dhammapada (Illustrated) (by Ven. Weagoda Sarada Maha Thero)
Contribution of Vachaspati-Mishra to Samkhya System (by Sasikumar. B)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
IV. The knowledge of the degree of the moral faculties (indriya-parāpara-jñānabala) < [Part 2 - The ten powers in particular]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)