Aparadha, Aparādha: 24 definitions


Aparadha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Aparādha (अपराध) refers to “(1) That which undermines arādhana, or devotion (2) An offence, or an impediment to bhakti. Arcana-dīpikā lists 64 sevā-aparādhas, 10 nāmā-aparādhas and 10 dhāmā-aparādhas to avoid”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Aparādha (अपराध) refers to:—An offence committed against the holy name, Vaiṣṇavas, the spiritual master, the scriptures, holy places or the deity. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Aparādha (अपराध) refers to “offences” (committed against the holy name, the Vaiṣṇavas, the Guru, the śāstras, the holy places, the deity and so on), according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Practitioners on the path of bhakti, especially those engaged in the worship of the deity, should become completely free from sevā-aparādha (offences committed while serving the deity) and nāma-aparādha (offences to the holy name). they should remain extremely careful at all times to not commit these offences.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Aparādha (अपराध) refers to “faults” (of the court officiant), according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “For only the Court Officiant accomplishes for Kings all seen and unseen aims, especially when this Deity is installed, worshipped and so on. Any defectiveness of his (i.e. of the King) is due to the faults of the Court Officiant (aparādhaaparādhāt purodhasaḥ), and similarly [every] excellence of the same King in [the performance of] rituals [depends on the Officiant], oh Master of the Earth!”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Aparadha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aparādha (अपराध) refers to “faults”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.51 (“The resuscitation of Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Kāma said to Śiva: “O lord of gods, O ocean of mercy, if you, the lord of all, are pleased with me please be delightful to me. O lord, please forgive my fault (aparādha) formerly perpetrated by me. Please grant me great affection towards my people and devotion to your feet. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Aparādha (अपराध) refers to an “offence”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the afflicted Nāgas said to Bhagavān]: “O Bhagavān, extremely dreadful mantrapadas have been uttered. O Bhagavān, my offence (aparādha) is known. But, O Bhagavān, I was overpowered by the hostile spell-master and I stroke back and emitted [the fire]. Then, O Bhagavān, the hostile Nāgas become agitated and destroy crops. They destroy flowers and fruits. They send down thunderbolts. They stir up cold winds. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aparādha.—see daś-āparādha (IE 8-5). Note: aparādha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aparadha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aparādha : (m.) offence; guilt; crime.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aparādha, (fr. apa + rādh) sin, fault, offence, guilt J.I, 264 (nir°); III, 394; IV, 495; VvA.69; PvA.87, 116. (Page 52)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aparādha (अपराध).—n (S) A fault; an omission or a wrong doing; an offence, a transgression, or a trespass. a0 karaṇēṃ g. of o. To trespass against.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aparādha (अपराध).—m An offence, a fault, an omission.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध).—An offence, a fault, guilt, crime, sin, mistake, error; (32 kinds are usually stated in Śāstras); कमपराधलवं मयि पश्यसि (kamaparādhalavaṃ mayi paśyasi) V.4.29; यथापराधदण्डानाम् (yathāparādhadaṇḍānām) R.1.6; सर्वापराधेषु अवध्याः खलु दूताः (sarvāparādheṣu avadhyāḥ khalu dūtāḥ) Abhiṣeka I. यथेन्द्रशत्रुः स्वरतोऽप- राधात् (yathendraśatruḥ svarato'pa- rādhāt) Śik.52 mistake or error in accent; sometimes with gen. or loc. of person; अदः सुरेन्द्रस्य कृतापराधान् दैत्यान् (adaḥ surendrasya kṛtāparādhān daityān) V.1.2; कृतापराधमिव त्वय्यात्मानमवगच्छति (kṛtāparādhamiva tvayyātmānamavagacchati) K.23.

Derivable forms: aparādhaḥ (अपराधः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) Offence, transgression, fault. E. apa badly, and rādha to accomplish, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध).—[apa-rādh + a], m. 1. Transgression, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 6. 2. Offence, [Pañcatantra] 40, 23. 3. Crime, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 58, 22. 4. Injury, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 33, 21. 5. aparādha + tas, adv. By the fault, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 408.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध).—[masculine] the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aparādha (अपराध):—[=apa-rādha] [from apa-rādh] m. offence, transgression, fault

2) [v.s. ...] mistake

3) [v.s. ...] aparādhaṃ √1: kṛ, to offend any one ([genitive case])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-dhaḥ) Offence, transgression, fault; e. g. rogaśokaparitāpabandhanavyasanāni ca . ātmāparādhavṛkṣasya phalānyetāni dehinām; vidhyaparādhaḥ, an offence against a precept, dīkṣāparādhaḥ against the dīkṣā. (In the South of India this word is also used in the sense of punishment of offence, fine, penalty.) E. rādh with apa, kṛt aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध):—[apa-rādha] (dhaḥ) 1. m. Offence.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aparādha (अपराध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avarāha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aparadha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aparadha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध) [Also spelled aparadh]:—(nm) crime; offence; fault, guilt; ~[vijña] criminologist; -[vijñāna] criminology; [aparādhitā] criminality.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aparādha (ಅಪರಾಧ):—

1) [noun] a wrong or wicked act.

2) [noun] an offence against morality; any wrong or injury done to the society in general.

3) [noun] failure or neglect to do what duty requires.

4) [noun] an act committed in violation of a law prohibiting it or omitted in violation of a law ordering it; crime.

5) [noun] a sum of money paid as punishment or penalty for an offence.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aparadha in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Aparādha (अपराध):—n. 1. fault; affiance; crime; 2. sin;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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