Antara, aka: Antarā, Antāra; 12 Definition(s)


Antara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Antarā (अन्तरा, “in the meantime”) is a Sanskrit word referring to “songs for filling the gap”. It is one of the five kinds of dhruvā (a type of song according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32).

2) Antarā (अन्तरा, “in the meantime”) refers to one of the seven classes of songs (dhruvā) defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32.9-16. Accordingly, “depending on different conditions, the dhruvās are known to be of five classes”. The limbs belonging to this class are mentioned as: Sandhi and Prastāra.

Antarā also refers to a class of song (dhruvā) according to verse 32.25-27:—“Dhruvās are of three classes: Kaniṣṭhikāgrahā, Sannipātāgrahā, and Apagrahā. The first dhruvā is Prāveśīkī (entering), the second one Ākṣepikī (indicating), the third one Prāsādikī (calming), the fourth one Antarā (transitional) and the fifth one is Naiṣkrāmikī (departing).”

3) Antara (अन्तर, “transition”) refers to one of the five occasions in connexion with songs (dhrūva) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Antarā (अन्तरा) refers to the first of four stages through which a rāga (melodic mode) develops itself.—The antarā (the anupallavi of South Indian music) starts from the mdidle of the middle octave and develops mainly in that and the upper octave. It is focused on the consonant (samvādī / samvādin).

Source: Northern Indian Music Volume I
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Antara in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

1) Antara (अन्तर).—The son of Pṛthuśravas; in previous births the son of Yājña; also called Uśanas, performed 100 horse sacrifices as king.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 95. 22, 23.

2) Antarā (अन्तरा).—One of 44 apsarases.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 4.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Antara (अन्तर).—Interval between two phonetic elements when they are uttered one after another; hiatus, pause; वर्णान्तरं परमाणु (varṇāntaraṃ paramāṇu), R.T. 34; also विरामो वर्णयोर्मध्येप्यणुकालोप्यसंयुते (virāmo varṇayormadhyepyaṇukālopyasaṃyute) Vyāsaśikṣā; (2) space between two phonetic elements, e. g. स्वरान्तरे (svarāntare) explained as स्वरयोरन्तरे (svarayorantare) (between two vowels) by Uvvaṭa cf. अन्तस्थान्तरोपलिङ्गी विभा-षितगुणः (antasthāntaropaliṅgī vibhā-ṣitaguṇaḥ) Nir X.17.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Antara (अन्तर, “interval”).—What is the meaning of ‘interval of time’ (antara). The interval /duration between acquisition and its destruction of an attribute by an entity is called interval of time.

According to Tattvārthasūtra 1.8, “the categories and their details are undefrstood in detail in terms of existence, number (enumeration), place or abode, extent of space touched (pervasion), continuity /time, interval of time (antara), thought-activity, and reciprocal comparison”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Antara.—(CII 1), a period of time. (EI 15), name of a tax; cf. antara-adāya, antaḥ-kara, etc. Note: antara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Antarā.—(CII 1), ‘in the interval’. Note: antarā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Antara in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

antara : (nt.) difference. adj. inner; inter. || antarā (adv.), in between; meanwhile.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Antarā, (adv.) (Abl. or adv. formation fr. antara; Vedic antarā.) prep. (c. Gen. Acc. or Loc.), pref. (°-) and adv. “in between” (of space & time), midway, inside; during, meanwhile, between. On interpretation of term see DA.I, 34 sq. — (1). (prep.) c. Acc. (of the two points compared as termini; cp. B.Sk. antarā ca Divy 94 etc.) D.I, 1 (antarā ca Rājagahaṃ antarā ca Nāḷandaṃ between R. and N.). — c. Gen. & Loc. Vin.II, 161 (satthīnaṃ between the thighs, where id. p. at J.I, 218 has antara-satthīsu); A.II, 245 (satthīnaṃ. but v. l. satthimhi). — (2) (adv.) meanwhile Sn.291, 694; It.85; Dh.237. — occasionally Miln.251. — (3). (pref.) see cpds.

—kathā “in between talk, talk for pastime, chance conversation, D.II, 1, 8, 9; S.I, 79; IV, 281; A.III, 167; Sn.p. 115; DA.I, 49 and freq. passim. —gacchati to come in between, to prevent J.VI, 295. —parinibbāyin an Anāgāmin who passes away in the middle of his term of life in some particular heaven D.III, 237; A.I, 233; Pug.16. —magge (Loc.) on the road, on the way J.I, 253; Miln.16; DhA.II, 21; III, 337; PvA.151, 258, 269, 273 (cp. antara°). —maraṇa premature death DhA.I, 409; PvA.136. —muttaka one who is released in the meantime Vin.II, 167. (Page 48)

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Antara, (adj.) (Vedic antara, cp. Gr. e)/ntera = Sk. antra (see anta3), Lat. interus fr. prep. inter. See also ante & anto). Primary meanings are “inside” and “in between”; as adj. “inner”; in prep. use & in cpds. “inside, in between”. Further development of meaning is with a view of contrasting the (two) sides of the inside relation, i. e. having a space between, different from; thus nt. antaraṃ difference.

I. (Adj.-n) 1. (a) inner, having or being inside It.83 (tayo antarā malā three inward stains); esp. as —° in cpds. āmis° with greed inside, greedy, selfish Vin.I, 303; dos° with aṅger inside, i. e. angry Vin.II, 249; D.III, 237; M.I, 123; PvA.78 (so read for des°). Abl. antarato from within It.83. (b) in between, distant; dvādasa yojan° antaraṃ ṭhānaṃ PvA.139 139. — 2. In noun-function (nt.): (a). spatial: the inside (of) Vv 361 (pītantara a yellow cloak or inside garment = pītavaṇṇa uttariya VvA.116); Dāvs.I, 10 (dīp’antara-vāsin living on the island); DhA.I, 358 (kaṇṇa-chidd° the inside of the ear; VvA.50 (kacch° inner room or apartment). Therefore also “space in between”, break J.V, 352 (= chidda C.), & obstacle, hindrance, i. g. what stands in between: see cpds. and antara-dhāyati (for antaraṃ dhāyati). — (b). temporal: an interval of time, hence time in general, & also a specified time, i. e. occasion. As interval in Buddhantaraṃ the time between the death of one Buddha and the appearance of another, PvA.10, 14, 21, 47, 191 etc. As time: It.121 (etasmiṃ antare in that time or at this occasion); Pv.I, 1011 (dīghaṃ antaraṃ = dīghaṃ kālaṃ PvA.52); PvA.5 (etasmiṃ antare at this time, just then). As occasion: J.V, 287; Pug.55 (eḷaka-m-antaraṃ occasion of getting rain). S.I, 20, quoted DA.I, 34, (mañ ca tañ ca kiṃ antaraṃ what is there between me and you?) C. expls. kiṃ kāraṇā. Mrs. Rh. D. in trsln. p. 256 “of me it is and thee (this talk) — now why is this”; J.VI, 8 (assa antaraṃ na passiṃsu they did not see a diff. in him). — 3. Phrases: antaraṃ karoti (a) to keep away from or at a distance (trs. and intrs.), to hold aloof, lit. “to make a space in between” M.III, 14; J. IV.2 (°katvā leaving behind); Pug.A 231 (ummāraṃ a. katvā staying away from a threshold); also adverbially: dasa yojanāni a. katvā at a distance of 10 y. PvA.139. — (b.) to remove, destroy J.VI, 56 (v. l. BB. antarāyaṃ karoti).

II. In prep. use (°-) with Acc. (direction) or Loc. (rest): inside (of), in the midst of, between, during (cp. III, use of cases). (a.) w. Acc.: antaragharaṃ paviṭṭha gone into the house Miln.11. — (b.) w. Loc.: antaraghare nisīdanti (inside the house) Vin.II, 213; °dīpake in the centre of the island J.I, 240; °dvāre in the door J.V, 231; °magge on the road (cp. antarāmagge) PvA.109; °bhatte in phrase ekasmiṃ yeva a. during one meal J I 19 = DhA.I, 249; °bhattasmiṃ id. DhA.IV, 12; °vīthiyan in the middle of the road PvA.96. °satthīsu between the thighs Vin.II, 161 (has antarā satthīnaṃ) = J.I, 218.

III, Adverbial use of cases, Instr. antarena in between D.I, 56; S.IV, 59, 73; J.I, 393; PvA.13 (kāl° in a little while, na kālantarena ib. 19). Often in combn. antarantarena (c. Gen.) right in between (lit. in between the space of) DhA.I, 63, 358. — Loc. antare in, inside of, in between (-° or c. Gen. KhA 81 (sutt° in the Sutta); DhA.III, 416 (mama a.); PvA.56, 63 (rukkh°). Also as antarantare right inside, right in the middle of (c. Gen.) KhA 57; DhA.I, 59 (vanasaṇḍassa a.). — Abl. antarā (see also sep. article of antarā) in combn. antarantarā from time to time, occasionally; successively time after time Sn.p. 107; DhA.II, 86; IV, 191; PvA.272.

IV. anantara (adj.) having or leaving nothing in between i. e. immediately following, incessant, next, adjoining J.IV, 139; Miln.382 (solid; DhA.I, 397; PvA.63 (tadantaraṃ immediately hereafter), 92 (immed. preceding), 97 (next in caste). See also abbhantara.

—atīta gone past in the meantime J.II, 243. —kappa an intermediary kappa (q. v.) D I 54. —kāraṇa a cause of impediment, hindrance, obstacle Pug.A 231 —cakka “the intermediate round”, i. e. in astrology all that belongs to the intermediate points of the compass Miln.178. —cara one who goes in between or inside, i. e. a robber S.IV, 173. —bāhira (adj.) inside & outside J.I, 125. —bhogika one who has power (wealth, influence) inside the kings dominion or under the king, a subordinate chieftain (cp. antara-raṭṭha) Vin.III, 47 —raṭṭha an intermediate kingdom, rulership of a subordinate prince J.V, 135. —vāsa an interregnum Dpvs.V.80. —vāsaka “inner or intermediate garment”, one of the 3 robes of a Buddhist bhikkhu (viz. the saṅghāṭī, uttarāsaṅga & a.) Vin.I, 94, 289; II, 272. Cf. next. —sāṭaka an inner or lower garment (cp. Sk. antarīya id.), under garment, i. e. the one between the outer one & the body VvA.166 (q. v.). (Page 47)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

antara (अंतर).—n (S) Intermediate space or time, interval. 2 Intermission. 3 Difference, variation, dissimilitude. 4 Disagreement or discrepancy. 5 Variance, dissension, slight estrangement. 6 Failure or shortcoming; omission or defective performance (in duty, service, engagements). Ex. cākarīnta a0 paḍalēṃ asalēṃ tara. 7 Inaccuracy or incorrectness. Ex. hyā hiśōbānta aṃ0 nāhīṃ. S The mind or the heart. Ex. antarīcā jñānadivā mālavūṃ nakōrē; antarīñcēṃ duḥkha kōṇhāsa kaḷatēṃ? 9 In comp. Another. Compounds ad libitum; as bhāṣāntara Another language, a translation &c.; dēśāntara Another or a foreign country; dēhāntara Another body; sthalāntara, janmāntara, granthāntara, vṛkṣāntara, pāṣāṇāntara, puṣyāntara &c. 10 In arithmetic. Diminution by subtraction. Ex. visānta pāñcācēṃ aṃ0 karuna pandharā. 11 (Poetry.) The heavens or midspace. Ex. kiṃ antarīṃhūna khālīṃ paḍalī || gēli cūra hōūniyā || 12 (Esp. in poetry.) The inside or inner place; as antarīṃ śara bhinalā & pātrāntarīṃ vājati kṣīradhārā || aṃ0 karaṇēṃ g. of o. In arithmetic. To subtract. aṃ0 dēṇēṃ To leave, forsake, abandon. antaraṃ maha- dantaraṃ (A Sanskrit phrase.) Any difference is a great difference.

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antarā (अंतरा).—m (antara) Intermediate space or time, interval.

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antarā (अंतरा).—m (antara S) Commonly written antrā.

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āntara (आंतर).—a S Interior, internal, inner.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antara (अंतर).—n Interval. Difference. Omission. Inaccuracy. The heart. Intermission. antara dēṇēṃ Leave, abandon.

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antarā (अंतरा).—m antarāla m n Intermediate space or time. Interval.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antara (अन्तर).—a. [antaṃ rāti dadāti, rā-ka]

1) Being in the inside, interior, inward, internal (opp. bāhya); योन्तरो यमयति (yontaro yamayati) Śat. Br.; °र आत्मा (ra ātmā) Tait. Up.; कश्चनान्तरो धर्मः (kaścanāntaro dharmaḥ) S. D. अन्तरापणवीथ्यश्च नानापण्योपशोभिताः अनुगच्छन्तु (antarāpaṇavīthyaśca nānāpaṇyopaśobhitāḥ anugacchantu) Rām.7.64.3.

2) Near, proximate (āsanna); कृष्वा युजश्चिदन्तरम् (kṛṣvā yujaścidantaram) Rv.1. 1.9.

3) Related, intimate, dear, closely connected (ātmīya) (opp. para); तदेतत्प्रेयः पुत्रात् (tadetatpreyaḥ putrāt) ...... प्रेयोऽन्यस्मात्सर्व- स्मादन्तरतरं यदयमात्मा (preyo'nyasmātsarva- smādantarataraṃ yadayamātmā) Śat. Br.; अयमत्यन्तरो मम (ayamatyantaro mama) Bharata.

4) Similar (also antaratama) (of sounds and words); स्थानेऽन्तरतमः (sthāne'ntaratamaḥ) P.I.1.5; हकारस्य घकारोन्तरतमः (hakārasya ghakārontaratamaḥ) Śabdak.; सर्वस्य पदस्य स्थाने शब्दतोऽर्थतश्चान्तरतमे द्वे शब्दस्वरूपे भवतः (sarvasya padasya sthāne śabdato'rthataścāntaratame dve śabdasvarūpe bhavataḥ) P. VIII.1.1. Com.

5) (a) Different from, other than (with abl.); योऽप्सु तिष्ठन्नद्भ्योऽन्तरः (yo'psu tiṣṭhannadbhyo'ntaraḥ) Bṛ. Ār. Up.; आत्मा स्वभावोऽन्तरोऽन्यो यस्य स आत्मान्तरः अन्यस्वभावः व्यवसायिनोऽन्तरम् (ātmā svabhāvo'ntaro'nyo yasya sa ātmāntaraḥ anyasvabhāvaḥ vyavasāyino'ntaram) P.VI.2.166 Sk. ततोऽन्तराणि सत्त्वानि स्वादते स महाबलः (tato'ntarāṇi sattvāni svādate sa mahābalaḥ) Rām.7. 62.5. (b) The other; उदधेरन्तरं पारम् (udadherantaraṃ pāram) Rām.

6) Exterior, outer, situated outside, or to be worn outside (antaraṃ bahiryogopasaṃvyānayoḥ P.I.1.36) (In this sense it is declined optionally like sarva in nom. pl. and abl. and loc. sing.) अन्तरे-रा वा गृहाः बाह्या इत्यर्थः (antare-rā vā gṛhāḥ bāhyā ityarthaḥ) (caṇḍālādigṛhāḥ); अन्तरे-रा वा शाटकाः परिधानीया इत्यर्थः (antare-rā vā śāṭakāḥ paridhānīyā ityarthaḥ) Sk.; so अन्तरायां पुरि, अन्तरायै नगर्यै, नमोऽन्तरस्मै अमेधसाम् (antarāyāṃ puri, antarāyai nagaryai, namo'ntarasmai amedhasām) Vop.

-ram 1 (a) The interior, inside; ततान्तरं सान्तरवारिशीकरैः (tatāntaraṃ sāntaravāriśīkaraiḥ) Ki.4.29,5.5; जालान्तरगते भानौ (jālāntaragate bhānau) Ms.8.132; विमानान्तरलम्बिनीनाम् (vimānāntaralambinīnām) R.13.33; Mk.8.5, Ku. 7.62; अपि वनान्तरं श्रयति (api vanāntaraṃ śrayati) V.4.24; लीयन्ते मुकुलान्तरेषु (līyante mukulāntareṣu) Ratn. 1.26, Ki.3.58; अन्तरात् (antarāt) from inside, from out of; प्राकारपरिखान्तरान्निर्ययुः (prākāraparikhāntarānniryayuḥ) Rām.; अन्तरे (antare) in, into; वन°, कानन°, प्रविश्यान्तरे (vana°, kānana°, praviśyāntare) &c. (b) Hence, the interior of any thing, contents; purport, tenor; अत्रान्तरं ब्रह्मविदो विदित्वा (atrāntaraṃ brahmavido viditvā) Śvet. Up. (c) A hole, an opening; तस्य बाणान्तरेभ्यस्तु बहु सुस्राव शोणितम् (tasya bāṇāntarebhyastu bahu susrāva śoṇitam).

2) Soul, heart; mind; सततमसुतरं वर्णयन्त्यन्तरम् (satatamasutaraṃ varṇayantyantaram) Ki.5.18 the inmost or secret nature (lit. middle space or region); लब्धप्रतिष्ठान्तरैः भृत्यैः (labdhapratiṣṭhāntaraiḥ bhṛtyaiḥ) Mu.3.13 having entered the heart; सदृशं पुरुषान्तरविदो महेन्द्रस्य (sadṛśaṃ puruṣāntaravido mahendrasya) V.3.

3) The Supreme Soul.

4) Interval, intermediate time or space, distance; रम्यान्तरः (ramyāntaraḥ) Ś.4.11; किंचिदन्तरमगमम् (kiṃcidantaramagamam) Dk.6; अल्प- कुचान्तरा (alpa- kucāntarā) V.4.49; क्रोशान्तरेण पथि स्थिताः (krośāntareṇa pathi sthitāḥ) H.4 at the distance of; बृहद् भुजान्तरम् (bṛhad bhujāntaram) R.3.54; अन्तरे (antare) oft. translated by between, betwixt; गीतान्तरेषु (gītāntareṣu) Ku.3.38 in the intervals of singing; मरणजीवितयोरन्तरे वर्ते (maraṇajīvitayorantare varte) betwixt life and death; अस्त्रयोगान्तरेषु (astrayogāntareṣu) Rām.; तन्मुहूर्तकं बाष्पसलिलान्तरेषु प्रेक्षे तावदार्यपुत्रम् (tanmuhūrtakaṃ bāṣpasalilāntareṣu prekṣe tāvadāryaputram) U.3 in the intervals of weeping; बाष्पविश्रामोऽप्यन्तरे कर्तव्य एव (bāṣpaviśrāmo'pyantare kartavya eva) U.4 at intervals; स्मर्तव्योस्मि कथान्तरेषु भवता (smartavyosmi kathāntareṣu bhavatā) Mk.7.7 in the course of conversation; कालान्तरावर्तिशुभाशुभानि (kālāntarāvartiśubhāśubhāni) H.1 v. l. See कालान्तरम् (kālāntaram); सरस्वतीदृषद्वत्योर्यदन्तरम् (sarasvatīdṛṣadvatyoryadantaram) Ms.2.17,22; द्यावापृथिव्यो- रिदमन्तरं हि व्याप्तं त्वयैकेन (dyāvāpṛthivyo- ridamantaraṃ hi vyāptaṃ tvayaikena) Bg.11.2; न मृणालसूत्रं रचितं स्तनान्तरे (na mṛṇālasūtraṃ racitaṃ stanāntare) Ś.6.18 between the breasts; Bg.5.27; अस्य खलु ते बाणपथवर्तिनः कृष्णसारस्यान्तरे तपस्विन उपस्थिताः (asya khalu te bāṇapathavartinaḥ kṛṣṇasārasyāntare tapasvina upasthitāḥ) Ś.1; तदन्तरे सा विरराज धेनुः (tadantare sā virarāja dhenuḥ) R.2.2;12.29. (b) Intervention (vyavadhāna) oft. in the sense of 'through'; मेघान्तरालक्ष्यमि- वेन्दुबिम्बम् (meghāntarālakṣyami- vendubimbam) R.13.38 through the clouds; वस्त्रं अन्तरं व्यवधायकं यस्य स वस्त्रान्तरः (vastraṃ antaraṃ vyavadhāyakaṃ yasya sa vastrāntaraḥ) P.VI.2.166 Sk.; महानद्यन्तरं यत्र तद्देशान्त- रमुच्यते (mahānadyantaraṃ yatra taddeśānta- ramucyate); जालान्तरप्रेषितदृष्टिः (jālāntarapreṣitadṛṣṭiḥ) R.7.9 peeping through a window; विटपान्तरेण अवलोकयामि (viṭapāntareṇa avalokayāmi) Ś.1; क्षणमपि विलम्बमन्तरीकर्तु- मक्षमा (kṣaṇamapi vilambamantarīkartu- makṣamā) K.36 to allow to come between or intervene; कियच्चिरं वा मैघान्तरेण पूर्णिमाचन्द्रस्य दर्शनम् (kiyacciraṃ vā maighāntareṇa pūrṇimācandrasya darśanam) U.3.

5) Room, place, space in general; मृणालसूत्रान्तरमप्यलभ्यम् (mṛṇālasūtrāntaramapyalabhyam) Ku.1.4; न ह्यविद्धं तयोर्गात्रे बभूवाङ्गुलमन्तरम् (na hyaviddhaṃ tayorgātre babhūvāṅgulamantaram) Rām.; मूषिकैः कृतेऽन्तरे (mūṣikaiḥ kṛte'ntare) Y.1. 147; गुणाः कृतान्तराः (guṇāḥ kṛtāntarāḥ) K.4 finding or making room for themselves; न यस्य कस्यचिदन्तरं दातव्यम् (na yasya kasyacidantaraṃ dātavyam) K.266; देहि दर्शना- न्तरम् (dehi darśanā- ntaram) 84. room; पौरुषं श्रय शोकस्य नान्तरं दातुमर्हसि (pauruṣaṃ śraya śokasya nāntaraṃ dātumarhasi) Rām. do not give way to sorrow; तस्यान्तरं मार्गते (tasyāntaraṃ mārgate) Mk.7.2 waits till it finds room; अन्तरं अन्तरम् (antaraṃ antaram) Mk.2 make way, make way.

6) Access, entrance, admission, footing; लेभेन्तरं चेतसि नोपदेशः (lebhentaraṃ cetasi nopadeśaḥ) R.6.66 found no admission into (was not impressed on) the mind; 17.75; लब्धान्तरा सावरणेऽपि गेहे (labdhāntarā sāvaraṇe'pi gehe) 16.7.

7) Period (of time), term; मासान्तरे देयम् (māsāntare deyam) Ak.; सप्तैते मनवः । स्वे स्वेन्तरे सर्वमिदमुत्पाद्यापुश्चराचरम् (saptaite manavaḥ | sve sventare sarvamidamutpādyāpuścarācaram) Ms.1.63, see मन्वन्तरम् (manvantaram); इति तौ विरहान्तरक्षमौ (iti tau virahāntarakṣamau) R.8.56 the term or period of separation; क्षणान्तरे -रात् (kṣaṇāntare -rāt) within the period of a moment.

8) Opportunity, occasion, time; देवी चित्रलेखामव- लोकयन्ती तिष्ठति । तस्मिन्नन्तरे भर्तोपस्थितः (devī citralekhāmava- lokayantī tiṣṭhati | tasminnantare bhartopasthitaḥ) M.1. अत्रान्तरे प्रणम्याग्रे समुपविष्टः (atrāntare praṇamyāgre samupaviṣṭaḥ); Pt.1 on that occasion, at that time; अस्मिन्नन्तरे (asminnantare) Dk.164; केन पुनरुपायेन मरणनिर्वाणस्यान्तरं संभावयिष्ये (kena punarupāyena maraṇanirvāṇasyāntaraṃ saṃbhāvayiṣye) Māl.6; कृतकृत्यता लब्धान्तरा भेत्स्यति (kṛtakṛtyatā labdhāntarā bhetsyati) Mu.2.22 getting an opportunity; 9; यावत्त्वामिन्द्रगुरवे निवेदयितुं अन्तरान्वेषी भवामि (yāvattvāmindragurave nivedayituṃ antarānveṣī bhavāmi) Ś.7. find a fit or opportune time; शक्तेनापि सता जनेन विदुषा कालान्तरप्रेक्षिणा वस्तव्यम् (śaktenāpi satā janena viduṣā kālāntaraprekṣiṇā vastavyam) Pt.3.12; waiting for a suitable opportunity or time; सारणस्यान्तरं दृष्ट्वा शुको रावणमब्रवीत् (sāraṇasyāntaraṃ dṛṣṭvā śuko rāvaṇamabravīt) Rām.

9) Difference (between two things), (with gen. or in comp.) शरीरस्य गुणानां च दूरमत्यन्तमन्तरम् (śarīrasya guṇānāṃ ca dūramatyantamantaram) H.1.46; उभयोः पश्यतान्तरम् (ubhayoḥ paśyatāntaram) H.1.64, नारीपुरुषतोयानामन्तरं महदन्तरम् (nārīpuruṣatoyānāmantaraṃ mahadantaram) 2.39; तव मम च समुद्रपल्वलयोरिवान्तरम् (tava mama ca samudrapalvalayorivāntaram) M.1; Bg.13.34; यदन्तरं सर्षपशैलराजयोर्यदन्तरं वायसवैनतेययोः (yadantaraṃ sarṣapaśailarājayoryadantaraṃ vāyasavainateyayoḥ) Rām.; द्रुमसानुमतां किमन्तरम् (drumasānumatāṃ kimantaram) R.8.9;18.15; rarely with instr.; त्वया समुद्रेण च महदन्तरम् (tvayā samudreṇa ca mahadantaram) H.2; स्वामिनि गुणान्तरज्ञे (svāmini guṇāntarajñe) Pt.1.11; difference; सैव विशिनष्टि पुनः प्रधानपुरषान्तरं सूक्ष्मम् (saiva viśinaṣṭi punaḥ pradhānapuraṣāntaraṃ sūkṣmam) Sāṅ. K.

1) (Math.) Difference, remainder also subtraction, cf. योगोन्तरेणोनयुतोऽर्धितस्तौ राशी स्मृतौ संक्रमणाख्यमेतत् (yogontareṇonayuto'rdhitastau rāśī smṛtau saṃkramaṇākhyametat) || Līlā.

11) (a) Different, another, other, changed, altered (manner, kind, way &c.); (Note:that in this sense antara always forms the latter part of a compound and its gender remains unaffected i. e. neuter, whatever be the gender of the noun forming the first part; kanyāntaram (anyā kanyā), राजान्तरम् (rājāntaram) (anyo rājā), गृहान्तरम् (gṛhāntaram) (anyad gṛham); in most cases it may be rendered by the English word 'another'.); इदमवस्थान्तरमारोपिता (idamavasthāntaramāropitā) Ś.3 changed condition; K.154; Mu.5; शुभाशुभफलं सद्यो नृपाद्देवाद्भवान्तरे (śubhāśubhaphalaṃ sadyo nṛpāddevādbhavāntare) Pt.1.121; जननान्तरसौहृदानि (jananāntarasauhṛdāni) Ś.5.2 friendships of another (former) existence; नैवं वारान्तरं विधास्यते (naivaṃ vārāntaraṃ vidhāsyate) H.3 I shall not do so again; आमोदान् हरिदन्तराणि नेतुम् (āmodān haridantarāṇi netum) Bv.1.15, so दिगन्तराणि (digantarāṇi); पक्षान्तरे (pakṣāntare) in the other case; देश°, राज°, क्रिया° (deśa°, rāja°, kriyā°) &c. (b) Various, different, manifold (used in pl.); लोको नियम्यत इवात्मदशान्तरेषु (loko niyamyata ivātmadaśāntareṣu) Ś.4.2; मन्निमित्तान्यवस्थान्तराण्यवर्णयत् (mannimittānyavasthāntarāṇyavarṇayat) Dk.118 various or different states; 16; sometimes used pleonastically with अन्यत् (anyat) &c.; अन्यत्स्थानान्तरं गत्वा (anyatsthānāntaraṃ gatvā) Pt.1.

12) Distance (in space); व्यामो बाह्वोः सकरयोस्ततयोस्ति- र्यगन्तरम् (vyāmo bāhvoḥ sakarayostatayosti- ryagantaram) Ak.; प्रयातस्य कथंचिद् दूरमन्तरम् (prayātasya kathaṃcid dūramantaram) Ks.5.8.

13) Absence; तासामन्तरमासाद्य राक्षरीनां वराङ्गना (tāsāmantaramāsādya rākṣarīnāṃ varāṅganā) Rām.; तस्यान्तरं च विदित्वा (tasyāntaraṃ ca viditvā) ibid.

14) Intermediate member, remove, step, gradation (of a generation &c.); एकान्तरम् (ekāntaram) Ms.1.13; द्वयेकान्तरासु जातानाम् (dvayekāntarāsu jātānām) 7; एकान्तरमामन्त्रितम् (ekāntaramāmantritam) P.VIII.1.55; तत्स्रष्टुरेकान्तरम् (tatsraṣṭurekāntaram) Ś.7.27 separated by one remove, See एकान्तर (ekāntara) also.

15) Peculiarity, peculiar or characteristic possession or property; a (peculiar) sort, variety, or kind; व्रीह्यन्तरेप्यणुः (vrīhyantarepyaṇuḥ) Trik.; मीनो राश्यन्तरे, वेणुर्नृपान्तरे (mīno rāśyantare, veṇurnṛpāntare) ibid.; प्रासङ्गो युगान्तरम् (prāsaṅgo yugāntaram) cf. also प्रधानपुरुषान्तरं सूक्ष्मम् (pradhānapuruṣāntaraṃ sūkṣmam) Sāṅ. K.37. &c.

16) Weakness, weak or vulnerable point; a failing, defect, or defective point; प्रहरेदन्तरे रिपुम् (praharedantare ripum), Śabdak. सुजयः खलु तादृगन्तरे (sujayaḥ khalu tādṛgantare) Ki.2.52; असहद्भिर्माममिमित्रैर्नित्यमन्तरदर्शिभिः (asahadbhirmāmamimitrairnityamantaradarśibhiḥ) Rām; परस्यान्तरदर्शिना (parasyāntaradarśinā) ibid.; कीटकेनेवान्तरं मार्गयमाणेन प्राप्तं मया महदन्तरम् (kīṭakenevāntaraṃ mārgayamāṇena prāptaṃ mayā mahadantaram) Mk.9; अथास्य द्वादशे वर्षे ददर्श कलिरन्तरम् (athāsya dvādaśe varṣe dadarśa kalirantaram) Nala.7.2.; हनूमतो वेत्ति न राक्षसोऽन्तरं न मारुतिस्तस्य च राक्षसोऽन्तरम् (hanūmato vetti na rākṣaso'ntaraṃ na mārutistasya ca rākṣaso'ntaram) Rām.

17) Surety, guarantee, security; तेन तव विरूपकरणे सुकृतमन्तरे धृतम् (tena tava virūpakaraṇe sukṛtamantare dhṛtam) Pt.4 he has pledged his honour that he will not harm you; आत्मान- मन्तरेऽर्पितवान् (ātmāna- mantare'rpitavān) K.247; अन्तरे च तयोर्यः स्यात् (antare ca tayoryaḥ syāt) Y.2.239; भुवः संज्ञान्तरयोः (bhuvaḥ saṃjñāntarayoḥ) P.III.2.179; धनिकाधमर्णयोरन्तरे यस्तिष्ठति विश्वासार्थं स प्रतिभूः (dhanikādhamarṇayorantare yastiṣṭhati viśvāsārthaṃ sa pratibhūḥ) Sk.

18) Regard, reference, account; न चैतदिष्टं माता मे यदवोचन्मदन्तरम् (na caitadiṣṭaṃ mātā me yadavocanmadantaram) Rām. with reference to me; त्वदन्तरेण ऋणमेतत् (tvadantareṇa ṛṇametat).

19) Excellence, as in गुणान्तरं व्रजति शिल्पमाधातुः (guṇāntaraṃ vrajati śilpamādhātuḥ) M.1.6 (this meaning may be deduced from 11).

2) A garment (paridhāna).

21) Purpose, object, (tādarthya) तौ वृषाविव नर्दन्तौ बलिनौ वासितान्तरे (tau vṛṣāviva nardantau balinau vāsitāntare) Mb.1.12.41; (Malli. on R.16.82).

22) Concealment, hiding; पर्व- तान्तरितो रविः (parva- tāntarito raviḥ) (this sense properly belongs to antar-i q. v.).

23) Representative, substitution. क्षात्रमाचरतो मार्गमपि बन्धोस्त्वदन्तरे (kṣātramācarato mārgamapi bandhostvadantare) Mb.12.1.3.

24) Destitution, being without (vinā) which belongs to अन्तरेण (antareṇa). (antaramavakāśāva- dhiparidhānāntardhibhedatādarthye | chidrātmīryāvenābahiravasaramadhyentarātmani ca Ak.) [cf. L. alter]

25) Space (avakāśa); प्रेक्षतामृषि- सङ्घानां बभूव न तदान्तरम् (prekṣatāmṛṣi- saṅghānāṃ babhūva na tadāntaram) Rām.7.14.19.

26) Separation (viyoga); भार्यापत्योरन्तरम् (bhāryāpatyorantaram) Mb.5.35.43.

27) A move or skilful play in wrestling; अन्योन्यस्थान्तरप्रेप्सू प्रचक्रातेऽन्तरं प्रति (anyonyasthāntaraprepsū pracakrāte'ntaraṃ prati) Mb.9.57.11.

28) A moulding of the pedestal and the base; षडंशं चान्तरे कर्णे उत्तरांशं तदूर्ध्वके (ṣaḍaṃśaṃ cāntare karṇe uttarāṃśaṃ tadūrdhvake) | Māna.13.121; cf. स्थानात्मीयान्यतादर्थ्यरन्ध्रान्तर्धिषु चान्तरम् । परिधानेऽवधौ मध्येऽ- न्तरात्मनि नपुंसके (sthānātmīyānyatādarthyarandhrāntardhiṣu cāntaram | paridhāne'vadhau madhye'- ntarātmani napuṃsake) | Nm.

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Antarā (अन्तरा).—ind. (fr. antara)

1) (Used adverbially) (a) In the interior, inside, within, inwardly; भवद्भिरन्तरा प्रोत्साह्य कोपितो वृषलः (bhavadbhirantarā protsāhya kopito vṛṣalaḥ) Mu.3 inwardly, secretly. (b) In the middle, between; त्रिशङ्कुरिवान्तरा तिष्ठ (triśaṅkurivāntarā tiṣṭha) Ś.2 stay between the two or in the mid-air; मैनमन्तरा प्रतिबध्नीत (mainamantarā pratibadhnīta) Ś.6 do not interrupt him (in the middle); अक्षेत्रे बीजमुत्सृ- ष्टमन्तरैव विनश्यति (akṣetre bījamutsṛ- ṣṭamantaraiva vinaśyati) Ms.1.71 therein; पशुमण्डूकमार्जारश्वसर्पन- कुलाखुभिः । अन्तरा गमने (paśumaṇḍūkamārjāraśvasarpana- kulākhubhiḥ | antarā gamane) 4.126; अन्तरा शकलीकृतः (antarā śakalīkṛtaḥ) R.15.2; लाटी तु रीतिर्वैदर्भीपाञ्चाल्योरन्तरास्थिता (lāṭī tu rītirvaidarbhīpāñcālyorantarāsthitā) S. D.629; °रा स्था (rā sthā) to oppose, to stand to oppose; तत्र यद्यन्तरा मृत्युर्यदि सेन्द्रा दिवौकसः । स्थास्यन्ति तानपि रणे काकुत्स्थो विहनिष्यति (tatra yadyantarā mṛtyuryadi sendrā divaukasaḥ | sthāsyanti tānapi raṇe kākutstho vihaniṣyati) || Rām. (c) On the way, en route, midway; विलम्बेथां च मान्तरा (vilambethāṃ ca māntarā) Mv.7.28; अन्तरा चारणेभ्यस्त्वदीयं जयोदाहरणं श्रुत्वा त्वामिहस्थमु- पागताः (antarā cāraṇebhyastvadīyaṃ jayodāharaṇaṃ śrutvā tvāmihasthamu- pāgatāḥ) V.1; अन्तरा दृष्टा देवी (antarā dṛṣṭā devī) Ś.6; अन्तरोपलभ्य (antaropalabhya) Dk.52; K.267,34-5; कुमारो ममाप्यन्तिकमुपागच्छन्नन्तरा त्वदीयेनान्त- पालेन अवस्कन्द्य गृहीतः (kumāro mamāpyantikamupāgacchannantarā tvadīyenānta- pālena avaskandya gṛhītaḥ) M.1, अन्तरा पतिते पिण्डे सन्देहे वा पुनर्हरेत् (antarā patite piṇḍe sandehe vā punarharet) Y.2.17. (d) In the neighbourhood, near, at hand; approaching, resembling; न द्रक्ष्यामः पुनर्जातु धार्मिकं राममन्तरा (na drakṣyāmaḥ punarjātu dhārmikaṃ rāmamantarā) Rām. approaching or resembling Rāma. (e) Nearly, almost. f) In the mean time; नाद्याच्चैव तथान्तरा (nādyāccaiva tathāntarā) Ms.2. 56; Y.3.2. (g) At intravals, here and there; now and then, for sometime, now-now (when repeated); अन्तरा पितृसक्तमन्तरा मातृसंबद्धमन्तरा शुकनासमयं कुर्वन्नालापम् (antarā pitṛsaktamantarā mātṛsaṃbaddhamantarā śukanāsamayaṃ kurvannālāpam) K.118; अन्तरान्तरा निपतित (antarāntarā nipatita) here and there, at intervals; 121,127; प्रजानुरागहेतोश्चान्तरान्तरा दर्शनं ददौ (prajānurāgahetoścāntarāntarā darśanaṃ dadau) 58, Dk.49.

2) (Used as a preposition with acc. P.II,3.4.) (a) Between; पञ्चालास्त इमे (pañcālāsta ime) ...... कलिन्दतनयां त्रिस्रोतसं चान्तरा (kalindatanayāṃ trisrotasaṃ cāntarā) B. R.1. 86; यन्दतरा पितरं मातरं च (yandatarā pitaraṃ mātaraṃ ca) Bṛ. Ār. Up.; ते (te) (nāmarūpe) यदन्तरा तद् ब्रह्म (yadantarā tad brahma) Ch. Up.; अन्तरा त्वां च मां च कमण्डलुः (antarā tvāṃ ca māṃ ca kamaṇḍaluḥ) Mbh.; rarely with loc.; सुमन्त्रस्य बभूवात्मा चक्रयोरिव चान्तरा (sumantrasya babhūvātmā cakrayoriva cāntarā) Rām.; पादयोः शकटं चक्रुरन्तरोरावुलूखलम् (pādayoḥ śakaṭaṃ cakrurantarorāvulūkhalam) Rām. (b) Through; तिरस्कारिणमन्तरा (tiraskāriṇamantarā) ibid. (c) During; अन्तरा कथाम् (antarā kathām) S. D. (d) Without, except; न च प्रयोजनमन्तरा चाणक्यः स्वप्नेऽपि चेष्टते (na ca prayojanamantarā cāṇakyaḥ svapne'pi ceṣṭate) Mu.3.

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Antāra (अन्तार).—a. [anta ṛ aṇ] A cowherd; Śabda. ch.

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Āntara (आन्तर).—a. [antar madhye bhavaḥ aṇ]

1) Internal, secret, hidden; व्यतिषजति पदार्थानान्तरः कोऽपि हेतुः (vyatiṣajati padārthānāntaraḥ ko'pi hetuḥ) U.6.12; Māl.1.24.

2) Inmost, inward; U.2.

-ram Inmost nature; न बाह्यं किंचन वेद नान्तरम् (na bāhyaṃ kiṃcana veda nāntaram) Bṛ. Up.4.3.21.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of antara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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