Antaranga, Antaraṅga: 7 definitions


Antaranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Antaraṅga (अन्तरङ्ग).—A highly technical term in Pāṇini's grammar applied in a variety of ways to rules which thereby can supersede other rules. The term is not used by Pāṇini himself. The Vārtikakāra has used the term thrice (Sec I. 4. 2 Vārt. 8, VI.1.106 Vart.10 and VIII.2.6 Vārt. I) evidently in the sense of immediate', 'urgent', 'of earlier occurrence' or the like. The word is usually explained as a Bahuvrīhi compound meaning 'अन्तः अङ्गानि निमित्तानि यस्य (antaḥ aṅgāni nimittāni yasya)' (a rule or operation which has got the causes of its application within those of another rule or operation which consequently is termed बहिरङ्ग (bahiraṅga)). अन्तरङ्ग (antaraṅga), in short, is a rule whose causes of operation occur earlier in the wording of the form, or in the process of formation. As an अन्तरङ्ग (antaraṅga) rule occurs to the mind earlier, as seen above, it is looked upon as stronger than any other rule, barring of course अपवाद (apavāda) rules or exceptions, if the other rule presents itself simultaneously. The Vārtikakāra, hence, in giving preference to अन्तरङ्ग (antaraṅga) rules, uses generally the wording अन्तरङ्गबलीयस्त्वात् (antaraṅgabalīyastvāt) which is paraphrased by अन्तरङ्गं बहिरङ्गाद् बलीयः (antaraṅgaṃ bahiraṅgād balīyaḥ) which is looked upon as a paribhāṣā. Grammarians, succeeding the Vārtikakāra, not only looked upon the बहिरङ्ग (bahiraṅga) operation as weaker than अन्तरङ्ग (antaraṅga), but they looked upon it as invalid or invisible before the अन्तरङ्ग (antaraṅga) operation had taken place. They laid down the Paribhāṣā असिद्धं बहिरङ्गमन्तरङ्गे (asiddhaṃ bahiraṅgamantaraṅge) which has been thoroughly discussed by Nāgeśa in his Paribhāṣendusekhara. The अन्तरङ्गत्व (antaraṅgatva) is taken in a variety of ways by Grammarians : (l) having causes of application within or before those of another e. g. स्येनः (syenaḥ) from the root सिव् (siv) (सि (si) + उ+ न) where the यण् (yaṇ) substitute for इ (i) is अन्तरङ्ग (antaraṅga) being caused by उ (u) as compared to guṇa for उ (u) which is caused by न (na), (2) having causes of application occurring before those of another in the wording of the form, (3) having a smaller number of causes, (4) occurring earlier in the order of several operations which take place in arriving at the complete form of a word, (5) not having संज्ञा (saṃjñā) (technical term) as a cause of its application, (6) not depending upon two words or padas, (7) depending upon a cause or causes of a general nature (सामान्यापेक्ष (sāmānyāpekṣa)) as opposed to one which depends on causes of a specific nature (विशेषापेक्ष (viśeṣāpekṣa)).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Antaraṅga.—(IE 8-3; BL), explained as ‘a privy councillor or a physician’, though the same person is known to be called Rāja-vaidya (i. e. the royal physician) and Antaraṅga; probably a private secretary; but mentioned along with Vaiśvāsika (EI 3); regarded by some as a class of royal servants very intimate with the king, probably the same as Ābhyantara (HD). Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XI, p. 286; Vol. XII, p. 99. Note: antaraṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Antaranga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antaraṅga (अंतरंग).—a (S) antaraṅgīcā a antarīñcā a Near to, closely connected with self; of the circle of one's family, followers, friends, relatives;--opp. to bahiraṅga. 2 Own, proper, peculiar, personal.

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antaraṅga (अंतरंग).—n (Poetry.) The mind or heart. Ex. dacakati nṛpa sārē dēkhatāṃ antaraṅgīṃ. 2 The interior or inside gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antaraṅga (अंतरंग).—a Near to; own. n The heart; the inside.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Antaranga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaraṅga (अन्तरङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgā-ṅgaṃ) 1. Own, belonging to. 2. Internal, interior. 3. Of kin. E. antara, and ga what goes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antaraṅga (अन्तरङ्ग).—[adjective] inner, inmost, essential; near, related. [neuter] [masculine] inner part or organ, [especially] the heart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antaraṅga (अन्तरङ्ग):—[=antar-aṅga] mfn. interior, proximate, related, being essential to, or having reference to the essential part of the aṅga or base of a word

2) [v.s. ...] n. any interior part of the body, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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