Abhyantara, Ābhyantara, Abhyamtara: 24 definitions
Abhyantara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर, “private”) refers to one of the two types of āsanas “seats” (sitting postures) used in dramatic play (nāṭya); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
1) Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर) refers to “regular” histrionic representation;—The acting (lit. drama) which is performed by physical efforts which are not violent, hurried or complex, and which rest on proper tempo (laya), time (tāla) and the measurement of kalās, and in which words are distinctly uttered without harshness and hurry, is called “regular” (ābhyantara). It is called “regular” when it conforms to the rule (lit. within the lakṣaṇa or rule) and ‘irregular’ when it is outside the prescription of the śāstra.
2) Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर, “inside”).—One of the three classes of women (strī);—A woman belonging to a high family is a “homely” (ābhyantara) woman.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—Interior; contained in, held in; cf. अभ्यन्तरश्च समुदाये अवयवः । तद्यथा वृक्षः प्रचलसहावयवैः प्रचलति (abhyantaraśca samudāye avayavaḥ | tadyathā vṛkṣaḥ pracalasahāvayavaiḥ pracalati) M. Bh. on I.1.56.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर) or Bāhyaliṅga refers to the “interior liṅga” which is subtle (sūkṣma), representing one of two types of liṅga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12:—“[...] O Brahmins, liṅga is of two types: the exterior (bāhya) and the interior (ābhyantara). The exterior is gross (sthūla) and the interior is subtle (sūkṣma). Those who are engaged in ritualistic sacrifices and do regularly worship the gross liṅga are unable to steady the mind by meditating upon the subtle and hence they use the gross liṅga. He who has not mastered the liṅga of the mind, the subtle one, must perform the worship in the gross liṅga and not otherwise. The pure undying subtle liṅga is ever perceived by the masters of true knowledge in the same manner as the gross one is thought to be very excellent by those who are not Yogins”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर) refers to “interior (diseases)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.121-128, while describing the prevention of natural disasters]—“[...] When the deities curse Brahmins, men, etc., interior diseases (ābhyantara—ābhyantarā vyādhayaśca), anguish, and destructive thoughts [occur], then, [the Mantrin should] conduct the previous rite, for appeasement”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर) or Yonyābhyantara refers to the “female genitals”, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā..—Accordingly, “[...] Or else, it is like the flower (of menses). Blood flows in the female genitals (yoni-ābhyantara) every month. How can living beings who are forms of Nature be born from just the semen that comes from the father without that? In the same way, one should not reveal this Sequence of Twenty-eight to one who is devoid of a line of teachers, initiation, the hereafter, lineage and transmission of the teachers”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)Source: OAPEN: Adaptive Reuse: Aspects of Creativity in South Asian Cultural History
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर) refers to the “internal (appearance)” (of mantras), according to Utpala Vaiṣṇava’s commentary (called Spandapradīpikā) on the Spandakārikā by Vasugupta.—Accordingly, “And moreover, [it is said] in the Saṅkarṣaṇasūtras: ‘The form of consciousness, which is installed in itself alone, and is prepared through presence and absence, is perceivable through self-awareness, and its sphere of knowledge lies beyond nature. This source of the mantras is recollected, o sage, to consist of cognition. These mantras, which appear externally and internally (sa-bāhya-abhyantara-udita) in the form of phonemes rest on the undivided level. Like the [sense] organs of the embodied beings, when they are employed, [the mantras] are successful at all times because of the connection with vigour”.
Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर) refers to “internal (asceticism)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Hardship of the limbs of the body is excellent in respect of the divisions beginning with fasting. Internal [asceticism] in the form of meditation is excellent in respect of the divisions beginning with atonement.—[com.—External asceticism begins with fasting [and] ends with hardship of the body, and the sixth division is considered as the best. In like manner, internal asceticism (abhyantara-tapas) is declared to be of six kinds in respect of the divisions beginning with atonement. In that regard, the last is meditation and it is considered as the best]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर) or Abhyantaraṣaṭṣaṣṭi is the name of a province (viṣaya) mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Abhyantara-ṣaṭṣaṣṭi is evidently identical with the Sthānkābhyantaraṣaṭshaṣṭi viṣaya mentioned in the Bhāṇḍup plates of Chittarāja. It was so called because it included the Śilāhāra capital Sthānaka (modern Ṭhāṇā) .
These copper plates (mentioning Abhyantara) were discovered in 1956 while digging the ground between the Church and the District Office at Ṭhāṇā, the chief town of the Ṭhāṇā District in Mahārāṣṭra. Its object is to record the grant, by the Śilāhāra Mummuṇirāja, of some villages and lands to learned Brāhmaṇas on the occasion of the lunar eclipse on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Phālguna in the Śaka year 970, the cyclic year being Sarvadhārin.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Ābhyantara.—(HD), an officer specially intimate or in close contact with the king. Cf. Antaraṅga. See Rājataraṅgiṇī, VIII. 426. But cf. also Ābhyantarika, Abhyantar-opasthāyaka. Note: ābhyantara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
abhyantara (अभ्यंतर).—n (S) The inner part. 2 Mind or heart. 3 Included space.
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ābhyantara (आभ्यंतर).—a S Inner, interior, internal.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
abhyantara (अभ्यंतर).—n The inner part. Mind, heart.
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ābhyantara (आभ्यंतर).—a Internal, inner.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—a. [abhigatamantaram]
1) Interior, internal, inner (opp. bāhya); R.17.45; K.66; कृच्छ्रोऽभ्यन्तरशोणिते (kṛcchro'bhyantaraśoṇite) Y. 3.292.
2) Being included in, one of a group or body; देवीपरिजनाभ्यन्तरः (devīparijanābhyantaraḥ) M.5; गणाभ्यन्तर एव च (gaṇābhyantara eva ca) Manusmṛti 3.154; R.8.95
3) Initiated in, skilled or proficient in, familiar or conversant with; with loc., or sometimes gen., or in comp.; संगीतकेऽभ्यन्तरे स्वः (saṃgītake'bhyantare svaḥ) M.5. अहो प्रयोगाभ्यन्तरः प्राश्निकः (aho prayogābhyantaraḥ prāśnikaḥ) M.2; अनभ्यन्तरे आवां मदनगतस्य वृत्तान्तस्य (anabhyantare āvāṃ madanagatasya vṛttāntasya) Ś.3; मन्त्रेष्वभ्यन्तराः के स्युः (mantreṣvabhyantarāḥ ke syuḥ) Rām., see अभ्यन्तरीकृ (abhyantarīkṛ) below.
4) Nearest, intimate, closely or intimately related; त्यक्ताश्चाभ्यन्तरा येन (tyaktāścābhyantarā yena) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.259.
-ram The inside or interior, inner or interior part of anything), space within; प्रविश्याभ्यन्तरं रिपुः (praviśyābhyantaraṃ ripuḥ) (nāśayet) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.38; K.15,17,18; °गतः आत्मा (gataḥ ātmā) M.5. inmost soul; शमीमिवाभ्यन्तरलीनपावकां (śamīmivābhyantaralīnapāvakāṃ) R.3.9; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 5.27, V.2, Mṛcchakaṭika 1, पर्णाभ्यन्तरलीनतां विजहति (parṇābhyantaralīnatāṃ vijahati) Ś.7.8.
2) Included space, interval (of time or place); षण्मासाभ्यन्तरे (ṣaṇmāsābhyantare) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 4.
3) The mind.
-ram, -rataḥ adv. In the interior, inside, inward.
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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर).—a. (-rī f.) [अभ्यन्तरे भवः अण् (abhyantare bhavaḥ aṇ)]
1) Interior, inner, inward; as आभ्यन्तरो भृत्यवर्ग (ābhyantaro bhṛtyavarga).
2) One of the two kinds of प्रयत्न (prayatna) or effort giving rise to the vocal sounds.
-raḥ An officer in close contact or specially intimate with the king. RT.8.426.
-rikaḥ An officer connected with harem. Rāmgani Copperplate of Īśvaraghoṣa (Inscriptions of Bengal, p.149).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Abhyantarā (अभ्यन्तरा).—adv.-prep. (compare Sanskrit abhyantara, adj., °raṃ, °re, Pali abbha°; and antarā), within, with gen.: Mahāvastu iii.57.17 °rā varṣaśatasya, in the space of 100 years.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raṃ) 1. Included space. 2. Inner part, middle. E. abhi and antara within.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—i. e. abhi-antara. I. adj., f. rā, 1. Interior, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 51. Being within, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 43 (in the town). Belonging to, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 154. 2. Conversant in, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 5, 19. 3. Intimate, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 290 (perhaps to be read ābhyº). 4. Secret, [Daśakumāracarita] in
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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर).—i. e. abhyantara + a, adj. Interior, Mahābhārata 2, 202.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—[adjective] interior, included by, contained in ([locative], [genetive], or —°), inner, secret, near, intimate (also ka); initiated in, conversant or familiar with ([locative]). [neuter] interior, interval; [accusative] into, [locative] in, within, inside (—°).
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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर).—[adjective] interior, inner.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):—[=abhy-antara] mf(ā)n. interior, being inside of, included in ([locative case]; [genitive case] or in [compound] cf. gaṇābhyantara), [Mahābhārata ii, 2282, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] initiated in, conversant with ([locative case]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta]
3) [v.s. ...] next, nearly related, intimate, [Pañcatantra]
4) [v.s. ...] n. inner part, interior, inside, middle, [Śākaṭāyana] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] (generally [locative case]; ifc.) interval, space of time, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]
6) [=abhy-antara] m. ‘on intimate terms’, a lover, [Divyāvadāna]
7) Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर):—mfn. ([from] abhy-antara), being inside, interior, inner, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):—I. [tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.
(-raḥ-rā-ram) The reverse of vāhya and comp. antara.
1) Interior, being in the middle or between, included in; e. g. Manu: (the following are not to be invited at a Śrāddha) …brahmaviṭparivittiśca gaṇābhyantara eva ca (one being in, i. e. belonging to, a college &c.); or Rāmāy.: ūcustadāgataṃ rāmamidamabhyantarāḥ striyaḥ (the women who lived in the town); or Sāṅkhya Pravach.: na vāhyābhyantarayoruparañjyoparañjakabhāvopi deśavyavadhānātsrughnapāṭaliputrasthayoriva; or a Kār. on Pāṇ. (Iv. 1. 78.): śabdāntaramidaṃ vidyādṛṣṭamabhyantaraṃ triṣu (Kaiyyaṭa: triprabhṛtiṣu yadabhyantaram); or Patanj. in the introd. on Pāṇ.: abhyantaraśca samudāye vayavaḥ; or the same: nanu bhavānapyabhyantaro loke . abhyantaro haṃ loke na tvahaṃ lokaḥ; or the same on Pāṇ. Vi. 1. 135. v. 8: yastvasau dhātūpasargayorabhisaṃbandhaḥ . tamabhyantaraṃ kṛtvā dhātuḥ sādhanena yujyate; or Śaṅkara (on the Ved. Sūtra: antara upapatteḥ): parameśvara evākṣaṇyabhyantaraḥ puruṣa; or the same (on the Sūtra adṛṣṭāniyamāt): bahuṣvātmasu sarvagateṣu pratiśarīraṃ vāhyābhyantarāviśeṣeṇa saṃnihiteṣu manovākkāyairdharmādharmalakṣaṇamadṛṣṭamupārjyate.—‘The Sautrāntika and Vaibhāṣika sects (of the Buddhists) admitting external (vāhya) and internal (abhyantara) objects, distinguish, under the first head, elements (bhūta) and that which appertains thereto (bhautika), namely organs and sensible qualities; and under the second head, intelligence (citta) and that which unto it belongs (cetta)’. Colebroke's Ess. I. p. 392; comp. Burnouf Introd. I. p. 448 ff.; Kœppen, Die Religion des Buddha I. p. 600 and the references given there.
2) Initiated in, familiar with, interested in; with a noun in the locative; e. g. Kātyāy. (on the admissibility of witnesses): abhyantarastu niḥkṣepe sākṣyamekopi dāpayet (v. 1. in the Vīramitr.: vācayet) . arthinā prahitaḥ sākṣī bhavedekopi yācite; or Raghunand.: kāryeṣvabhyantaro yaḥ syādarthinā prahitaśca yaḥ . kulyākulavivādeṣu bhaveyustepi sākṣiṇaḥ.
3) Near, intimate; e. g. Panchat.: tyaktāścābhyantarā yena vāhyābhyantarīkṛtāḥ . sa eva mṛtyumāpnoti yathā rājā kakudrumaḥ. [It is doubtful, however, whether the correct form of the word is not in the latter sense ābhyantara, when, by its taddhita-derivation, it would correspond in value with the compound abhyantarīkṛta; comp. e. g. the following verse of the Mahābh. Śāntip. 4787: ābhyantare prakupite vāhye copanipīḍite . kṣīṇe koṣe śrute mantre kiṃ kāryamavaśiṣyate. See also the remark s. v. abhyantarakaraṇa.] 2. n.
(-ram) Interior, middle, the space within, lit. and fig.; e. g. Suśruta: yaḥ śyāvadantauṣṭhanakholpasaṃjñaśchardyardito bhyantarayātanetraḥ &c.; or sirābhirabhisaṃprāpya viguṇobhyantare bhṛśam &c.; or Yājnav.: kṛcchrātikṛcchro’sṛkpāte kṛcchro bhyantaraśoṇite ‘…the penance Kṛchchhrātikṛchchhra (is the penalty) when the blood (of a Brahman) is shed, the penance Kṛ. when his blood still remains in his body (i. e. when he is beaten black and blue)’; or Ratnāvalī: devi taduttiṣṭhāvaḥ . āvāsābhyantarameva praviśāvaḥ; or Meghad.: …nirvindhyāyāḥ pathi bhava rasābhyantaraṃ saṃnipatya strīṇāmādyaṃ praṇayavacanaṃ vibhramo hi priyeṣu; or Hitop.: atohaṃ ṣaṇmāsābhyantare (within six months) tava putrānnītiśāstrābhijñāṃkariṣyāmi. E. abhi and antara (Rāyam., Bhānud. &c. = abhigatamantaram). Ii. Avyayībh.
(-ram) Towards the interior, inwards; see the quotation s. v. abhyantarāyāma. E. abhi and antara.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):—[abhya+ntara] (raṃ) 1. n. Included space; middle; inner part.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abbhaṃtara.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the inside or interior; inner or interior part (of anything); the space within.
2) [noun] the inner faculty; the mind.
3) [noun] a trusted or trustworthy man.
4) [noun] the duration between two points in time.
5) [noun] the space or its extant, between two objects.
6) [noun] a feeling or expression of opposition, disapproval or dislike; objection.
7) [noun] the quality distinguishing one thing from the other; difference.
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Ābhyaṃtara (ಆಭ್ಯಂತರ):—[adjective] = ಆಭ್ಯಂತರಿತ [abhyamtarita].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Antara.
Starts with (+13): Abhyamtaramamtapa, Abhyamtaratapassu, Abhyantara-adaya, Abhyantara-bhandara-adhikarin, Abhyantara-parigraha, Abhyantara-siddhi, Abhyantara-siddhi-sahita, Abhyantara-siddhika, Abhyantara-siddhya, Abhyantaracarin, Abhyantaraceshta, Abhyantaracinta, Abhyantaradoshakrit, Abhyantaragra, Abhyantarajna, Abhyantaraka, Abhyantarakala, Abhyantarakalpa, Abhyantarakandara, Abhyantarakarana.
Full-text (+75): Abhyantarayama, Abhyantaram, Abbhantara, Abhyantaratas, Abhyantarikarana, Abhyantarakala, Abhyantaraprayatna, Abhyantari, Ganabhyantara, Abhyamtara, Abhyantaracarin, Abhyantara-siddhi, Abhyantara-siddhika, Tribhaga-abhyantara-siddhi, Abhyantaradoshakrit, Abhyantara-siddhya, Abhyantara-adaya, Abhyantarikri, Abhyantarika, Abhyantaraka.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Abhyantara, Ābhyantara, Abhyantarā, Abhy-antara, Abhyamtara, Abhyaṃtara, Ābhyaṃtara; (plurals include: Abhyantaras, Ābhyantaras, Abhyantarās, antaras, Abhyamtaras, Abhyaṃtaras, Ābhyaṃtaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 9.20 - The six kinds of internal austerities (ābhyantara-tapa) < [Chapter 9 - Stoppage and Shedding of Karmas]
Verse 9.26 - The two subdivisions of renunciation (vyutsarga) < [Chapter 9 - Stoppage and Shedding of Karmas]
Verse 2.17 - The physical-sense (dravyendriya) < [Chapter 2 - Category of the Living]
Mudrarakshasa (literary study) (by Antara Chakravarty)
2. Classification and number of Alaṃkāras < [Chapter 3 - Use of Alaṃkāras in Mudrārākṣasa]
Yogadrstisamuccaya of Haribhadra Suri (Study) (by Riddhi J. Shah)
Chapter 4.2b - Niyama (restraint of the mind) < [Chapter 4 - The Eight Yogadṛṣṭis and the nature of a Liberated Soul]
Chapter 1.7 - Adhyātma, Bhāvanā, Dhyāna, Svādhyāya and Saṃyama Yoga < [Chapter 1 - The Jain Yoga Tradition—A Historical Review]
Chapter 4.9 - The nature of a liberated soul (bhāva-nirvāṇa) < [Chapter 4 - The Eight Yogadṛṣṭis and the nature of a Liberated Soul]
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Verse 51 [Perinial fountain of powers] < [Chapter 2 - Second Vimarśa]
Verse 172 [Mūlatattva] < [Chapter 3 - Third Vimarśa]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 3.4.66 < [Chapter 4 - Descriptions of Śrī Acyutānanda’s Pastimes and the Worship of Śrī Mādhavendra]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)