Abhyantara, Ābhyantara: 18 definitions



Abhyantara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर, “private”) refers to one of the two types of āsanas “seats” (sitting postures) used in dramatic play (nāṭya); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

1) Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर) refers to “regular” histrionic representation;—The acting (lit. drama) which is performed by physical efforts which are not violent, hurried or complex, and which rest on proper tempo (laya), time (tāla) and the measurement of kalās, and in which words are distinctly uttered without harshness and hurry, is called “regular” (ābhyantara). It is called “regular” when it conforms to the rule (lit. within the lakṣaṇa or rule) and ‘irregular’ when it is outside the prescription of the śāstra.

2) Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर, “inside”).—One of the three classes of women (strī);—A woman belonging to a high family is a “homely” (ābhyantara) woman.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Abhyantara in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—Interior; contained in, held in; cf. अभ्यन्तरश्च समुदाये अवयवः । तद्यथा वृक्षः प्रचलसहावयवैः प्रचलति (abhyantaraśca samudāye avayavaḥ | tadyathā vṛkṣaḥ pracalasahāvayavaiḥ pracalati) M. Bh. on I.1.56.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Abhyantara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर) or Bāhyaliṅga refers to the “interior liṅga” which is subtle (sūkṣma), representing one of two types of liṅga, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.12:—“[...] O Brahmins, liṅga is of two types: the exterior (bāhya) and the interior (ābhyantara). The exterior is gross (sthūla) and the interior is subtle (sūkṣma). Those who are engaged in ritualistic sacrifices and do regularly worship the gross liṅga are unable to steady the mind by meditating upon the subtle and hence they use the gross liṅga. He who has not mastered the liṅga of the mind, the subtle one, must perform the worship in the gross liṅga and not otherwise. The pure undying subtle liṅga is ever perceived by the masters of true knowledge in the same manner as the gross one is thought to be very excellent by those who are not Yogins”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर) or Abhyantaraṣaṭṣaṣṭi is the name of a province (viṣaya) mentioned in the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Mummuṇirāja”. Abhyantara-ṣaṭṣaṣṭi is evidently identical with the Sthānkābhyantaraṣaṭshaṣṭi viṣaya mentioned in the Bhāṇḍup plates of Chittarāja. It was so called because it included the Śilāhāra capital Sthānaka (modern Ṭhāṇā) .

These copper plates (mentioning Abhyantara) were discovered in 1956 while digging the ground between the Church and the District Office at Ṭhāṇā, the chief town of the Ṭhāṇā District in Mahārāṣṭra. Its object is to record the grant, by the Śilāhāra Mummuṇirāja, of some villages and lands to learned Brāhmaṇas on the occasion of the lunar eclipse on the fifteenth tithi of the bright fortnight of Phālguna in the Śaka year 970, the cyclic year being Sarvadhārin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ābhyantara.—(HD), an officer specially intimate or in close contact with the king. Cf. Antaraṅga. See Rājataraṅgiṇī, VIII. 426. But cf. also Ābhyantarika, Abhyantar-opasthāyaka. Note: ābhyantara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhyantara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhyantara (अभ्यंतर).—n (S) The inner part. 2 Mind or heart. 3 Included space.

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ābhyantara (आभ्यंतर).—a S Inner, interior, internal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhyantara (अभ्यंतर).—n The inner part. Mind, heart.

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ābhyantara (आभ्यंतर).—a Internal, inner.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhyantara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—a. [abhigatamantaram]

1) Interior, internal, inner (opp. bāhya); R.17.45; K.66; कृच्छ्रोऽभ्यन्तरशोणिते (kṛcchro'bhyantaraśoṇite) Y. 3.292.

2) Being included in, one of a group or body; देवीपरिजनाभ्यन्तरः (devīparijanābhyantaraḥ) M.5; गणाभ्यन्तर एव च (gaṇābhyantara eva ca) Ms.3.154; R.8.95

3) Initiated in, skilled or proficient in, familiar or conversant with; with loc., or sometimes gen., or in comp.; संगीतकेऽभ्यन्तरे स्वः (saṃgītake'bhyantare svaḥ) M.5. अहो प्रयोगाभ्यन्तरः प्राश्निकः (aho prayogābhyantaraḥ prāśnikaḥ) M.2; अनभ्यन्तरे आवां मदनगतस्य वृत्तान्तस्य (anabhyantare āvāṃ madanagatasya vṛttāntasya) Ś.3; मन्त्रेष्वभ्यन्तराः के स्युः (mantreṣvabhyantarāḥ ke syuḥ) Rām., see अभ्यन्तरीकृ (abhyantarīkṛ) below.

4) Nearest, intimate, closely or intimately related; त्यक्ताश्चाभ्यन्तरा येन (tyaktāścābhyantarā yena) Pt.1.259.

-ram The inside or interior, inner or interior part of anything), space within; प्रविश्याभ्यन्तरं रिपुः (praviśyābhyantaraṃ ripuḥ) (nāśayet) Pt. 2.38; K.15,17,18; °गतः आत्मा (gataḥ ātmā) M.5. inmost soul; शमीमिवाभ्यन्तरलीनपावकां (śamīmivābhyantaralīnapāvakāṃ) R.3.9; Bg.5.27, V.2, Mk.1, पर्णाभ्यन्तरलीनतां विजहति (parṇābhyantaralīnatāṃ vijahati) Ś.7.8.

2) Included space, interval (of time or place); षण्मासाभ्यन्तरे (ṣaṇmāsābhyantare) Pt.4.

3) The mind.

-ram, -rataḥ adv. In the interior, inside, inward.

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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर).—a. (- f.) [अभ्यन्तरे भवः अण् (abhyantare bhavaḥ aṇ)]

1) Interior, inner, inward; as आभ्यन्तरो भृत्यवर्ग (ābhyantaro bhṛtyavarga).

2) One of the two kinds of प्रयत्न (prayatna) or effort giving rise to the vocal sounds.

-raḥ An officer in close contact or specially intimate with the king. RT.8.426.

-rikaḥ An officer connected with harem. Rāmgani Copperplate of Īśvaraghoṣa (Inscriptions of Bengal, p.149).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhyantarā (अभ्यन्तरा).—adv.-prep. (compare Sanskrit abhyantara, adj., °raṃ, °re, Pali abbha°; and antarā), within, with gen.: Mahāvastu iii.57.17 °rā varṣaśatasya, in the space of 100 years.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. Included space. 2. Inner part, middle. E. abhi and antara within.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—i. e. abhi-antara. I. adj., f. , 1. Interior, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 51. Being within, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 112, 43 (in the town). Belonging to, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 154. 2. Conversant in, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 5, 19. 3. Intimate, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 290 (perhaps to be read ābhyº). 4. Secret, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 9. Ii. n. 1. The interior, the space within. [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 5, 27. 2. An interval, [Pañcatantra] 5, 6.

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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर).—i. e. abhyantara + a, adj. Interior, Mahābhārata 2, 202.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर).—[adjective] interior, included by, contained in ([locative], [genetive], or —°), inner, secret, near, intimate (also ka); initiated in, conversant or familiar with ([locative]). [neuter] interior, interval; [accusative] into, [locative] in, within, inside (—°).

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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर).—[adjective] interior, inner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):—[=abhy-antara] mf(ā)n. interior, being inside of, included in ([locative case]; [genitive case] or in [compound] cf. gaṇābhyantara), [Mahābhārata ii, 2282, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] initiated in, conversant with ([locative case]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta]

3) [v.s. ...] next, nearly related, intimate, [Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] n. inner part, interior, inside, middle, [Śākaṭāyana] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (generally [locative case]; ifc.) interval, space of time, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

6) [=abhy-antara] m. ‘on intimate terms’, a lover, [Divyāvadāna]

7) Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर):—mfn. ([from] abhy-antara), being inside, interior, inner, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):—(abhi + antara)

1) adj. f. ā . a) der innere, innerlich, im Innern (eines Gebäudes u. s. w.) sich aufhaltend: gulmābhyantaravidradhīn [Suśruta 1, 137, 18.] abhyantaragṛham [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 51.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 33.] [Colebrooke I, 392.] abhyantarāḥ striyaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 112, 43. 4, 19, 4.] abhyantarājjanāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 23, 66.] abhyantaraśoṇite wenn das Blut noch inwendig ist, wenn die geschlagene Stelle nur mit Blut unterlaufen ist [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 293.] gaṇābhyantara Mitglied einer Corporation [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 154.] — b) eingeweiht, vertraut mit (loc.): mantreṣvabhyantarāḥ ke syuḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 5, 19.] mantreṣvabhyantarīkṛtāḥ [40, 14.] Vgl. im Prākṛt: saṃgīdae abbhantaramha [Mālavikāgnimitra 66, 7.] aṇabbhantarā khu amhe madaṇagadassa vuttantassa [Śākuntala 34, 2.] — c) der nächste, nah verwandt: tyaktāścābhyantarā yena bāhyāścābhyantarīkṛtāḥ [Pañcatantra I, 290.] —

2) n. a) das Innere: prāṇāpānau nāsābhyantaracāriṇau [Bhagavadgītā 5, 27.] [ŚAK. 167.] [Pañcatantra 221, 24.] [Hitopadeśa 17, 7.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 2, 50.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 9.] abhyantaram in’s Innere, hinein: tatpraveśyatāmabhyantaramayam [Mṛcchakaṭikā 22, 18. 24. 92, 11.] abhyantaraṃ svanikaṭaṃ vipraṃ prāveśayat [Kathāsaritsāgara 26, 46.] vāsābhyantaraṃ praviśāva [Dhūrtasamāgama 75, 10.] — b) Zwischenraum [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 2, 7.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1460.] ṣaṇmāsābhyantare [Pañcatantra 5, 6. 186. 18.] [Hitopadeśa 8, 5.]

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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर):—(von abhyantara) adj. im Innern befindlich, innerlich, der innere (Gegens. bāhya): kaccidābhyantarebhyaśca (Feinde im Innern) bāhyebhyaśca rakṣasyātmānamevāgre tāṃśca svebhyo mithaśca tān [Mahābhārata 2, 202.] [Suśruta 1, 56, 11. 280, 16. 2, 371, 5. 474, 17.] prayatna bei der Aussprache der Laute [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 9,] [Scholiast] ābhyantaram adv. innen [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 80.]

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Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):—

1) a) abhyantarā ca sarvasve draupadī darin enthalten, mit einbegriffen [Mahābhārata 2, 2282.] — c) jana [Spr. 4281.] yasya mantraṃ na jānanti bāhyāścābhyantarāśca ye weder die Fremden noch die Eigenen [4858.] — d) geheim: kalāsu [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 180, 9.] — Vgl. ābhyantara .

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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर):—[Mahābhārata 12, 4787.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 56, 29.]

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Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):—

1) a) (vgl. Nachtrage) abhyantaro hi samudāyasyāvayavaḥ enthalten in [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.1,136,a.] nanu ca bhavānapyabhyantaro loke [15,b.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Abhyantara (अभ्यन्तर):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) — a) der innere , innerlich , im Innern sich befindend. enthalten in (Loc. , Gen. oder im Comp. vorangehend). — b) eingeweiht in , vertraut mit (Loc.) [Meghadūta 28.] — c) der nächste , ein Angehöriger [Indische sprüche 2618.] — d) geheim.

2) n. — a) das Innere. m hinein , hinein in (im Comp. vor angehend) [267,10.317,25.] nāsābhyantaracārin in der Nase. — b) Zeitraum. re zwischen durch (zeitlich) [Mṛcchakaṭika 48,23.] ṣaṇmāsābhyantare in einem Zeitraum von sechs Monaten.

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Ābhyantara (आभ्यन्तर):—und rika ([Dhūrtanāṭaka 31]) Adj. im Innern befindlich , innerlich , der innere.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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