Antarala, Antarāla, Antarāḷa, Āntarāla, Antar-ala, Amtarala: 25 definitions


Antarala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Antarāḷa can be transliterated into English as Antarala or Antaralia, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Google Books: Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation

Antarāla (अन्तराल).—Antechamber in front of vimāna, usually linking vimāna with maṇḍapa.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Antarāla (अन्तराल, “vestibule”) is a small cella built adjacent to the garbhagṛha (‘sanctum’) on its front side and is connected through a doorway. Antarāla is a chamber that connects the garbhagṛha and the gūḍhamaṇḍapa. Therefore, to it is also referred as to vestibule or antechamber. The synonym of antarāla is śukanāsi, the reason being that this part comes directly under the śukanāsa projection of the Drāviḍa prāsāda. Therefore, the part below the śukhanāsa is called śukanāsi.

Amarakośa mentions antarāla to indicate an inner quarter of the building.

Antarāla, on plan is normally square. The dimensions of the plan of the antarāla are either equal to or less than the dimensions of the garbhagṛha. The antarala doorway is always placed in the axis of the doorway of the garbhagṛha. The ceiling of the antarāla may be flat or may be of nābhicchanda type. The ceilings are often decorated with blossomed padmas in the centre.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture

Antarāla (अन्तराल, “antechamber”) refers to a common concept found in the ancient Indian “science of architecture” (vāstuvidyā).—Antarāla is an antechamber between the maṇḍapa (open pillared hall) and the garbhagṛha (sanctum sanctorum);

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Antarāla (अन्तराल) refers to “- 1. passage connecting mukhamaṇḍapa to prāsāda §§ 3.40; 4.9; 5.2. - 2. passage connecting two pavilions (Rau) § 4.22.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Antarāla (अन्तराल, “vestibule”) refers to the “rectangular chamber” of the Hindu temple.—In front of the doorway is the rectangular chamber which is called the antarāla or vestibule. The vestibule is the intermediate chamber between the garbhagṛha and the pillared hall called the maṇḍapa. Entrance to the maṇḍapa is by a porch called the ardha-maṇḍapa (the hall leading to the inner sanctum sanctorum). In a fully formed temple there may be a transept on each side of the central hall known as the mahāmaṇḍapa.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Antarala in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Antarāla (अन्तराल) refers to the “spaces (between the branches) (of trees)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225).—Accordingly, “[Then through the main entrance (of Caṇḍikā), the temple yard:] Her courtyard was adorned (vibhūṣita-aṅgaṇa) with thickets of red aśoka trees, the spaces between the branches of which (śākha-antarāla) were made gapless by flocks of perching red cockerels, [trees] which appeared to reveal unseasonal clusters of blooms in their fear”

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Antarala in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Antarāla (अन्तराल) refers to the “inner space (of the heart)”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] The conquest of the breath can be achieved by means of [reciting] the three types of Om and by various [Haṭhayogic] mudrās, as well as meditation on a fiery light [or meditation] on a supporting object [like] the empty sky [which are done] in the lotus of the inner space [of the heart] (antarāla-kamala). [However,] having abandoned all this [because it is] situated in the body [and therefore limited], and having thought it to be a delusion of the mind, the wise should practise the no-mind state, which is unique, beyond the body and indescribable. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Antarāla (अन्तराल) refers to “being inside” (the spaces of Vajras), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “Buddhas are inside the spaces of Vajras (vajravyoma-antarāla). [He should visualize] this all-pervasive [stream]. They emerge from the gnosis fire. [He] has a stream of nectar, the self-existing. [He should perform] consecration of the adamantine leader by filling with the innate water (viz., the stream of nectar) Oṃ, for the glory of all Tathāgatas’ consecration, the pledge, hūṃ—[this is] the consecration mantra [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Antarāla.—(EI 1), part of a temple; cf. antarāla-maṇḍapa. Note: antarāla is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Antarala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

antarāla : (nt.) interval.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Antarāḷa, (nt.) (Sk antarāla) interior, interval Dāvs.I, 52; III, 53 (nabh°). (Page 48)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

antarāla (अंतराल).—n m (S) Interval, intermediate or included space.

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antarāḷa (अंतराळ).—n (antarāla S) The circumambient air or space, the atmosphere, the heavens. 2 Interval, intermediate space.

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antarāḷa (अंतराळ).—ad In the air or sky; up in the heavens.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

antarāḷa (अंतराळ).—n The sky; interval; intermediate or included space.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Antarāla (अन्तराल).—[antaraṃ vyavadhānasīmāṃ ārāti gṛhṇāti, ārā-ka, rasya latvam]

1) Intermediate space or region or time, interval; दंष्ट्रान्तराललग्न (daṃṣṭrāntarālalagna) K.3; आस्यान्तरालनिःसृतेन (āsyāntarālaniḥsṛtena) Daśakumāracarita 143; दिड्नामान्यन्तराले (diḍnāmānyantarāle) P.II.2.26; दक्षिणस्याः पूर्वस्याश्च दिशोरन्तरालं दक्षिणपूर्वा (dakṣiṇasyāḥ pūrvasyāśca diśorantarālaṃ dakṣiṇapūrvā) Sk.; Śiśupālavadha 9.2; पयोधरान्तरालम् (payodharāntarālam) K.83; रागलज्जान्तरालवर्तिभिरीक्षणविशेषैः (rāgalajjāntarālavartibhirīkṣaṇaviśeṣaiḥ) Daśakumāracarita 17,143 half way betwixt love and bashfulness; प्रतिमानं प्रतिच्छाया गजदन्तान्तरालयोः (pratimānaṃ praticchāyā gajadantāntarālayoḥ) Trik.; oft. used for 'room' or 'space' in general; त्रस्तजनदत्तान्तरालया राजवीथ्या (trastajanadattāntarālayā rājavīthyā) Daśakumāracarita 15; भुवनान्तरालविप्रकीर्णेन शाखासञ्चयेन (bhuvanāntarālaviprakīrṇena śākhāsañcayena) K.2,162; अन्तराले (antarāle) in midway; in the midle; or middst; in the interval; बाष्पाम्भः- परिपतनोद्गमान्तराले (bāṣpāmbhaḥ- paripatanodgamāntarāle) in the interval between the dropping down and starting up of tears; Uttararāmacarita 1.31; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.14; अहमागच्छन्नन्तराले महता सिंहेन अभिहितः (ahamāgacchannantarāle mahatā siṃhena abhihitaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; कंचित्पुरुषमन्तराल एवावलम्ब्य (kaṃcitpuruṣamantarāla evāvalambya) Daśakumāracarita 15; न मयान्येन वान्तराले दृष्टा (na mayānyena vāntarāle dṛṣṭā) Daśakumāracarita 123.

2) Interior, inside, inner or middle part; छिद्रीकृतान्तरालम् (chidrīkṛtāntarālam) Daśakumāracarita 148; विषमीकृतान्तरालया (viṣamīkṛtāntarālayā) K.223.

3) Mixed tribe or caste (saṃkīrṇavarṇa); वर्णानां सान्तरालानां स सदाचार इष्यते (varṇānāṃ sāntarālānāṃ sa sadācāra iṣyate).

Derivable forms: antarālam (अन्तरालम्).

See also (synonyms): antarālaka.

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Āntarāla (आन्तराल).—a. [antarālaṃ vetti aṇ] One conversant with the inner nature, Name of a philosophical sect.

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Antarāla (अन्तराल).—See s. v.

Antarāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms antar and āla (आल). See also (synonyms): antarāya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāla (अन्तराल).—mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) Included space: also antarālaka. E. antarā in the midst, to obtain, and ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāla (अन्तराल).—i. e. antar-āli, n. Interval, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 197, 17; [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 2. loc. le, While, [Pañcatantra] 55, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāla (अन्तराल).—[neuter] interval (of [space and time]), mixed caste; le midway, meanwhile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Antarāla (अन्तराल):—[=antar-āla] a n. intermediate space

2) [=antar-āla] b See sub voce antar.

3) Āntarāla (आन्तराल):—mfn. ([from] antar-āla), (in [philosophy]) ‘those who know the condition of the soul within the body’, Name of a philosophical sect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāla (अन्तराल):—[tatpurusha compound] n.

(-lam) 1) Intermediate space (e. g. be-tween the cardinal points of the compass); comp. also sāntarāla.

2) Intermediate time, e. g. tadantarālānupalabdherahetuḥ ‘this is no reason (for the eternity of sound) since (sound) is not perceived in the time between (the arrival of the pupil and the teaching of his Guru)’.

3) Middle, any thing between, e. g. sukhasyāpyantarālaniṣpatteḥ ‘because also pleasure arises amidst pains’.

4) (In Arithmetic.) The same as antara.

5) (In Architecture.) The anti-temple, one of the three portions of a vimāna (see besides garbhagṛha and ardhamaṇḍapa); of the four and a half or six parts into which the diameter of the whole length of the building, including the walls, is to be divided, the antarāla is to take up one and a half or two (acc. to Rām Rāz). E. antarā and la.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Antarāla (अन्तराल):—[antarā+la] (laḥ) 1. m. Included space.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Antarāla (अन्तराल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṃtarāla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Antarala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Aṃtarāla (अंतराल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Antarāla.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃtarāla (ಅಂತರಾಲ):—[noun] = ಅಂತರಾಳ [amtarala].

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Aṃtarāḷa (ಅಂತರಾಳ):—

1) [noun] the space in between.

2) [noun] the time in between.

3) [noun] anything that is lying in between.

4) [noun] the inner region; the interior portion.

5) [noun] the direction lying between two quarters i.e. south-east, north-east, south-west or south-west.

6) [noun] one’s inner feelings; one’s judgement; opinion.

7) [noun] in Indian temples, a small room between the sanctum sanctorum and the hall where devotees stand; an anteroom.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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