Anta; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Anta (अन्त).—1000 crores×niyuta (1 lakh).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 98.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Anta (अन्त).—Final, phonetically last element remaining, of course, after the mute significatory letters have been dropped. cf. अनुत्तरलक्षणोन्तः (anuttaralakṣaṇontaḥ) M. Bh. on I. 1.21 Vārt, 6.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Anta (अन्त) is Pali for “intestines” (Sanskrit Antra) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., anta]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

anta : (m.) the end; goal; top. nt. intestine.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Anta, 3 (nt.) (Vedic āntra, contr. fr. antara inner = Lat. interus, Gr. e)/ntera intestines) the lower intestine, bowels, mesentery It.89; J.I, 66, 260 (°vaddhi-maṃsa etc.); Vism.258; DhA.I, 80.

—gaṇṭhi twisting of the bowels, lit. “a knot in the intestines” Vin.I, 275 (°ābādha). —guṇa (see guṇa2 = gula1) the intestinal tract, the bowels S.II, 270; A.IV, 132; Kh III, = Miln.26; Vism.42; KhA 57. —mukha the anus J.IV, 402. —vaṭṭi = °guṇa Vism.258. (Page 47)

2) Anta, 2 (adj.) (Vedic antya) 1. having an end, belonging to the end; only in neg. ananta endless, infinite, boundless (opp. antavant); which may be taken as equal to anta1 (corresp. with Sk. anta (adj.) or antya; also in doublet anañca, see ākās’ânañca and viññāṇ’ânañca); D.I, 23, 34 = D.III, 224, 262 sq.; Sn.468 (°pañña); Dh.179, 180 (°gocara having an unlimited range of mental vision, cp. DhA.III, 197); J.I, 178. — 2. extreme, last, worst J.II, 440 (C. hīna, lāmaka); see also anta1 4. — Acc. as adv. in ekantaṃ extremely, very much, “utterly” Dh.228 etc. See eka. (Page 47)

3) Anta, 1 (Vedic anta; Goth. andeis = Ohg. anti = E. end; cp. also Lat. antiae forehead (: E. antler), and the prep. anti opposite, antika near = Lat. ante; Gr. a)nti/ & a)/nta opposite; Goth., Ags. and; Ger. ant-; orig. the opposite (i. e. what stands against or faces the starting-point)). 1. end, finish, goal S.IV, 368 (of Nibbāna); Sn.467; J.II, 159. antaṃ karoti to make an end (of) Sn.283, 512; Dh.275, cp. antakara, °kiriyā. — Loc. ante at the end of, immediately after J.I, 203 (vijay°). — 2. limit, border, edge Vin.I, 47; Dh.305 (van°); J.III, 188. — 3. side: see ekamantaṃ (on one side, aside). — 4. opposite side, opposite, counterpart; pl. parts, contrasts, extremes; thus also used as “constituent, principle” (in tayo & cattāro antā; or does it belong to anta2 2. in this meaning? Cp. ekantaṃ extremely, under anta2): dve antā (two extremes) Vin.I, 10; S.II, 17; III, 135. ubho antā (both sides) Vin.I, 10; S.II, 17; J.I, 8; Nd1 109. eko, dutiyo anto (contrasts) Nd1 52. As tayo antā or principles(?), viz. sakkāya, s.-samudaya, s.-nirodha D.III, 216, cp. A.III, 401; as cattāro, viz. the 3 mentioned plus s.-nirodhagāmini-paṭipadā at S.III, 157. Interpreted by Morris as “goal” (J P T S. 1894, 70). — Often pleonastically, to be expld as a “pars pro toto” figure, like kammanta (q. v.) the end of the work, i. e. the whole work (cp. E. sea-side, country-side); vananta the border of the wood = the woods Dh.305; Pv.II, 310 (expld by vana PvA.86; same use in BSk., vanânta e. g. at Jtm VI, 21; cp. also grāmânta Av. Ś. I.210); suttanta (q. v.), etc. Cp. ākāsanta J.VI, 89 & the pleonastic use of patha. —ananta (n.) no end, infinitude; (adj.) endless, corresponds either to Sk. anta or antya, see anta2.

—ânanta end & no end, or finite and endless, D.I, 22; DA.I, 115. —ânantika (holding views of, or talking about) finiteness and infinitude D.I, 22 (see expln. at DA.I, 115); S.III, 214, 258 sq.; Ps.I, 155. —kara putting an end to, (n.) a deliverer, saviour; usually in phrase dukkhass’a. (of the Buddha) M.I, 48, 531; A.II, 2; III, 400 sq.; Th.1, 195; It.18; Sn.32, 337, 539; Pug.71. In other combn. A.II, 163 (vijjāy’); Sn.1148 (pañhān’). — —kiriyā putting an end to, ending, relief, extirpation; always used with ref. to dukkha S.IV, 93; lt 89; Sn.454, 725; DhA.IV, 45. —gata = antagū Nd2 436 (+ koṭigata). —gāhikā (f.), viz. diṭṭhi, is an attribute of micchādiṭṭhi, i. e. heretical doctrine. The meaning of anta in this combn. is not quite clear: either “holding (wrong) principles (goals, Morris)”, viz. the 3 as specified above 4 under tayo antā (thus Morris J P T S. 1884, 70), or “taking extreme sides, i. e. extremist”, or “wrong, opposite (= antya, see anta2)” (thus Kern, Toev. s. v.) Vin.I, 172; D.III, 45, 48 (an°); S.I, 154; A.I, 154; II, 240; III, 130; Ps.I, 151 sq. —gū one who has gone to the end, one who has gone through or overcome (dukkha) A.IV, 254, 258, 262; Sn.401 (= vaṭṭadukkhassa antagata); 539. —ruddhi at J.VI, 8 is doubtful reading (antaruci?). —vaṭṭi rimmed circumference J.III, 159. —saññin being conscious of an end (of the world) D.I, 22, cp. DA.I, 115. (Page 46)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

anta (अंत).—m (S) End, termination, conclusion. 2 Death. 3 In nidāna or pathology. The fifth division of disease;--result or issue (i. e. recovery or death). 4 In arith. or geo. The last term of a series. 5 fig. End, reach, depth, bottom, extreme capability. Ex. kōṇhācā anta pāhilyāvāṃ- cūna dēva kōṇhāvara kṛpā karīta nāhīṃ; tyā ghōḍyācā anta pāhūna dāhā kōsa nyā. anta pāhaṇēṃ therefore is To try to the uttermost; to see how much can be done or borne. Ex. saṃsārīṃ nakō harī mājhā anta pāhūṃ 6 Remaining strength, stamina, substance, goodness. Ex. tyā dhōtarānta kāṃhīṃ anta rāhilā nāhīṃ.

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anta (अंत).—prep (S) In comp. As far as; to or unto. Ex. hyānēṃ bhāṣyānta vyākaraṇa āṇi gadādharyanta nyāya mhaṭalā āhē.

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ānta (आंत).—ad & prep (antaḥ S) In or within; inside or inside of. 2 Within a given date; before. 3 In, amongst, together with, inclusively: also in connection with; in the train or wake of; subordinately. Ex. kāmānta kāma-gōṣṭīnta gōṣṭa-kharcānta kharca- karjānta karja-udimānta udīma-pōṭānta pōṭa-karaṇēṃ-cālaviṇēṃ &c. To do, perform, provide for &c. several things at once, or a minor thing in subjection to a main thing. ānta madhyēṃ (Incorrect, but constantly occurring amongst the vulgar.) In the inside. ānta bāhēra karaṇēṃ or pāhaṇēṃ To look inwards and outwards; to observe, consider, and ponder. ānta yēṇēṃ To be contracted or diminished--a business, funds, means.

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ānta (आंत).—n āntaḍī f āntaḍēṃ n (antra S) An entrail or intestine. See antaḍēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anta (अंत).—m End; death. prep Unto. anta pahāṇēṃ Try to the uttermost.

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ānta (आंत).—ad & prep In, within; before. ānta- a Inner.

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ānta (आंत).—n ātaḍīṃ f āntaḍēṃ n An entrail.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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