Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4

by Vihari-Lala Mitra | 1891 | 1,121,132 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The English translation of the Yoga-vasistha: a Hindu philosophical and spiritual text written by sage Valmiki from an Advaita-vedanta perspective. The book contains epic narratives similar to puranas and chronologically precedes the Ramayana. The Yoga-vasistha is believed by some Hindus to answer all the questions that arise in the human mind, an...

Chapter XLVII - Verification of gadhi’s vision

Argument. Gadhi learns from a guest the report of the Keri people, and goes out to inquire into the fact on the spot.

Vasishtha resumed:—

1. [Sanskrit available]
Gadhi was soon afterwards relieved from the perturbation of his mind at the delusions of the world;and he was set at rest from his perturbed state, like the disturbed sea after subsidence of its waves.

2. [Sanskrit available]
His mind being freed from its painful thoughts, regained its repose after the troublesome dream, had passed away, and he resumed his calmness, as the god Brahma had his rest, after the labour of his creation was over at the end of the kalpa (the time of his creative will or the duration of creation).

3. [Sanskrit available]
He regained his senses slowly, as a man upon waking from his sleep; and as one gains his sobriety after the passing off of his ebriety.

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He then said to himself, I am the same Gadhi and in the same function (of my sacred ablution in the water). All this is nothing that I had been seeing so long, and this I see as clearly as men see things after dispersion of the shade of night.

5. [Sanskrit available]
Remembering himself what he was (i.e. coming to himself), he lifted his feet from amidst the water (i.e. got out of it); as the lotus-bud lifts its head above the water, after the frost is over in spring.

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He said again, this is the same water, sky and earth (where I stood before); but what I was just seeing, is quite astonishing to me.

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What am I and what do I see now, and what was I and had been doing all this time? With these thoughts he remained a long time with his knitted brows and staring eyes.

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It was my weakness, said he, that showed me this delusion; and knowing it for certain, he came out of the water, as the rising sun appears above the horizon.

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Then rising on the bank, he said:—Ah! where is that mother and wife of mine, who attended on me at the moment of my death.

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Or were my parents dead in the ignorant state of my boyhood, like the parent plant of a young shoot, cut off by the sword of death?

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I am unmarried and know not the form of a wife, and am as ignorant of conjugal love, as a Brahman is stranger to the pernicious taste of forbidden liquors.

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I am too far from my country and know none of my friends and relatives; unto whom I shall return and there to die.

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Therefore all these scenes that I have come to see, are no more than the forms of the fairy land pictured in my fancy.

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Be it as it may, all this is but delusion and dream, and we are living dead among our friends; it is all magic and delusion, and nothing is true or real herein.

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Our minds are as wild beasts, roaming furiously in the forest of error; which presents endless scenes of delusion to living beings at large.

16. [Sanskrit available]
Reflecting on these delusions in his mind, Gadhi passed some days at his own house amidst the woods.

17. [Sanskrit available]
Once on a time he happened to entertain a Brahman at his house as his guest, who resorted there to take his rest from his travels.

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He was highly gratified with feasting upon fruits and syrup of flowers, and was as refreshed supplied with sap as the tree which is supplied by the bounteous spring, and shoots forth in its foliage and fruitage in time.

19. [Sanskrit available]
They then performed their evening service, and turned their beads, and afterwards took to their beds made of tender leaves and grass.

20. [Sanskrit available]
There they began to talk on divine subjects, with which they were conversant; and the words fell from the lips, like the sweets of the vernal season.

21. [Sanskrit available]
Then Gadhi asked his guest in the course of their conversation, saying: why is it sir, that you are so thin and lean and appear to lie so very weary.

The guest replied:—

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Hear me sir, relate to you the cause both of my leanness and weariness, and I will tell you the true facts, and not as a travelling teller of tales deals and lies.

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There is on the surface of this land, and in the woody tracts of the north, the great district of the Kir (Kirgis?), which is far renowned for its richness. (Kir the land of the Gees in Afghanistan).

24. [Sanskrit available]
I lived in the city there; and was honoured by its inhabitants, and the gust of my soul and mind were mightily pleased with the variety of dainty food that I used to get there.

25. [Sanskrit available]
There it was once related to me by some one in the way of gossip, that a chandala had once been the king of that country for the space of eight years.

26. [Sanskrit available]
I inquired of the village people about the truth of this report, and they all told me with one voice, that a chandala, had really reigned there for full eight years.

27. [Sanskrit available]
But being discovered at last as such, he immolated himself on the burning pile; which was followed by the self-immolation of hundreds of Brahmans on the funeral pyre.

28. [Sanskrit available]
Hearing this news from their mouths, I departed from that district, intending, O Brahman, to do my penance, by making a pilgrimage to Prayaga (Allahabad, on the doab or confluence of the two sacred streams of Ganga and Jamuna).

29. [Sanskrit available]
I made my chandrayana fast for three days and nights, and had to break my fast only this day. It is for this reason, that have become so very thin and lean, as you find me at present.

Vasishtha said:—

30. [Sanskrit available]
Gadhi on hearing this, made a hundred inquiries of his guest about the matter, to which he answered everything in verification of the fact.

31. [Sanskrit available]
Gadhi was quite surprised at this narration, and passed the night till sunrise in great palpitation of his heart.

32. [Sanskrit available]
Waking in the morning, he made his ablution and discharged his matins; then took leave of his guest, and began to reflect in himself with his bewildered understanding.

33. [Sanskrit available]
He said to himself, what I saw in my delusion, is ratified as a fact by my Brahman guest. I am puzzled to think, whether this be a magic, or a fascination of the conjurer Sambara.

34. [Sanskrit available]
What I saw about my death amidst my relatives, was undoubtedly a delusion of my mind; but the latter part of my vision (of becoming a Chandala), is verified by the Brahman's observance of the penance Chandrayana for his having entered the Chandala city.

35. [Sanskrit available]
I must therefore learn fully the particulars of the Chandala, and proceed immediately to the Bhuta country (Bhutan?) with an undaunted mind.

36. [Sanskrit available]
Thus determined, Gadhi rose to visit the distant district, as the sun rises over the horizon to visit all the sides of Sumeru (the Altain chain, at the bottom of which the country of the Kirgis is situated).

37. [Sanskrit available]
He travelled onward, and obtained at last the sight of the country he had seen in his dream; as intelligent and wayfaring men, reach to their desired destinations in distant regions.

38. [Sanskrit available]
Finding everything, however unattainable it may appear at first, to be attained by perseverance, Gadhi was resolved to make a test of the truth of his delusive dream.

39. [Sanskrit available]
He had proceeded from his home, with the swiftness of a current rivulet in the rainy weather; and traversed through many unknown countries, as a cloud passes over distant realms on the back of its airy steed.

40. [Sanskrit available]
At last he came to the country of the Bhatas (Bhoteas), a people following their own debased customs; and thought himself to be got amongst a savage people, as a camel is confounded to find itself, fallen in a karanja forest, in quest of thorny thistles. (The camels or cramelas are called kantaka* bhojes*, from their browsing the brambles).

41. [Sanskrit available]
There he saw in its vicinity a city, as what he had seen in his delusion; and resembling in every respect the habitation of the Gandharva race.

42. [Sanskrit available]
Proceeding onward, he saw at the further end, the locality of the chandalas, resembling the hell-pit of the infernal region. (The out-castes are always located at the filthy outskirts of towns).

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It was as spacious a place as what he had seen in his vision, and beheld his own likeness in the dream appearing in the figures of the chandalas, as one sees the shape of a Gandharva or ghost, in his dream or delirium.

44. [Sanskrit available]
He saw in that place the habitation of chandalas, as what he had seen before in his delusion, and observed with grief and coldness of his mind (the deserted abodes of his fellow Chandalas).

45. [Sanskrit available]
He saw his own residence flooded over by rain water grown with sprouts of barley and brambles; his house was left roofless, and his bedstead was almost indiscernible.

46. [Sanskrit available]
His hut presented the picture of poverty and wretchedness, and its compound was a scene of ruin and desolation (as if it was laid waste by the hand of oppression and pillage).

47. [Sanskrit available]
Gadhi stood long gazing upon the dry white bones of bulls and cows, buffaloes and horses, which lay strewn over the plains round about his hut;and which he remembered to be the remains of the beasts of his prey and slaughter. (lit.:—the bones broken under the teeth and jaws of men and wild beasts).

48. [Sanskrit available]
He saw the dry hollow skulls lying on the ground, which had served for his eating and drinking vessels before; and which still lay unmoved on the spot, and were filled with rain water (as if to supply him with drink).

49. [Sanskrit available]
He saw strings of the dried entrails of the beasts of his victims, lying like parched plants on the plain, and pining with thirst for the rain-water.

50. [Sanskrit available]
Gadhi who was conscious of himself (as Gadhi), the Brahman looked long at his former house and its environs, resembling the dry and dilapidated skeleton of a human body, lying unburied on the naked land.

51. [Sanskrit available]
He stood amazed at what he saw, and then withdrew himself to the adjacent village; as when a traveller repairs to the habitation of the Aryas, from his sojourning in the land of barbarians (Mlech'chas).

52. [Sanskrit available]
There he asked some one saying, sir, do you remember anything concerning the former state of yonder village, and the lives of its chandala inhabitants?

53. [Sanskrit available]
I have heard all good people say, that knowing men are conversant with the annals of all places, as they know every spot on a globe in their hand.

54. [Sanskrit available]
If you recollect aught of the good old chandala that, lived retired at yonder spot, and if you remember his adventures, as every one does the past accidents of his own life:—

55. [Sanskrit available]
If you are acquainted with the particulars thereabouts, then please to relate them unto me; for it is said there is great spirit in directing a stranger, and in dispelling the doubts of one hanging in suspense.

56. [Sanskrit available]
The village people being one by one importuned in this manner by the strange Brahman; they were as much surprised at his odd request, as physicians are concerned at the abnormal complaint of a patient.

The villagers said:—

57. [Sanskrit available]
It is an undeniable truth, O Brahman! as you say, that there lived a chandala of hideous shape by name of Katanjala at that place.

58. [Sanskrit available]
He was beset by a large family, consisting of his sons, grandsons, friends and servants; and had other relatives and kinsmen besides. His children were as many as the fruits of a mango tree.

59. [Sanskrit available]
But cruel fate snatched all his family in course of time, as a conflagration burns down a mountain forest with all its fruits and flowers at once.

60. [Sanskrit available]
He then deserted his native land and went over to the city of the Kirs, of which he became the king; and reigned there for the space of twice four years.

61. [Sanskrit available]
The citizens coming to know his mean birth afterwards, drove him from there at last; as they remove a noxious and poisonous tree from the garden.

62. [Sanskrit available]
Gadhi seeing the people immolating themselves on funeral piles entered into a burning pyre, which he had prepared for himself; and was thus purified with others by the sacred fire pavaka.

63. [Sanskrit available]
But tell us, O Brahman, why you are so curiously inquisitive about the chandala, and as to whether he was any friend of yours, or you had contracted any friendship with him.

64. [Sanskrit available]
Being accosted in this manner, Gadhi made many more inquiries of them concerning the chandala, and passed a whole month in their several houses on his inquiry.

65. [Sanskrit available]
He also told the village people, all that he knew of the chandala in his dream; and they heard him attentively relating the whole story from first to last.

66. [Sanskrit available]
Gadhi being informed of all the particulars regarding the chandala, both from the hearsay of the people as well as from his personal observations; returned equally ashamed and astonished to his abode, with the disgraceful reflection of his past vileness, which was stamped like the black spot of the moon upon the tablet of his mind.

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