Candrayana, Cāndrāyaṇa: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Candrayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrayana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrayana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cāndrāyana (चान्द्रायन) is a religious observance, an expiatory penance, regulated by the period of the moon’s waxing and waning. In this rite, the daily quantity of food which consists of fifteen mouthfuls at the full moon. is diminished. by one mouthful every day during the dark fortnight till it is reduced to zero at the new moon and is increased in like manner during the bright fortnight.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण).—A penance. (See Vrata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण).—A ritual lasting for a month to be practised once, twice, thrice or four times according to one's capacity;1 an expiatory ceremony for a Brahmana taking liquor in Mohā;2 very efficacious if performed in Somatīrtha; penance for certain thefts, incestuous unions, etc.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 16. 16-7; 18. 13.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 69, 79; Matsya-purāṇa 7. 4; 101. 75; 188. 88.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 189. 18; 191. 96; 227. 42-56.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (dharma)

Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण) or Cāndrāyaṇavrata refers to a type of penance for expiating (prāyaścitta) sins (pātaka) according to the Manusmṛti XI.217.—Accordingly, “If a person diminishes his food daily by one mouthful during the dark half of the month and increases in the same manner during the bright half and bathes daily at the time of three libations: that is called a cāndrāyaṇavrata”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrayana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cāndrāyaṇa (चांद्रायण).—n S An expiatory observance regulated by the moon's waxing and waning.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cāndrāyaṇa (चांद्रायण).—n An expiatory observance regulated by the moon's waxing and waning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candrayana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण).—[candrasyāyanamivāyanamatra pūrvapadāt saṃjñāyāṃ ṇatvam saṃjñāyāṃ dīrghaḥ svārthe aṇ vā Tv.] A religious observance or expiatory penance regulated by the moon's age (the period of its waxing and waning); (in it the daily quantity of food, which consists of fifteen mouthfuls at the full moon, is diminished by one mouthful every day during the dark fortnight till it is reduced to zero at the new moon, and is increased in like manner during the bright fortnight); cf. Y.3.324 et seq. and Ms.11.217.

Derivable forms: cāndrāyaṇam (चान्द्रायणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) A religious or expiatory observance regulated by the moon’s age; diminishing the daily consumption of food every day, by one mouthful, for the dark half of the month beginning with fifteen at the full moon, until is it reduced to one at the now moon, and then increasing it in like manner during the fortnight of the moon’s increase: there are other forms of this penance. E. candra the moon, and svārthe aṇ aff. candrasya ayanamiva ayanamatra .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण).—i. e. candra-ayana + a, n. A religious or expiatory observance regulated by the moon’s age; diminishing the daily consumption of food by one mouthful every day for the dark half of the month, and increasing it in like manner during the light half, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 216; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण).—[masculine] observer of the moon’s path; [neuter] (± vrata) the moon-penance ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cāndrāyaṇa (चान्द्रायण):—[from cāndra] m. an observer of the moon’s course (candr), [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa xvii, 13, 17 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a family, [Pravara texts i, 2 and ii, 4, 1]

3) [v.s. ...] n. ([Pāṇini 5-1, 72]; [scilicet] vrata) a fast regulated by the moon, the food being diminished every day by one mouthful for the dark fortnight, and increased in like manner during the light fortnight (cf. pipīlikāmadhya, yava-madhya or dhyama), [Manu-smṛti vi, 20]

4) [v.s. ...] [xi, 41 and 106-217; Yājñavalkya iii, 324 ff.; Pañcatantra i, 11, 27; iii, 3, 2.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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