Candala, aka: Caṇḍāla; 9 Definition(s)
Candala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chandala.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल) refers to one of the seven “minor dialects” (vibhāṣā) of language used in dramatic composition (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).—(See Cāturvarṇya).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Chāndāla (छान्दाल): A person of a degraded caste, whose conduct was much below standard and whose cause pollution.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
caṇḍāla : (m.) an outcaste or untouchable.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
1) Caṇḍāla, 2 (nt.) a kind of amusement or trick D. I, 6≈(=ayogulakīḷā play with an iron ball DA. I, 84). (Page 260)
2) Caṇḍāla, 1 (Vedic caṇḍāla) a man of a certain low tribe, one of the low classes, an outcaste; grouped with others under nīcā kulā (low born clans) as caṇḍālā nesādā veṇā rathakārā pukkusā at A. I, 107=II. 85=Pug. 51. As caṇḍāla-pukkusā with the four recognized grades of society (see jāti & khattiya) at A. I, 162.—Vin. IV, 6; M. II, 152; S. V, 168 sq. (°vaṃsa); A. III, 214, 228 (brāhmaṇa°); IV, 376; J. IV, 303; PvA. 175; Miln. 200.—f. caṇḍālī A. III, 226; Pv III, 113; DhA. II, 25. See also pukkusa. (Page 260)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
caṇḍaḷa (चंडळ).—n P A patch or fragment (of mortar, plaster, brick) detached from a wall.
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caṇḍāla (चंडाल).—m (S) pop. caṇḍāḷa m An individual of any of the lowest of the mixed tribes, born from a Shudra father and Brahman mother. Hence fig. A vile, filthy, loathsome, abominable person: also an atrocious, monstrous, heinous, flagitious, awfully truculent, ferocious, or wicked person or deed.
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cāṇḍāḷa (चांडाळ).—Better caṇḍāḷa &c.
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cāndalā (चांदला).—m (cānda Moon.) A ṭikalī or ornamental piece (of brass, silver, glass &c.) or a painted patch worn by females on the forehead. 2 A term of reviling for an overlarge ṭikā of gandha on the forehead.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
cāndalā (चांदला).—m An ornamental piece (of brass, &c.) worn by females on the forehead.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).—a. [caṇḍ-ālac]
1) Wicked or cruel in deeds, of black deeds (krūrakarman) cf. कर्मचाण्डाल (karmacāṇḍāla).
-laḥ A general name for the lowest and most despised of the mixed castes originating from a Śūdra father and a Brāhmaṇa mother.
2) A man of this caste, an outcast; चण्डालः किमयं द्विजातिरथवा (caṇḍālaḥ kimayaṃ dvijātirathavā) Bh.3.56; Ms.5.131;1.12,16;11. 176.
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Cāṇḍāla (चाण्डाल).—(-lī f.) [caṇḍāla eva svārthe aṇ] An out-caste; see चण्डाल (caṇḍāla); चण्डालः किमयं द्विजातिरथवा (caṇḍālaḥ kimayaṃ dvijātirathavā) Bh.3.56; Ms.3.239; 4.79; Y.1.93.
Derivable forms: cāṇḍālaḥ (चाण्डालः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 37 books and stories containing Candala or Caṇḍāla. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 5.84 < [Section IX - Other forms of Impurity]
Verse 5.131 < [Section XIII - Purification of Substances]
Verse 9.87 < [Section VIII - Seniority among Co-wives]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Story of the suicide of the Caṇḍala < [Section I.1 - Abstaining from murder]
Part 8 - Better to die than to kill < [Section I.1 - Abstaining from murder]
Appendix 1 - Destruction of the forests of Daṇḍaka, Kāliṅga, Mejjha and Mātaṅga < [Chapter XXIV - The Virtue of Patience]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 21 - The Dynasty of Bharata < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 7 - The Descendants of King Mandhata < [Canto IX - Liberation]
Chapter 13 - King Indra Afflicted by Sinful Reaction < [Canto VI - Prescribed Duties for Mankind]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)