Candala, Caṇḍāla: 14 definitions

Introduction

Candala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandala.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल) refers to one of the seven “minor dialects” (vibhāṣā) of language used in dramatic composition (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 18.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).—(See Cāturvarṇya).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).—Redeemed of their sins at Benares;1 prohibited from seeing food offered at the Śrāddha.2 Satyavrata became a Caṇḍāla.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 184. 67; 227. 54.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 16. 12.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 3. 23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Chāndāla (छान्दाल): A person of a degraded caste, whose conduct was much below standard and whose cause pollution.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Caṇḍālinī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Caṇḍāla] are whitish red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

caṇḍāla : (m.) an outcaste or untouchable.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Caṇḍāla, 2 (nt.) a kind of amusement or trick D. I, 6≈(=ayogulakīḷā play with an iron ball DA. I, 84). (Page 260)

2) Caṇḍāla, 1 (Vedic caṇḍāla) a man of a certain low tribe, one of the low classes, an outcaste; grouped with others under nīcā kulā (low born clans) as caṇḍālā nesādā veṇā rathakārā pukkusā at A. I, 107=II. 85=Pug. 51. As caṇḍāla-pukkusā with the four recognized grades of society (see jāti & khattiya) at A. I, 162.—Vin. IV, 6; M. II, 152; S. V, 168 sq. (°vaṃsa); A. III, 214, 228 (brāhmaṇa°); IV, 376; J. IV, 303; PvA. 175; Miln. 200.—f. caṇḍālī A. III, 226; Pv III, 113; DhA. II, 25. See also pukkusa. (Page 260)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caṇḍaḷa (चंडळ).—n P A patch or fragment (of mortar, plaster, brick) detached from a wall.

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caṇḍāla (चंडाल).—m (S) pop. caṇḍāḷa m An individual of any of the lowest of the mixed tribes, born from a Shudra father and Brahman mother. Hence fig. A vile, filthy, loathsome, abominable person: also an atrocious, monstrous, heinous, flagitious, awfully truculent, ferocious, or wicked person or deed.

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cāṇḍāḷa (चांडाळ).—Better caṇḍāḷa &c.

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cāndalā (चांदला).—m (cānda Moon.) A ṭikalī or ornamental piece (of brass, silver, glass &c.) or a painted patch worn by females on the forehead. 2 A term of reviling for an overlarge ṭikā of gandha on the forehead.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cāndalā (चांदला).—m An ornamental piece (of brass, &c.) worn by females on the forehead.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).—a. [caṇḍ-ālac]

1) Wicked or cruel in deeds, of black deeds (krūrakarman) cf. कर्मचाण्डाल (karmacāṇḍāla).

-laḥ A general name for the lowest and most despised of the mixed castes originating from a Śūdra father and a Brāhmaṇa mother.

2) A man of this caste, an outcast; चण्डालः किमयं द्विजातिरथवा (caṇḍālaḥ kimayaṃ dvijātirathavā) Bh.3.56; Ms.5.131;1.12,16;11. 176.

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Cāṇḍāla (चाण्डाल).—(- f.) [caṇḍāla eva svārthe aṇ] An out-caste; see चण्डाल (caṇḍāla); चण्डालः किमयं द्विजातिरथवा (caṇḍālaḥ kimayaṃ dvijātirathavā) Bh.3.56; Ms.3.239; 4.79; Y.1.93.

Derivable forms: cāṇḍālaḥ (चाण्डालः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).—m.

(-laḥ) An outcaste, a Chandala, the generic name for a man of the lowest of the mixed tribes, born from a Sudra father and Brahman mother. E. caṇḍa angry, and ala able, or caṇḍ to be angry. and ālac Unadi affix; proper to execute all vile or barbarous acts; also cāṇḍāla

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Cāṇḍāla (चाण्डाल).—m.

(-laḥ) A name of an impure or degraded tribe, a Chandala, a Pariah, an outcaste. f. (-lī) A woman of the same tribe. E. caḍi to be angry, Unadi affix ālañ and according to some aṇ added also caṇḍāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).— (akin to caṇḍa), m. A man of the lowest of the mixed tribes, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 131; 10, 12; f. , A woman of that tribe, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 175.

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Cāṇḍāla (चाण्डाल).—i. e. caṇḍāla + a, m., f. lī; = caṇḍāla, An outcast, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 239; 8, 373.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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