Harivamsa [text] [sanskrit]

76,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Harivamsa, an important addition to the larger epic Mahabharata, existing in several editions. The text deals with the ancient Indian Solar and Lunar dynasties leading and recounts the history of Krishna.

Verse 79.17

ततो वैवस्वतं देवं निर्जित्य पुरुषोत्तमः ।
आससाद च तं बालं गुरुपुत्रं तदाच्युतः ।
शङ्खमापूर्य गोविन्दस्त्रासयामास वै जनम् ।
ततो यमोऽभ्युपागम्य ववन्दे तं गदाधरम् ।
किमागमनकृत्यं ते किं करोमीति चाब्रवीत् ॥ तमुवाचाथ वै कृष्णो गुरुपुत्रः प्रदीयताम् ।
तयोस्तत्र तदा युद्धमासीद्घोरतरं महत् ।
आनिनाय गुरोः पुत्रं चिरनष्टं यमक्षयात् ॥ १७ ॥

tato vaivasvataṃ devaṃ nirjitya puruṣottamaḥ |
āsasāda ca taṃ bālaṃ guruputraṃ tadācyutaḥ |
śaṅkhamāpūrya govindastrāsayāmāsa vai janam |
tato yamo'bhyupāgamya vavande taṃ gadādharam |
kimāgamanakṛtyaṃ te kiṃ karomīti cābravīt || tamuvācātha vai kṛṣṇo guruputraḥ pradīyatām |
tayostatra tadā yuddhamāsīdghorataraṃ mahat |
ānināya guroḥ putraṃ ciranaṣṭaṃ yamakṣayāt || 17 ||

The English translation of Harivamsa Verse 79.17 is contained in the book Harivamsa Purana in 3 Volumes by Shanti Lal Nagar. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by Shanti Lal Nagar (2013)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (79.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Vaivasvata, Deva, Purushottama, Asa, Sada, Bala, Guruputra, Tada, Acyuta, Shankha, Apurya, Govinda, Jana, Yama, Abhi, Upagamya, Gadadhara, Kim, Agamana, Krityam, Kritya, Kriti, Yushmad, Iti, Atha, Krishna, Pradi, Iyat, Iyata, Tatra, Yuddha, Ghoratara, Mahat, Naya, Guru, Putra, Cira, Nashta, Yamakshaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Harivamsa Verse 79.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato vaivasvataṃ devaṃ nirjitya puruṣottamaḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • vaivasvatam -
  • vaivasvata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vaivasvata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • devam -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    deva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    devan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • nirjitya -
  • puruṣottamaḥ -
  • puruṣottama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “āsasāda ca taṃ bālaṃ guruputraṃ tadācyutaḥ
  • āsa -
  • āsa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āsa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āsan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
    as (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • sāda -
  • sāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • bālam -
  • bāla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bāla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bālā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • guruputram -
  • guruputra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • acyutaḥ -
  • acyuta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “śaṅkhamāpūrya govindastrāsayāmāsa vai janam
  • śaṅkham -
  • śaṅkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śaṅkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śaṅkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āpūrya -
  • āpūrya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • govindas -
  • govinda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • trāsayāmā -
  • tras (verb class 0)
    [imperative active first plural]
  • asa -
  • asan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • janam -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 4: “tato yamo'bhyupāgamya vavande taṃ gadādharam
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • yamo' -
  • yama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhyu -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • upāgamya -
  • upāgamya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vavande -
  • vand (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • gadādharam -
  • gadādhara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gadādhara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gadādharā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 5: “kimāgamanakṛtyaṃ te kiṃ karomīti cābravīt
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • āgamana -
  • āgamana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṛtyam -
  • kṛtyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛtya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛtya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛtī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • karomī -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [present active first single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abravīt -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • Line 6: “tamuvācātha vai kṛṣṇo guruputraḥ pradīyatām
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • uvācā -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • kṛṣṇo* -
  • kṛṣṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • guruputraḥ -
  • guruputra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pradī -
  • pradi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • iyatām -
  • iyat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    iyat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    iyatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 7: “tayostatra tadā yuddhamāsīdghorataraṃ mahat
  • tayos -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • yuddham -
  • yuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
    yudh -> yuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √yudh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √yudh class 4 verb]
  • āsīd -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [aorist active third single], [injunctive active third single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • ghorataram -
  • ghoratara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ghoratara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ghoratarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mahat -
  • atimahat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 8: “ānināya guroḥ putraṃ ciranaṣṭaṃ yamakṣayāt
  • āni -
  • nāya -
  • nāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • guroḥ -
  • guru (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • putram -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • cira -
  • cira (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cira (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • naṣṭam -
  • naṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    naṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    naṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    naś -> naṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √naś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √naś class 4 verb]
    naś -> naṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √naś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √naś class 1 verb], [nominative single from √naś class 4 verb], [accusative single from √naś class 4 verb]
    naś -> naṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √naś class 1 verb]
    naś -> naṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √naś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √naś class 1 verb]
  • yamakṣayāt -
  • yamakṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Harivamsa Verse 79.17

Cover of edition (2012)

Harivamsa Purana
by Ras Bihari Lal and Sons (2012)

Set of 10 Volumes; Transliterated Text with English Translation; [5425 pages]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2021)

Shri Harivamsa Purana in Marathi
by Jitendra Nath Thakur (2021)

श्रीहरिवंशपुराण [Dharmik Prakashan Sanstha, Mumbai]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2012)

Shri Harivamsha Purana (Telugu)
by Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son (2012)

శ్రీ వారివంశవ్రరాణం [Gollapudi Veeraswamy Son]

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Preview of verse 79.17 in Telugu sript:
తతో వైవస్వతం దేవం నిర్జిత్య పురుషోత్తమః ।
ఆససాద చ తం బాలం గురుపుత్రం తదాచ్యుతః ।
శఙ్ఖమాపూర్య గోవిన్దస్త్రాసయామాస వై జనమ్ ।
తతో యమోఽభ్యుపాగమ్య వవన్దే తం గదాధరమ్ ।
కిమాగమనకృత్యం తే కిం కరోమీతి చాబ్రవీత్ ॥
తమువాచాథ వై కృష్ణో గురుపుత్రః ప్రదీయతామ్ ।
తయోస్తత్ర తదా యుద్ధమాసీద్ఘోరతరం మహత్ ।
ఆనినాయ గురోః పుత్రం చిరనష్టం యమక్షయాత్ ॥ ౧౭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Harivamsa Purana in Gujarati
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2017)

હરિવંશપુરાણ

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Preview of verse 79.17 in Gujarati sript:
તતો વૈવસ્વતં દેવં નિર્જિત્ય પુરુષોત્તમઃ ।
આસસાદ ચ તં બાલં ગુરુપુત્રં તદાચ્યુતઃ ।
શઙ્ખમાપૂર્ય ગોવિન્દસ્ત્રાસયામાસ વૈ જનમ્ ।
તતો યમોઽભ્યુપાગમ્ય વવન્દે તં ગદાધરમ્ ।
કિમાગમનકૃત્યં તે કિં કરોમીતિ ચાબ્રવીત્ ॥
તમુવાચાથ વૈ કૃષ્ણો ગુરુપુત્રઃ પ્રદીયતામ્ ।
તયોસ્તત્ર તદા યુદ્ધમાસીદ્ઘોરતરં મહત્ ।
આનિનાય ગુરોઃ પુત્રં ચિરનષ્ટં યમક્ષયાત્ ॥ ૧૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2021)

Harivansha Mahapurana (Kannada)
by Saraswati Prakashan, Belgaum (2021)

1568 pages

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Preview of verse 79.17 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ವೈವಸ್ವತಂ ದೇವಂ ನಿರ್ಜಿತ್ಯ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮಃ ।
ಆಸಸಾದ ಚ ತಂ ಬಾಲಂ ಗುರುಪುತ್ರಂ ತದಾಚ್ಯುತಃ ।
ಶಙ್ಖಮಾಪೂರ್ಯ ಗೋವಿನ್ದಸ್ತ್ರಾಸಯಾಮಾಸ ವೈ ಜನಮ್ ।
ತತೋ ಯಮೋಽಭ್ಯುಪಾಗಮ್ಯ ವವನ್ದೇ ತಂ ಗದಾಧರಮ್ ।
ಕಿಮಾಗಮನಕೃತ್ಯಂ ತೇ ಕಿಂ ಕರೋಮೀತಿ ಚಾಬ್ರವೀತ್ ॥
ತಮುವಾಚಾಥ ವೈ ಕೃಷ್ಣೋ ಗುರುಪುತ್ರಃ ಪ್ರದೀಯತಾಮ್ ।
ತಯೋಸ್ತತ್ರ ತದಾ ಯುದ್ಧಮಾಸೀದ್ಘೋರತರಂ ಮಹತ್ ।
ಆನಿನಾಯ ಗುರೋಃ ಪುತ್ರಂ ಚಿರನಷ್ಟಂ ಯಮಕ್ಷಯಾತ್ ॥ ೧೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2013)

Shri Harivamsa Purana (Narayani Language)
by Ramtej Pandey (2013)

With Commentary (Set Of 3 Volumes); Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; [Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan]

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