Yuddha: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Yuddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Yuddh.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Yuddha (युद्ध).—(war) (i) In ancient times in India war was considered a "Rājadharma". A war declared under this law was known as "Dharmayuddha"

(ii) It is forbidden to use a weapon describing it falsely as another weapon. The use of arrows heated in fire, is also against Dharmayuddha.

(iii) It is also against the rules of Dharmayuddha to kill a person who gets down from the chariot, a eunuch, one with joined palms, one who squats on the ground, one who seeks refuge, one who is asleep, one who is naked, an unarmed person, one who has come to witness the fight, one who is fighting with another, one whose weapon is broken, one who is bereaved by the death of a son or other relative, one who is vanquished, one who flees from battle, and one who refuses to attack in return etc.

(iv) If a warrior fleeing from battlefield is killed by his enemy, he carries with him his master’s sins.

(v) All the grace earned by the young man who flees from battle, passes to his master.

(vi) The soldier himself may take all booty in the battle except chariots, horses, elephants, umbrellas, wealth, corn, cows, women, weapons, silver and gold.

(vii) All costly articles, seized in battle, such as gold, silver, jewels etc. are to be handed over to the King, according to the Vedas. (Manusmṛti, Chapter 7).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Yuddha (युद्ध) is a Sanskrit word referring to “war”.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yuddha : (nt.) fight; war; battle.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yuddha, (nt.) (orig. pp. of yujjhati; cp. Vedic yuddha (pp.) and yudh (f.) the fight) war, battle, fight D. I, 6 (daṇḍa° fighting with sticks or weapons); J. III, 541 (id.); Sn. 442 (Dat. yuddhāya); J. VI, 222; Miln. 245 (kilesa°, as pp. : one who fights sin); Mhvs 10, 45 (°atthaṃ for the sake of fighting); 10, 69 (yuddhāya in order to fight); 25, 52 (yuddhāy’āgata); 32, 12 (yuddhaṃ yujjhati); 32, 13 (maccu° fight with death); 33, 42; DhA. II, 154 (malla° fist-fight).—The form yudhāya at Sn. 831 is to be taken as (archaic) Dat. of Vedic yudh (f.), used in sense of an inf. & equal to yuddhāya. Nd1 172 explains as “yuddh’atthāya. ”

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yuddha (युद्ध).—n (S) Battling, warring, fighting; conflict or a conflict in general. kukkuṭayuddha, mēṣayuddha, gajayuddha Cock-fighting, ram-fighting, elephant-fighting; mallayuddha Wrestling or pugilistic contest; talātalayuddha Fight consisting in slapping of hands mutually against each other's breast; gadāyuddha, caraṇayuddha &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yuddha (युद्ध).—n Fighting, battling; conflict.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yuddha (युद्ध).—p. p.

1) Fought, encountered.

2) Conquered, subdued.

-ddham [yudh-bhāvādau kta]

1) War, battle, fight, engagement, contest, struggle, combat; वत्स केयं वार्ता युद्धं युद्धमिति (vatsa keyaṃ vārtā yuddhaṃ yuddhamiti) U.6.

2) (In astr.) The opposition or conflict of planets.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yuddha (युद्ध).—n.

(-ddhaṃ) 1. War, battle, contest. 2. Conflict of the planets, (in astronomy.) E. yudh to fight, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yuddha (युद्ध).—[adjective] fought; [neuter] fight, battle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yuddha (युद्ध):—[from yudh] mfn. fought, encountered, conquered, subdued, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Ugra-sena, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) battle, fight, war, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. (in [astronomy]) opposition, conflict of the planets, [Sūryasiddhānta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Yuddha (युद्ध):—(partic. praet. pass. von 1. yudh)

1) adj. bekämpft [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 78, 10.] —

2) n. Kampf, Schlacht [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 72.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 796.] [Halāyudha 2, 298.] [Ṛgveda 10, 54, 2.] nārā.akasya yu.dhamasti [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 1, 5, 9, 1.] devā vā asurairyuddhamupaprāyan [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 3, 39.] uteva yuddhenoteva māyayā [6, 36.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 13, 1, 5, 6.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 20, 2, 8.] [Kauṣītakyupaniṣad 3, 1.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 190. 198. fg.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 75, 25.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 4, 12.] kṣatriyāṇāṃ svadharmācaraṇaṃ yuddham [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 22, 1.] yuddhe vināśo bhavati kadācidubhayorapi [Spr. 2495.] sutumula [Mahābhārata 1, 1176.] yuddhe parāṅmukhaiḥ [3, 1759.] yuddhānivartin [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 795.] yuddhaṃ śikṣeta kukkuṭāt [Spr. 2494.] yuddhe śūraṃ jānīyāt [352.] yatrāyuddhe dhruvo mṛtyuryuddhe jīvitasaṃśayaḥ . tameva kālaṃ yuddhasya pravadanti manīṣiṇaḥ .. [2295.] kāle [2493.] na yuddhayogyatāmasya paśyāmi saha rākṣasaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 22, 2.] [Pañcatantra 87, 15.] yena yuddhaṃ tava kṣamam [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 9, 40.] cirakālasthitaṃ hyetadyuddhaṃ me rāghaveṇa [6, 34, 22.] tayorbabhūva yuddhaṃ tumulam [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 57.] tvaṃ yuddhāyābhiniryāhi rāmasya [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 27, 19.] yuddhāya niragāddviṣām [Kathāsaritsāgara 54, 217.] atra yuddhaṃ mayā dattaṃ rāvaṇasya punaḥ punaḥ . pakṣatuṇḍanakhairghoram [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 72, 20.] pradadyānme yo dya yuddham [4, 9, 49. 38. 40.] dānavaiḥ sākaṃ prāptayuddhena vajriṇā [Kathāsaritsāgara 17, 18.] a [Mahābhārata 5, 7469.] suyuddhameva tatrāpi samācaret [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 176.] manmatha [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 37, 7.] huḍu [Spr. 939.] vṛttayuddhā (bhū) [Kathāsaritsāgara 60, 57.] śakti [Oxforder Handschriften 24,b,32. fg.] In der Astr. Planetenkampf, Opposition [Sūryasiddhānta 7, 1. 19. fg.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 17, 1. fgg. 18, 8. 47, 1.] — Vgl. kūṭa, graha, dvaṃdva, prati, bāhu (auch [Mahābhārata 3, 11973]), mitra, muṣṭi, ratha, vāda .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Yuddha (युद्ध):——

1) Adj. s.u. 1. yudh. —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Ugrasena [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa 4,4,99.] —

3) n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Kampf , Schlacht. In der Astr. Planetenkampf , so v.a. Opposition.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yuddha (युद्ध) [Also spelled yuddh]:—(nm) war/warfare; battle; fight/fighting; combat, hostilities; ~[kārī] fighting/fighter; combating/combatant; -[kāla] wartime; period of fighting; -[kṣetra] battle-field, theatre of war; -[nīti] strategy; -[pota] warship, man of war; ~[pravaṇa] bellicose, pugnacious, martial, militant; ~[pravaṇatā] bellicosity, pugnacity; ~[pravīṇa] expert/skilled in warfare; ~[priya] a warmonger; bellicose, pugnacious, militant, martial; •[] war-mongering; bellicosity, pugnaciousness; ~[baṃdī] a prisoner of war; cesssation of hostilities; -[bhūmi] the battlefield; -[maṃtrī] minister for war; ~[rata] belligerant; -[vijñāna/śāstra] science of warfare; military science; -[vidyā] art of warfare; -[virāma] cease-fire; •[saṃdhi] cease-fire pact, cease-fire; agreement; -[śakti] fighting potential, power/capacity to wage a war; -[saṃbaṃdhī] military; pertaining to war/battle/fighting; -[sthagana] cessation of hostilities.

context information

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