Cira, Cīra, Cīrā: 20 definitions


Cira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chira.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Cira (चिर) refers to “long”, and is mentioned in verse 2.37 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] one shall not lie down (too) long [viz., cira] with raised knees, nor shall one stay at a tree by night; at a crossing of three roads, the vicinity of a tope, a crossing of four roads, and a house of gods either”.

Note: Ciram [Cira] (“too long”) has been translated by yun riṅ (“for too long a time”). The spelling riṅs in CD is extremely rare (cf. Suvarṇaprabhāsasūtra p. 76.10 v. 1.) and most probably corrupt.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cira (चिर) refers to a “long time”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as Umā (Durgā/Satī) spoke to the Gods:—“[...] Just as you, Rudra too, desires my incarnation in the abode of Himavat. Hence I shall incarnate. That shall be the end of misery in the world. All of you return to your abodes. You shall be happy for a long time [i.e., cirasukhaṃ labhatāṃ ciram]. After incarnating I shall give Menā full happiness. I shall become Śiva’s wife. But this desire is a great secret with me. Śiva’s divine sport is wonderful. It deludes even the wise. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A seven year old novice, an arahant who offered to perform a miracle herself, so that the Buddha might be saved the trouble of performing the Twin Miracle. She offered to fetch Sineru, the Cakkavalapabbata and Himava, and to soar over their tops like a wild goose (DhA.iii.211).

She is probably identical with the Bhikkhuni mentioned in the Samyutta Nikaya (i.213) as having won the praise of a Yakkha.

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Cira means long.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cira : (adj.) lasting long. || cīra (nt.), fibre; a strip; a bark dress.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cīra, (nt.) (Sk. cīra, cp. cīvara) 1. bark, fibre D.I, 167 (kusa°, vāka°, phalaka°); Vin.III, 34; A.I, 295; Pug.55.—a bark dress Vin.I, 305; J.VI, 500 (cp. cīraka).—2. a strip (orig. of bark), in suvaṇṇa°-khacita gold-brocaded VvA.280 (see also next). Cp. ocīraka (under odīraka). (Page 269)

— or —

Cira, (adj.) (Vedic. cira, perhaps to *queịe to rest, cp. Lat. quiēs, civis; Goth. hveila; Ohg. wīlōn; E. while) long (of time), usually in cpds. & as adv. Either ciraṃ (Acc.) for a long time Sn.678, 730, 1029; Dh.248; Kh VII.5; J.II, 110; IV, 3; Pv.II, 333 or cirena (Instr.) after a long time Vin.IV, 86; DhsA.239; or cirāya (Dat.) for long Dh.342. cirassa (Gen.) see cirassaṃ.—cirataraṃ (compar.) for a (comparatively) long time, rather long A.III, 58; Pv.II, 87. cir-â-ciraṃ continually Vin.IV, 261; J.V, 233.—acira not long (ago) lately, newly: °arahattappatta S.I, 196; °pabbajita S.I, 185; °parinibbute Bhagavati shortly after the death of the Bhagavant D.I, 204, etc.; Sn.p. 59.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cira (चिर).—ad (S ciram्) A long time. In comp. as cirakāla, cirasthāyī, cirabhōjī.

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cirā (चिरा).—m ( H) Virginal purity, maidenhood. 2 A strip of cloth with lines of gold thread, forming a turban. 3 A bed (in a garden or plantation). 4 A hewn and shaped stone for building. Applied also to a shapeless fragment as flying up from an exploded mine, and, sometimes, (as at Ratnagiri &c.) to a rude rock, block, or large mass. 5 Applied as ciṛyācā pāyā. cirā utaraṇēṃ g. of o. To take the maidenhood of; and g. of s. To lose it. cirā ulathaṇēṃ (The stone is overturned.) Used when any corpulent or huge person dies off suddenly.

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cīra (चीर).—f ( H) A crack, slit, rent. v . 2 (or rupyācī cīra) A śalākā or long silver pin for applying the stripe of kuṅkūṃ: also the stripe applied. A word of the female vocabulary.

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cīra (चीर).—n (S) Cloth or clothes; esp. under-garments. Ex. jānakī phāḍī cīrapadara || aḷaṅkāra bāndhō- ni satvara &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cira (चिर).—ad A long time.

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cirā (चिरा).—m A strip of cloth. A garden bed. A hewn and shaped stone for build- ing. Virginal purity. cirā utaraṇēṃ Take the maidenhood of.

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cīra (चीर).—f A crack. n Cloth or clothes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cira (चिर).—a. [ci-rak] Long, lasting a long time, existing from a long time, old; चिरविरहः चिरकालः चिरमित्रम् (ciravirahaḥ cirakālaḥ ciramitram) &c.

-ram A long time. Note. --The singular of any of the oblique cases of चिर (cira) may be used adverbially in the sense of 'long', 'for a long time', 'after a long time', 'long since', 'at last', 'finally'; न चिरं पर्वते वसेत् (na ciraṃ parvate vaset) Ms. 4.6; ततः प्रजानां चिरमात्मना धृताम् (tataḥ prajānāṃ ciramātmanā dhṛtām) R.3.35,62; Amaru.79; कियच्चिरेणार्यपुत्रः प्रत्तिपत्तिं दास्यति (kiyaccireṇāryaputraḥ prattipattiṃ dāsyati) Ś6; R.5.64; प्रीतास्मि ते सौम्य चिराय जीव (prītāsmi te saumya cirāya jīva) R.14.59; Ku.5.47; Amaru. 3; चिरात्सुतस्पर्शरसज्ञतां ययौ (cirātsutasparśarasajñatāṃ yayau) R.3.26;11.63;12.87; चिरस्य वाच्यं न गतः प्रजापतिः (cirasya vācyaṃ na gataḥ prajāpatiḥ) Ś.5.15; चिरे कुर्यात् (cire kuryāt) Śat. Br.

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Cīra (चीर).—[ci-kran dīrghaśca; Uṇ.2.26]

1) A rag, a tattered cloth, a long stripe or garment; Ms.6.6; क्षौमं दुकूलमजिनं चीरं वल्कलमेव वा (kṣaumaṃ dukūlamajinaṃ cīraṃ valkalameva vā) Bhāg.7.13.39.

2) A bark.

3) A cloth or garment in general; दर्भचीरं निव- स्याथ दण्डाजिनविभूषितः (darbhacīraṃ niva- syātha daṇḍājinavibhūṣitaḥ) Mb.3.39.23.

4) A necklace of pearls consisting of four strings.

5) A stripe, stroke, line.

6) A manner of writing with strokes.

7) Lead.

8) A crest.

9) The dress of a Buddhist priest.

Derivable forms: cīram (चीरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cira (चिर).—n.

(-raṃ) E. ci-rak . dīrghakāle, tadvarttini padārthe . tri0 laghvādau tri kale gaṇe .

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Cīra (चीर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. Cloth, clothes. 2. A rag, old and torn cloth. 3. Bark, rind. 4. A crest. 5. A kind of garland. 6. Lead. 7. A line, a stroke. 8. Writing. 9. The dress of a Bouddha priest. f. (-rī) 1. A cricket. 2. The ends or hem of a garment. E. ci to collect, Unadi affix kran dīrghaśca deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cira (चिर).— (i. e. probably car + a, cf. carama), I. adj., f. . 1. Long, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 9942. 2. Olden, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 2, 21. Ii. n. Delay, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 5, 27. Iii. The acc. ram, instr. reṇa, dat. rāya, abl. rāt, gen. rasya, and loc. re, are used adverbially: ram, A long time. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 60. reṇa, After a long time, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 84; from a long time back, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 29, 14. rāya, A long time, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 14, 59; after a long time, at last, [Pañcatantra] 231, 21; too late, Mahābhārata 5, 780; for a long time, Mahābhārata 13, 392. rāt, After a long time, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 63; at last, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 27, 17; from a long time back, [Hitopadeśa] 17, 14. rasya, After a long time, at last, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 54, 20.

— When former part of a comp. word these adverbs drop their terminations, and appear in the form of the base cira, e. g. [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 42, 1. Comp. A-, adj. short, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 37, 21; the acc. ram, instr. reṇa, and abl. rāt, are used adverbially: In a short time, [Draupadīpramātha] 5, 20; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 134; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 70, 34. As former part of comp. words it signifies often, Just, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 280. Na-, adj. not long, Mahābhārata 1, 3860; ºram, adv. a short time, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 94, 14 Gorr. ºreṇa, rāya, and rāt, adv. soon, Mahābhārata 1, 7487; 833; [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 89, 28. Mācira, see separately. Su-cira + m, adv. a very long time, Rājat, 5, 9.

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Cīra (चीर).— (perhaps a syncope of cīvara), n. 1. Bark, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 31, 22; a vesture of bark, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 6. 2. A rag, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 4, 48; also fem. , [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 573. 3. A cloth, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 37, 10 (kuśa-, A cloth of Kuśa grass).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cira (चिर).—[adjective] long (of time), lasting, ancient, old. [neuter] delay; also [adverb] a long time, too long, long ago, [with] kṛ make long, put off, delay. cira (°—) & any of the obl. cases [adverb] after a long time, long since, too late, at last, at length, finally.

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Cīra (चीर).—[neuter] strip of bark or cloth, rag; [feminine] ī cricket.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cira (चिर):—mfn. (√1. ci?) long, lasting a long time, existing from ancient times, [Mahābhārata xii, 9538; Śakuntalā; Meghadūta; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) raṃ kālam, during a long time, [Harivaṃśa 9942]

3) rāt kālāt, after a long time, [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 49, 50]

4) n. ([Pāṇini 6-2, 6]) delay (e.g. gamana-, ‘delay in going’ [Kāśikā-vṛtti]; kiṃ cireṇa, ‘wherefore delay?’ [Rāmāyaṇa iv f.; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa xvi, 80]; purā cirāt, ‘to avoid delay’ [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ix])

5) Cīra (चीर):—n. (√ci, [Uṇādi-sūtra]) a strip, long narrow piece of bark or of cloth, rag, tatter, clothes, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka vii, 4, 12; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti vi, 6; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. [paroxytone] [Pāṇini 6-2, 127 & 135])

6) the dress of a Buddhist monk (cf. cīvara), [Horace H. Wilson]

7) a necklace of 4 pearl strings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) crest (cūḍā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) a stripe, stroke, line, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) = raka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) lead, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) m. for (a cricket), [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxiii, 240]

13) Cīrā (चीरा):—[from cīra] f. a piece of cloth, rag, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā lxxxix, 1; Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 573]

14) Cīra (चीर):—cf. kuśa-

15) [mukha-cīrī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cīra (चीर):—(raṃ) 1. n. Cloth, rag; bark; crest; garland; lead; line; writing; dress. f. Cricket; hem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cira (चिर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Cira, Cīra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Cira (चिर) [Also spelled chir]:—(a) long-lasting; lasting; perpetual; (ind.) existing for a long time, ever; ~[kāṃkṣita] long-desired; long-cherished; ~[kāla] long time; ~[kālika] long-existent; perpetual; old; chronic (as —[roga]); ~[kumāra] a chronic bachelor; celibate; ~[jīvī] blessed with long life, long-living; immortal; ~[navīna] ever-new; everfresh; ever-green; ~[nidrā] sleep that knows no breaking, perpetual sleep; death; •[magna] dead; ~[nūtana] see [navīna; ~paricita] long known; ~[poṣita] long-cherished; ~[pracalita] time-honoured; long-current; long-prevalent; ~[pratikṣita] long-awaited; ~[prasiddha] long-reputed, famous for a long time; ~[rogī] a chronic patient; ~[viyoga] long separation; ~[vismṛta] long-forgotten; long gone into oblivion; ~[śatru] perpetual enemy; •[] perpetual animosity; ~[śāṃti] perpetual/enduring peace; ~[saṃgī] lifelong companion; ~[stha] long-lasting; perpetual, permanent, enduring; quality or state of existing for/lasting long; ~[sthāyitā] endurance, permanency; ~[sthāyī] enduring; perpetual, permanent; ~[smaraṇīya] memorable; worth remembering (for long).

2) Cīra (चीर) [Also spelled chir]:—(nm) a strip of cloth, feminine mantle; (nf) slit, cut, cleavage; -[phāḍa] surgical operation; dissection.

3) Cīrā (चीरा) [Also spelled chira]:—(nm) incision, a surgical operation; —[lagānā] to incise, to cut open; to perform an operation.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Cira (चिर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cira.

2) Cira (चिर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cara.

3) Cīra (चीर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cīra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cira (ಚಿರ):—[noun] lasting, living for all the times to come; never coming to an end; lasting forever.

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Cira (ಚಿರ):—[noun] that which never comes to an end or is never dying.

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Cīra (ಚೀರ):—[noun] = ಚೀಲ [cila].

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Cīra (ಚೀರ):—

1) [noun] the external covering of the woody stems, and branches of plants, as distinct and separable from the wood itself; the bark.

2) [noun] a rough cloth made of this or the yarn made of the bark of certain trees.

3) [noun] worn out clothes; rags.

4) [noun] (in gen.) wearing apparel, sewn or unsewn; cloth or clothes.

5) [noun] a long, thin (breadthless) mark joining two or more points; a line.

6) [noun] a four-stringed necklace.

7) [noun] an unsewn, long robe, dyed with saffron, used by saints, mendicants, as a symbol of renunciation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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