Kritya, aka: Kṛtya; 8 Definition(s)


Kritya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtya can be transliterated into English as Krtya or Kritya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Kṛtya (कृत्य).—lit. that which should be done; the word कृत्य (kṛtya) is used as a tech nical term in grammar in the sense of kṛt affixes which possess the sense 'should be done'. Pāṇini has not defined the term कृत्य (kṛtya) but he has introduced a topic (अधिकार (adhikāra)) by the name कृत्य (kṛtya) (P. III.1.95), and mentioned kṛt afixes therein which are to be called कृत्य (kṛtya) right on upto the mention of the affix ण्वुल् (ṇvul). in P.III. 1.133; cf. कृत्याः प्राङ् ण्वुलः (kṛtyāḥ prāṅ ṇvulaḥ) P. III. 1.95 The kṛtya affixes, commonly found in use, are तव्य, अनीय (tavya, anīya) and य (ya) (यत्, क्यप् (yat, kyap) and ण्यत् (ṇyat)).

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kritya in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

1) Kṛtyā (कृत्या).—(KṚTYAKĀ) I. A Rākṣasī who is born when the black arts as enunciated in the Atharvaveda are practised to annihilate enemies. Kṛtyā may appear in male form too. Some of the activities of Kṛtyā are given below. Carried off Duryodhana. While the Pāṇḍavas were living in exile in the forest, Duryodhana and others went in a procession to the forest. Though Duryodhana was taken into captivity in the forest by a Gandharva, Arjuna saved him out of fraternal consideration for him. Duryodhana returned to Hastināpura. Now the question was whether half of the kingdom should be given to the Pāṇḍavas or not. Śakuni and others advised Duryodhana to give it, but the latter remained adamant against it. Dhṛtarāṣṭra decided to end his life and for the purpose spread darbha grass on earth and sat thereon. The Asuras heard about these developments and created a Kṛtyā by mantras. The Kṛtyā took Duryodhana to Pātāla where the Asuras advised him against any compromise with the Pāṇḍavas. On the other hand they wanted him to intensify his hatred against the Pāṇḍavas, and they assured him all support. After that Kṛtyā took Duryodhana back to Hastināpura. (Vana Parva, Chapter 252). (See full article at Story of Kṛtyā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Kṛtyā (कृत्या).—A river. Indians used to drink water from this river. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9 Verse 18).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Kṛtyā (कृत्या) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṛtyā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kṛtya (कृत्य).—n (S) An act, action, deed, fact. 2 A problem.

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kṛtyā (कृत्या).—f (S) A female deity to whom sacrifices are offered for destructive and magical purposes. Hence applied to a clamorous and quarrelsome woman; a vixen, scold, virago.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛtya (कृत्य).—n An act, action, deed. A problem.

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kṛtyā (कृत्या).—f A female deity to whom sacri- fices are offered for destructive or magical purposes. Hence applied to a clamorous and quarrelsome woman, a vixen, scold, virago.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtya (कृत्य).—a. [kṛ-kyap; cf. P.III.1.12]

1) What should or ought to be done, right, proper, fit; साधु पर्याप्तमेता- वत्कृत्यश्चारित्रसंग्रहः (sādhu paryāptametā- vatkṛtyaścāritrasaṃgrahaḥ) Rām.7.13.18.

2) Feasible, practicable.

3) One who may be seduced from allegiance, treacherous; Rāj. T.5.247.

-tyam 1 What ought to be done, duty, (itikṛtya) function; Ms.2.237;7.67.

2) Work, business, deed, commission; बन्धुकृत्यम् (bandhukṛtyam) Me.116; अन्योन्यकृत्यैः (anyonyakṛtyaiḥ) Ś.7.34.

3) Purpose, object, end; कूजद्भि- रापादितवंशकृत्यम् (kūjadbhi- rāpāditavaṃśakṛtyam) R.2.12; Ku.4.15.

4) Motive, cause; किमागमनकृत्यं ते देवगन्धर्वसेवित (kimāgamanakṛtyaṃ te devagandharvasevita) Rām.7.21.4.

-tyaḥ A class of affixes used to form potential (future) passive participle; these are तव्य, अनीय, य (tavya, anīya, ya) and also एलिम (elima).

-tyā 1 Action, deed.

2) Magic.

3) A female deity to whom sacrifices are offered for destructive and magical purposes; परं यत्नमकरोद्यो मे पापकृत्यां शमयेदिति (paraṃ yatnamakarodyo me pāpakṛtyāṃ śamayediti) Mb.1.31.11.

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Kṛtya (कृत्य).—(from kṛnt) An instrument of an architect; अन्येषु शिल्पेषु च यान्यपि स्युः सर्वाणि कृत्यान्यखिलेन तत्र (anyeṣu śilpeṣu ca yānyapi syuḥ sarvāṇi kṛtyānyakhilena tatra) Mb. 1.194.6.

Derivable forms: kṛtyam (कृत्यम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtya (कृत्य).—mfn.

(-tyaḥ-tyā-tyaṃ) 1. To be done or performed. 2. To be rendered murderous or mischievous, hired as an assassin, seduced from allegiance or alliance, hostile through covetousness, &c. f.

(-tyā) 1. Action, act. 2. A female deity, to whom sacrifices are offered for destructive and magical purposes. 3. Magic. 4. A pestilence. n.

(-tyaṃ) 1. Motive, cause. 2. The class of affixes in grammar forming nouns corresponding to gerunds and supines, chiefly with a passive signification, but sometimes active, and sometimes abstract nouns. E. kṛt, to injure, to divide &c. kyap or yat affixed, or kṛt, to injure, vun affix, and ya inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 112 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kṛtakṛtya (कृतकृत्य).—a. 1) who has accomplished his object; Bg.15.2. 2) satisfied, contented; ...
Pañcakṛtya (पञ्चकृत्य).—the five actions by which the Supreme Power manifests itself (sṛṣṭi, st...
Gṛha-kṛtya.—(HRS), an office concerned with domestic affairs of the kingdom as indicated by the...
Pretakṛtya (प्रेतकृत्य).—nf. (-tyaṃ-tyā) Obsequial rites. E. preta and kṛtya a ceremony; also p...
Bhūtikṛtya (भूतिकृत्य).—n. (-tyaṃ) Any ceremony of a festive character, as a marriage, &c. ...
Bhaktakṛtya (भक्तकृत्य).—see s.v. kṛtya.
Prātaḥkṛtya (प्रातःकृत्य).—n. (-tyaṃ) Morning duty or ceremonies, worship, ablution, purificati...
Kṛtyavidhi (कृत्यविधि).—f. (-dhiḥ) The way to do anything, a rule or precept. E. kṛtya, and vid...
Rājakṛtya (राजकृत्य).—1) state-affairs. 2) royal command. Derivable forms: rājakṛtyam (राजकृत्य...
Nityakṛtya (नित्यकृत्य).—any daily and necessary rite, a constant act or duty, as the five dail...
Vāstu-kṛtya.—(SITI), building work. Note: vāstu-kṛtya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical gl...
Itikṛtya (इतिकृत्य).—a. proper or necessary to be done according to certain rules. -kartavyam, ...
Dārukṛtya (दारुकृत्य).—wood-work; Pt.1.96. Derivable forms: dārukṛtyam (दारुकृत्यम्).Dārukṛtya ...
Vaṃśakṛtya (वंशकृत्य).—flute-playing. Derivable forms: vaṃśakṛtyam (वंशकृत्यम्).Vaṃśakṛtya is a...
Sukṛtya (सुकृत्य).—a good action; सुकृत्यं विष्णु- गुप्तस्य मित्राप्तिर्भार्गवस्य च (sukṛtyaṃ v...

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