Mahat; 5 Definition(s)
Mahat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Mahat (महत्) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “strong” or “thick”, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā or the Carakasaṃhitā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
1a) Mahat (महत्).—A tatva or principle;1 identified with Brahmā;2 a name of Rudra;3 absorbs the ahaṅkāra4 covered by Pradhāna.5 Ten times greater than bhūtādi; the order of evolution of the universe according to Sānkhya;6 evolution of Prakṛti in its vikāras.7
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 1; II. 1. 35; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 17.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 6. 26; XI. 14. 14; 16. 37-8; 24. 25-26; 28. 16.
- 3) Ib. III. 12. 12.
- 4) Ib. XII. 4. 17.
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 27; 32. 76; IV. 3. 6 and 21.
- 6) Matsya-purāṇa 123. 52-61.
- 7) Ib. 3. 17-26; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 243.
1b) (a Rudra), son of Bhūta and Sarūpā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 18.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)
Mahat (महत्) refers to “observing long fasts” and represents one of the seven types of extraordinary powers of austerity (tapas), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).
What is meant by observing long fasts (mahat-riddhi) extraordinary power? It is the extraordinary power to observe 108 sequential fasts without any obstacles.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
mahat (महत्).—a (S This is the neuter termination; mahān & mahatī are the masculine and feminine terminations.) Great, big, large. 2 Great figuratively, having any quality in a high degree; as mahābuddhi- mān, mahālabāḍa, mahāsōdā &c. In composition mahā is generally substituted, ā being inserted in place of t; as mahādēva, mahāpūjā, mahādāna. When, in composition it retains its form mahat, it then qualifies, not the noun with which it is compounded, but the object or subject to which the compound points; as mahatapūjā (Not great worship but) Worship rendered to or by a great person; mahata- kula (Not a great family but) The family of a great man; mahatasēvā Service rendered to or by a great personage; mahadvacana The promise or saying of a great, worthy, or true person. 3 Very, exceeding; as mahāpracaṇḍa, mahātīkṣṇa.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mahat (महत्).—a Great, big, large. It becomes in compound mahā, as mahāpūjā, mahāsōdā. When it does not change (as in mahatpūjā or mahatsēvā) it denotes the object or sub- ject to which the compound refers.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 53 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
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mahanta (महंत).—m The chief of an order of Gesâvis, &c. Headman among Pandits.--- OR --- mahant...
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Search found 44 books and stories containing Mahat. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brahma Sutras (Shankara Bhashya) (by Swami Vireshwarananda)
Chapter I, Section IV, Adhikarana I < [Section IV]
Chapter II, Section II, Adhikarana II < [Section II]
Chapter II, Section II, Adhikarana I < [Section II]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.126 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana: Worship]
Verse 1.6.82 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama: The Most Beloved]
Verse 1.6.84 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama: The Most Beloved]
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 1.14-15 < [Section IX - Creation of the World from ‘Mahat’ downwards]
[A different explanation of verses 3-11] < [Discourse I - Origin of the Work—Creation of the World—Summary of Contents of the Book.]
Verse 9.317 < [Section XLI - The Treatment of Brāhmaṇas]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 15 - Principle of Causation and Conservation of Energy < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 13 - Mahat and Ahaṃkāra < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 9 - The six Padārthas: Dravya, Guṇa, Karma, Sāmānya, Viśeṣa, Samavāya < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
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