Govinda, aka: Go-vinda; 18 Definition(s)


Govinda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Govinda (गोविन्द , “Lord of the Earth”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Tuṣṭi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Govinda in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Govinda (गोविन्द).—One of the seven major mountains in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. All of these mountains are tall and filled with gems. It is also known by the name Dvivinda. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Govinda (गोविन्द).—A synonym of Śrī Kṛṣṇa (Mahāviṣṇu). He got this name because he saved the people and cows of Ambāḍi by lifting the Govardhana mountain and using it as an umbrella. (Dākṣiṇātya pāṭha Chapter 38, Sabhā Parva).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Govinda (गोविन्द).—The name given to Kṛṣṇa by Indra the lord of Gokula;1 the Yādava king; went in search of maṇi by tracing the steps of Prasenajit when he was supposed to have killed him for the sake of the jewel, and came upon a place where Prasena and his horses were dead; proceeding he saw a dead lion and further a cave of a bear in the Vindhyas and heard the talk of a muse fondling the son of the bear; overhearing he heard: “dont cry„ Syamantaka is yours”. Then he entered the mouth of the cave and saw Jāmbavān, the king of bears; had hand-to-hand fight for 21 days; the followers of Kṛṣṇa returned to Dvāravatī and spread the news that Kṛṣṇa was dead; defeating the bear he got the hand of his daughter Jāmbavatī with the maṇi and returned home; gave it to Śakrajit in an assembly.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 27. 23, 28; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 33. 8.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 32-50.

1b) An epithet of Viṣṇu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 4. 43; 14. 15; 19. 37; V. 5. 18; 12. 12; 13. 23; 16. 3; 18. 1; 20. 11; 23. 12; 29. 20; 30. 55; 31. 17; 33. 24; 37. 66; 38. 46; VI. 8. 36.

1c) A hill of the Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 80.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Govinda (गोविन्द) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.42) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Govinda) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Govinda in Yoga glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Govinda is one of the eighty-four Siddhas associated with eighty-four Yogic postures (āsanas), according to popular tradition in Jodhpur, Rājasthān. These posture-performing Siddhas are drawn from illustrative sources known as the Nava-nātha-caurāsī-siddha from Vȧrāṇasī and the Nava-nātha-caruāsī-siddha-bālāsundarī-yogamāyā from Puṇe. They bear some similarity between the eighty-four Siddhas painted on the walls of the sanctum of the temple in Mahāmandir.

The names of these Siddhas (eg., Govinda) to 19th-century inscription on a painting from Jodhpur, which is labelled as “Maharaja Mansing and eighty-four Yogis”. The association of Siddhas with yogis reveals the tradition of seeing Matsyendra and his disciple Gorakṣa as the founders of haṭhayoga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Govinda (गोविन्द).—Writer of a commentary known -as अम्बाकर्त्री (ambākartrī) by reason of that work beginning with the stanza अम्बा कर्त्रीं (ambā kartrīṃ)ó, on the Paribhasendusekhara of Nagesa.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavya (poetry)

Govinda in Kavya glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Govinda is the name of a Apanhraṃśa poet quoted in the Svayambhūchandas of Svayambhū (8nd century A.D.).—The quotations from Govinda suggest that he composed a work, presumably an epic but possibly a shorter song cycle, on the story of Kṛṣṇa and Rādhā and the milkmaids. As this is also the matter of Bhejjala’s Rādhāvipralambha, it is quite possible that Govinda too had some connection with Sindhu, where the Kṛṣṇa tradition was popular, and that his date might have been c. 700 or earlier, but that is pure conjecture.

Source: Google Books: Indian Kāvya Literature
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "One Who Pleases The Cows, The Land And The Entire Nature"

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

Govinda (गोविन्‍द): One of the epithets of Sri Krishna and Vishnu; it means a cow-keeper and refers to Krishna's occupation in Gokula, the colony of cowherds

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Govinda (गोविन्द).—Name the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa. “One who gives pleasure to the land, the cows and the senses.”

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Govinda (गोविन्द) is the name of a Brahmin according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“thus the Brahmin K’iu p’in t’o (Govinda), the great minister (mahāmātya), divided the great earth (mahāpṛthivī) of Jambudvīpa into seven parts; he also divided into seven parts a determined number of large and small cities (nagara), of villages (nigama) and hamlets (antarāpaṇa)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Govinda (गोविन्द) is the name of a Brāhmaṇa mentioned in the “Dive Āgar plates of Cittarāja”.—Accodingly, “... and having worshipped the Divine lord of Umā (Śiva)− have donated, with the pouring out of water, the revenue amount of twenty drammas, free from all dues, on the cluster of tress in the orchard donated by the Daṇḍanāyaka, the illustrious Nāgavarman, situated in (the village of ) Velāsivāgara, comprised in the viṣaya of Mandaraja, to the learned Brāhmaṇa Govinda, the son of Saudapaiya of Tīpaka, who belongs to the Kāśyapa-gotra and Ṛgveda-śākhā, who is residing at Dīpakāgara and is (always) engaged in the performance of this six religious duties”.

These plates (mentioning Govinda) were discovered by one Mrs. Chandrabai Pandurang Nakti in her field in Survey No. 88 at Dive Āgar in the Śrīvardhana tāluka of the Kolābā District of Mahārāṣṭra. The object of the present inscription is to record the remission, by the king, of the tax of twenty dramas on the cluster of trees in the orchard donated by the Daṇḍanāyaka Nāgavarman in (the village) Velāsivāgara comprised in the viṣaya of Mandaraja.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Govinda is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Govinda) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Govinda) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Govinda in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

govinda : (m.) an epithet of Khrishṇa.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Govinda in Marathi glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gōvinda (गोविंद).—m (S) One of the common appellations of kṛṣṇa. 2 A particular flower. 3 n or gōvindaphaḷa n A fruit said to cry out Govind! Govind! in the mouth of the eater; the fruit of Capparis Zeylanica. 4 A red glass-bead. gōvindanāmasaṅkīrttana Reiterating Govind, a name of kṛṣṇa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Govinda (गोविन्द).—

1) a cowkeeper, a chief herdsman.

2) Name of Kṛṣṇa.

3) Bṛhaspati. °द्वादशी (dvādaśī) the twelfth day in the light half of the month of फाल्गुन (phālguna)

Derivable forms: govindaḥ (गोविन्दः).

Govinda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and vinda (विन्द).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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