Agamana, Āgamana: 21 definitions


Agamana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aagman.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Āgamana (आगमन) refers to the “arrival (of the mountains)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Then he began collecting foodstuffs and other requisite articles intended for the performance of the marriage. [...] Delighted in every respect and eagerly awaiting the arrival of his kinsmen he was excited with various emotions. The invitees came there along with their wives, children and attendants. O celestial sage, listen to a detailed narration of the arrival of those mountains (giri-āgamana). [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Āgamana (आगमन) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined as ‘kutaḥ’ according to chapter 8 of the 9th-century Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja, a scripture belonging to the Buddhist Cakrasaṃvara (or Saṃvara) scriptural cycle. These Vākchomās (viz., āgamana) are meant for verbal communication and can be regarded as popular signs, since they can be found in the three biggest works of the Cakrasaṃvara literature.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Āgamana (आगमन) means “to return (again)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ you have done the aim of all beings, granting the success that follows, Go away, to disperse in the Buddha sphere and return again (punar-āgamana)! Oṃ Āḥ Hūṃ dismissal of the vajra mandala Mūḥ”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Agamana (अगमन) [=āgamana?] refers to “comings”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Fool, you must understand, in reality, substance is not acknowledged in a mass of foam, the trunk of a plantain tree or in the body of human beings. The planets, moon, sun, stars and seasons go and come [com.gamanāgamana—‘goings and comings’] [but] certainly for embodied souls bodies do not [go and come] even in a dream”.

Synonyms: Ayāta, Agata, Saṃpāta.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Agamana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āgamana : (nt.) oncoming; arrival.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āgamana, (nt.) (fr. āgacchati, Sk. same) oncoming, arrival, approach A.III, 172; DA.I, 160; PvA.4, 81; Sdhp.224, 356. an° not coming or returning J.I, 203, 264. (Page 95)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āgamana (आगमन).—n (S) Approaching, arriving, coming to.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āgamana (आगमन).—n Approaching.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āgamana (आगमन).—

1) Coming, approaching, arrival; भरतागमनं पुनः (bharatāgamanaṃ punaḥ) R.12.24.

2) Return, returning.

3) Acquisition, getting into; एतत्ते सर्वमाख्यातं वैरस्यागमनं महत् (etatte sarvamākhyātaṃ vairasyāgamanaṃ mahat) Rām.

4) Arising, birth.

5) Approaching a woman for sexual intercourse.

Derivable forms: āgamanam (आगमनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āgamana (आगमन).—(nt.; = Sanskrit and Pali āgama), traditional or authoritative doctrine: Mahāvastu i.218.20 = ii.21.2 (verse) atra āgamanaṃ śṛṇu, on this point hear what the doctrine is.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgamana (आगमन).—n.

(-naṃ) Arriving, coming. E. āṅ before gam to go, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgamana (आगमन).—[ā-gam + ana], n. 1. Coming, arrival, [Nala] 3, 21. 2. Origin, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 2, 29. 3. Sexual intercourse, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 399.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgamana (आगमन).—[neuter] coming, arrival, appearance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āgamana (आगमन):—[=ā-gamana] [from ā-gam] n. (ifc. f(ā). , [Kathāsaritsāgara]) coming, approaching, arriving, returning, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] arising, [Rāmāyaṇa iv, 9, 29]

3) [v.s. ...] confirmation (as of the sense), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āgamana (आगमन):—[ā-gamana] (naṃ) 1. n. Coming.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āgamana (आगमन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āgamaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agamana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Agamana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āgamana (आगमन) [Also spelled aagman]:—(nm) arrival; approach; induction.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Āgamaṇa (आगमण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Āgamana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āgamana (ಆಗಮನ):—[noun] the act of coming; arrival.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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