Abhi, Abhī: 9 definitions


Abhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

The term "abhi" can mean great, mighty.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhi-, (prefix, Vedic abhi, which represents both Idg *m̊bhi, as in Gr. a)mfi/ around, Lat. ambi, amb round about, Oir. imb, Gall. ambi, Ohg. umbi, Ags. ymb, cp. also Vedic (Pāli) abhitaḥ on both sides; and Idg. *obhi, as in Lat. ob towards, against (cp. obsess, obstruct), Goth. bi, Ohg. Ags. bī = E. be-.

I. Meaning. — 1. The primary meaning of abhi is that of taking possession and mastering, as contained in E. coming by and over-coming, thus literally having the function of (a) facing and aggressing = towards, against, on to, at (see II. 1, a); and (b) mastering = over, along over, out over, on top of (see II. 1, b). 2. Out of this is developed the fig. meaning of increasing, i. e., an intensifying of the action implied in the verb (see III, 1). Next to saṃ- it is the most frequent modification preflx in the meaning of “very much, greatly” as the first part of a double-prefix cpd. (see III, 2), and therefore often seemingly superfluous, i. e., weakened in meaning, where the second part already denotes intensity as in abhi-vi-ji (side by side with vi-ji), abhi-ā-kkhā (side by side with ā-kkhā), abhi-anu-mud (side by side with anu-mud). In these latter cases abhi shows a purely deictic character corresponding to Ger. her-bei-kommen (for bei-kommen), E. fill up (for fill); e. g., abbhatikkanta (= ati ° C.), abbhatīta (“vorbei gegaṅgen”), abbhantara (“with-in”, b-innen or “in here”), abbhudāharati, abhipūreti (“fill up”), etc. (see also II. 1, c).

II. Lit. Meaning. — 1. As single pref.: (a) against, to, on to, at-, viz., abbhatthaṅgata gone towards home, abhighāta striking at, °jjhā think at, °mana thinking on, °mukha facing, turned towards, °yāti at-tack, °rūhati ascend, °lāsa long for, °vadati ad-dress, °sapati ac-curse, °hata hit at. (b) out, over, all around: abbhudeti go out over, °kamati exceed, °jāti off-spring, °jānāti know all over, °bhavati overcome, °vaḍḍhati increase, °vuṭṭha poured out or over, °sandeti make over-flow, °siñcati sprinkle over. (c) abhi has the function of transitivising intrs. verbs after the manner of E. be- (con-) and Ger. er-, thus resembling in meaning a simple Caus. formation, like the foll.: abhigajjati thunder on, °jānāti “er-kennen” °jāyati be-get, °tthaneti = °gajjati, °nadati “er tönen”, °nandati approve of (cp. anerkennen), °passati con-template, °ramati indulge in, °ropeti honour, °vuḍḍha increased, °saddahati believe in. — 2. As base in compn. (2nd part of cpd.) abhi occurs only in combn. sam-abhi (which is, however, of late occurrence and a peeuliarity of later texts, and is still more frequent in BSk.: see under sam-).

III, Fig. Meaning (intensifying). — 1. A single pref.: abhikiṇṇa strewn all over, °jalati shine forth, °jighacchati be very hungry, °tatta much exhausted, °tāpa very hot, °toseti pleuse greatly, °nava quite fresh, °nipuṇa very clever, °nīla of a deep black, °manāpa very pleasant, °mangaly very lucky, °yobbana full youth, °rati great liking, °ratta deep red, °ruci intense satisfaction, °rūpa very handsome (= adhika-rūpa C.), °sambuddha wide and fully-awake, cp. abbhuddhunāti to shake greatly (= adhikaṃuddh° C.). — As 1st part of a prep.-cpd. (as modification-pref.) in foll. combinations: abhi-ud (abbhud-) °ati, °anu, °ava, °ā, °ni, °ppa, °vi, °saṃ. See all these s. v. and note that the contraction (assimilation before vowel) form of abhi is abbh°. — On its relation to pari, see pari°, to ava see ava°.

IV. Dialectical Variation. — There are dial. variations in the use and meanings of abhi. Vedic abhi besides corresponding to abhi in P. is represented also by ati°, adhi° and anu°, since all are similar in meaning, and psychologically easily fused and confused (cp. meanings: abhi = on to, towards; ati = up to and beyond; adhi = up to, towards, over; anu = along towards). For all the foll. verbs we find in Pāli one or other of these three prefixes. So ati in °jāti, °pīḷita, °brūheti, °vassati, °vāyati, °veṭheti; also as vv. ll. with abhi-kīrati, °pavassati, °roceti, cp. atikkanta-abhi° (Sk. abhikrānta); adhi in °patthita, °pāteti, °ppāya, °ppeta, °bādheti, °bhū, °vāha (vice versa P. abhi-ropeti compared with Sk. adhiropayati); anu in °gijjhati, °brūheti, °sandahati. (Page 61)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhi (अभि).—ind S A preposition and particle implying 1 Similarity (so, thus). 2 Presence (before). 3 Separation (severally). 4 Conjunction, particularization (to, with respect to).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhi (अभि).—ind A preposition and particle im- plying similarity; presence; separa- tion; conjunction.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhi (अभि).—ind.

1) (As a prefix to verbs and nouns) It means (a) 'to', 'towards', 'in the direction of'; अभिगम् (abhigam) to go towards; अभिया, °गमनम्, °यानम् (abhiyā, °gamanam, °yānam) &c.; (b) 'for' 'against'; °लष्, °पत् (laṣ, °pat) &c.; (c) 'on', 'upon'; °सिञ्च् (siñc) to sprinkle on &c.; (d) 'over', 'above', 'across'; °भू (bhū) to overpower, °तन् (tan); (e) 'greatly'; 'excessively'; °कम्प् (kamp).

2) (As a prefix to nouns not derived from verbs, and to adjectives) It expresses (a) intensity or superiority; °धर्मः (dharmaḥ) 'supreme duty'; °ताम्र (tāmra) 'very red'; R.15.49; °नव (nava) 'very new'; (b) 'towards', 'in the direction of', forming adv. compounds; °चैद्यम्, °मुखम्, °दूति (caidyam, °mukham, °dūti) &c.

3) (As a separable adverb) It means towards, in the direction or vicinity of (opp. apa); in, above, aloft, on the top, (mostly Ved.)

4) (As a preposition with acc.) (a) To, towards, in the direction of, aginst; (with acc. or in comp. in this sense); अभ्यग्नि (abhyagni) or अग्निमभि शलभाः पतन्ति (agnimabhi śalabhāḥ patanti); वृक्षमभि द्योतते विद्युत् (vṛkṣamabhi dyotate vidyut) Sk.; Śi.9.56,4; अभ्यर्कबिम्बं स्थितः (abhyarkabimbaṃ sthitaḥ) Ś.7.11. (b) Near, before, in front or presence of; प्रियमभि कुसुमोद्यतस्य बाहोः (priyamabhi kusumodyatasya bāhoḥ) Śi.7.32;15.58. (c) On, upon, with regard or reference to; सायमण्डलमभि त्वरयन्त्यः (sāyamaṇḍalamabhi tvarayantyaḥ) Ki.9.6; साधुर्देवदत्तो मातरमभि (sādhurdevadatto mātaramabhi) Sk. (d) Severally, one after another (in a distributive sense); वृक्षं वृक्षमभि सिञ्चति (vṛkṣaṃ vṛkṣamabhi siñcati) Sk.; भूतभूतमभि प्रभुः (bhūtabhūtamabhi prabhuḥ) Bop. By अभिरभाग (abhirabhāga) P.I.4.91. अभि (abhi) has all the senses of अनु (anu) given in I. P.4.9 except that of भाग (bhāga); e. g. (lakṣaṇe) हरिमभि वर्तते (harimabhi vartate); (inthaṃbhūtākhyāne) भक्तो हरिमभि (bhakto harimabhi); (vīpsāyām), देवं देवमभि सिञ्चति (devaṃ devamabhi siñcati); but यदत्र ममाभिष्यात् तद्दीयताम् (yadatra mamābhiṣyāt taddīyatām); प्राज्ञो गोविन्द- मभितिष्ठति (prājño govinda- mabhitiṣṭhati) Bop. (e) In, into, to; Śi.8.6. (f.) For, for the sake of, on account of (Ved.). According to G. M. अभि (abhi) has these senses :अभि पूजाभृशार्थेच्छासौम्याभि- मुख्यसौरूप्यवचनाहारस्वाध्यायेषु (abhi pūjābhṛśārthecchāsaumyābhi- mukhyasaurūpyavacanāhārasvādhyāyeṣu); e. g. पूजायाम्, अभिवन्दते (pūjāyām, abhivandate); भृशे, अभिनिवेशः (bhṛśe, abhiniveśaḥ); इच्छायाम् (icchāyām); अभिलाषः, अभिकः (abhilāṣaḥ, abhikaḥ); सौम्ये (saumye) or माधुर्ये, अभिजातः (mādhurye, abhijātaḥ); आभिमुख्ये, अभिमुखम्, अभ्यग्नि (ābhimukhye, abhimukham, abhyagni); सौरूप्ये, अभिरूपम् (saurūpye, abhirūpam); वचने, अभिधत्ते (vacane, abhidhatte); आहारे, अभ्यवहरति (āhāre, abhyavaharati); स्वाध्याये, अभ्यस्यति (svādhyāye, abhyasyati). [cf. L. ob; Gr. amphi; Zend aibi or aiwi, Goth. bi; also umbi um].

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Abhī (अभी).—[abhi-i] 2 P.

1) To approach, come or draw near, go up to (with acc.) अस्मानत्तुमितोऽभ्येति (asmānattumito'bhyeti) Bk.7.84.; Ki.2.54.

2) To go along or after, follow, serve.

3) (a) To go into, enter; Bk.5.67; अवाङ्नरकमभ्येति (avāṅnarakamabhyeti) Ms.8.75. (b) To go over to, reach, arrive at; Me. 36 v. l. (e) To fall to one's share, come to; नाऽविविदिषु- मभ्येति सम्पद् रुरुदिषुं नरम् (nā'vividiṣu- mabhyeti sampad rurudiṣuṃ naram) Bk.7.99.

4) To get, meet with, fall into, suffer, undergo (said of good or bad things); कार्यं संसिद्धिमभ्येति (kāryaṃ saṃsiddhimabhyeti) Pt.1.

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Abhī (अभी).—a. Without fear; व्याघ्रानभीरभिमुखोत्पतितान् (vyāghrānabhīrabhimukhotpatitān) R. 9.63;15.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhi (अभि).—ind. A preposition and particle implying. 1. Superiority in place, rank, or power, (over, upon, against, above:) 2. Proximity, (near:) 3. Separation, (severally:) 4. Wish, desire: 5. Conjunction, particularizing, (to, with respect to.) Thus abhikramituṃ to overpower; abhigantuṃ to approach; abhikhyātuṃ to speak to; abhibhava disgrace; abhilāṣa desire; abhyagniṃ on the fire, &c. E. a neg. bhā to shine, and ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhi (अभि).— (Towards, to). I. adv. On, Chr. 295, 10 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 10. Ii. prep. with acc. To, Ved. Chr. 287, 7 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 7; over, Chr. 292, 5 = [Rigveda.] i. 86, 5. Iii. Combined and compounded with verbs and their derivatives. Iv. Former part of compounded nouns and adverbs implying Towards, in presence of, very, cf. e. g. abhitāmra; Quite, cf. abhinava.

— Cf. [Gothic.] bī. The original form of this indeclinable was probably ambhi = Gr. [Latin] amb in amb-ire; [Old High German.] umbi.

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Abhī (अभी).—and

Abhī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and bhī (भी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhi (अभि).—[adverb] to, unto, near ([comparative] abhitaram or rām nearer); towards, against; as [preposition] the same + into, for, for the sake of, over, above, concerning, about ([accusative]); without, except ([ablative]).

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Abhī (अभी).—come up to, approach, appear; go against or along, enter ([accusative]); reach, meet, attain, get; betide, befall.

Abhī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms abhi and i (इ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhi (अभि):—[=a-bhi] 1. a-bhi mfn. fearless, [Mahābhārata]

2) 2. abhi ind. (a prefix to verbs and nouns, expressing) to, towards, into, over, upon. (As a prefix to verbs of motion) it expresses the notion or going towards, approaching, etc. (As a prefix to nouns not derived from verbs) it expresses superiority, intensity, etc.

3) e.g. abhi-tāmra, abhi-nava q.v. (As a separate adverb or preposition) it expresses (with [accusative]) to, towards, in the direction of, against

4) into, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] and, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) for, for the sake of

6) on account of

7) on, upon, with regard to, by, before, in front of

8) over. It may even express one after the other, severally, [Pāṇini 1-4, 91] e.g. vṛkṣaṃ vṛkṣam abhi, tree after tree

9) cf. [Greek] ἀμφί; [Latin] ob; Zend aibi, aiwi; [Gothic] bi; Old High [German] bī.

10) Abhī (अभी):—[=a-bhī] 1. a-bhī mfn. fearless, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

11) 2. abhī (√i), abhy-eti (Imper. 2. sg. abhīhi; [imperfect tense] 3. [plural] -āyan, 3. sg. [Ātmanepada] -āyata; [indeclinable participle] abhītya)

—to come near, approach, go up to or towards ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.;—(with sakāśam or samīpam or pārśve) idem, [Pañcatantra];

—to go along or after ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda] etc.;

—to enter, join, go over to, [Manu-smṛti; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];

— (with a [present participle]) to begin to, (perf. 3. [plural] abhīyuḥ), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to reach, obtain, [Ṛg-veda] etc.;

—to get or fall into ([accusative]), [Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to come to, fall to one’s share (with [accusative]), [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];

— (said of the sun) to rise (as if he came nearer; also with abhitarām q.v. instead of abhi), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa,] (with astam) to set, [Mahābhārata i, 1797] (cf. abhy-aya) :

—[Passive voice] abhīyate to be perceived, known, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa] :—[Intensive] (1. [plural] -īmahe) to ask, request, [Ṛg-veda i, 24, 3.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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