Acyuta, Acyutā: 20 definitions

Introduction

Acyuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achyuta.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Infallible Lord"

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Acyuta (अच्युत) refers to “infallible”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Acyuta (अच्युत, “fixed, permanent”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. The meaning of this title is “He who never falls from his status”. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Vijayā.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Acyuta (अच्युत) refers to “unswerving”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] He cannot be defined. He is not subject to deterioration or decay. He is the supreme soul, without a second, unswerving (acyuta) and endless. He is the cause of dissolution, all-pervasive and great lord”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Acyuta (अच्युत).—(See Viṣṇu).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Acyuta (अच्युत).—A god of the Lekha group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 75.

1b) An epithet for Viṣṇu,1 ety. One who does not fall from his place (na cyavate).2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 178; IV. 29. 71; 43. 70; VI. I. 11. 43. et. seq. Matsya-purāṇa 47. 5; 245. 49. 246. 33, 60.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 248. 35.

1c) The Lord of the western region and son of Prajāpati; also known as Ketumān.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 17.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Acyuta (अच्युत) is the name of a deity who received the Ajitāgama from Umeśa who in turn, received it from Suśiva through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The ajita-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Acyuta obtained the Ajitāgama from Umeśa who in turn obtained it from Suśiva who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Acyuta then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Ajitāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Acyuta (अच्युत): A synonym of Sri Vishnu.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Acyuta (अच्युत) refers to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). This kalpa is also known as Acyutakalpa. In this specific kalpa, instead of bodily coition, a more and more refined sort of sexual satisfaction takes its place. The associated leśyā is white. There are ten such kalpas being ruled over by sixty-four Indras (heavenly kings).

In Jain iconography, the associated animal symbol of the Acyuta-kalpa is a white antelope (prakrit: viḍima or huḍūma, sanskrit: ?). These animals are depicted in a cosmological text of the Śvetāmbara tradition known as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna (“jewel of the compilation”), also known as the Trailokyadīpikā (“illumination of the triple world”), written by Śrīcandra in the 12th century.

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

1) Acyutā (अच्युता) (or or Śyāmā, Manovegā) is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Padmaprabha: the sixth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—[...] The Yakṣiṇī of Padmaprabha is known to the Śvetāmbaras as Acyutā or Syāmā and to the Digambaras as Manovegā. The Śvetāmbara image is canonically represented as riding a man and holding, in her four hands, Varada, Vīṇā, bow and Abhaya. The Digambara Yakṣiṇī Manovegā has a horse as her vehicle, and holds a sword, lance, fruit, and Vara-mudrā.

The name Acyutā or Syāmā may have, most probably, originated from Acyutā or Viṣṇu or Śyāmā. Her Vīṇā symbolwould qualify her as a Vidyādevī, almost a derivative of Acyutā who like the Digambara Manovegā, rides a horse and holds a sword, arrow etc. Her vehicle of a man, undoubtedly, makes up her character as a Yakṣiṇī as Yakṣa is proverbially a man-rider or Nara-vāhana. Manovegā or “swift as mind” is aptly symbolised by the vehicle of a horse known for its swiftness.

2) Acyutā (अच्युता) (or Balā, Vijayā) is also mentioned as the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Kunthanātha: the seventeenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—[...] We find her described in the Śvetāmbara books as a Yakṣiṇī riding a peacock and bearing four hands symbolised with a citron, spear, Bhuṣuṇḍī and lotus. Canonically different account is given of Vijayā, the Digambara counterpart of the Yakṣiṇī, in their literature. According to it, she should be represented as riding a black boar and carrying the attributes of a conch, sword, disc and Varada-mudrā.

Balā or Acyutā of the Śvetāmbaras from the nature ofher vehicle of a peacock seems to be a form of Sarasvatī. This supposition may be supported by the fact that her consort Gandharva rides on a sun and is a divine musician. Sarasvatī is known to be also presiding over the art of music. The symbolof a citron, indicating the Yakṣa characteristic is borne by boththe husband and the wife. Vijayā of the Digambaras, on the other hand, shown by her boar vehicle, a Yakṣiṇī goddess whose form must have been borrowed from Mārīcī of Buddhism and Vārāhī of Brahmanism. Her other symbols provided by the Digambara books of a disc, sword, conch and Varada speak of her origin from Vārāhī.

3) Acyutā (अच्युता) (or Acchuptā, Acyuptā) also refers to one of the sixteen Vidyādevīs (goddesses of learning).—She is called in the Śvetāmbara literature Acyuptā and described as riding a horse and holding a bow, sword, shield and arrow. Acyutā as represented by the Digambaras equally rides a horse and holds the symbol of a sword.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Acyuta (अच्युत) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the number of layers in Āraṇa and Acyuta heaven pairs? There are three layers there. Which thought-colourations are there in Ānata-Prāṇata and Āraṇa-Acyuta gods? They have white thought colouration. What is the maximum lifespan of deities in Āraṇa-Acyuta kalpas? It is twenty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) for both.

 

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Acyuta (अच्युत) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Acyuta) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

acyuta (अच्युत).—a S That does not slip or move; steady, steadfast, fixed, firm. Ex. acyutādhikāra, acyutapadavī, acyutasaṅkalpa &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

acyuta (अच्युत).—a Firm, not falling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acyuta (अच्युत).—a. [na. ta. svarūpasāmarthyāt na cyutaḥ cyavate vā-kālasāmānye kartari kta]

1) Not fallen, firm, fixed; not giving way, solid; गरुडमूर्तिरिव अच्युतस्थितिरमणीया (garuḍamūrtiriva acyutasthitiramaṇīyā) K.52 (acyuta meaning 'Viṣṇu' and 'firm', 'fixed'); °क्षित् (kṣit) having solid ground.

2) Imperishable, permanent; °रुष् (ruṣ) inveterate enmity.

3) [na cyotati kṣarati; cyut-ka. na. ta.] Not melting away or perishing, not leaking or dripping.

-taḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu; of the Almighty Being; यस्मान्न च्युतपूर्वोऽहमच्युत- स्तेन कर्मणा (yasmānna cyutapūrvo'hamacyuta- stena karmaṇā) Bhāg.

2) गच्छाम्यच्युतदर्शनेन (gacchāmyacyutadarśanena) K.P.5. (where also means 'one who is firm, does not yield to passions')

3) Name of a plant, Morinda Tinetoria. (Mar. bārātoṃḍī, śirdolī).

4) A sort of poetical composition containing 12 cantos.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Acyuta (अच्युत).—(1) name of a Bodhisattva cakravartin: Mahāvastu i.113.14; (2) name of a nāga-king: Mahāvyutpatti 3292; Mahā-Māyūrī 247.34; (3) pl., name of a class of gods (as in Pali accuta): Mahāsamājasūtra Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 185.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acyuta (अच्युत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu; also of Krishna, as a form of Vishnu. 2. A shrub, (Morinda tinctoria.) mfn.

(-taḥ-tāḥ-taṃ) Fixed, permanent. E. a neg. and cyuta participle of cyuṅa to go.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acyuta (अच्युत).—[adjective] unshaken, firm, imperishable; [masculine] [Name] of Viṣṇu.

--- OR ---

Acyuta (अच्युत).—[adjective] unshaken, firm, imperishable; [masculine] [Name] of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Acyuta (अच्युत) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—acyuta, minister to Śivasiṃha, king of Mithilā, father of Ratnapāṇi (Kāvyadarpaṇa), father of Ravi (Kāvyaprakāśaṭīkā). Peters. 3, 333.

2) Acyuta (अच्युत):—poet. Śp. p. 5.

3) Acyuta (अच्युत):—Kṛṣṇaśataka. Paris. (D 249).

4) Acyuta (अच्युत):—Guruvaraprārthanāpañcaratnastotra. Bṛhatstotraratnākara p. 299.

5) Acyuta (अच्युत):—Bhāgīrathīcampū. Kāvyamālā.

6) Acyuta (अच्युत):—Ratnamālā (jy). Sūcīpattra. 18.

7) Acyuta (अच्युत):—acyuta, son of Dharaṇigoṇiga, son of Mahādeva, son of Soma, son of Hari: Rasasaṃgrahasiddhānta (med.). W. p. 299.

8) Acyuta (अच्युत):—the author of the Bhāgīrathīcampū, was a son of Nārāyaṇa, and wrote it in 1815. It is divided into 7 chapters, called manoratha.

9) Acyuta (अच्युत):—Advaitamañjarī.

10) Acyuta (अच्युत):—of Pañcavatī, son of Nārāyaṇa, wrote in 1815: Bhāgīrathīcampū.

11) Acyuta (अच्युत):—Keralajyautiṣa.

12) Acyuta (अच्युत):—Bhāvārthamañjarī, a C. on Śrīpati’s Jātakapaddhati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Acyuta (अच्युत):—[=a-cyuta] mfn. or a-cyuta not fallen

2) [v.s. ...] firm, solid

3) [v.s. ...] imperishable, permanent

4) [v.s. ...] not leaking or dripping

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu

6) [v.s. ...] of Kṛṣṇa

7) [v.s. ...] of a physician, the plant Morinda Tinctoria

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a gift to Agni, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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