Acyuta; 14 Definition(s)


Acyuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achyuta.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Acyuta in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Acyuta (अच्युत).—(See Viṣṇu).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Acyuta (अच्युत).—A god of the Lekha group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 75.

1b) An epithet for Viṣṇu,1 ety. One who does not fall from his place (na cyavate).2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 178; IV. 29. 71; 43. 70; VI. I. 11. 43. et. seq. Matsya-purāṇa 47. 5; 245. 49. 246. 33, 60.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 248. 35.

1c) The Lord of the western region and son of Prajāpati; also known as Ketumān.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 17.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Acyuta (अच्युत, “fixed, permanent”):—One of the twenty-four forms of Viṣṇu through which Nārāyaṇa manifests himself. The meaning of this title is “He who never falls from his status”. He is accompanied by a counterpart emanation of Lakṣmī (an aspect of Devī) who goes by the name Vijayā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Acyuta (अच्युत) is the name of a deity who received the Ajitāgama from Umeśa who in turn, received it from Suśiva through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The ajita-āgama, being part of the ten Śivabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Acyuta obtained the Ajitāgama from Umeśa who in turn obtained it from Suśiva who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Acyuta then, through divya-sambandha transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Ajitāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "Infallible Lord"

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

Acyuta (अच्युत): A synonym of Sri Vishnu.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Acyuta (अच्युत) refers to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). This kalpa is also known as Acyutakalpa. In this specific kalpa, instead of bodily coition, a more and more refined sort of sexual satisfaction takes its place. The associated leśyā is white. There are ten such kalpas being ruled over by sixty-four Indras (heavenly kings).

In Jain iconography, the associated animal symbol of the Acyuta-kalpa is a white antelope (prakrit: viḍima or huḍūma, sanskrit: ?). These animals are depicted in a cosmological text of the Śvetāmbara tradition known as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna (“jewel of the compilation”), also known as the Trailokyadīpikā (“illumination of the triple world”), written by Śrīcandra in the 12th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Acyuta (अच्युत) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the number of layers in Āraṇa and Acyuta heaven pairs? There are three layers there. Which thought-colourations are there in Ānata-Prāṇata and Āraṇa-Acyuta gods? They have white thought colouration. What is the maximum lifespan of deities in Āraṇa-Acyuta kalpas? It is twenty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) for both.


Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Acyuta (अच्युत) is an example of a Vaiṣṇavite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Vaiṣṇavism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Acyuta) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

acyuta (अच्युत).—a S That does not slip or move; steady, steadfast, fixed, firm. Ex. acyutādhikāra, acyutapadavī, acyutasaṅkalpa &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

acyuta (अच्युत).—a Firm, not falling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acyuta (अच्युत).—a. [na. ta. svarūpasāmarthyāt na cyutaḥ cyavate vā-kālasāmānye kartari kta]

1) Not fallen, firm, fixed; not giving way, solid; गरुडमूर्तिरिव अच्युतस्थितिरमणीया (garuḍamūrtiriva acyutasthitiramaṇīyā) K.52 (acyuta meaning 'Viṣṇu' and 'firm', 'fixed'); °क्षित् (kṣit) having solid ground.

2) Imperishable, permanent; °रुष् (ruṣ) inveterate enmity.

3) [na cyotati kṣarati; cyut-ka. na. ta.] Not melting away or perishing, not leaking or dripping.

-taḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu; of the Almighty Being; यस्मान्न च्युतपूर्वोऽहमच्युत- स्तेन कर्मणा (yasmānna cyutapūrvo'hamacyuta- stena karmaṇā) Bhāg.

2) गच्छाम्यच्युतदर्शनेन (gacchāmyacyutadarśanena) K.P.5. (where also means 'one who is firm, does not yield to passions')

3) Name of a plant, Morinda Tinetoria. (Mar. bārātoṃḍī, śirdolī).

4) A sort of poetical composition containing 12 cantos.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acyuta (अच्युत).—(1) n. of a Bodhisattva cakravartin: Mv i.113.14; (2) n. of a nāga-king: Mvy 3292; Māy 247.34; (3) pl., n. of a class of gods (as in Pali accuta): Mahāsamāj. Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 185.18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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