Spandana, Spamdana: 15 definitions


Spandana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Spandana (स्पन्दन):—Throbbing or Twitching

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Spandana (स्पन्दन) refers to “natural gestures”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] In Yātrā, he must know the fitness or unfitness of a tithi (lunar day), vāra (week day), karaṇa, nakṣatra, muhūrta, and lagna (a sign of zodiac) and yoga for particular purposes. He must be able to interpret natural gestures [i.e., spandana] and dreams; he must be able to state when a prince ought to start for battle to secure success in war; he must be learned in rules relating to ablutions and sacred fire ceremonies in honour of the planets and offerings to evil spirits; he must be able to interpret phenomena connected with such sacred fires and with elephants and horses while mounting the same”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Spandana (स्पन्दन) refers to the “pulsation (of consciousness)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Assuming the supreme form, the Transmission arises threefold. In the youngest lineage, the Transmission of the Child, Kujā is Mālinī herself. That great mother is enveloped by the twenty-seven depositions. The goddess Tripurā is in the midst of the Transmission of the Youth. She is the goddess who resides in the middle lineage and is the bliss of the pulsation (of consciousness) [i.e., spandana-ānanda]. She is Kuleśvarī enveloped by the twenty-seven depositions. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Spandana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Spandana (स्पन्दन) refers to the “activity (of the mind)” (as opposed to Aspandana—“inactivity”), according to the Mānasollāsa verse 9.30-31.—Accordingly, while discussing the practice of meditation is called Samādhi: “The inactivity (aspandana) of the mind through [the practice of] meditation is called Samādhi. Samādhi without mind is free from all thought. When the mind goes to the state of stillness, the breath becomes still. By means of stillness of the mind, [the Yogin] should practise [this] yoga, [which is endowed] with meditation”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Spandana in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Spandana (स्पन्दन) refers to the “motion” (of wheat and other standing crops), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting by watching the motion of standing crops is that in which animals are killed by the indication of the motion (spandana) [spandanāmātrasūcitāḥ] of wheat and other standing crops in which they hide themselves. In Sanskrit it is named Yāvaśī. This is ‘ played’ by two or three horsemen who are expert archers. It is successful, if the advance is slow and the motion of standing crops carefully observed. It doesn’t produce much fatigue, but it produces great excitement”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Spandana (स्पन्दन).—[spand-lyuṭ]

1) Throbbing, pulsation, palpitation, quivering; वामाक्षिस्पन्दनं सूचयित्वा (vāmākṣispandanaṃ sūcayitvā) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1; so अधर°, बाहु°, शरीर° (adhara°, bāhu°, śarīra°) &c.

2) Tremor, vibration.

3) The quickening of a child in the womb.

4) Rapid motion, going.

Derivable forms: spandanam (स्पन्दनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Spandana (स्पन्दन).—(1) adj. (not in Sanskrit; = Pali phandana), vacillating, volatile, i.e. given to idle fancies (of mind): °naṃ capalaṃ cittaṃ Udānavarga xxxi.8 (same verse Pali Dhammapada (Pali) 33, phandanaṃ); (2) nt. (= Pali phandana; Sanskrit id. but chiefly if not wholly of physical movement, and with no pejorative connotation), vacillation, unsteadiness, especially of mind, engaging in idle fancies (compare next); associated with iñjana (q.v. for citations), manyanā, prapañca: Gaṇḍavyūha 128.6; 253.14 (here text syandana).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spandana (स्पन्दन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Beating, throbbing, pulsation, quivering, palpitation, throbbing. 2. The quickening of a child in the womb. 3. Going. E. spadi to throb, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spandana (स्पन्दन).—[spand + ana], n. 1. Quivering, trembling (Bhāṣāp. 6, read spandanoº). 2. Throbbing, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 5, 3. 3. Quickening of the child in the womb. 4. Going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spandana (स्पन्दन).—[adjective] kicking (cow); [masculine] a kind of tree; [neuter] = [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Spandana (स्पन्दन):—[from spand] mf(ā)n. making a sudden movement, kicking (as a cow), [Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of tree (the wood of which is made into bedsteads, chairs etc.), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] n. throbbing, pulsation, palpitation, quivering, twitching (twitchings and quiverings of the body are supposed to prognosticate good or bad luck, and are therefore minutely described in certain works; See above), trembling, agitation, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mṛcchakaṭikā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] throbbing with life, quickening (of a child in the womb), [Yājñavalkya; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] quick movement, motion, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for syand, [Ṛg-veda iii, 53, 19.]

7) Spāndana (स्पान्दन):—[from spand] mfn. derived from the tree Spandana, made of it etc. [gana] palāśādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spandana (स्पन्दन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Throbbing, quivering; quickening; going.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Spandana (स्पन्दन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Phaṃdaṇa, Phaṃdaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Spandana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Spaṃdana (ಸ್ಪಂದನ):—

1) [noun] = ಸ್ಪಂದ - [spamda -]1.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of moving; movement.

3) [noun] a responding to a stimulus; a response.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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