Tanmatra, Tanmātra, Tad-matra: 17 definitions

Introduction

Tanmatra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—The five qualities of the mahā-bhūtas that subtly manifest in the mind as sound, touch, form, taste and smell.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Tanmatra in Purana glossary
Source: Kashmiri Overseas Association: The Nīlamata Purāṇa

(tanmatra) The subtle physical essence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—‘rudimentary, undifferentiated, subtle elements from which a gross element is produced.’*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 22-26; Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 52.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र) refers to the “the potential conditions of qualities”, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The tanmātras are the potential conditions of qualities. Thus ākāśa has sound potential while vāyu has two qualities sound and touch, teja has three qualities śabda, sparśa and rūpa, water has four qualities—śabda, sparśa, rūpa and rasa while pṛthivī has five qualities—śabda, sparśa, rūpa, rasa and gandha.

Mahat, Ahaṃkāra and the five Tanmātras are in themselves unable to produce the orderly universe which is effected through the superintendence of the Puruṣa (puruṣā dhiṣṭhitatvācca) and by the help of Avyakta (avyaktānugraheṇa). As the universe grows up, they form into an egg which gradually expands from within like a water-bubble, and this is called the materialistic body of the Lord.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy

The tanmātras are the potential conditions of qualities.

Source: Oxford Index: Hinduism

tanmātra(s) (‘ subtle element(s)’): According to Sāṃkhya ontology, the five ‘subtle material elements’ (sound, touch, form, taste, smell) evolve from prakṛti

Source: Red Zambala: Yoga Sutras

The five tanmatras, which are the subtle inner essences of sound, feelings, aspect, flavour and odour.

Source: Veda (wikidot): Hinduism

The Five Primary Sensations (Tanmatra):

  1. sabdha-tattva: sound
  2. sparsha-tattva: feel/palpation
  3. rupa-tattva: form
  4. rasa-tattva: taste
  5. gandha-tattva: odor

Sound, Touch, Colour, Flavour and Odour constitute the Soul's sense data that together form his external experiences.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Buddhist Tantra: A Philosophical Reflection and Religious Investigation

Among the vibrational manifestation of transcendental reality sound is the first and the subtlest. It is known as Tanmātra. The sonic Tanmātra is the first stage of manifestation. According to Sāṃkhya, Tanmātra is beyond the reach of an ordinary person. Only a Yogi can have the perception of Tanmātra.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tanmātra.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: tanmātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n S An archetype or subtil rudiment of any of the five forms of elementary matter: as gandha is of pṛthvī, rasa of udaka &c. See under pañcamahā- bhūtēṃ.

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tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—ad S Merely that.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n A subtle rudiment of any of the five forms of elementary matter. ad Merely that.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—

1) merely that, only a trifle, a very small quantity; तन्मात्रादेव कुपितो राजा (tanmātrādeva kupito rājā) Ks.6.15.

2) (in phil.) a subtle and primary element (such as śabda, sparśa, rūpa, rasa and gandha) तन्मात्राण्यविशेषाः (tanmātrāṇyaviśeṣāḥ) Sān. K.38; गणस्तन्मात्रपञ्चकश्चैव (gaṇastanmātrapañcakaścaiva) Sān. K.24; Bhāg.11.24.7.

Derivable forms: tanmātram (तन्मात्रम्).

Tanmātra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tad and mātra (मात्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n. sub.

(-traṃ) The archetype or subtile rudiment of elementary matter. adv. Merely that. E. tat, and mātra only, or element. tadeva evārthe mātrac sā mātrā yasya vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—i. e. tad-mātra, I. n. 1. That only, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 284. 2. An atom, or rudimentary element, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 206, 19. Ii. adj. Consisting of atoms, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 10, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—[adjective] only so much or little. [neuter] a trifle; atom, elementary matter (ph.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tanmātra (तन्मात्र):—[=tan-mātra] [from tan > tat] mfn. = traka, [Mahābhārata ix, 1806; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] = trika, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii, 10, 15]

3) [v.s. ...] n. merely that, only a trifle, [Kathāsaritsāgara v, 15]

4) [v.s. ...] [lxiii, 60; Rājataraṅgiṇī vi, 1]

5) [v.s. ...] a rudimentary or subtle element (5 in number, viz. śabda-, sparśa-, rūpa-, rasa-, gandha-, from which the 5 Mahā-bhūtas or grosser elements are produced cf. [Religious Thought and Life in India p.31 and 33]), [Yājñavalkya iii, 179; Mahābhārata i, xiii; Sāṃkhyakārikā; Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana] etc.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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