Tanmatra, aka: Tad-matra, Tanmātra; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tanmatra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Tanmatra in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

(tanmatra) The subtle physical essence.

Source: Kashmiri Overseas Association: The Nīlamata Purāṇa

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—‘rudimentary, undifferentiated, subtle elements from which a gross element is produced.’*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 22-26; Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 52.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Tanmatra in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

The tanmātras are the potential conditions of qualities.

Source: archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy

tanmātra(s) (‘ subtle element(s)’): According to Sāṃkhya ontology, the five ‘subtle material elements’ (sound, touch, form, taste, smell) evolve from prakṛti

Source: Oxford Index: Hinduism

The five tanmatras, which are the subtle inner essences of sound, feelings, aspect, flavour and odour.

Source: Red Zambala: Yoga Sutras

The Five Primary Sensations (Tanmatra):

  1. sabdha-tattva: sound
  2. sparsha-tattva: feel/palpation
  3. rupa-tattva: form
  4. rasa-tattva: taste
  5. gandha-tattva: odor

Sound, Touch, Colour, Flavour and Odour constitute the Soul's sense data that together form his external experiences.

Source: Veda (wikidot): Hinduism

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—The five qualities of the mahā-bhūtas that subtly manifest in the mind as sound, touch, form, taste and smell.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Tanmatra in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Among the vibrational manifestation of transcendental reality sound is the first and the subtlest. It is known as Tanmātra. The sonic Tanmātra is the first stage of manifestation. According to Sāṃkhya, Tanmātra is beyond the reach of an ordinary person. Only a Yogi can have the perception of Tanmātra.

Source: Google Books: Buddhist Tantra: A Philosophical Reflection and Religious Investigation

India history and geogprahy

Tanmātra.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘five’. Note: tanmātra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Tanmatra in Marathi glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n S An archetype or subtil rudiment of any of the five forms of elementary matter: as gandha is of pṛthvī, rasa of udaka &c. See under pañcamahā- bhūtēṃ.

--- OR ---

tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—ad S Merely that.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n A subtle rudiment of any of the five forms of elementary matter. ad Merely that.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tanmatra in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—

1) merely that, only a trifle, a very small quantity; तन्मात्रादेव कुपितो राजा (tanmātrādeva kupito rājā) Ks.6.15.

2) (in phil.) a subtle and primary element (such as śabda, sparśa, rūpa, rasa and gandha) तन्मात्राण्यविशेषाः (tanmātrāṇyaviśeṣāḥ) Sān. K.38; गणस्तन्मात्रपञ्चकश्चैव (gaṇastanmātrapañcakaścaiva) Sān. K.24; Bhāg.11.24.7.

Derivable forms: tanmātram (तन्मात्रम्).

Tanmātra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tad and mātra (मात्र).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n. sub.

(-traṃ) The archetype or subtile rudiment of elementary matter. adv. Merely that. E. tat, and mātra only, or element. tadeva evārthe mātrac sā mātrā yasya vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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