Tanmatra, aka: Tanmātra, Tad-matra; 11 Definition(s)
Tanmatra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
(tanmatra) The subtle physical essence.(Source): Kashmiri Overseas Association: The Nīlamata Purāṇa
Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—‘rudimentary, undifferentiated, subtle elements from which a gross element is produced.’*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 22-26; Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 52.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
The tanmātras are the potential conditions of qualities.(Source): archive.org: A History of Indian Philosophy
tanmātra(s) (‘ subtle element(s)’): According to Sāṃkhya ontology, the five ‘subtle material elements’ (sound, touch, form, taste, smell) evolve from prakṛti(Source): Oxford Index: Hinduism
The five tanmatras, which are the subtle inner essences of sound, feelings, aspect, flavour and odour.(Source): Red Zambala: Yoga Sutras
The Five Primary Sensations (Tanmatra):
- sabdha-tattva: sound
- sparsha-tattva: feel/palpation
- rupa-tattva: form
- rasa-tattva: taste
- gandha-tattva: odor
Sound, Touch, Colour, Flavour and Odour constitute the Soul's sense data that together form his external experiences.(Source): Veda (wikidot): Hinduism
Tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—The five qualities of the mahā-bhūtas that subtly manifest in the mind as sound, touch, form, taste and smell.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
General definition (in Buddhism)
Among the vibrational manifestation of transcendental reality sound is the first and the subtlest. It is known as Tanmātra. The sonic Tanmātra is the first stage of manifestation. According to Sāṃkhya, Tanmātra is beyond the reach of an ordinary person. Only a Yogi can have the perception of Tanmātra.(Source): Google Books: Buddhist Tantra: A Philosophical Reflection and Religious Investigation
Languages of India and abroad
tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n S An archetype or subtil rudiment of any of the five forms of elementary matter: as gandha is of pṛthvī, rasa of udaka &c. See under pañcamahā- bhūtēṃ.
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tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—ad S Merely that.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tanmātra (तन्मात्र).—n A subtle rudiment of any of the five forms of elementary matter. ad Merely that.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) merely that, only a trifle, a very small quantity; तन्मात्रादेव कुपितो राजा (tanmātrādeva kupito rājā) Ks.6.15.
2) (in phil.) a subtle and primary element (such as śabda, sparśa, rūpa, rasa and gandha) तन्मात्राण्यविशेषाः (tanmātrāṇyaviśeṣāḥ) Sān. K.38; गणस्तन्मात्रपञ्चकश्चैव (gaṇastanmātrapañcakaścaiva) Sān. K.24; Bhāg.11.24.7.
Derivable forms: tanmātram (तन्मात्रम्).
Tanmātra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tad and mātra (मात्र).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Tanmatra, Tanmātra or Tad-matra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XII - The idealistic theo-cosmogony of vedanta < [Book III - Utpatti khanda (utpatti khanda)]
Chapter CIV - Establishment of the non-entity of the world < [Book VII - Nirvana prakarana part 2 (nirvana prakarana)]
Chapter XVIII - The incarnation of the living spirit < [Book IV - Sthiti prakarana (sthiti prakarana)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 14 - The Tanmātras and the Paramāṇus < [Chapter VII - The Kapila and the Pātañjala Sāṃkhya (yoga)]
Part 10 - The World < [Chapter III - The Earlier Upaniṣads (700 B.c.— 600 B.c.)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 14 - The Ontological categories of the Rāmānuja School according to Veṅkaṭanātha < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXXXV - The mode of Practising the Great Yoga < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - Kapila’s philosophy in the Bhāgavata-purāṇa < [Chapter XXIV - The Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 10 - The description of creation (sṛṣṭi) (1) < [Section 7.1 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (1)]