Pratityasamutpada, aka: Pratītyasamutpāda, Pratitya-samutpada; 2 Definition(s)


Pratityasamutpada means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Pratītyasamutpāda (प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद) refers to the “twelve factors of conditional origination” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 42):

  1. avidyā (ignorance),
  2. saṃskāra (volitions),
  3. vijñāna (consciousness),
  4. nāmarūpa (name and bodily-form),
  5. ṣaḍāyatana (the six sense spheres),
  6. sparśa (contact),
  7. vedanā (feeling),
  8. tṛṣṇā (craving),
  9. upādāna (attachment),
  10. bhava (continuity),
  11. jāti (birth),
  12. jarāmaraṇa (old age and death).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., pratītya-samutpāda). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

The doctrine of pratityasamutpada, often translated as "dependent arising," is an important part of Buddhist phenomenology and, some argue, metaphysics. Common to all schools of Buddhism, it states that phenomena arise together in a mutually interdependent web of cause and effect. It is variously rendered into English as "dependent origination", "conditioned genesis", "dependent co arising", "interdependent arising", or "contingency".

(Sanskrit; Pali: paticcasamuppada; Tibetan:;)

(Source): WikiPedia: Buddhism

Relevant definitions

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