Spashta, Spaṣṭa: 17 definitions


Spashta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Spaṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Spasta or Spashta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Spasht.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट) refers to “that which is clear” (i.e., to be understood?), according to the commentary on the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] Again, (the seeds of) the Ages should be worshipped in the corners or, having entered therein, within the field, village, town, sacred seat or city. One should reside there and then (the energy) of the worlds is aroused and one gets worldly pleasure and accomplishment (siddhi). (The rest is) clear [i.e., spaṣṭa]. (This is where they are worshipped) externally”.

Source: Shakti and Shakta

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट) or Spaṣṭavācā refers to “that which is distinctly and audibly (recited)”, according to the Jñānārṇava-tantra, XX.—Accordingly, “Japa is defined as vidhanena mantroccāraṇaṃ, that is (for default of other more suitable words), the utterance or recitation of Mantra according to certain rules. Japa may however be of a nature which is not defined by the word, recitation. It is of three kinds namely, vācika-japa, upāṃśu-japa, mānasa-japa. [...] Vācika is verbal Japa in which the Mantra is distinctly and audibly recited (spaṣṭa-vācā). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट) refers to “clear” (i.e., writing a ‘clear’ treatise), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Glory be to the Sun who is the author and the Soul of the Universe, the ornament of the firmament and who is enveloped in a thousand rays of the colour of molten gold. Having correctly examined the substance of the voluminous works of the sages of the past, I attempt to write a clear [i.e., spaṣṭa] treatise neither too long nor too short”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट) refers to “distinctly” (as opposed to Aspaṣṭa—‘indistinctly’), as quoted by Hṛdayaśiva in his Prāyaścittasamuccaya (verse 10.27-35).—Accordingly, “Having recited [a particular mantra] along with [the practice of one of the] observances in accordance with the rules, and having bathed [at the end of the observance], one may recite that mantra for attaining supernatural powers. The skilled practitioner should do his recitation not too slowly, not indistinctly (aspaṣṭa), not without taking [the meaning of what he recites] in, not too fast, not without counting, and not with his thoughts in confusion. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Spaṣṭa.—(CII 3), an astronomical term meaning ‘apparent’; cf. spaṣṭa-tithi, ‘an apparent tithi’, from which the mean tithi has to be determined. Note: spaṣṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट).—a (S) Clear, plain, distinct, apparent, evident, manifest, open. 2 Rigidly and closely accurate;--as a calculation or computation. A term of almanack-makers and astronomers.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट).—a Clear, evident; rigidly and closely accurate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट).—a. [spaś-kta ni° iḍabhāvaḥ]

1) Distinctly visible, evident, cleary perceived, clear, plain, manifest; स्पष्टे जाते प्रत्यूषे (spaṣṭe jāte pratyūṣe) K. 'when it was broad day-break'; स्पष्टाकृतिः (spaṣṭākṛtiḥ) R.18.3; स्पष्टार्थः (spaṣṭārthaḥ) &c.

2) Real, true.

3) Full-blown. expanded.

4) One who sees clearly.

-ṣṭam ind.

1) Clearly, distinctly, plainly.

2) Openly, boldly. (spaṣṭīkṛ means 'to make clear or distinct', explain, elucidate.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Evident, manifest, apparent. 2. Clear, easy, intelligible. 3. True, real. E. spaś to make clear, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट).—i. e. the ptcple. pf. pass. of spaś (see dṛś), 1. Evident, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 211, 18. 2. Clear, able to see (not blind), [Pañcatantra] 262, 24. 3. Intelligible. 4. ṭam, adv. a Distinctly, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 34, 20. b. Looking in the face, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 396.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट).—[adjective] visible, discernible, distinct, manifest, clear; [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट):—[from spaś] 1. spaṣṭa mfn. clearly perceived or discerned, distinctly visible, distinct, clear, evident, plain, intelligible, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] straight (opp. to ‘crooked’), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] real, true, correct, [Gaṇitādhyāya; Golādhyāya]

4) [v.s. ...] one who sees clearly, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [from spaś] 2. spaṣṭa mfn. (for 1. See [column]2) bound, fettered etc., [Pāṇini 7-2, 27.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Evident, clear.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pharisiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Spashta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Spashta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Spaṣṭa (स्पष्ट) [Also spelled spasht]:—(a) clear; vivid, lucid; evident, apparent; obvious; articulate, distinct; positive, unambiguous, conspicuous; intelligible; express; explicit, blunt, categorical, point-blank, plain; ~[ta:] clearly; vividly, lucidly; plainly; obviously; apparently; distinctly; expressly, explicitly; bluntly; ~[tayā] plainly, clearly, lucidly; obviously; ~[] clarity, clearness, vividness, lucidity; obviousness; openness; •[pūrvaka/se] clearly; lucidly, obviously, vividly; expressly; ~[bhāṣī/vaktā/vādī] outspoken, straight-forward, plain-speaking; —[rūpa se] distinctly, clearly, ostensibly, obviously.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Spaṣṭa (ಸ್ಪಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] not faint or blurred; easily seen or heard; distinct; clear.

2) [adjective] existing or happening as or in fact; actual, true, etc.; real.

3) [adjective] (said of flowers) fully blown, expanded.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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