Shaurya, Śaurya, Sauriya: 15 definitions


Shaurya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaurya can be transliterated into English as Saurya or Shaurya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shaury.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Śaurya (शौर्य):—Heroism, valour, Strength

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śaurya (शौर्य) refers to “(one who is) valiant”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Anurādhā will be valiant [i.e., śaurya-sametā]; heads of parties; fond of the company of Sādhus, keep vehicles and grow every species of crop. Those who are born on the lunar day of Jyeṣṭhā will be valiant, of good descent, wealthy, famous; disposed to cheat others of their property, fond of travelling, rulers of provinces or commanders of armies. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Śaurya (शौर्य) or Śauryapura is the birth-place of Nemi, the twenty-second Tīrthaṅkara, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] Son of Śivā and Samudravijaya, in Śaurya-pura, dark blue, Nemi, ten bows tall, with a life of a thousand years, will be a wandering mendicant for seven hundred years, and the interval between the mokṣa of Nami and Nemi will be five lacs of years”.

2) Saurya (सौर्य) is the name of a city associated with Kuśārtaka, which refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Kuśārtaka), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Saurya) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaurya (शौर्य).—m S Valor, courage, heroism.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śaurya (शौर्य).—n Valour, heroism.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaurya (शौर्य).—[śūrasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Prowess, heroism, valour; शौर्ये वैरिणि वज्रमाशु निपतत्वर्थोऽस्तु नः केवलम् (śaurye vairiṇi vajramāśu nipatatvartho'stu naḥ kevalam) Bhartṛhari 2.39; नये च शौर्ये च वसन्ति संपदः (naye ca śaurye ca vasanti saṃpadaḥ) Subhāṣ.

2) Strength, power, might.

3) Representation of war and supernatural events on the stage; cf. आरभटी (ārabhaṭī).

Derivable forms: śauryam (शौर्यम्).

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Saurya (सौर्य).—a. (-ryī f.) Belonging to the sun, solar; गावो ममैनः प्रणुदन्तु सौर्याः (gāvo mamainaḥ praṇudantu sauryāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.76.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaurya (शौर्य) or Śauryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) 1. Valour, heroism, prowess. 2. The heroic drama; or that which treats of war, magic, &c. 3. Representation of supernatural events on the stage. E. śūra a hero, ṣyañ aff.

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Saurya (सौर्य) or Sauryya.—f.

(-ryā) Adj. Solar, belonging to the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaurya (शौर्य).—i. e. śūra + ya, n. Prowess, heroism, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 53; 238, 22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaurya (शौर्य).—[neuter] heroism, courage, valour.

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Saurya (सौर्य).—([feminine] saurī & sauyā) [adjective] belonging to the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaurya (शौर्य):—[from śaura] n. heroism, valour, prowess, might, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the heroic branch of dramatic art (= ārabhaṭī), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a village, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 2-4, 7], [vArttika] 2.

4) Saurya (सौर्य):—[from saura] mf(saurī or sauryā)n. ([from] sūrya, of which it is also the Vṛddhi form in [compound]) relating or belonging to the sun, solar, [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] ([from] sūra) [gana] saṃkāśādi

6) [v.s. ...] m. a son of the sun, [Praśna-upaniṣad [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] [patronymic] of several Vedic Ṛṣis, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

8) [v.s. ...] a year, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] n. Name of two summits of the Himālaya, [Patañjali]

10) [v.s. ...] of a town, [Kaiyaṭa, kaiyyaṭa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaurya (शौर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Valour, heroism; heroic drama.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śaurya (शौर्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Soria.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shaurya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shaurya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śaurya (शौर्य) [Also spelled shaury]:—(nm) chivalry, gallantry, valour, heroism.

2) Saurya (सौर्य) [Also spelled saury]:—(a) solar.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaurya (ಶೌರ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] marked bravery; valour; gallantry; prowess.

2) [noun] a variety of play in which the theme is relating to gallantry, prowess.

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Sauriya (ಸೌರಿಯ):—

1) [noun] a valorous, brave man.

2) [noun] marked bravery; valour; gallantry; prowess.

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Saurya (ಸೌರ್ಯ):—[noun] = ಸೌರಿಯ [sauriya].

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Saurya (ಸೌರ್ಯ):—[adjective] of, pertaining to or having to do with the sun; solar.

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Saurya (ಸೌರ್ಯ):—[noun] that which is pertaining to the sun.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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