Shapa, Śāpa, Sāpa, Sapa, Śapa: 17 definitions



Shapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāpa and Śapa can be transliterated into English as Sapa or Shapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śāpa (शाप) refers to a “curse”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Lord said to Bhadrakālī: “[...] Today, I am one who has done auspicious work. Today I am Śaṃkara and Śiva. I have seen a divine energy: Dakṣa’s daughter, in (her) youth. I have become distraught and mad by that second very powerful curse [i.e., ati-śāpadvitīyenātiśāpena]. Thus, today, I have seen you; (so, I have become) a great Siddha. (I have) experienced you as (my) wife for seven births, age after age”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śāpa (शाप) refers to a “curse”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Dakṣa:—“[...] my devotee may worship the gods. Being so absorbed he will attain knowledge leading to eternal salvation. Without devotion to Brahmā one cannot have the devotion to Viṣṇu; without devotion to Viṣṇu none will have devotion towards me. [...] If a devotee of Viṣṇu hates me or if a devotee of Śiva hates Viṣṇu, both will incur curses (i.e., śāpa) and never realise reality”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śāpa (शाप).—A son of the first Sāvarṇa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śāpa (शाप) is a Sanskrit word referring to the curse of a brāhmaṇa.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śāpa (शाप) in the Rigveda and later denotes the ‘drift’ brought down by streams, possibly conceived as the ‘curse’ of the waters.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāpa : (m.) a curse.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāpa, (fr. sap, cp. Sk. śāpa) a curse VvA. 336; DhA. I, 41. (Page 704)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāpa (शाप).—m (S) A curse or an imprecation. v dē, hō. śāpa jaḍaṇēṃ -lāgū hōṇēṃ -bādhaṇēṃ To take effect--a malediction.

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sapa (सप).—m Utter destruction &c. See at large under sappā.

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sāpa (साप).—m (sarpa S through H) A serpent or a snake. Note. There is a particularity in the use of this word. In the Desh sāpa is applied to all the reptiles of the serpent family excepting the Cobra de capello, which bears its specific name nāga. In the Konkan̤ sāpa is applied to no serpent or snake, great or small, excepting only the Cobra. Whilst this generic name sāpa is restricted to the Cobra, kiraḍūṃ & jivāṇūṃ, as generic, and phurasēṃ, maṇyāra, ghōṇasa, śēṇyā, nānēṭī, jōgī, dhāmaṇa, ādhēlā &c. &c. as specific, designate all the others of the serpent race. sāpa khāī tōṇḍa ritēṃ The serpent bites, but he gets nothing in his mouth. Used to express the unprosperousness of any occupation or act (as thievery, cheating, lying), or the unproductiveness of any employment, department, or business. sāpa sāpa mhaṇūna bhuī dhōpaṭaṇēṃ To lay a false charge against determinedly and violently, and to beat or to bellow at furiously.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śāpa (शाप).—m A curse.

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sāpa (साप).—m A serpent or a snake.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śapa (शप).—[śap-ac]

1) A curse, an imprecation.

2) An oath.

3) A corpse (wrong reading for śava).

Derivable forms: śapaḥ (शपः).

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Śāpa (शाप).—[śap-ghañ]

1) A curse, an imprecation, anathema; शापेनास्तंगमितमहिमा वर्षभोग्येण भर्तुः (śāpenāstaṃgamitamahimā varṣabhogyeṇa bhartuḥ) Me.1,92; R. 1.78;5.56,59;11.14.

2) An oath, asseveration.

3) Abuse, calumny.

4) An interdiction, a ban.

5) Trouble, disturbance (upadrava); मुक्तशापं वनं तच्च तस्मिन्नेव तदाहनि (muktaśāpaṃ vanaṃ tacca tasminneva tadāhani) Rām.1.26.35.

Derivable forms: śāpaḥ (शापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śapa (शप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. An oath. 2. An imprecation, a curse, cursing. 3. A corpse; also śava. E. śap to curse, aff. ac .

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Śāpa (शाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Oath, affirmation by oath or ordeal. 2. Curse, imprecation. 3. Abuse. E. śap to swear, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śapa (शप).—[śap + a], m. 1. An imprecation. 2. An oath.

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Śāpa (शाप).—i. e. śap + a, m. 1. Abuse. 2. Oath. 3. Curse, [Pañcatantra] 186, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāpa (शाप).—1. [masculine] curse.

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Śāpa (शाप).—2. [masculine] float, drift (concr.).

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Sapa (सप).—[masculine] penis.

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Sapā (सपा).—A. & [Middle] drink in together. — Cf. pipāsant & pipāsita.

Sapā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and (पा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śapa (शप):—[from śap] m. a curse, imprecation, oath (= śapatha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a corpse ([wrong reading] for śava q.v.), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] aśvādi.

4) Śāpa (शाप):—1. śāpa m. (ifc. f(ā). ; [from] √śap) a curse, malediction, abuse, oath, imprecation, ban, interdiction ([accusative] with √vac, √, pra-√yam, ny-√as, vi-√sṛj, ā-√diś, ‘to pronounce or utter a curse on any one’, with [dative case] [genitive case] [locative case], or [accusative] with prati), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

5) 2. śāpa m. (of doubtful derivation) floating wood or other substances, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) Sapa (सप):—[from sap] m. (cf. śepa and pasas) the male organ of generation, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śapa (शप):—(paḥ) 1. m. An oath; a curse; a corpse.

2) Śāpa (शाप):—(paḥ) 1. m. Oath, curse, imprecation; abuse.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śapa (शप):—(von śap) m.

1) = śapatha, śapana [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 262.] Vgl. śāpa . —

2) Nomen proprium eines Mannes gaṇa aśvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 110.]

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Śāpa (शाप):—1. (von śap) m. am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā .

1) Schwur [Amarakoṣa 3. 4, 31, 239.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 280.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 301.] [Medinīkoṣa Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 12.] —

2) Fluch [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 39. 3, 4, 3, 25.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 272.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 1, 149.] [Mahābhārata 3, 1869.] (śarāḥ) ādadū rakṣasāṃ prāṇān śāpā iva tapasvinām [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 31, 17.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 78. 11, 14.] [Meghadūta 1.] śāpasyānte 89. śāpānta [109.] [Śākuntala 111, 5.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 55, 226.] etayoḥ (obj.) [ŚUK.] in [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 32, 19.] [Brahmapurāṇa ebend. 55, 9.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 19, 14. 3, 4, 29. 4, 2, 20.] varaśāpau [14, 27.] Gegens. anugraha [6, 17, 20. 29.] bhavapāśaśāpā [Oxforder Handschriften 72,a,29.] śāpā uktā mahātmabhiḥ . nākrāmanta tayoḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 7666. fg.] dattvā śāpam [?3, 1867. Rāmāyaṇa 1, 60, 6. Kathāsaritsāgara 5, 87. 17, 146. 20, 133. Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 63, 18. Brahmapurāṇa in Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 50, 16. Pañcatantra 45, 6. 186, 14.] dadau śāpaṃ kṣeptāraṃ prati [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 9, 84.] śāpaṃ dāsyanti te (gen.) [Kathāsaritsāgara 41, 19.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 63, 20. 74, 28. fg. 112, 20.] mayi vipulamadācchāpaṃ suduḥsaham [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 27, 22.] na prayacchāmi śāpaṃ te [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 74, 30.] evaṃ śāpaṃ sayi nyasya [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 64, 55.] tasmai śāpamādiśat [Kathāsaritsāgara 17, 23.] giritrāya visṛjya śāpam [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 2, 19.] yo vaḥ śāpo mayaiva nimitaḥ [3, 16, 26.] evaṃ śāpamahaṃ labdhvā [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 74, 42.] guruśāpaparikṣata [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 60, 24.] kṛtvā samāyuktānputrān [62, 18.] tīrṇaḥ śāpo mayaiṣa saḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 144.] śāpānmokṣyasi matkṛtāt [Mahābhārata 3, 2613. 2386.] [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 56.] nigṛhīta [59.] kṣīṇa [Kathāsaritsāgara 25, 263.] vinivṛtta [59, 170.] śāpasya śāntiḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 166.] śuka in Folge eines Fluchs zum Papagei geworden [Kathāsaritsāgara 59, 56.] — Vgl. vi .

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Śāpa (शाप):—

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Sapa (सप):—

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śāpa (शाप) [Also spelled shap]:—(nm) a curse, an imprecation; ~[grasta] accursed, afflicted through a curse; hence ~[grastatā] (nf); -[nivṛtti/mokṣa] liberated from the effect of a curse; —[denā] to curse, to imprecate.

context information


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