Shapa, Śāpa, Sāpa, Sapa, Śapa: 22 definitions


Shapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śāpa and Śapa can be transliterated into English as Sapa or Shapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śāpa (शाप) refers to a “curse”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Dakṣa:—“[...] my devotee may worship the gods. Being so absorbed he will attain knowledge leading to eternal salvation. Without devotion to Brahmā one cannot have the devotion to Viṣṇu; without devotion to Viṣṇu none will have devotion towards me. [...] If a devotee of Viṣṇu hates me or if a devotee of Śiva hates Viṣṇu, both will incur curses (i.e., śāpa) and never realise reality”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śāpa (शाप).—A son of the first Sāvarṇa Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 64.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śāpa (शाप) refers to a “curse”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Lord said to Bhadrakālī: “[...] Today, I am one who has done auspicious work. Today I am Śaṃkara and Śiva. I have seen a divine energy: Dakṣa’s daughter, in (her) youth. I have become distraught and mad by that second very powerful curse [i.e., ati-śāpadvitīyenātiśāpena]. Thus, today, I have seen you; (so, I have become) a great Siddha. (I have) experienced you as (my) wife for seven births, age after age”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Śāpa (शाप) refers to the “curse (of the Yoginīs)”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[...] He should treat [all phenomena] as one, not as separate. He should not drink [alcohol] or eat meat idly [with no ritual purpose]. He should not drink wine without first purifying it [with mantras], and he should consume meat after he has purified it with that [wine]. He should not answer the call of nature, should not sip water, etc., while reciting mantras or in an assembly. If he does so out of folly, the curse of the Yoginīs (yoginī-śāpa) will fall on him. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Śāpa (शाप) is a Sanskrit word referring to the curse of a brāhmaṇa.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śāpa (शाप) in the Rigveda and later denotes the ‘drift’ brought down by streams, possibly conceived as the ‘curse’ of the waters.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Śāpa (शाप) refers to the “curse (of the Ṛṣi)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after Agastya uttered the dhāraṇī]: “Immediately after this spell had been uttered in front of the Bhagavān by Agastya, the Great Ṛṣi, then all the hostile Nāgas, Yakṣas and Rākṣasas fell with their face downwards. They called the Bhagavān for help in a loud voice, ‘O Bhagavān, we are destroyed, we are cursed by the curse of the Ṛṣi [e.g., ṛṣi-śāpa], [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sapa in Mali is the name of a plant defined with Pennisetum polystachion in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cenchrus setosus Sw. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France (1880)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Regii Berolinensis Altera
· Grasses of Ceylon (1956)
· Synopseos Plantarum (1805)
· Flora Brasiliensis (1877)
· Contributions à la flore du Congo Français (1896)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sapa, for example side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāpa : (m.) a curse.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāpa, (fr. sap, cp. Sk. śāpa) a curse VvA. 336; DhA. I, 41. (Page 704)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāpa (शाप).—m (S) A curse or an imprecation. v dē, hō. śāpa jaḍaṇēṃ -lāgū hōṇēṃ -bādhaṇēṃ To take effect--a malediction.

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sapa (सप).—m Utter destruction &c. See at large under sappā.

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sāpa (साप).—m (sarpa S through H) A serpent or a snake. Note. There is a particularity in the use of this word. In the Desh sāpa is applied to all the reptiles of the serpent family excepting the Cobra de capello, which bears its specific name nāga. In the Konkan̤ sāpa is applied to no serpent or snake, great or small, excepting only the Cobra. Whilst this generic name sāpa is restricted to the Cobra, kiraḍūṃ & jivāṇūṃ, as generic, and phurasēṃ, maṇyāra, ghōṇasa, śēṇyā, nānēṭī, jōgī, dhāmaṇa, ādhēlā &c. &c. as specific, designate all the others of the serpent race. sāpa khāī tōṇḍa ritēṃ The serpent bites, but he gets nothing in his mouth. Used to express the unprosperousness of any occupation or act (as thievery, cheating, lying), or the unproductiveness of any employment, department, or business. sāpa sāpa mhaṇūna bhuī dhōpaṭaṇēṃ To lay a false charge against determinedly and violently, and to beat or to bellow at furiously.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śāpa (शाप).—m A curse.

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sāpa (साप).—m A serpent or a snake.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śapa (शप).—[śap-ac]

1) A curse, an imprecation.

2) An oath.

3) A corpse (wrong reading for śava).

Derivable forms: śapaḥ (शपः).

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Śāpa (शाप).—[śap-ghañ]

1) A curse, an imprecation, anathema; शापेनास्तंगमितमहिमा वर्षभोग्येण भर्तुः (śāpenāstaṃgamitamahimā varṣabhogyeṇa bhartuḥ) Meghadūta 1,92; R. 1.78;5.56,59;11.14.

2) An oath, asseveration.

3) Abuse, calumny.

4) An interdiction, a ban.

5) Trouble, disturbance (upadrava); मुक्तशापं वनं तच्च तस्मिन्नेव तदाहनि (muktaśāpaṃ vanaṃ tacca tasminneva tadāhani) Rām.1.26.35.

Derivable forms: śāpaḥ (शापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śapa (शप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. An oath. 2. An imprecation, a curse, cursing. 3. A corpse; also śava. E. śap to curse, aff. ac .

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Śāpa (शाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Oath, affirmation by oath or ordeal. 2. Curse, imprecation. 3. Abuse. E. śap to swear, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śapa (शप).—[śap + a], m. 1. An imprecation. 2. An oath.

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Śāpa (शाप).—i. e. śap + a, m. 1. Abuse. 2. Oath. 3. Curse, [Pañcatantra] 186, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāpa (शाप).—1. [masculine] curse.

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Śāpa (शाप).—2. [masculine] float, drift (concr.).

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Sapa (सप).—[masculine] penis.

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Sapā (सपा).—A. & [Middle] drink in together. — Cf. pipāsant & pipāsita.

Sapā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and (पा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śapa (शप):—[from śap] m. a curse, imprecation, oath (= śapatha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a corpse ([wrong reading] for śava q.v.), [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a man [gana] aśvādi.

4) Śāpa (शाप):—1. śāpa m. (ifc. f(ā). ; [from] √śap) a curse, malediction, abuse, oath, imprecation, ban, interdiction ([accusative] with √vac, √, pra-√yam, ny-√as, vi-√sṛj, ā-√diś, ‘to pronounce or utter a curse on any one’, with [dative case] [genitive case] [locative case], or [accusative] with prati), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

5) 2. śāpa m. (of doubtful derivation) floating wood or other substances, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) Sapa (सप):—[from sap] m. (cf. śepa and pasas) the male organ of generation, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śapa (शप):—(paḥ) 1. m. An oath; a curse; a corpse.

2) Śāpa (शाप):—(paḥ) 1. m. Oath, curse, imprecation; abuse.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śāpa (शाप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śāpa (शाप) [Also spelled shap]:—(nm) a curse, an imprecation; ~[grasta] accursed, afflicted through a curse; hence ~[grastatā] (nf); -[nivṛtti/mokṣa] liberated from the effect of a curse; —[denā] to curse, to imprecate.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śāpa (ಶಾಪ):—

1) [noun] a calling on a god to send evil or injury down on some person or thing; a curse.

2) [noun] a scolding in a contemptuous language.

3) [noun] a formal declaration of one’s intent and resolute decision that one would stand by it; an oath.

4) [noun] ಶಾಪತಟ್ಟು [shapatattu] śapa taṭṭu = ಶಾಪತಗುಲು [shapatagulu]; ಶಾಪಹಾಕು [shapahaku] śapa hāku to scold; to reprove; ಶಾಪಾದಪಿ ಶರಾದಪಿ [shapadapi sharadapi] in any way whatever; by any means, honest or dishonest; by hook or by crook; ಶಾಪತಗುಲು [shapatagulu] śapa tagulu (one’s curse) to become effective.

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Sāpa (ಸಾಪ):—[noun] (correctly, ಸಾಪ [sapa]) a calling on God or the gods to send evil or injury down on some person or thing; a curse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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