Svapa, Svāpa, Shvapa: 13 definitions


Svapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Svāpa (स्वाप) refers to “sleep”; mentioned as characteristics of intelligence (buddhi) in the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 3.26.30.—Smṛti means “memory”, and svāpa means “sleep”. Sleep is also necessary to keep the intelligence in working order. If there is no sleep, the brain cannot work nicely. In Bhagavad-gītā it is especially mentioned that persons who regulate eating, sleeping and other necessities of the body in the proper proportion become very successful in the yoga process.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Svāpa (स्वाप):—Numbness

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Svāpa (स्वाप) refers to “sleeping (on a cushioned couch)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.5 (“The Tripuras are fascinated).—Accordingly, as Arihan said to the Lord of the Three Cities: “O ruler of the Asuras, listen to my statement, pregnant with wisdom. It is the essence of the Vedānta and bears high esoteric importance. [...] Let there be hundreds of horses, of different varieties. But for the purpose of riding only one can be used on one occasion. The pleasure that one derives in that sleep (svāpa) on a cushioned couch is the same that one derives by sleeping on the bare ground. Just as we, the embodied beings, are afraid of death so also the bodies from Brahmā to the worm are afraid of death. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Svāpa (स्वाप) refers to the “period of repose”, as discussed in twenty-eighth chapter of the Kapiñjalasaṃhitā: a Pāñcarātra work consisting of 1550 verses dealing with a variety of topics such as worship in a temple, choosing an Ācārya, architecture, town-planning and iconography. Description of the chapter [svāpa-vidhi]:—Kapiñjala says that he will now describe the “sleeping festival” of the Lord, and adds a few remarks about the period known as “caturmāsya”. The preparations involve making ready a maṇḍapa-pavilion furnished with a couch, etc. [...] On the 12th day, the Lord is worshipped and requested to “get up” [utthāpana], whereupon He is bathed and offered food, etc. (14-18). This is to be done yearly, and these who do it will go to Viṣṇuloka (19-203).

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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svāpa (स्वाप).—[svap-ghañ]

1) Sleep, sleeping; स्वापहेतुरनुपाश्रितोऽ न्यया रामबाहुरुपधानमेष ते (svāpaheturanupāśrito' nyayā rāmabāhurupadhānameṣa te) Uttararāmacarita 1.37.

2) Dreaming, dream.

3) Sleepiness, sloth.

4) Paralysis, palsy, insensibility.

5) Temporary or partial loss of sensation from pressure on a nerve, numbness.

Derivable forms: svāpaḥ (स्वापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāpa (स्वाप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Sleep, sleeping. 2. Sleepiness, sloth. 3. Paralysis, palsy, loss of sensation. 4. Ignorance. 5. Dreaming, a dream. 6. Temporary and partial palsy from pressure on a nerve, numbness, the sleep of a limb, &c. E. ṣvap to sleep, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāpa (स्वाप).—i. e. svap + a, m. 1. Sleeping, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 24, 7; sleep. 2. Sleepiness. 3. Loss of sensation. 4. The sleep of a limb. 5. Ignorance. 6. Dream.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāpa (स्वाप).—[masculine] sleep, dream.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śvapa (श्वप):—[=śva-pa] [from śva > śvan] m. ‘keeper of d°’, a possessor of d°, [Harivaṃśa]

2) Svāpa (स्वाप):—[from svap] a m. sleeping, sleep, [Suśruta; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] dreaming, a dream, [Prabodha-candrodaya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] sleepiness, sloth, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] the sleep of a limb, numbness, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] loss of sensation, ignorance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) b etc. See p. 1280, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svāpa (स्वाप):—(paḥ) 1. m. Sleep, sleeping; sloth; palsy; ignorance; dream; sleep of a limb.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svāpa (स्वाप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svāpa (ಸ್ವಾಪ):—

1) [noun] sleeping; sleep.

2) [noun] dreaming; a dream.

3) [noun] sleepiness; sloth.

4) [noun] loss of sensation; numbness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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