Dhanishtha, Dhaniṣṭhā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Dhanishtha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dhaniṣṭhā can be transliterated into English as Dhanistha or Dhanishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhanishtha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Dhaniṣṭha (धनिष्ठ):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Dhaniṣṭha-nakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Dhaniṣṭha means “most famous” and is associated with the deity known as Vasu (Gods of elements). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Maṅgala (Mars).

Indian zodiac: |23°20' Makara| – |6°40' Kumbha|
Makara (मकर, “sea-monster”) corresponds with Capricorn and Kumbha (कुम्भ, “pitcher”) corresponds with Aquarius.

Western zodiac: |19°20' Aquarius| – |2°40' Pisces|
Aquarius corresponds with Kumbha (कुम्भ, “pitcher”) and Pisces corresponds with Mīna (मीन, “fish”).

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhanishtha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhaniṣṭhā (धनिष्ठा).—The constellation on the Siṃśumāra1 in the Dhruva maṇḍala; good for śrāddha offering;2 inauspicious for house-building.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 51; 82. 12.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 134; III. 18. 11; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 14. 16.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 257. 1.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhanishtha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Dhaniṣṭhā (धनिष्ठा) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Dhaniṣṭhā is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Wei, Tibetan Mon-gru and modern Delphini.

Dhaniṣṭhā is classified in the second group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the six following constellations (eg., Dhaniṣṭhā), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as the Nāgas. Then there is no more rain, the rivers dry up, the year is bad for grain, the emperor (T’ien tseu) is cruel and the great ministers are unjust”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhanishtha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhaniṣṭhā (धनिष्ठा).—f (S) The twenty-third (or, by another reckoning, the twenty-fourth) nakṣatra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhaniṣṭhā (धनिष्ठा).—f The twenty-third nakṣatra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhanishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhaniṣṭha (धनिष्ठ).—a. Very rich; (Superl. of dhanin or dhanavat).

-ṣṭhā Name of the twenty-third lunar mansion (consisting of four stars).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhaniṣṭhā (धनिष्ठा).—f.

(-ṣṭhā) The twenty-fourth Nakshatra or lunar mansion, it comprises four stars, and is figured by a drum or tabor. E. dhana to produce, (as corn,) affix ac and matup added, dhanavat again, iṣṭhan added, and matup rejected, fem. affix ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhaniṣṭhā (धनिष्ठा).—f. The name of a Nakṣatra or lunar mansion, Mahābhārata 13, 4266.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhaniṣṭha (धनिष्ठ):—[from dhan] mfn. (superl. of √2. dhan) very swift, [Ṛg-veda x, 73, 1]

2) [v.s. ...] ([from] dhana) very rich, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra viii, 20, 4]

3) Dhaniṣṭhā (धनिष्ठा):—[from dhaniṣṭha > dhan] f. sg. and [plural] the more modern Name of the Nakṣatra Śraviṣṭhā or 24th lunar mansion, [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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