Savara, Shavara, Śavara, Śāvara: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Savara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śavara and Śāvara can be transliterated into English as Savara or Shavara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Savar.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Śavara (शवर) is the God associated with Jālandhara, one of the sacred seats (pīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Note: We observe that the Goddess in each seat is a Śavarī and the god a Śavara. The Śavaras are one of a number of tribes who are commonly associated with the deities, major and minor, in many Tantric traditions of this sort, both Śaiva and Buddhist. Implicit in these associations is that these deities [i.e., Śavara], in this case those of the sacred seats, are related to tribal ones.

2) Śavara (शवर) refers to one of the eight Servants (ceṭa-aṣṭaka) associated with Pūrṇagiri or Pūrṇapīṭha (which is located in the northern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—[...] The eight servants: Pulinda, Śavara, Unmatta, Palāśana, Ulūka, Mārīca, Sumatta, Bhayaṃkara.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Sapara. In the Milinda (p.191), Savara is mentioned as a place where people are unable to appreciate the value of red sandal wood. Tradition calls it a city of Candalas. See Milinda Questions, i.267, n.1.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śavara (शवर) or Andhradeśa is the name of a territority mentioned as one of the “low places of birth”, which represents one of the five dreadful things mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “in regard to Buddha’s mundane qualities (laukikaguṇa), no one is able to attain them because he has rooted out dreadful things at their very roots. These dreadful things are: (2) a low place of birth (nīcajāti-sthāna), for example: Chö-p’o-lo (Śavara, note by Kumārajīva: ‘the land of the naked ones’)”.

The Śavara are probably represented by the Saravalu or Saura of the Vizagapatam mountains and the Savari of the Gwalior territory.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Savara refers to one of the vernacular languages and dialects of Southern India.—Savara is the language of the Savaras of Ganjam and Vizagapatam. One of the Munda languages. Concerning the Munda, linguistic family, Mr. Grierson writes as follows. “The denomination Munda (adopted by Max Müller) was not long allowed to stand unchallenged. Sir George Campbell in 1866 proposed to call the family Kolarian. He was of opinion that Kol had an older form Kolar, which he thought to be identical with Kanarese Kallar, thieves. There is absolutely no foundation for this supposition. Moreover, the name Kolarian is objectionable, as seeming to suggest a connexion with Aryan which does not exist. The principal home of the Munda languages at the present day is the Chota Nagpur plateau. The Munda race is much more widely spread than the Munda languages. It has already been remarked that it is identical with the Dravidian race, which forms the bulk of the population of Southern India.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Savara, (Epic Sk. śabara, cp. śabala=P. sabala) an aboriginal tribe, a savage Vin. I, 168; Miln. 191. (Page 700)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

savāra (सवार).—a ( P) Mounted upon or seated in (a horse or other beast, a coach, palanquin, or other vehicle).

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sāvara (सावर).—n f A muscle or a sinew. Generally used plurally; as sāvarēṃ dharatāta -ōḍhatāta -tāṇatāta -tuṭatāta -vaḷatāta, and in the connection and with the indiscriminateness noticed under sāva q. v.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

savāra (सवार).—a Mounted upon or seated in.

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sāvara (सावर).—n f A muscle or a sinew.

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sāvara (सावर).—m Recovery of strength; recruiting of spirits.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śavara (शवर).—1 A mountaineer, barbarian, savage; राजन् गुञ्जाफलानां स्रज इति शबरा नैव हारं हरान्ति (rājan guñjāphalānāṃ sraja iti śabarā naiva hāraṃ harānti) K. P.1.

2) Name of Śiva.

3) The hand.

4) Water.

5) Name of a celebrated commentator and writer on Mīmāṃsā.

-rī 1 A Śabara female.

2) A female Kirāta who was an ardent devotee of Rāma.

Derivable forms: śavaraḥ (शवरः).

See also (synonyms): śabara.

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Śavara (शवर).—See शबर, शबल (śabara, śabala).

See also (synonyms): śavala.

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Śāvara (शावर).—a. (- f.) [शब (śaba)(va)र-अण् (ra-aṇ)]

1) Savage, barbarous.

2) Low, vile, base.

-raḥ 1 An offence, a fault.

2) Sin, wickedness.

3) The tree called Lodhra.

4) Name of a teacher and author of a well-known commentary (śābarabhāṣya) on the Mīmāṃsā-sūtras; see शबर (śabara).

-rī A low form of the Prākṛta dialect (spoken by mountaineers &c.

See also (synonyms): śābara.

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Śāvara (शावर).—See शाबर (śābara).

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Savara (सवर).—

1) Name of Śiva.

2) Water.

Derivable forms: savaraḥ (सवरः).

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Sāvara (सावर).—

1) Fault, offence.

2) Sin, wickedness, crime.

3) The Lodhra tree.

Derivable forms: sāvaraḥ (सावरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Savara (सवर).—(1) m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7785 (Tibetan mchog ldan); no v.l.; also as v.l. for mavaraḥ or maparaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7707 (in earlier part of the same list); (2) nt., a high number (but much smaller than °raḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7785): °ram Mahāvyutpatti 7833 (corresponding in position to Mahāvyutpatti 7707, and rendered in the same way in Tibetan, ban bun, differing thus from Mahāvyutpatti 7785); for this a v.l. mavaram, q.v., is recorded, and it seems quite clear that s- is a graphic error for m-; Mahāvyutpatti 7833 is cited from Gaṇḍavyūha 133.2 which reads maparam, q.v.; in Gaṇḍavyūha 105.20 paramasya (gen.) is obviously another form of the same number, see parama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śavara (शवर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A barbarian, one inhabiting the mountainous districts of India, and wearing the feathers of the peacock, &c. as decorations. 2. Water. 3. A name of Siva. 4. The hand. 5. Name of a learned writer on Mimansa Darshan. E. śava a corpse, to take, affs. ka and ṭāp: or śav-aran .

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Śāvara (शावर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Low, vile. m.

(-raḥ) 1. Fault, offence. 2. Sin, wickedness. 3. The Lod'h-tree, (Symplocos racemosus.) f. (-rī) 1. Cowach, (Carpopogon pruriens.) 2. A sort of Prakrit, that spoken by barbarians. E. śavara a man of low or degraded caste, and aṇ aff.

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Savara (सवर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Water. 2. A name of Siva; more properly śavara, q. v.

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Sāvara (सावर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The Lodh tree. 2. Sin. 3. Fault, offence. E. See śāvara .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śavara (शवर).—m. 1. A barbarian tribe, a Śavara, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 3, 37. 2. f. , A female of that tribe, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 19, 14. 3. Śiva. 4. Water.

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Śāvara (शावर).—i. e. śavara + a, I. adj. Low, vile. Ii. m. 1. Fault. 2. Sin, wickedness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śavara (शवर):—śavala See śab.

2) Śāvara (शावर):—etc. See śābara, p.1065.

3) Savara (सवर):—n. (cf. śabara) = śiva, or salila, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Sāvara (सावर):—1. sāvara mfn. together with the afterbirth, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) 2. sāvara raka. See śābara, p.1065.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śavara (शवर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A barbarian living in the mountains and wearing peacock’s feathers; Shiva; water; the hand; a shāstra.

2) Śāvara (शावर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Fault, offence, sin; lodh tree. f. (ī.) Cowach. a. Low, vile.

3) Savara (सवर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Water; Shiva.

4) Sāvara (सावर):—(raḥ) 1. m. The Lodh tree; sin, offence.

[Sanskrit to German]

Savara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Savāra (सवार) [Also spelled savar]:—(nm) a rider, horseman; person sitting in or on a carriage/vehicle; (a) mounted, riding.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śāvara (ಶಾವರ):—[noun] the tree Symplocos racemosa of Sympolocaceae family; the lodh tree.

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Savāra (ಸವಾರ):—

1) [noun] a man who rides a horse; a horse-rider.

2) [noun] a member of the combat troops of soldiers mounted on horses.

3) [noun] a man who rides on any animal.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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