Chava, Chāva: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Chava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhava.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Upaka Ajivaka.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Chava in India is the name of a plant defined with Dalbergia latifolia in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Amerimnon latifolium Willd. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)
· Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (1823)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1825)
· Boletim Técnico do Instituto Agronômico de Norte (1949)
· Plants of the Coast of Coromandel (1798)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Chava, for example diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

chava : (m.) a corpse. (adj.), low; miserable.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Chava, (Derivation doubtful. Vedic śava) 1. a corpse Vin.II, 115 (°sīsassa patta a bowl made out of a skull). See cpds.—2. (adj.) vile, low, miserable, wretched Vin.II, 112, 188; S.I, 66; M.I, 374; A.II, 57; J.IV, 263.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

chāvā (छावा).—m ( H) A young male elephant. 2 fig. Applied to a handsome man, child, colt, buffalo &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

chāvā (छावा).—m A young male elephant; app. to a handsome child, &c.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Chava (छव).—adj. (also śava, q.v.; Pali chava, homonymous with chava = Sanskrit śava, corpse, and perhaps ultimately the same word, compare Senart, Mahāvastu i.583), base, vile, wretched: śūrāṃ sāhasikāṃ chavāṃ (acc. pl.) Mahāvastu i.278.10; pattrāhāro chavāvāsī Mahāvastu iii.435.22, having a wretched dwelling.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Chāva (छाव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śāva.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Chāvā (छावा):—n. 1. young of elephant; 2. a type of stinging insect;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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