Sambhara, Sāmbharā, Sāmbhara, Shambhara, Sambhāra, Saṃbhāra: 13 definitions

Introduction

Sambhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Sambhāra (सम्भार) or Sambhāraśīla refers to the “meritorious virtue” and represents one of the “three kinds of virtue” (śīla) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 106). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sambhāra). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Sambhāra (सम्भार) refers to “two kinds of requisites” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 117).

  1. puṇya-sambhāra (the requisite of merit),
  2. jñāna-sambhāra (the requisite of knowledge).

India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Sambhara (or, Sāṃbharā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Sambhara (or, Sāṃbhara). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Sambhara), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Sambhara) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Sambhara) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (eg., Sambhara), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sambhāra.—(ML), provision. Note: sambhāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sambhara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sambhāra : (m.) materials; requisite ingredients; accumulation; a heap.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sambhāra, (fr. saṃ+bhṛ) “what is carried together, ” viz. 1. accumulation, product, preparation; sambhāraseda bringing on sweating by artificial means Vin. I, 205.—2. materials, requisite ingredients (of food) Miln. 258; J. I, 481; V, 13, 506; J. I, 9; II, 18; IV, 492; dabba° an effective requisite DhA. I, 321; II, 114; bodhis° the necessary conditions for obtaining enlightening J. I, 1; vimokkhas° ThA. 214.—3. constituent part, element S. IV, 197; DhsA. 306. -4. bringing together, collocation S. I, 135; Miln. 28. (Page 694)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śambhara (शंभर).—m (śambara S) A sort of Elk. See sāmbara.

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śambhara (शंभर).—a (śata S) A hundred. Note. To express hundreds śēṃ is substituted, taking up a numeral prefix; as dōnaśēṃ, tīnaśēṃ, śambhara stands alone to express One hundred, and suffers not the numeral prefix ēka. śaṃ0 buḍyā mārūna āṅga kōraḍēṃ dākhaviṇārā (One who, after a hundred dips, still shows himself dry.) A term for a sharp and subtle knave whose knavery no one can establish. śaṃ0 hātānta yēūṃ na dēṇēṃ (Not to suffer to approach within a hundred cubits.) To keep well off.

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sambhāra (संभार).—m S Materials and implements (as of worship, sacrifice, war &c.) collectively; the apparatus and necessaries (of a business generally). 2 Assemblage, collection, mass, heap, load; a multitude or an aggregate quantity. Ex. jāhālē duṣkṛtīcē saṃ0 ॥. Also in comp. as aśvasambhāra, gajasaṃ- bhāra, sēnāsambhāra, sumanasambhāra. 3 Maintaining, supporting, upholding.

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sāmbhāra (सांभार).—m (sambhāra S) Prepared seasoning, viz. pulse with various spices and condiments well-mixed and dried over a fire. For use it is reduced to powder.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śambhara (शंभर).—a A hundred.

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sambhāra (संभार).—m Materials and implements collectively (as of worship, war &c.). An assemblage, a multitude.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃbhāra (संभार).—

1) Bringing together, collecting; पर्यायसेवामुत्सृज्य पुष्पसंभारतत्पराः (paryāyasevāmutsṛjya puṣpasaṃbhāratatparāḥ) Ku.2.36.

2) Preparation, provisions, necessaries, requisites, apparatus, things requisite for any act; बहूपकरणा यज्ञा नानासंभारविस्तराः (bahūpakaraṇā yajñā nānāsaṃbhāravistarāḥ) Mb.3. 82.14; सविशेषमद्य पूजासंभारो मया संनिधापनीयः (saviśeṣamadya pūjāsaṃbhāro mayā saṃnidhāpanīyaḥ) Māl.5; R. 12.4; V.2.

3) An ingredient, a constituent part.

4) Multitude, heap, quantity, assemblage; as in शस्त्रास्त्रसंभार (śastrāstrasaṃbhāra).

5) Fulness.

6) Wealth, affluence.

7) Maintenance, support.

8) High degree, excess of.

Derivable forms: saṃbhāraḥ (संभारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃbhāra (संभार).—m., equipment (as in Sanskrit); technically, sc. bodhi-saṃ° (compare next, and in Pali Jātaka (Pali) i.1 verse 5 anante bodhisaṃbhāre, not named), or °ro bodhisattvānāṃ Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xviii.38, equipment for (those destined for) enlighten- ment; consists of two things, puṇya and jñāna, according to Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra), Dharmasaṃgraha 117, and Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. vii.80—81; in Lalitavistara 35.12 ff. four are named, each being a dharmāloka- mukha, viz. the above two plus śamatha and vidarśanā. See next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sambhāra (सम्भार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Multitude, number, quantity, heap, assemblage. 2. Maintaining, supporting. 3. Provision, preparation, getting everything ready or complete. 4. Fulness, completion. 5. Apparatus, necessaries, things required for any act or affair. E. sam before bhṛ to maintain, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃbhāra (संभार).—i. e. sam-bhṛ + a, m. 1. Maintaining, supporting. 2. Apparatus, things required for any act or affair, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 11, 13; [Pañcatantra] 157, 22. 3. Provision, getting everything ready. 4. Completion, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 171, 5. 5. Fullness, wealth, [Nala] 26, 24. 6. Multitude, heap, quantity, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 141, 8; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 35; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 273.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śambhara (शम्भर):—[=śam-bhara] [from śam] m. Name of a man (cf. śāmbhara).

2) Śāmbhara (शाम्भर):—m. [patronymic] [from] śambhara, [Pravara texts]

3) n. ([probably]) Name of a lake in Rājputāna (commonly called Sāmbhar, where a kind of fossil salt is found), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) Sambhara (सम्भर):—[=sam-bhara] a etc. See sam-√bhṛ.

5) [=sam-bhara] [from sam-bhṛ] b mfn. one who brings together, a supporter, bestower, [Ṛg-veda]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a district and lake in Rājputāna (the lake commonly called Sambhar, where the salt gaḍa-lavaṇa is found, lies between the Jaipur and Jodhpur states), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Sambhāra (सम्भार):—[=sam-bhāra] [from sam-bhṛ] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) bringing together, collecting (= sam-bhṛti), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] preparation, equipment, provision, necessaries, materials, requisite, collection of things required for any purpose (with Buddhists twofold, viz. 1. puṇya-s, ‘meritorious acts’, and 2. jñāna-s, ‘science’; others add 3. śamatha-s, ‘quietude’, and 4. vidarśana-s, ‘farsightedness’ [Dharmasaṃgraha 117]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

9) [v.s. ...] = -yajus, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] property, wealth, [Mahābhārata]

11) [v.s. ...] fulness, completeness, [ib.]

12) [v.s. ...] multitude, number, quantity, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

13) [v.s. ...] high degree, excess of (love, anger etc.), [Ratnāvalī; Vāsavadattā]

14) [v.s. ...] maintenance, support, nourishment, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) Sāmbhara (साम्भर):—n. ([from] sam-bhara) a kind of salt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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