Bhara, Bhāra: 28 definitions


Bhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhāra (भार) refers to “thickly grown (hair)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.46 (“The arrival of the bridegroom”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] In the meantime the servant-maids in the harem of the mountain took Pārvatī out in order to worship the tutelar family deity. [...] With a gentle smile playing in her face she appeared very beautiful. Her plaited hair was thickly grown (kabarī-bhāra) and looked beautiful. Decorative lines over her body were exquisite. She had the Tilaka with musk and saffron. Gemset necklace shone over her chest. Bracelets and bangles of gems and jewels shone brilliantly. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhāra (भार).—A measure of weight.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 82. 5; 85. 2.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhara (भर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bhara [ভারা] in the Bengali language is the name of a plant identified with Rhizophora mucronata Lam. from the Rhizophoraceae (Burma Mangrove) family. For the possible medicinal usage of bhara, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhāra (भार) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 bhāra equals 96kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhāra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, bhāra indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bhāra (भार):—Indixcating measure 40 tulas are equal to one bhar i. e 96 kg (rounded to 1. 0 quintals) of metric units.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhāra (भार) refers to a “burden”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Aquarius (Kumbha), hill men, men of western countries, carriers [i.e., bhāra-udvaha], robbers, shephards, serpents, worthy men, lions, citizens and the people of Barbara will perish. If when in the sign of Pisces (Mīna), the products of the sea beach and of the sea, man of respectability and of learning and persons that live by water will suffer. Also those provinces will be affected which correspond to particular lunar mansions in which the eclipses happen to occur, as will be explained in the chapter (14) on Kūrmavibhāga”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhara (भर) refers to “weight”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “That, O goddess, is said to be the subtle (form), now listen to the gross one. [...] The great conch (she holds) makes her proud and the beauty of her crown enhances her beauty. (She is) adorned with a garland of severed heads that extends from the soles of the feet up to (her) neck. She drips with the blood that flows (from the heads) and is fatigued by the weight of her (dangling) rocking hair [i.e., lulatkeśa-bhara-alasā]. Very fierce, she destroys (the universe) by licking (it up). She has big teeth and a thin stomach. She has long (dangling) breasts and a large chest. Her furious form is (lean) without flesh. She has six faces and twelve arms and her back is slightly bent”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (vaishnavism)

Bhara (भर) refers to “one’s burden”, according to Vedānta Deśika’s Rahasyatrayasāra.—Accordingly, “Among these [two categories], the ācāryaniṣṭhaṉ is himself included within the Ācārya’s laying down of his burden (bhara-samarpaṇa) with regard to him and his own …. For this ācāryaniṣṭhaṉ, according to the axiom of “how much more, then” (kaumutika nyāya), there can be no doubt as to the attainment of the fruit. Mutaliyāṇṭāṉ [Rāmānuja’s nephew] taught the verse: like those creatures on the body of a lion that leaps from one mountain to another, when Bhāṣyakāra [Rāmānuja] jointly leaps [does prapatti], then, due to our bodily relationship with him [i.e. being related to him due to kinship ties], we too have been elevated [we get the same salvific benefits as he does]”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhāra (भार) refers to the “weight (of the fruit)” (of restraint), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Good conduct is said by one who is honourable [to be like a tree] whose roots are the five great vows, whose foliage is the [mendicant] rule of life which is faultless in a high degree, bent with the weight of the fruit (phala-bhāra-namra) of restraint [of body, mind and speech]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhāra.—(EI 10), a weight equal to 2000 palas. (LP), probably, a load or bundle. Note: bhāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Bhara in India is the name of a plant defined with Rhizophora mucronata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Mangium candelarium Rumphius (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodr. (DC.) (1828)
· Introductio ad Historiam Naturalem (1777)
· Transactions of the Medical and Physical Society of Calcutta (1836)
· Not. Pl. Asiat. (1854)
· Flora de Filipinas, ed. 3 (1877)
· Tabl. Encycl. (1794)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bhara, for example extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhara : (adj.) (in cpds.),supporting. mātāpettibhara = one who supports his parents. || bhāra (m.) a weight; load; burden; charge; task; an affair.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bhāra, (fr. bhṛ, Vedic bhāra; cp. bhara) 1. anything to carry, a load Vin. III, 278 (Bdhgh; dāru° a load of wood). bhāraṃ vahati to carry a load A. I, 84; VvA. 23.—garu° a heavy load, as “adj.” “carrying a heavy load” J. V, 439 (of a woman, =pregnant).—bhāratara (adj. ‹-› compar.) forming a heavier load Miln. 155.—Cp. ati°, sam°.—2. a load, cartload (as measure of quantity) VvA. 12 (saṭṭhi-sakaṭa°-parimāṇa); PvA. 102 (aneka°parimāṇa).—3. (fig.) a difficult thing, a burden or duty, i.e. a charge, business, office, task, affair Vism. 375; J. I, 292; II, 399; IV, 427; VI, 413; DhA. I, 6, 111. Several bhārā or great tasks are mentioned exemplifying the meaning of “gambhīra” & “duddasa” (saccāni) at VbhA. 141, viz. mahā-samuddaṃ manthetvā ojāya nīharaṇaṃ; Sineru-pādato vālikāya uddharaṇaṃ; pabbataṃ pīḷetvā rasassa nīharaṇaṃ.—4. (fig.) in metaphors for the burden of (the factors of renewed) existence (the khandhas and similar agents). Esp. in phrase panna-bhāra “one whose load (or burden) has been laid down,” one who has attained Arahantship M. I, 139; A. III, 84; S. I, 233; Dh. 402 (=ohita-khandha-bhāra DhA. IV, 168); Sn. 626 (same explanation at SnA 467), 914 (explained as patita-bhāra, oropita°, nikkhitta° Nd1 334, where 3 bhāras in this sense are distinguished, viz. khandha°, kilesa°, abhisaṅkhāra°); Th. 1, 1021. So at Vism. 512 with ref. to the ariya-saccāni, viz. bhāro= dukkha-saccaṃ, bhār’ādānaṃ=samuda-saccaṃ, bhāranikkhepanaṃ=nirodha-s. , bhāra-nikkhepan’upāya = magga-s.—On bhāra in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 118.

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Bhara, (adj.) (-°) (fr. bhṛ) “bearing” in act. & pass. meaning, i.e. supporting or being supported; only in cpd. dubbhara hard to support A. V, 159, 161 (v. l. dubhara), and subhara easy to support Th. 1, 926 (trsl. “of frugal ways”). (Page 499)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhara (भर).—m (S) Fullness; the state of greatest abundance or highest excellence; the height, meridian, plenitude, zenith, heyday, flush, flow, spring (of the products of the earth, of youth, health, honors, riches, sports, engagements). 2 Fullness (of purpose, desire, inclination, affection regarding). Ex. pōrācā prāyaḥ khēḷākaḍē jasā bhara asatō tasā vidyēkaḍē asata nāhīṃ. 3 Charge or loading (of a gun). 4 Rut, heat, periodical desire of the male (among animals). 5 Exacerbation. 6 f Loaded or filled state (of a ship or cart): filled up state (as of an embankment or a thick wall): complement, completed state (as of a number or a quantity). 7 f Earth or stones thrown on or in to fill up (as over the roots of a tree; as in the middle of a dam or wall): also complement, a number or a quantity added to complete. 8 It is used in composition and adverbially. It is affixed and prefixed, though with some difference of power. AFFIXED, it signifies Up to; to the whole amount of; fully or wholly; as tōḷābhara sōnēṃ, pāyalībhara dhānya, kōsa- bhara vāṭa, śērabhara, maṇabhara; or as in the class bhayabhara, prītibhara, ānandabhara, sampattibhara; or Throughout or through; as pṛthvībhara, gāṃvabhara, divasabhara, mahinābhara: PREFIXED, it signifies To the uttermost; in the fullest or highest state; to the greatest possible degree; as bharaammala, bharaākāra, bharavairāgya, bharahaṃ- gāma, bharatājīma, bharapīka, bharaōjhēṃ, bharakacērī, bharaama- dānī, bharadaulata, bharakōsa. Thus mūṭhabhara rupayē dilhē He gave a handful of rupees; and bharamūṭha rupayē dilhē He gave a handful closely stuffed and crammed. Some compounds with bhara prefixed occur in order: compounds with bhara affixed, as pōṭabhara, hātabhara, paḷībhara, daūtabhara, answering exactly to Bellyful, handful &c., and being numberless as the occasions for them, do not occur in order. āpalyā bharānēṃ cālaṇēṃ To rush on headlong; to take one's own (reckless) course. bhara karaṇēṃ g. of o. To fill or glut; to surfeit or satisfy to the utter- most. bhara ghālaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ To excite, stimulate, stir up, set on. bhara ghēṇēṃ To take one's fill of. bharīṃ ghālaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ g. of o. To cast into the stream, course, draught, wake of. bharīcā That is applied or required to complete or fill up, complemental, supplemental. 2 That is sufficient to complete or fill up. bharīṃ paḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To fall into or along with; to be carried away or borne along by. See further under bharīsa paḍaṇēṃ. bharīṃ bharaṇēṃ g. of o. To run after or give one's self up to with headlong eagerness and vehemence; to be wholly taken up with. bharīsa paḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To fall to the filling up of; to be consumed, expended, destroyed, in supplying the vacuities or exigencies of (some thing, business, person); to be swallowed up or absorbed in, by, after. Ex. tyācī sarva sampatti rāṇḍāñcē bharīsa paḍalī; tyā rāṇḍēcē bharīsa tū paḍūṃ nakō tī tujhā ghāta karīla; mī bāḷapaṇāpāsūna saṃsārācyā bharīsa paḍalōṃ. Also, transitively, bharīsa ghālaṇēṃ.

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bharā (भरा).—m A corn measure,--one hundred and sixty pāyalī As used in Malwan taluka, it is stated at ten maunds.

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bhāra (भार).—m (S) Gravity. 2 Weight, quantity measured by the balance. 3 A weight, anything used to press down or considered as having weight. Ex. kāgada vāṛyānēṃ uḍatāta tyāñjavara kāṃhīṃ bhāra ṭhēva. 4 Weight in figurative senses (as of an affair or a business, of an obligation or a favor): also a business or a kindness considered as a burden: also importance, influence, consequence, weight. 5 Heaviness (of the head); oppression from cold &c. Ex. āja mājhē mastakāsa bhāra caḍhalā āhē. 6 A rupee's weight. Ex. hī vāṭī pañcavīsa bhāra āhē. 7 In comp. and through an ellipsis. Of the weight of; as paisābhāra lōṇī, ḍhabūbhāra sākhara, vīsa rupayēbhāra gūḷa. 8 A load or burden. Ex. kāṣṭabhāra, tṛṇabhāra, parṇabhāra. 9 The application or address of a mantra. v ṭāka, ghāla, phuṅka, & lāgū hō. 10 A weight, force, or power (as of an arm of war). In comp. as aśvabhāra, kuñjara- bhāra or gajabhāra, daḷabhāra, rathabhāra. 11 (Poetry.) A flock or herd: also a troop, host, or body gen. Ex. vāṭēsi gaḍagaḍatāṃ vyāghra || thōkati jaisē ajācē bhāra ||; and prēmaḷa bhaktāñcē bhāra ||; also gōbhāra, dvija- bhāra, bhṛtyabhāra &c. bhāra grasta, bhārapīḍita, bhārākula, bhārākrānta, bhārānvita, bhārārtta &c. Burdened, lit. fig., oppressed with a load.

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bhārā (भारा).—m (bhāra) A load or bundle (of grass, leaves, sticks &c.), a fagot, a pack. 2 A little bundle as of green grass &c.; a sheaf of corn &c.; a little bunch as of greens or other vegetables.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhara (भर).—m Fulness, the flush of youth, &c. Charge (of a gun). Heat. f Earth, &c. thrown on or in to fill up. Filled up state. Fullness of purpose or inclination. Ex. pōrācā prāyaḥ khēḷākaḍē bhara asatō ad Affixed to nouns: Up to; fully; throughout. Prefixed, it signifies: To the uttermost; to the greatest possible degree. Ex. bhara aṭakāma bhara ōjhēṃ. It sometimes means Densely popu- lated, crowded. Ex.bharagāṃva, bhararastā. bhara karaṇēṃ Fill or glut. bhara ghālaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Excite, stir up. bhara vēṇēṃ Take one's fill of. bharīcā Supplemental. bharī paḍaṇēṃ Fall into or along with. bharīsa paḍaṇēṃ Be wholly taken up with. Be swallowed up or absorb- ed in, by, after.

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bhāra (भार).—m Gravity. Weight. In compounds. Of the weight of; as paisābhāra lōṇī. A burden. Heaviness. A troop. Ex. prēmaḷa bhaktāñcē bhāra. The application or address of a mantra.

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bhārā (भारा).—m A load or bundle, a fagot.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhara (भर).—a. [bhṛ-ap] Bearing, granting, supporting, &c. (at the end of comp.).

-raḥ 1 A burden, load, weight; खुरत्रये भरं कृत्वा (khuratraye bharaṃ kṛtvā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1. 'supporting himself on his three hoofs'; फलभरपरिणामश्यामजम्बू (phalabharapariṇāmaśyāmajambū) &c. Uttararāmacarita 2.2; भरव्यथा (bharavyathā) Mu. 2.18; Kirātārjunīya 11.5.

2) A great number, large quantity, collection, multitude; धत्ते भरं कुसुमपत्रफलावलीनाम् (dhatte bharaṃ kusumapatraphalāvalīnām) Bv.1. 94,54; Śiśupālavadha 9.47.

3) Bulk, mass.

4) Excess; ततो भक्ति- श्रद्धाभरगुरुगृणद्भ्यां गिरिश यत् (tato bhakti- śraddhābharagurugṛṇadbhyāṃ giriśa yat) Sivamahimna 1; निर्व्यूढसौहृद- भरेति गुणोज्ज्वलेति (nirvyūḍhasauhṛda- bhareti guṇojjvaleti) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.17; शोभाभरैः संभृताः (śobhābharaiḥ saṃbhṛtāḥ) Bv.1.13; कोपभरेण (kopabhareṇa) Gītagovinda 3.

5) A particular measure of weight.

6) Theft, taking away.

7) Attacking, a battle (Ved.).

8) A hymn or song of Praise.

9) Pre-eminence, excellence; न खलु वयसा जात्यैवायं स्वकार्यसहो भरः (na khalu vayasā jātyaivāyaṃ svakāryasaho bharaḥ) V.5.18.

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Bhāra (भार).—[bhṛ-ghañ]

1) A load, burden, weight (fig. also); कुचभारानमिता न योषितः (kucabhārānamitā na yoṣitaḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.27; so श्रोणीभार (śroṇībhāra) Meghadūta 84; भारः कायो जीवितं वज्रकीलम् (bhāraḥ kāyo jīvitaṃ vajrakīlam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.37.

2) Brunt, thickest part (as of a battle); N.5.5.

3) Excess, pitch; सा मुक्तकण्ठं व्यसनातिभाराच्चक्रन्द (sā muktakaṇṭhaṃ vyasanātibhārāccakranda) R.14.68.

4) Labour, toil, trouble.

5) A mass, large quantity; विष्वग्- वृत्तिर्जटानां प्रचलति निबिडग्रन्थिबद्धोऽपि भारः (viṣvag- vṛttirjaṭānāṃ pracalati nibiḍagranthibaddho'pi bhāraḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.4. कुच°, जटा° (kuca°, jaṭā°).

6) A particular weight equal to 2 palas of gold; कृतं भारसहस्रस्य शूलं कालायसं महत् (kṛtaṃ bhārasahasrasya śūlaṃ kālāyasaṃ mahat) Rām.6.67.63.

7) A yoke for carrying burdens.

8) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

9) Task imposed on anyone; आनुकूल्येन कार्याणा- मन्तरं संविधीयते । भारं हि रथकारस्य न व्यवस्यन्ति पण्डिताः (ānukūlyena kāryāṇā- mantaraṃ saṃvidhīyate | bhāraṃ hi rathakārasya na vyavasyanti paṇḍitāḥ) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.49.4.

1) A particular manner of beating a drum.

Derivable forms: bhāraḥ (भारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhara (भर).—Adv. n.

(-raṃ) Much, excessive. Noun. m.

(-raḥ) A measure of weight, two thousand Palas. mfn.

(-raḥ-rā or rī-raṃ) Who or what cherishes, upholds, supports, &c. E. bhṛ to cherish, ap aff.; or with ghañ aff. bhāra, q. v.

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Bhāra (भार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A weight of gold, equal to two thousand Palas. 2. A yoke for carrying burden. 3. A name of Vishnu. 4. A weight, a burthen. 5. Excess. 6. Labour, toil, trouble. E. bhṛ to nourish, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhara (भर).—i. e. bhṛ + a, I. m. 1. A load, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 88, 2; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 42; 52; with bhuvas, i. e. a dead mass. 2. With kṛ, To make a load, to support one’s self, [Hitopadeśa] 47, 3. 3. Plenty, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 47. 4. Much, excessive, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 68. 5. A measure of value of two thousand Palas. Ii. adj. Who or what supports.

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Bhāra (भार).—i. e. bhṛ + a, m. 1. Carrying burthens, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 312. 2. Weight, a burthen, [Pañcatantra] 52, 4; figurat., [Pañcatantra] 31, 3 (of government); v. [distich] 4. 3. A great weight, [Pañcatantra] 99, 25. 4. A weight of gold equal to two thousand Palas. 5. A yoke.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhara (भर).—[masculine] bearing, carrying (also [adjective] mostly —°); obtaining, getting, carrying away, theft, fight, battle, burden, load, a cert. weight or measure; mass, quantity, abundance ([instrumental] & [ablative] [adverb]); song, hymn.

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Bhāra (भार).—[masculine] burden, load, quantity, mass, multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhara (भर):—mf(ā)n. (√bhṛ) bearing, carrying, bringing

2) bestowing, granting

3) maintaining, supporting (mostly ifc.; cf. ṛtam-, kulam-, deham-, vājam-bh and [case])

4) m. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of bearing or carrying etc.

5) m. carrying away or what is carried away, gain, prize, booty, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) war, battle, contest, [ib.]

7) a burden, load, weight (also a [particular] measure of weight = bhāra q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc. ([accusative] with √kṛ, to place one’s weight, support one’s self, [Hitopadeśa])

8) m. a large quantity, great number, mass, bulk, multitude, abundance, excess, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (reṇa ind. and rāt ind. in full measure, with all one’s might, [Kādambarī])

9) m. raising the voice, shout or song of praise, [Ṛg-veda]

10) n. [dual number] (with indrasya, or vasiṣṭhasya) Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

11) Bhāra (भार):—m. (√bhṛ) a burden, load, weight, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

12) heavy work, labour, toil, trouble, task imposed on any one ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

13) a large quantity, mass, bulk (often in [compound] with words meaning ‘hair’), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.

14) a [particular] weight (= 20 Tulās = 2000 Palas of gold), [Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra; Suśruta]

15) = bhāra-yaṣṭi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

16) a [particular] manner of beating a drum, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

17) Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhara (भर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Abundance; a measure 2000 Palas. a. Cherishing.

2) Bhāra (भार):—(raḥ) 1. m. A weight of gold 2000 palas; a yoke for carrying a burden; Vishnu.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhara (भर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhara, Bhāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Bhara (भर) [Also spelled bhar]:—(nm) a sub-caste amongst the Hindus, traditionally deemed as untouchable; (a) all, whole, entire; full; in its/fullness, complete; (adv) through, by means of; used as a suffix to denote that which or one who contains or carries:~[pāī] quittance, payment in full; receipt acknowledging payment in full; ~[pūra] full, full to the brim; thorough; fully, complete (ly), thoroughly; plentiful, forceful; ~[peṭa] to the fullest satisfaction, in the fullest measure; to full capacity; ~[saka] see [bharasaka; —pānā] to receive one’s due in full; to be repaid in full (for one’s deeds).

2) Bharā (भरा):—(a) full, in full strength; rich; flourishing; choked with emotion; —[galā] voice choked with emotion; see [bharā huā] (under [bharanā]); -[pūrā] prosperous, thriving, flourishing; of a large size (as [parivāra]); -[bharā] rich, full; fleshy, plump; [bharī āvāja] see -[galā; bharī goda khālī honā] to lose one’s only son; [bharī javānī] prime of youth, blooming youth; [bharī sabhā meṃ] in public, in a public gathering.

3) Bhāra (भार) [Also spelled bhar]:—(nm) load; weight, burden; encumbrance; onus; obligation; responsibility; -[kendra] the centre of gravity; -[kṣamatā] capacity; carrying capacity; ~[jīvī] a porter, carrier; ~[vāha/vāhaka/vāhī] a carrier; porter; —[uṭhānā, kisī kā] to bear the responsibility of, to undertake the responsibility of; —[utaranā] to be rid of an obligation; to fulfil an obligation; -[ḍālanā] to put a responsibility, to cause (somebody) to take up a responsibility; —[honā] to be burdensome.

context information


Discover the meaning of bhara in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bhara (भर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhṛ.

2) Bhara (भर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Smṛ.

3) Bhara (भर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhara.

4) Bhāra (भार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhara (ಭರ):—

1) [noun] bearing or able to bear; carrying or able to carry.

2) [noun] maintaining; supporting; protecting; guarding.

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Bhara (ಭರ):—

1) [noun] the act of bearing or carrying (a burden); an instance of this.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of stealing; theft; larceny.

3) [noun] anything one has to bear or put up with; heavy load; burden.

4) [noun] condition, quality, fact or instance of being responsible; accountability; responsibility.

5) [noun] abundance; plentifulness.

6) [noun] a feeling of intentness, concern or curiosity about something; interest.

7) [noun] an exciting or being excited; agitation; excitement.

8) [noun] the quality of being swift, quick; swiftness; quickness.

9) [noun] great energy or vehemence of emotion, thought or activity; intensity.

10) [noun] an overwhelming, floodlike rush of anything.

11) [noun] (arch.) a measure of weight (equal to twenty tole).

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Bhāra (ಭಾರ):—

1) [noun] the amount or quantity of heaviness or mass; amount a thing weighs; weight.

2) [noun] that which is carried; a load; a burden.

3) [noun] the condition, quality, fact or instance of being responsible; obligation, accountability, dependability, etc.; responsibility.

4) [noun] that which is borne with difficulty; onus.

5) [noun] the quality or state of being important; consequence; significance.

6) [noun] extreme degree of anything; intensity.

7) [noun] the power of persons or things to affect others, seen only in its effects; influence.

8) [noun] something that is done or is to be done by the compulsion of indebtedness; obligation.

9) [noun] a bamboo lath having slings on both sides to carry burden on the shoulder or on the back of the neck.

10) [noun] (arch.) a unit weight equal to twenty tolas.

11) [noun] (arch.) a unit of weight equal to one tola.

12) [noun] ಭಾರ ಒಪ್ಪಿಸು [bhara oppisu] bhāra oppisu to assign the responsibility to; ಭಾರ ಬರು [bhara baru] bhāra baru (dial.) to be possessed (by an evil spirit); ಭಾರ ಹಾಕು [bhara haku] bhara hāku = ಭಾರ ಒಪ್ಪಿಸು [bhara oppisu]; ಭಾರ ಹೊರು [bhara horu] bhāra horu to shoulder the responsbibility.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of bhara in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

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