Bhara, Bhāra: 16 definitions
Bhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Bhāra (भार).—A measure of weight.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 82. 5; 85. 2.
Bhara (भर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.48.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Bhāra (भार) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 bhāra equals 96kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhāra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
A relative overview of weight-units is found below, bhāra indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.
1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Bhāra.—(EI 10), a weight equal to 2000 palas. (LP), probably, a load or bundle. Note: bhāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
bhara : (adj.) (in cpds.),supporting. mātāpettibhara = one who supports his parents. || bhāra (m.) a weight; load; burden; charge; task; an affair.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Bhāra, (fr. bhṛ, Vedic bhāra; cp. bhara) 1. anything to carry, a load Vin. III, 278 (Bdhgh; dāru° a load of wood). bhāraṃ vahati to carry a load A. I, 84; VvA. 23.—garu° a heavy load, as “adj.” “carrying a heavy load” J. V, 439 (of a woman, =pregnant).—bhāratara (adj. ‹-› compar.) forming a heavier load Miln. 155.—Cp. ati°, sam°.—2. a load, cartload (as measure of quantity) VvA. 12 (saṭṭhi-sakaṭa°-parimāṇa); PvA. 102 (aneka°parimāṇa).—3. (fig.) a difficult thing, a burden or duty, i.e. a charge, business, office, task, affair Vism. 375; J. I, 292; II, 399; IV, 427; VI, 413; DhA. I, 6, 111. Several bhārā or great tasks are mentioned exemplifying the meaning of “gambhīra” & “duddasa” (saccāni) at VbhA. 141, viz. mahā-samuddaṃ manthetvā ojāya nīharaṇaṃ; Sineru-pādato vālikāya uddharaṇaṃ; pabbataṃ pīḷetvā rasassa nīharaṇaṃ.—4. (fig.) in metaphors for the burden of (the factors of renewed) existence (the khandhas and similar agents). Esp. in phrase panna-bhāra “one whose load (or burden) has been laid down,” one who has attained Arahantship M. I, 139; A. III, 84; S. I, 233; Dh. 402 (=ohita-khandha-bhāra DhA. IV, 168); Sn. 626 (same explanation at SnA 467), 914 (explained as patita-bhāra, oropita°, nikkhitta° Nd1 334, where 3 bhāras in this sense are distinguished, viz. khandha°, kilesa°, abhisaṅkhāra°); Th. 1, 1021. So at Vism. 512 with ref. to the ariya-saccāni, viz. bhāro= dukkha-saccaṃ, bhār’ādānaṃ=samuda-saccaṃ, bhāranikkhepanaṃ=nirodha-s. , bhāra-nikkhepan’upāya = magga-s.—On bhāra in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 118.
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Bhara, (adj.) (-°) (fr. bhṛ) “bearing” in act. & pass. meaning, i.e. supporting or being supported; only in cpd. dubbhara hard to support A. V, 159, 161 (v. l. dubhara), and subhara easy to support Th. 1, 926 (trsl. “of frugal ways”). (Page 499)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bhara (भर).—m (S) Fullness; the state of greatest abundance or highest excellence; the height, meridian, plenitude, zenith, heyday, flush, flow, spring (of the products of the earth, of youth, health, honors, riches, sports, engagements). 2 Fullness (of purpose, desire, inclination, affection regarding). Ex. pōrācā prāyaḥ khēḷākaḍē jasā bhara asatō tasā vidyēkaḍē asata nāhīṃ. 3 Charge or loading (of a gun). 4 Rut, heat, periodical desire of the male (among animals). 5 Exacerbation. 6 f Loaded or filled state (of a ship or cart): filled up state (as of an embankment or a thick wall): complement, completed state (as of a number or a quantity). 7 f Earth or stones thrown on or in to fill up (as over the roots of a tree; as in the middle of a dam or wall): also complement, a number or a quantity added to complete. 8 It is used in composition and adverbially. It is affixed and prefixed, though with some difference of power. AFFIXED, it signifies Up to; to the whole amount of; fully or wholly; as tōḷābhara sōnēṃ, pāyalībhara dhānya, kōsa- bhara vāṭa, śērabhara, maṇabhara; or as in the class bhayabhara, prītibhara, ānandabhara, sampattibhara; or Throughout or through; as pṛthvībhara, gāṃvabhara, divasabhara, mahinābhara: PREFIXED, it signifies To the uttermost; in the fullest or highest state; to the greatest possible degree; as bharaammala, bharaākāra, bharavairāgya, bharahaṃ- gāma, bharatājīma, bharapīka, bharaōjhēṃ, bharakacērī, bharaama- dānī, bharadaulata, bharakōsa. Thus mūṭhabhara rupayē dilhē He gave a handful of rupees; and bharamūṭha rupayē dilhē He gave a handful closely stuffed and crammed. Some compounds with bhara prefixed occur in order: compounds with bhara affixed, as pōṭabhara, hātabhara, paḷībhara, daūtabhara, answering exactly to Bellyful, handful &c., and being numberless as the occasions for them, do not occur in order. āpalyā bharānēṃ cālaṇēṃ To rush on headlong; to take one's own (reckless) course. bhara karaṇēṃ g. of o. To fill or glut; to surfeit or satisfy to the utter- most. bhara ghālaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ To excite, stimulate, stir up, set on. bhara ghēṇēṃ To take one's fill of. bharīṃ ghālaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ g. of o. To cast into the stream, course, draught, wake of. bharīcā That is applied or required to complete or fill up, complemental, supplemental. 2 That is sufficient to complete or fill up. bharīṃ paḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To fall into or along with; to be carried away or borne along by. See further under bharīsa paḍaṇēṃ. bharīṃ bharaṇēṃ g. of o. To run after or give one's self up to with headlong eagerness and vehemence; to be wholly taken up with. bharīsa paḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To fall to the filling up of; to be consumed, expended, destroyed, in supplying the vacuities or exigencies of (some thing, business, person); to be swallowed up or absorbed in, by, after. Ex. tyācī sarva sampatti rāṇḍāñcē bharīsa paḍalī; tyā rāṇḍēcē bharīsa tū paḍūṃ nakō tī tujhā ghāta karīla; mī bāḷapaṇāpāsūna saṃsārācyā bharīsa paḍalōṃ. Also, transitively, bharīsa ghālaṇēṃ.
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bharā (भरा).—m A corn measure,--one hundred and sixty pāyalī As used in Malwan taluka, it is stated at ten maunds.
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bhāra (भार).—m (S) Gravity. 2 Weight, quantity measured by the balance. 3 A weight, anything used to press down or considered as having weight. Ex. kāgada vāṛyānēṃ uḍatāta tyāñjavara kāṃhīṃ bhāra ṭhēva. 4 Weight in figurative senses (as of an affair or a business, of an obligation or a favor): also a business or a kindness considered as a burden: also importance, influence, consequence, weight. 5 Heaviness (of the head); oppression from cold &c. Ex. āja mājhē mastakāsa bhāra caḍhalā āhē. 6 A rupee's weight. Ex. hī vāṭī pañcavīsa bhāra āhē. 7 In comp. and through an ellipsis. Of the weight of; as paisābhāra lōṇī, ḍhabūbhāra sākhara, vīsa rupayēbhāra gūḷa. 8 A load or burden. Ex. kāṣṭabhāra, tṛṇabhāra, parṇabhāra. 9 The application or address of a mantra. v ṭāka, ghāla, phuṅka, & lāgū hō. 10 A weight, force, or power (as of an arm of war). In comp. as aśvabhāra, kuñjara- bhāra or gajabhāra, daḷabhāra, rathabhāra. 11 (Poetry.) A flock or herd: also a troop, host, or body gen. Ex. vāṭēsi gaḍagaḍatāṃ vyāghra || thōkati jaisē ajācē bhāra ||; and prēmaḷa bhaktāñcē bhāra ||; also gōbhāra, dvija- bhāra, bhṛtyabhāra &c. bhāra grasta, bhārapīḍita, bhārākula, bhārākrānta, bhārānvita, bhārārtta &c. Burdened, lit. fig., oppressed with a load.
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bhārā (भारा).—m (bhāra) A load or bundle (of grass, leaves, sticks &c.), a fagot, a pack. 2 A little bundle as of green grass &c.; a sheaf of corn &c.; a little bunch as of greens or other vegetables.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
bhara (भर).—m Fulness, the flush of youth, &c. Charge (of a gun). Heat. f Earth, &c. thrown on or in to fill up. Filled up state. Fullness of purpose or inclination. Ex. pōrācā prāyaḥ khēḷākaḍē bhara asatō ad Affixed to nouns: Up to; fully; throughout. Prefixed, it signifies: To the uttermost; to the greatest possible degree. Ex. bhara aṭakāma bhara ōjhēṃ. It sometimes means Densely popu- lated, crowded. Ex.bharagāṃva, bhararastā. bhara karaṇēṃ Fill or glut. bhara ghālaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Excite, stir up. bhara vēṇēṃ Take one's fill of. bharīcā Supplemental. bharī paḍaṇēṃ Fall into or along with. bharīsa paḍaṇēṃ Be wholly taken up with. Be swallowed up or absorb- ed in, by, after.
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bhāra (भार).—m Gravity. Weight. In compounds. Of the weight of; as paisābhāra lōṇī. A burden. Heaviness. A troop. Ex. prēmaḷa bhaktāñcē bhāra. The application or address of a mantra.
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bhārā (भारा).—m A load or bundle, a fagot.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bhara (भर).—a. [bhṛ-ap] Bearing, granting, supporting, &c. (at the end of comp.).
-raḥ 1 A burden, load, weight; खुरत्रये भरं कृत्वा (khuratraye bharaṃ kṛtvā) Pt.1. 'supporting himself on his three hoofs'; फलभरपरिणामश्यामजम्बू (phalabharapariṇāmaśyāmajambū) &c. U.2.2; भरव्यथा (bharavyathā) Mu. 2.18; Ki.11.5.
2) A great number, large quantity, collection, multitude; धत्ते भरं कुसुमपत्रफलावलीनाम् (dhatte bharaṃ kusumapatraphalāvalīnām) Bv.1. 94,54; Śi.9.47.
3) Bulk, mass.
4) Excess; ततो भक्ति- श्रद्धाभरगुरुगृणद्भ्यां गिरिश यत् (tato bhakti- śraddhābharagurugṛṇadbhyāṃ giriśa yat) Sivamahimna 1; निर्व्यूढसौहृद- भरेति गुणोज्ज्वलेति (nirvyūḍhasauhṛda- bhareti guṇojjvaleti) Māl.6.17; शोभाभरैः संभृताः (śobhābharaiḥ saṃbhṛtāḥ) Bv.1.13; कोपभरेण (kopabhareṇa) Gīt.3.
5) A particular measure of weight.
6) Theft, taking away.
7) Attacking, a battle (Ved.).
8) A hymn or song of Praise.
9) Pre-eminence, excellence; न खलु वयसा जात्यैवायं स्वकार्यसहो भरः (na khalu vayasā jātyaivāyaṃ svakāryasaho bharaḥ) V.5.18.
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1) A load, burden, weight (fig. also); कुचभारानमिता न योषितः (kucabhārānamitā na yoṣitaḥ) Bh.3.27; so श्रोणीभार (śroṇībhāra) Me.84; भारः कायो जीवितं वज्रकीलम् (bhāraḥ kāyo jīvitaṃ vajrakīlam) Māl.9.37.
2) Brunt, thickest part (as of a battle); N.5.5.
3) Excess, pitch; सा मुक्तकण्ठं व्यसनातिभाराच्चक्रन्द (sā muktakaṇṭhaṃ vyasanātibhārāccakranda) R.14.68.
4) Labour, toil, trouble.
5) A mass, large quantity; विष्वग्- वृत्तिर्जटानां प्रचलति निबिडग्रन्थिबद्धोऽपि भारः (viṣvag- vṛttirjaṭānāṃ pracalati nibiḍagranthibaddho'pi bhāraḥ) Māl.5.4. कुच°, जटा° (kuca°, jaṭā°).
6) A particular weight equal to 2 palas of gold; कृतं भारसहस्रस्य शूलं कालायसं महत् (kṛtaṃ bhārasahasrasya śūlaṃ kālāyasaṃ mahat) Rām.6.67.63.
7) A yoke for carrying burdens.
8) An epithet of Viṣṇu.
9) Task imposed on anyone; आनुकूल्येन कार्याणा- मन्तरं संविधीयते । भारं हि रथकारस्य न व्यवस्यन्ति पण्डिताः (ānukūlyena kāryāṇā- mantaraṃ saṃvidhīyate | bhāraṃ hi rathakārasya na vyavasyanti paṇḍitāḥ) || Mb.4.49.4.
1) A particular manner of beating a drum.
Derivable forms: bhāraḥ (भारः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhara (भर).—Adv. n.
(-raṃ) Much, excessive. Noun. m.
(-raḥ) A measure of weight, two thousand Palas. mfn.
(-raḥ-rā or rī-raṃ) Who or what cherishes, upholds, supports, &c. E. bhṛ to cherish, ap aff.; or with ghañ aff. bhāra, q. v.
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(-raḥ) 1. A weight of gold, equal to two thousand Palas. 2. A yoke for carrying burden. 3. A name of Vishnu. 4. A weight, a burthen. 5. Excess. 6. Labour, toil, trouble. E. bhṛ to nourish, aff. ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhara (भर).—i. e. bhṛ + a, I. m. 1. A load, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 88, 2; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 42; 52; with bhuvas, i. e. a dead mass. 2. With kṛ, To make a load, to support one’s self, [Hitopadeśa] 47, 3. 3. Plenty, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 47. 4. Much, excessive, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 68. 5. A measure of value of two thousand Palas. Ii. adj. Who or what supports.
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Bhāra (भार).—i. e. bhṛ + a, m. 1. Carrying burthens, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 312. 2. Weight, a burthen, [Pañcatantra] 52, 4; figurat., [Pañcatantra] 31, 3 (of government); v. [distich] 4. 3. A great weight, [Pañcatantra] 99, 25. 4. A weight of gold equal to two thousand Palas. 5. A yoke.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhara (भर).—[masculine] bearing, carrying (also [adjective] mostly —°); obtaining, getting, carrying away, theft, fight, battle, burden, load, a cert. weight or measure; mass, quantity, abundance ([instrumental] & [ablative] [adverb]); song, hymn.
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Bhāra (भार).—[masculine] burden, load, quantity, mass, multitude.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bhara (भर):—mf(ā)n. (√bhṛ) bearing, carrying, bringing
2) bestowing, granting
3) maintaining, supporting (mostly ifc.; cf. ṛtam-, kulam-, deham-, vājam-bh and [case])
4) m. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of bearing or carrying etc.
5) m. carrying away or what is carried away, gain, prize, booty, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]
6) war, battle, contest, [ib.]
7) a burden, load, weight (also a [particular] measure of weight = bhāra q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc. ([accusative] with √kṛ, to place one’s weight, support one’s self, [Hitopadeśa])
8) m. a large quantity, great number, mass, bulk, multitude, abundance, excess, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. (reṇa ind. and rāt ind. in full measure, with all one’s might, [Kādambarī])
9) m. raising the voice, shout or song of praise, [Ṛg-veda]
10) n. [dual number] (with indrasya, or vasiṣṭhasya) Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]
11) Bhāra (भार):—m. (√bhṛ) a burden, load, weight, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
12) heavy work, labour, toil, trouble, task imposed on any one ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
13) a large quantity, mass, bulk (often in [compound] with words meaning ‘hair’), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature] etc.
14) a [particular] weight (= 20 Tulās = 2000 Palas of gold), [Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra; Suśruta]
15) = bhāra-yaṣṭi, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]
16) a [particular] manner of beating a drum, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]
17) Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
18) of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+330): Bhara Sutta, Bhara Vagga, Bhara-jambhula, Bhara-Kana-Kana-Kara-Dina-Dini-Dishi, Bharaagali, Bharaamali, Bharabadali, Bharabhakkama, Bharabhara, Bharabharanem, Bharabharata, Bharabharin, Bharabharita, Bharabhrit, Bharabhuta, Bharabhuteshvara, Bharabhuti, Bharabhutitirtha, Bharacakka, Bharacandi.
Ends with (+216): Abhara, Abhibhara, Akshabhara, Alpasambhara, Amsabhara, Amsebhara, Anagondi-karabhara, Andhala-karabhara, Angabhara, Angasambhara, Angushthaparvabhara, Anikshiptabhara, Anirbhara, Annabhara, Antarabhara, Apabbhara, Apabhara, Apahritabhara, Apragbhara, Arhabhara.
Full-text (+619): Jarabhara, Bharas, Bharahara, Atibhara, Bharin, Pancabhara, Vishvambharaputra, Vishvambharabhuj, Bharakranta, Bharavaha, Aikshubharika, Amsabhara, Bharavatarana, Bharayashti, Bharoddharana, Praptabhara, Bharasaha, Samaropitabhara, Bharavahana, Bharebhata.
Search found 40 books and stories containing Bhara, Bhāra, Bharā, Bhārā; (plurals include: Bharas, Bhāras, Bharās, Bhārās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 31 - The Superintendent of Elephants < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 19 - The Superintendent of Weights and Measures < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Chapter 29 - The Superintendent of Cows < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 21 - The greatness of Puṣkara and some important vows < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 4 - The Importance of Fasting on the Jayantī Day < [Section 4 - Brahma-khaṇḍa (Section on Brahman)]
Chapter 249 - Kṛṣṇa’s other Marriages < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.240 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.1.146 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 3.4.71 < [Part 4 - Parenthood (vātsalya-rasa)]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.2.103-105 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.3.113 < [Chapter 3 - Bhajana (loving service)]
Verse 2.4.31 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 21 - The Glory of Lakṣmītīrtha: Dharmaputra Obtains Unlimited Wealth < [Section 1 - Setu-māhātmya]
Chapter 48 - Cessation of Great Sins Incurred by King Śaṅkara < [Section 1 - Setu-māhātmya]
Chapter 26 - The Greatness of Gaṅgā, Yamunā and Gayā < [Section 1 - Setu-māhātmya]