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Pani, aka: Paṇi, Pāṇi, Pānī; 6 Definition(s)


Pani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1a) Paṇi (पणि).—A priest in a Kāli temple; the reference is to the Paṇi of the Vṛṣala chief.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 9. 15-16.

1b) A Dānava group of Rasātala.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 30.

1c) Of Galava gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.

2) Pānī (पानी).—A R. of the Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 42.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pāṇi (पाणि).—The Pāṇis relating to songs and playing of instruments, are of three kinds: Samapāṇi, Avapāṇi and Uparipāṇi. The playing of instruments which is simultaneous with the start of Laya is called the Samapāṇi.

Source: archive.org: Natya ShastraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism


pāṇi : (m.) the hand; the palm. || pāṇī (m.) a living being.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṇi, (Vedic pāṇi, cp. Av. p∂r∂nā hand, with n-suffix, where we find m-suffix in Gr. palάmh, Lat. palma, Oir lām, Ohg. folma=Ags. folm) the hand Vin. III, 14 (pāṇinā paripuñchati); M. I, 78 (pāṇinā parimajjati); S. I, 178, 194; Sn. 713; Dh. 124; J. I, 126 (°ṃ paharati); PugA 249 (id.); PvA. 56; Sdhp. 147, 238. As adj. (-°) “handed, ” with a hand, e.g. alla° with clean hand Pv. II, 99; payata° with outstretched hand, open-handed, liberal S. V, 351; A. III, 287; IV, 266 sq.; V, 331.

—tala the palm of the hand D. II, 17. —bhāga handshare, division by hands VvA. 96. —matta of the size of a hand, a handful PvA. 70, 116, 119. —ssara hand sound, hand music, a cert. kind of musical instrument D. I, 6; III, 183; DA. I, 84 (cp. Dial I. 8), 231; J. V, 390, 506; cp. BSk. pāṇisvara MVastu II. 52. Also adj. one who plays this instrument J. VI, 276; cp. BSk. pāṇisvarika MVastu III, 113. (Page 451)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

India history and geogprahy

Panis = Phoenicians: Panis, the sea-farer businessmen of Gandhara and Baluchistan, migrated to Phoenicia after a quarrel with Persians as recorded by Herodotus. Most probably, Panis controlled the port cities of Sutkagen Dor and Sotka Koh on the Makran coast of Baluchistan. The massive tsunami of 3126 BCE that submerged the entire city of Dwarka might have caused massive damage to these cities. Though these two archaeological cities found inland at present but these sites were the centers of sea trade and may have been located on the coast of Erythrean Sea or Arabian Sea.

Source: academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria
context information

The history and geography of India includes names of areas, cities, countries and other regions of India, as well as historical dynasties, rulers, tribes and various local traditions, languages and festivals. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom but primarely encourages the path of Dharma, incorporated into religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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