Pani, aka: Paṇi, Pāṇi, Pānī; 13 Definition(s)


Pani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Paṇi (पणि).—A tribe which opposed the Aryans during the time of Ṛgveda. Yāska’s Nirukta states that their profession was trade and commerce.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Paṇi (पणि).—A priest in a Kāli temple; the reference is to the Paṇi of the Vṛṣala chief.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 9. 15-16.

1b) A Dānava group of Rasātala.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 30.

1c) Of Galava gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.

2) Pānī (पानी).—A river of the Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 42.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

2) Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to a set of three rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.

The following are the three pāṇis:

  1. Sama-pāṇi,
  2. Ava-pāṇi, Avara-pāṇi or Ardha-pāṇi,
  3. Upari-pāṇi.

The Pāṇis relating to songs and playing of instruments. The playing of instruments which is simultaneous with the start of Laya is called the Samapāṇi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Panis = Phoenicians: Panis, the sea-farer businessmen of Gandhara and Baluchistan, migrated to Phoenicia after a quarrel with Persians as recorded by Herodotus. Most probably, Panis controlled the port cities of Sutkagen Dor and Sotka Koh on the Makran coast of Baluchistan. The massive tsunami of 3126 BCE that submerged the entire city of Dwarka might have caused massive damage to these cities. Though these two archaeological cities found inland at present but these sites were the centers of sea trade and may have been located on the coast of Erythrean Sea or Arabian Sea.

Source: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

Pani refers to the “drum”, beaten with the hand, and represents one of the four privileges of a Marayan according to a proverb. The Marayans are summed up, in the Madras Census Report, 1901, as being “temple servants and drummers in Malabar”.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Pāṇi.—same as suvarṇa (q. v.). Note: pāṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pāṇi.—same as suvarṇa (q. v.). Note: pāṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

pāṇi : (m.) the hand; the palm. || pāṇī (m.) a living being.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṇi, (Vedic pāṇi, cp. Av. p∂r∂nā hand, with n-suffix, where we find m-suffix in Gr. palάmh, Lat. palma, Oir lām, Ohg. folma=Ags. folm) the hand Vin. III, 14 (pāṇinā paripuñchati); M. I, 78 (pāṇinā parimajjati); S. I, 178, 194; Sn. 713; Dh. 124; J. I, 126 (°ṃ paharati); PugA 249 (id.); PvA. 56; Sdhp. 147, 238. As adj. (-°) “handed, ” with a hand, e.g. alla° with clean hand Pv. II, 99; payata° with outstretched hand, open-handed, liberal S. V, 351; A. III, 287; IV, 266 sq.; V, 331.

—tala the palm of the hand D. II, 17. —bhāga handshare, division by hands VvA. 96. —matta of the size of a hand, a handful PvA. 70, 116, 119. —ssara hand sound, hand music, a cert. kind of musical instrument D. I, 6; III, 183; DA. I, 84 (cp. Dial I. 8), 231; J. V, 390, 506; cp. BSk. pāṇisvara MVastu II. 52. Also adj. one who plays this instrument J. VI, 276; cp. BSk. pāṇisvarika MVastu III, 113. (Page 451)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

pāṇi (पाणि).—m S The hand. 2 In comp. Bearing in the hand. Ex. daṇḍapāṇi, vajrapāṇi, śūlapāṇi, vētrapāṇi.

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pāṇī (पाणी).—n (pānīya S) Water. 2 Rain. 3 Temper (of metals). 4 Spirit, pluck, mettle. 5 Lustre (as of pearls, diamonds &c.), water: also sprightliness or energy of look; expression of the countenance. 6 A wash of gold or silver, a gilding or a plating. 7 Edge, keenness, whetted state (of a weapon or tool). v dē, pāja. 8 Honor or reputation. v jā, utara, caḍha. 9 (with rāga or gāṇēṃ &c., as rāgācēṃ or gāṇyācēṃ pāṇī) Tameness, spiritlessness, vapid or jejune quality (of singing &c.) 10 Used much in comp. in the form pāṇa. See numerous examples above.

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pānī (पानी).—a S That drinks. In comp. as madyapānī, kṣīrapānī, amṛtapānī.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāṇi (पाणि).—m The hand.

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pāṇī (पाणी).—n Water. Rain. Temper (of metals). Spirit, mettle. Lustre (as of pearls, diamonds &c.), water. Spright- liness of look. A wash of gold or silver, a gilding or a plating. Edge, keenness. aṅgācēṃ or raktācēṃ pāṇī (karaṇēṃ-hōṇēṃ &c.) To undergo much toil or suffer- ing. Ex. raktācēṃ pāṇī āṇi hāḍāñcā maṇī. ānta pāṇī śiraṇēṃ (rōjagārānta-vyavahārānta-kāmānta &c.) To be under deterioration, di- minution, dilution, falling off &c. unhā pāṇyānēṃ ghara jāḷaṇēṃ or jaḷaṇēṃ To ruin through false accusation. khōla pāṇyānta śiraṇēṃ To dive into mysterious things; also to get out of one's depth. tāpalyā pāṇyāsa cava yēta nāhīṃ Friendship once broken never recovers its sweetness. pāṇī ōḷakhaṇēṃ To discover the virtue, or capability of. pāṇī karaṇēṃ To exhaust, knock up (through overworking &c.): to spoil utterly. pāṇī kēṃsa tōḍatēṃ The water splits a hair. Used of a rapid current. pāṇī ghālaṇēṃ (To throw water on.) To destroy, extinguish. Ex. hyānēṃ āpalyā hātānēṃ āpalyā rōjagārāvara pāṇīṃ ghātalēṃ. To water figuratively; i. e. to feed, support pāṇī ōtaṇēṃ or sōḍaṇēṃ To relinquish, resign. pāṇī chāṭaṇēṃ To cut or divide the water- a swimmer or a vessel. pāṇī jōkhaṇēṃ To try the mettle of. pāṇī dēkhīla na ghōṭaṇēṃ To be in the last extremity. pāṇī dēṇēṃ To give a temper (to iron &c.). pāṇīṃ paḍaṇēṃ (as pōṭāvara-rōjagārāvara-saṃsārāvara) To suffer damping, decline, damage &c. pāṇī pājaṇēṃ To beat to death. To out- wit, outdo. pāṇī pāṇī karaṇēṃ To cry out for water. To spend, exhaust (a per- son or an animal) through overwork- ing &c. pāṇī pī piūna bhāṇḍaṇēṃ or vāda karaṇēṃ To quarrel, argue &c. vehemently and persistingly. pāṇī bharaṇēṃ-vāhāṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ (kōṇācyā gharīṃ) To fag and drudge (in a person's house). pāṇī māgūṃ na dēṇēṃ To kill outright; to allow no time to cry out for water. pāṇī māraṇēṃ To divide the water-as a swimmer. pāṇī lāgaṇēṃ To receive influences from, to be affect- ed by, the disposition or qualities of. pāṇyācā kāṇṭā mōḍaṇēṃ To take off the chill of water. pāṇyācī gāra gōṭhaṇēṃ Expresses the freezing of water. pāṇyānta kāṭhī māralī tara pāṇī dōna jāgā kāṃ hōtēṃ? or dāṇḍyānēṃ pāṇī tōḍalēṃ mhaṇūna nirāḷēṃ hōta nāhīṃ Said of sterling friendship; not to be broken up even by a quarrel. pāṇyānta ghāma yēṇē To be in a furious passion; to be ex- ceedingly passionate. pāṇyānta ghālaṇēṃ To cast to the dogs; to destroy, ruin. Ex. saṃsāra pāṇyānta ghātalā. pāṇyānta pāhaṇēṃ or (disaṇēṃ) To hate intensely. pāṇyāpēkṣā pātaḷa karaṇēṃ To bring very low by dishonouring

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṇi (पणि).—f. A market. -m.

1) A miser, niggard.

2) An impious man, a thief (appearing as a Purohita); Bhāg. 5.9.15.

3) A bargainer; धरां रजःस्वभावेन पणयो ये च ताननु (dharāṃ rajaḥsvabhāvena paṇayo ye ca tānanu) Bhāg.3.6.28.

3) Name of a class of demons.

Derivable forms: paṇiḥ (पणिः).

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Pāṇi (पाणि).—[paṇ-iṇ āyābhāvaḥ, cf. Uṇ.4.132]

1) The hand; दानेन पाणिर्न तु कङ्कणेन (dānena pāṇirna tu kaṅkaṇena) (vibhāti) Bh.2.71; often at the end of comp. in the sense of 'carrying in the hand'; as चक्र°, खड्ग° (cakra°, khaḍga°) &c.; पाणिं ग्रह् (pāṇiṃ grah) or पीड् (pīḍ) 'to take the hand of, lead to the altar, marry'. पाणौ कृ (pāṇau kṛ) to hold by the hand, marry; पाणौकरणम् (pāṇaukaraṇam)' 'marriage'.

2) Ved. A hoof.

-ṇiḥ f. A market.

Derivable forms: pāṇiḥ (पाणिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāṇi (पाणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) The hand. f.

(-ṇiḥ) A place of sale, a shop, a market. E. paṇ to be of price, &c. Unadi aff. iṇ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 391 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Daṇḍapāṇi (दण्डपाणि).—n. of a Śākya, father of Gopā, q.v.: LV 140.9 ff.; 153.20 ff.; 157.3; Suv...
Vajrapāṇi (वज्रपाणि).—m. (-ṇiḥ) Indra. E. vajra the bolt, pāṇi the hand: see vajradhara .
Pāṇigrāha (पाणिग्राह).—m. (-haḥ) 1. Laying hold of the hand. 2. Marriage. E. pāṇi, and grāha ta...
Sudhāpāṇi (सुधापाणि).—m. (-ṇiḥ) The divine physician, Dhanwantari. E. sudhā nectar, pāṇi hand, ...
Pāṇitala (पाणितल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. The palm of the hand. 2. A measure of two Tolas. E. pāṇi, and t...
Riktapāṇi (रिक्तपाणि).—a. empty-handed, bringing no present (of flowers &c.); रिक्तपाणिर्न पश्य...
Śastrapāṇi (शस्त्रपाणि).—a. bearing arms, armed. (-m.) an armed warrior. Śastrapāṇi is a Sanskr...
Cakrapāṇi (चक्रपाणि).—an epithet of Viṣṇu; Bg.11.49. Derivable forms: cakrapāṇiḥ (चक्रपाणिः).Ca...
Śūlapāṇi (शूलपाणि) refers to one of the eight names of Śiva (śivanāma) and is mentioned in the ...
Pāṇipīḍana (पाणिपीडन).—n. (-naṃ) Marriage. E. pāṇi the hand, pīḍana paining, taking: see pāṇigr...
Dhanuṣpāṇi (धनुष्पाणि).—mfn. (-ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ-ṇi) Armed with a bow. m. (-ṇiḥ) An archer. E. dhanus, an...
Pāṇigrahaṇa (पाणिग्रहण).—n. (ṇaṃ) 1. Marriage. 2. Laying hold of the hand. E. pāṇi the hand, an...
Pāṇiruh (पाणिरुह्).—m. (-ruṭ) A finger-nail. E. pāṇi, and ruh to grow, kvip aff.
Agrapaṇī (अग्रपणी).—f. (-rṇī) A plant, Cowhage, (Carpopogon pruriens.) E. agra, parṇa leaf.--- ...
Pāṇigṛhītī (पाणिगृहीती).—f. (-tī) A bride, one wedded according to the ritual. E. pāṇi the hand...

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