Pani, aka: Paṇi, Pāṇi, Pānī; 8 Definition(s)


Pani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1a) Paṇi (पणि).—A priest in a Kāli temple; the reference is to the Paṇi of the Vṛṣala chief.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 9. 15-16.

1b) A Dānava group of Rasātala.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 30.

1c) Of Galava gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.

2) Pānī (पानी).—A R. of the Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 42.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pāṇi (पाणि).—The Pāṇis relating to songs and playing of instruments, are of three kinds: Samapāṇi, Avapāṇi and Uparipāṇi. The playing of instruments which is simultaneous with the start of Laya is called the Samapāṇi.

(Source): Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism


pāṇi : (m.) the hand; the palm. || pāṇī (m.) a living being.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṇi, (Vedic pāṇi, cp. Av. p∂r∂nā hand, with n-suffix, where we find m-suffix in Gr. palάmh, Lat. palma, Oir lām, Ohg. folma=Ags. folm) the hand Vin. III, 14 (pāṇinā paripuñchati); M. I, 78 (pāṇinā parimajjati); S. I, 178, 194; Sn. 713; Dh. 124; J. I, 126 (°ṃ paharati); PugA 249 (id.); PvA. 56; Sdhp. 147, 238. As adj. (-°) “handed, ” with a hand, e.g. alla° with clean hand Pv. II, 99; payata° with outstretched hand, open-handed, liberal S. V, 351; A. III, 287; IV, 266 sq.; V, 331.

—tala the palm of the hand D. II, 17. —bhāga handshare, division by hands VvA. 96. —matta of the size of a hand, a handful PvA. 70, 116, 119. —ssara hand sound, hand music, a cert. kind of musical instrument D. I, 6; III, 183; DA. I, 84 (cp. Dial I. 8), 231; J. V, 390, 506; cp. BSk. pāṇisvara MVastu II. 52. Also adj. one who plays this instrument J. VI, 276; cp. BSk. pāṇisvarika MVastu III, 113. (Page 451)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

India history and geogprahy

Panis = Phoenicians: Panis, the sea-farer businessmen of Gandhara and Baluchistan, migrated to Phoenicia after a quarrel with Persians as recorded by Herodotus. Most probably, Panis controlled the port cities of Sutkagen Dor and Sotka Koh on the Makran coast of Baluchistan. The massive tsunami of 3126 BCE that submerged the entire city of Dwarka might have caused massive damage to these cities. Though these two archaeological cities found inland at present but these sites were the centers of sea trade and may have been located on the coast of Erythrean Sea or Arabian Sea.

(Source): The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

pāṇi (पाणि).—m S The hand. 2 In comp. Bearing in the hand. Ex. daṇḍapāṇi, vajrapāṇi, śūlapāṇi, vētrapāṇi.

--- OR ---

pāṇī (पाणी).—n (pānīya S) Water. 2 Rain. 3 Temper (of metals). 4 Spirit, pluck, mettle. 5 Lustre (as of pearls, diamonds &c.), water: also sprightliness or energy of look; expression of the countenance. 6 A wash of gold or silver, a gilding or a plating. 7 Edge, keenness, whetted state (of a weapon or tool). v dē, pāja. 8 Honor or reputation. v jā, utara, caḍha. 9 (with rāga or gāṇēṃ &c., as rāgācēṃ or gāṇyācēṃ pāṇī) Tameness, spiritlessness, vapid or jejune quality (of singing &c.) 10 Used much in comp. in the form pāṇa. See numerous examples above.

--- OR ---

pānī (पानी).—a S That drinks. In comp. as madyapānī, kṣīrapānī, amṛtapānī.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāṇi (पाणि).—m The hand.

--- OR ---

pāṇī (पाणी).—n Water. Rain. Temper (of metals). Spirit, mettle. Lustre (as of pearls, diamonds &c.), water. Spright- liness of look. A wash of gold or silver, a gilding or a plating. Edge, keenness. aṅgācēṃ or raktācēṃ pāṇī (karaṇēṃ-hōṇēṃ &c.) To undergo much toil or suffer- ing. Ex. raktācēṃ pāṇī āṇi hāḍāñcā maṇī. ānta pāṇī śiraṇēṃ (rōjagārānta-vyavahārānta-kāmānta &c.) To be under deterioration, di- minution, dilution, falling off &c. unhā pāṇyānēṃ ghara jāḷaṇēṃ or jaḷaṇēṃ To ruin through false accusation. khōla pāṇyānta śiraṇēṃ To dive into mysterious things; also to get out of one's depth. tāpalyā pāṇyāsa cava yēta nāhīṃ Friendship once broken never recovers its sweetness. pāṇī ōḷakhaṇēṃ To discover the virtue, or capability of. pāṇī karaṇēṃ To exhaust, knock up (through overworking &c.): to spoil utterly. pāṇī kēṃsa tōḍatēṃ The water splits a hair. Used of a rapid current. pāṇī ghālaṇēṃ (To throw water on.) To destroy, extinguish. Ex. hyānēṃ āpalyā hātānēṃ āpalyā rōjagārāvara pāṇīṃ ghātalēṃ. To water figuratively; i. e. to feed, support pāṇī ōtaṇēṃ or sōḍaṇēṃ To relinquish, resign. pāṇī chāṭaṇēṃ To cut or divide the water- a swimmer or a vessel. pāṇī jōkhaṇēṃ To try the mettle of. pāṇī dēkhīla na ghōṭaṇēṃ To be in the last extremity. pāṇī dēṇēṃ To give a temper (to iron &c.). pāṇīṃ paḍaṇēṃ (as pōṭāvara-rōjagārāvara-saṃsārāvara) To suffer damping, decline, damage &c. pāṇī pājaṇēṃ To beat to death. To out- wit, outdo. pāṇī pāṇī karaṇēṃ To cry out for water. To spend, exhaust (a per- son or an animal) through overwork- ing &c. pāṇī pī piūna bhāṇḍaṇēṃ or vāda karaṇēṃ To quarrel, argue &c. vehemently and persistingly. pāṇī bharaṇēṃ-vāhāṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ (kōṇācyā gharīṃ) To fag and drudge (in a person's house). pāṇī māgūṃ na dēṇēṃ To kill outright; to allow no time to cry out for water. pāṇī māraṇēṃ To divide the water-as a swimmer. pāṇī lāgaṇēṃ To receive influences from, to be affect- ed by, the disposition or qualities of. pāṇyācā kāṇṭā mōḍaṇēṃ To take off the chill of water. pāṇyācī gāra gōṭhaṇēṃ Expresses the freezing of water. pāṇyānta kāṭhī māralī tara pāṇī dōna jāgā kāṃ hōtēṃ? or dāṇḍyānēṃ pāṇī tōḍalēṃ mhaṇūna nirāḷēṃ hōta nāhīṃ Said of sterling friendship; not to be broken up even by a quarrel. pāṇyānta ghāma yēṇē To be in a furious passion; to be ex- ceedingly passionate. pāṇyānta ghālaṇēṃ To cast to the dogs; to destroy, ruin. Ex. saṃsāra pāṇyānta ghātalā. pāṇyānta pāhaṇēṃ or (disaṇēṃ) To hate intensely. pāṇyāpēkṣā pātaḷa karaṇēṃ To bring very low by dishonouring

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 289 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tūlasadriśasukumārapāṇi (तूलसद्रिशसुकुमारपाणि) refers to “delicate hands like cotton” and repre...
Snigdhapāṇilekha (स्निग्धपाणिलेख) refers to “fine hand lines” and represents the forty-third of...
Gambhīrapāṇilekha (गम्भीरपाणिलेख) refers to “deep hand lines” and represents the forty-fourth o...
kāḷēṃ-pāṇī (काळें-पाणी).—n The ocean. Transportation.
Āyatapāṇilekha (आयतपाणिलेख) refers to “long hand lines” and represents the forty-fifth of the e...
Pānitattva (पानितत्त्व, “hands, manipulation”):—One of the Thirty-six Tattvas, accordi...
Pāṇipātrāsana (पाणिपात्रासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, accord...
Palathya Ghagarivara Pani
pālathyā ghāgarīvara pāṇī (पालथ्या घागरीवर पाणी).—n (Water poured upon an inverted pitcher,) A ...
Śrīvatsamuktikanandyāvartalakṣitapāṇipādatalatā (श्रीवत्समुक्तिकनन्द्यावर्तलक्षितपाणिपादतलता) o...
Śrīvatsamuktikanandyāvartalakṣitapāṇipādatala (श्रीवत्समुक्तिकनन्द्यावर्तलक्षितपाणिपादतल) or Śr...
dhāvatēṃ-pāṇī (धावतें-पाणी).—n Running water.
Pandharem Pani
pāṇḍharēṃ pāṇī (पांढरें पाणी).—n (White water.) A term for wishywashy buttermilk.
Supratiṣṭhitapāṇipādatalatā (सुप्रतिष्ठितपाणिपादतलता) or Supratiṣṭhitapāṇipādatala refers to “p...
aḷavāvaracēṃ-pāṇī (अळवावरचें-पाणी).—n A term for anything transitory.
Alavavaracem Pani
aḷavāvaracēṃ pāṇī (अळवावरचें पाणी).—n (Water upon the leaf of aḷūṃ which is oily.) A term for a...

Relevant text

- Was this explanation helpful? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.