Pani, Paṇi, Pāṇi, Pānī: 33 definitions

Introduction:

Pani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to “marriage”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Himācala (Himavat) said to Menā:—“O gentle lady Menakā, listen. I shall tell you the truth. Do not be under false impressions. The sage’s statement will never be false. If you feel affectionate towards your daughter, zealously instruct your daughter. Let her perform the penance with Śiva as the object, devotedly and steadily. If Śiva is delighted, O Menakā, He will marry her [i.e., pāṇi]. Everything shall be auspicious. The inauspicious features indicated by Nārada will perish. All inauspicious things are auspicious in Sadāśiva. Hence immediately teach your daughter to hasten to perform the penance for attaining Śiva”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Paṇi (पणि).—A tribe which opposed the Aryans during the time of Ṛgveda. Yāska’s Nirukta states that their profession was trade and commerce.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Paṇi (पणि).—A priest in a Kāli temple; the reference is to the Paṇi of the Vṛṣala chief.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 9. 15-16.

1b) A Dānava group of Rasātala.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 30.

1c) Of Galava gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 71.

2) Pānī (पानी).—A river of the Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 42.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

2) Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to a set of three rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33.

The following are the three pāṇis:

  1. Sama-pāṇi,
  2. Ava-pāṇi, Avara-pāṇi or Ardha-pāṇi,
  3. Upari-pāṇi.

The Pāṇis relating to songs and playing of instruments. The playing of instruments which is simultaneous with the start of Laya is called the Samapāṇi.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pani refers to “fever” [in the Malayalam language] and represents one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pani] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pāṇi (पाणि):—[pāṇiḥ] Hand. The part of the body attached to the forearm at the wrist

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to the “hands”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] (The gross form has) five faces, ten arms and, pure, it has a smiling face. [...] She has beautiful eyebrows and nose and long eyes. (Her) hair is tied together in a topknot. She has beautiful ears, hands [i.e., su-pāṇi] and cheeks and is adorned with beautiful earrings. She has beautiful arms, throat and heart and her breasts are fat and upraised. The middle part (of her belly) is crinkled with three (charming) folds and she is adorned with a line of hair (that travels down from the navel). [...]”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to the “hands”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] I approach the great temple of goddess Mṛḍānī that opens to the west. It is guarded outside by Indra and the other [gods who guard the directions], and shines beautifully with utmost richness. I venerate the young elephant-faced master of Śiva’s gaṇas, the destroyer of obstacles. His lotus-hands (pāṇi-padma) are decorated with a noose, goad, fruit, and lotus. [...]

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to the “hands”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 3.—Accordingly, “[...] One may perform the Block-of-Wood Observance in a forest full of bears, tigers and lions, conquering the urges to sleep and eat, [constantly] reciting. If one takes on the appearance of a woman and sings and dances, adorned with bracelets, with a winnowing fan, ball and plait, one observes the Colourful Observance. With a weapon in hand (śastra-pāṇi), full of compassion, if one wanders like a saviour of creatures (?) focussed upon recitation, meditation and worship, one performs the Warrior Observance. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to a “hand” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, pāṇi]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

2) Pāṇi (पाणि) or Vajrapāṇī is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Pāṇa [or Vajrapāṇa] forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Pāṇī] and Vīras are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to “hands”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “Furthermore, some say that generosity is the cause and condition (hetupratyaya) for obtaining the thirty-two marks. Why is that? [...] Because one gives tasty food (madhura-sāhāra), one obtains the marks consisting of having soft and delicate hands and feet (mṛdu-taruṇa-pāṇi-pāda) and the seven parts of the body well-rounded (saptotsada). [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pāṇi (पाणि) refers to the “hands”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (65) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Imperishability’, all beings will be pleased; (66) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Splendor of jewels’, they will have jewels in their hands (ratna-pāṇi); (67) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Following,’ they will understand thoughts of all beings; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

Panis = Phoenicians: Panis, the sea-farer businessmen of Gandhara and Baluchistan, migrated to Phoenicia after a quarrel with Persians as recorded by Herodotus. Most probably, Panis controlled the port cities of Sutkagen Dor and Sotka Koh on the Makran coast of Baluchistan. The massive tsunami of 3126 BCE that submerged the entire city of Dwarka might have caused massive damage to these cities. Though these two archaeological cities found inland at present but these sites were the centers of sea trade and may have been located on the coast of Erythrean Sea or Arabian Sea.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Pani refers to the “drum”, beaten with the hand, and represents one of the four privileges of a Marayan according to a proverb. The Marayans are summed up, in the Madras Census Report, 1901, as being “temple servants and drummers in Malabar”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāṇi.—same as suvarṇa (q. v.). Note: pāṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pāṇi.—same as suvarṇa (q. v.). Note: pāṇi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pāṇi : (m.) the hand; the palm. || pāṇī (m.) a living being.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṇi, (Vedic pāṇi, cp. Av. p∂r∂nā hand, with n-suffix, where we find m-suffix in Gr. palάmh, Lat. palma, Oir lām, Ohg. folma=Ags. folm) the hand Vin. III, 14 (pāṇinā paripuñchati); M. I, 78 (pāṇinā parimajjati); S. I, 178, 194; Sn. 713; Dh. 124; J. I, 126 (°ṃ paharati); PugA 249 (id.); PvA. 56; Sdhp. 147, 238. As adj. (-°) “handed, ” with a hand, e.g. alla° with clean hand Pv. II, 99; payata° with outstretched hand, open-handed, liberal S. V, 351; A. III, 287; IV, 266 sq.; V, 331.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāṇi (पाणि).—m S The hand. 2 In comp. Bearing in the hand. Ex. daṇḍapāṇi, vajrapāṇi, śūlapāṇi, vētrapāṇi.

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pāṇī (पाणी).—n (pānīya S) Water. 2 Rain. 3 Temper (of metals). 4 Spirit, pluck, mettle. 5 Lustre (as of pearls, diamonds &c.), water: also sprightliness or energy of look; expression of the countenance. 6 A wash of gold or silver, a gilding or a plating. 7 Edge, keenness, whetted state (of a weapon or tool). v dē, pāja. 8 Honor or reputation. v jā, utara, caḍha. 9 (with rāga or gāṇēṃ &c., as rāgācēṃ or gāṇyācēṃ pāṇī) Tameness, spiritlessness, vapid or jejune quality (of singing &c.) 10 Used much in comp. in the form pāṇa. See numerous examples above.

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pānī (पानी).—a S That drinks. In comp. as madyapānī, kṣīrapānī, amṛtapānī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pāṇi (पाणि).—m The hand.

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pāṇī (पाणी).—n Water. Rain. Temper (of metals). Spirit, mettle. Lustre (as of pearls, diamonds &c.), water. Spright- liness of look. A wash of gold or silver, a gilding or a plating. Edge, keenness. aṅgācēṃ or raktācēṃ pāṇī (karaṇēṃ-hōṇēṃ &c.) To undergo much toil or suffer- ing. Ex. raktācēṃ pāṇī āṇi hāḍāñcā maṇī. ānta pāṇī śiraṇēṃ (rōjagārānta-vyavahārānta-kāmānta &c.) To be under deterioration, di- minution, dilution, falling off &c. unhā pāṇyānēṃ ghara jāḷaṇēṃ or jaḷaṇēṃ To ruin through false accusation. khōla pāṇyānta śiraṇēṃ To dive into mysterious things; also to get out of one's depth. tāpalyā pāṇyāsa cava yēta nāhīṃ Friendship once broken never recovers its sweetness. pāṇī ōḷakhaṇēṃ To discover the virtue, or capability of. pāṇī karaṇēṃ To exhaust, knock up (through overworking &c.): to spoil utterly. pāṇī kēṃsa tōḍatēṃ The water splits a hair. Used of a rapid current. pāṇī ghālaṇēṃ (To throw water on.) To destroy, extinguish. Ex. hyānēṃ āpalyā hātānēṃ āpalyā rōjagārāvara pāṇīṃ ghātalēṃ. To water figuratively; i. e. to feed, support pāṇī ōtaṇēṃ or sōḍaṇēṃ To relinquish, resign. pāṇī chāṭaṇēṃ To cut or divide the water- a swimmer or a vessel. pāṇī jōkhaṇēṃ To try the mettle of. pāṇī dēkhīla na ghōṭaṇēṃ To be in the last extremity. pāṇī dēṇēṃ To give a temper (to iron &c.). pāṇīṃ paḍaṇēṃ (as pōṭāvara-rōjagārāvara-saṃsārāvara) To suffer damping, decline, damage &c. pāṇī pājaṇēṃ To beat to death. To out- wit, outdo. pāṇī pāṇī karaṇēṃ To cry out for water. To spend, exhaust (a per- son or an animal) through overwork- ing &c. pāṇī pī piūna bhāṇḍaṇēṃ or vāda karaṇēṃ To quarrel, argue &c. vehemently and persistingly. pāṇī bharaṇēṃ-vāhāṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ (kōṇācyā gharīṃ) To fag and drudge (in a person's house). pāṇī māgūṃ na dēṇēṃ To kill outright; to allow no time to cry out for water. pāṇī māraṇēṃ To divide the water-as a swimmer. pāṇī lāgaṇēṃ To receive influences from, to be affect- ed by, the disposition or qualities of. pāṇyācā kāṇṭā mōḍaṇēṃ To take off the chill of water. pāṇyācī gāra gōṭhaṇēṃ Expresses the freezing of water. pāṇyānta kāṭhī māralī tara pāṇī dōna jāgā kāṃ hōtēṃ? or dāṇḍyānēṃ pāṇī tōḍalēṃ mhaṇūna nirāḷēṃ hōta nāhīṃ Said of sterling friendship; not to be broken up even by a quarrel. pāṇyānta ghāma yēṇē To be in a furious passion; to be ex- ceedingly passionate. pāṇyānta ghālaṇēṃ To cast to the dogs; to destroy, ruin. Ex. saṃsāra pāṇyānta ghātalā. pāṇyānta pāhaṇēṃ or (disaṇēṃ) To hate intensely. pāṇyāpēkṣā pātaḷa karaṇēṃ To bring very low by dishonouring

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṇi (पणि).—f. A market. -m.

1) A miser, niggard.

2) An impious man, a thief (appearing as a Purohita); Bhāg. 5.9.15.

3) A bargainer; धरां रजःस्वभावेन पणयो ये च ताननु (dharāṃ rajaḥsvabhāvena paṇayo ye ca tānanu) Bhāg.3.6.28.

3) Name of a class of demons.

Derivable forms: paṇiḥ (पणिः).

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Pāṇi (पाणि).—[paṇ-iṇ āyābhāvaḥ, cf. Uṇ.4.132]

1) The hand; दानेन पाणिर्न तु कङ्कणेन (dānena pāṇirna tu kaṅkaṇena) (vibhāti) Bh.2.71; often at the end of comp. in the sense of 'carrying in the hand'; as चक्र°, खड्ग° (cakra°, khaḍga°) &c.; पाणिं ग्रह् (pāṇiṃ grah) or पीड् (pīḍ) 'to take the hand of, lead to the altar, marry'. पाणौ कृ (pāṇau kṛ) to hold by the hand, marry; पाणौकरणम् (pāṇaukaraṇam)' 'marriage'.

2) Ved. A hoof.

-ṇiḥ f. A market.

Derivable forms: pāṇiḥ (पाणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāṇi (पाणि).—(or pāṇī? nt.; = AMg. id.; preserved in many modern Indo-Aryan vernaculars; compare Sanskrit pānīya), water: pāṇi-pratigrāhakā Mahāvastu iii.304.7 (prose); amṛtasya pāṇinā Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 37.12 (all seven mss.; Nobel em. vāriṇā); heṣṭā ca [Page339-b+ 71] toyasya ananta-pāṇī (v.l. pāni) Mahāvastu ii.92.13 (verse), and under the ocean there is infinite water (Senart takes pāṇī = prāṇin, surely wrongly).

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Pāṇī (पाणी).—see pāṇi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṇi (पाणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) The hand. f.

(-ṇiḥ) A place of sale, a shop, a market. E. paṇ to be of price, &c. Unadi aff. iṇ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāṇi (पाणि).—perhaps akin to parṇa, m. The hand, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 63.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṇi (पणि).—[masculine] bargainer, niggard, a stingy sacrificer or a malicious demon.

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Pāṇi (पाणि).—[masculine] hand, hoof; adj. —° carrying in the hand. pāṇiṃ grah or take or give the hand i.e. marry (the former of the man, the latter of the woman).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pāṇi (पाणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?): Daśarūpakaṭīkā. Quoted by Raṅganātha Oxf. 135^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṇi (पणि):—[from paṇ] m. a bargainer, miser, niggard ([especially] one who is sparing of sacrificial oblations), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a class of envious demons watching over treasures, [Ṛg-veda ([especially] x, 108); Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a thief appearing as a Purohita, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a market, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Pāṇi (पाणि):—[from pāṇa] 1. pāṇi m. a place of sale, shop, market, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) 2. pāṇi m. (said to be [from] √paṇ) the hand, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (often ifc. = holding in the h° e.g. asi-p, holding a sword in the, s° in h°; pāṇiṃ-√grah or ṇau-√kṛ, to take the h° of a bride, marry; niṃ√dā, to give the h° in marriage)

7) a hoof, [Ṛg-veda ii, 31, 2]

8) Name of [Scholiast or Commentator] on the Daśa-rūpaka, [Catalogue(s)]

9) [Orig palni; cf. [Greek] παλάμη; [Latin] palma; [Anglo-Saxon] folm; [German] föhlen; [English] feel.]

10) Pāṇī (पाणी):—[from pāṇi] in [compound] for 2. pāṇi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṇi (पणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. m. Man of business.

2) Pāṇi (पाणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. m. The hand. f. A shop or market.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāṇi (पाणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pāṇi, Pāṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pani (पनि):——an allomorph of [pānī] used as the first member in certain compounds; ~[hāra] a water-bearer; ~[hārina/hārī] a female waterbearer.

2) Pāṇi (पाणि):—(nm) a hand; ~[grahaṇa] marriage, wedding; •[saṃskāra] the wedding ritual/ceremony; ~[gṛhīta] married (man); ~[gṛhītā] married (woman); ~[tala] palm (of the hand).

3) Pānī (पानी):—(nm) water, aqua; rain; essence; liquid substance; valour; lustre, brightness; climate; breed; honour; sense of self-respect; thin coating/plating; ~[dāra] respectable, honourable; lustrous; possessing a sense of self-respect; of a good breed (as [ghoḍā]); ~[devā] son or a near relative who is supposed to offer a libation of water to a deceased; a son; ~[pāṃḍe/vālā] a waterman; —[ānā] to start raining, rain to commence; to be watery; —[ānā, muṃha meṃ] the mouth to water; —[utaranā] to develop cataract (in the eye); to suffer from hydrocele; to be disgraced, to be dishonoured; —[utaranā] to disgrace, to dishonour, to humiliate; —[kara denā] to appease to the fullest satisfaction; to soften, to move; —[kā batāśā] see [gola] (~[gappā]); —[kā bulabulā] (as uncertain as) a water-bubble, transitory, having a momentary existence; —[kī taraha bahānā] to make/play ducks and drakes of/with, to squander away; —[ke mola] damn/extremely cheap; almost free; —[ko bhī na pūchanā] to completely neglect a visitor, to treat a visitor with contempt; —[jānā] to be disgraced, to suffer humiliation; to water; —[jānā, āṃkhoṃ kā] to become shameless; to be lost to shame; —[ṭūṭanā] to run short of water (as a well etc.); to have the level of water much too reduced; —[dikhānā] to (show) water (to); to bring (a pail of) water for drinking purposes (for a horse, cattle, etc.); —[denā] to offer a libation of water to one’s manes; to water (plant etc.), to irrigate; —[denā aura jaḍa kāṭanā] to have a handkerchief in one hand and sword in the other; —[na māṃganā] to die instantly; to succumb instantaneously; —[paḍanā] to rain; —[paḍanā, ghaḍoṃ] see under [ghaḍā; —para nīṃva rakhanā] lit to lay the foundation on a mass of water—to initiate a plan on fluid premises; —[pānī honā] to go hot and cold, to be overwhelmed with shame, to be put out of countenance; —[pīkara jāti pūchanā] to put the cart before the horse, to consider the pros and cons after performing an act; —[pī-pīkara kosanā] to heap curses upon; to lash out with a torrent of curses; —[phira jānā] to fall to the ground, to be undone, to be ruined/dissipated/destroyed; —[pheranā] to undo, to dissipate, to destroy, to ruin; —[bacānā/rakhanā] to safeguard the honour of; not to allow one’s honour to be sullied/compromised/undermined; —[badalanā] to go for a change of climate; —[bhara, ānā, muṃha meṃ] watering of the mouth to be salivated; —[bharanā] to draw/fetch water; not fit to hold a candle to, to be much inferior to; to be no match to, to be a pygmy as compared with; —[maranā] water to go on being absorbed (by a wall etc. causing it to be weakened); to be lost to shame; —[meṃ āga lagānā] lit. to cause fire in water—to cause the impossible to happen; —[meṃ rahakara magara se baira] to live in Rome and clash with the Pope; —[laganā] to be affected adversely; to assume pretentious ways; water to be accumulated at some place; water to cause a smarting pain (in decaying teeth); —[lenā] to disgrace, to dishonour; —[se patalā] thinner than water; —[se pahale pula/pāḍa bāṃdhanā] to devise plans too much in advance against a contingency; to make preparation to counter an unseen crisis.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Pāṇi (पाणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Prāṇin.

2) Pāṇi (पाणि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pāṇi.

3) Pāṇī (पाणी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pānī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṇi (ಪಣಿ):—

1) [verb] to bow one’s body or head or make any symbolic gesture to greeting, worship, show or reverence, etc.

2) [verb] to give way (to); to yield; to succumb.

3) [verb] to be satisfied.

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Paṇi (ಪಣಿ):—

1) [verb] to strike heavily with the hand or a weapon.

2) [verb] to dash heavily against.

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Paṇi (ಪಣಿ):—[noun] the tree Ficus religiosa of Moraceae family; peepul; bo-tree.

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Paṇi (ಪಣಿ):—

1) [noun] (rightly, ಫಣಿ [phani]) 1. a serpent.

2) [noun] (myth.) the daemon-god Rāhu, who is supposed to swollow the sun or moon to cause eclipse.

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Paṇi (ಪಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a class among daemons.

2) [noun] the class or caste of merchants.

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Pani (ಪನಿ):—

1) [verb] (a liquid) to fall in drops.

2) [verb] to be consisting of water drops.

3) [verb] (rain) to fall.

4) [verb] to fall like rain.

5) [verb] to flow or leak out slowly; to ooze; to seep.

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Pani (ಪನಿ):—

1) [noun] a small quantity of liquid that is spherical or somewhat so; a drop.

2) [noun] water drops falling from cloud, continuously; rain.

3) [noun] the condensation formed, usu. during the night, as on lawns, as result of relatively warm air contacting a cool surface; dew.

4) [noun] the quality of being cool; coolness.

5) [noun] a drop of tear.

6) [noun] sweet smell.

7) [noun] (fig.) a very small quantity of anything.

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Pāṇi (ಪಾಣಿ):—[noun] water.

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Pāṇi (ಪಾಣಿ):—

1) [noun] the part of the human body attached to the end of the forearm, including the wrist, palm, fingers, and thumb; a hand.

2) [noun] a hand with fingers stretched out.

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Pāṇi (ಪಾಣಿ):—

1) [noun] an estimating of the probable crop from a particular field.

2) [noun] a register maintained by a village accountant with these details.

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Pāni (ಪಾನಿ):—

1) [noun] one who drinks; a drinker.

2) [noun] a person who drinks alcoholic liquor habitually or excessively; a drunkard.

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Pāni (ಪಾನಿ):—[noun] a woven fabric; a piece of cloth.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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