Pranin, Prani, Prāṇī, Praṇī, Prāṇin: 25 definitions

Introduction:

Pranin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्) refers to “living beings”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, as the God Bhairava said to the Goddess: “You are Power (śakti) and I am the individual soul called the vital breath (prāṇa) of living beings (prāṇin). The individual soul consists of Fire (i.e. power) and Air (breath) and is established in the Body of Kula [i.e., kulapiṇḍa]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Prāṇī (प्राणी) refers to “that which bestows (adhikāra)”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “And that [initiation] is either a Samayadīkṣā or Nirvāṇādīkṣā, divided into two because it has two natures. Now the Samayadīkṣā is further twofold because of a difference in the result. [The first] bestows (prāṇī) adhikāra [and] follows the practices of jñāna and yoga, [the second] destroys the latent impressions (vāsana) of that [soul?] and bestows a state of eternal pervasion [with the deity]. [That is known] by the firm ones who know the Tantras. [...]

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्) refers to a “creature”, according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If a creature [intrudes into the site] stepping over [a cord], then [the officiant] should know that there is the body [of that creature, i.e. bones of that creature beneath the site] (prāṇinanyasya prāṇino'pyaṅgaṃ). He should prognosticate an extraneous substance beneath the site by the bad condition of the householder’s body. If an omen is seen, or if [a creature] cries out, or if [someone] announces a [creature’s] name, then [the officiant] should prognosticate an extraneous thing [related to] that [creature]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्) refers to “(various other) beings”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “When this decisive teaching was declared, seventy-two millions of Gods, Humans, Asuras, Kiṃnaras, Mahoragas, and other beings (prāṇin) produced the thought of incomparable complete awakening, thirty-two thousand Bodhisattvas attained the tolerance that all things are unborn, this world system of three thousandfold worlds was shaken in its six ways, and the world was illuminated by a grand lustre.. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्) (Cf. Bhūta) refers to “sentient beings”, according to the commentary on the 11th century Jñānārṇava (verse 2.2), a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Brother, deceived by living beings [com.—prāṇinprāṇibhiḥ—‘by sentient beings’], you do not obtain happiness, you do not contemplate your own true nature , you do not perceive the sorrow of life”.

Synonyms: Dehin, Aṅgin.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Prāṇī (प्राणी).—m (S) An animal in general; any living creature.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Prāṇī (प्राणी).—m An animal in general.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇī (प्रणी).—1 P.

1) To lead or forth (as an army), conduct; वानरेन्द्रेण प्रणीतेन (vānarendreṇa praṇītena) (balena) Rām.

2) To offer, give, present; अर्घ्यं प्रणीय जनकात्मजा (arghyaṃ praṇīya janakātmajā) Bhaṭṭikāvya 5.76.

3) To bring to, set (as fire); दग्धां गुहां पश्य उलूकपूर्णां काकप्रणीतेन हुताशनेन (dagdhāṃ guhāṃ paśya ulūkapūrṇāṃ kākapraṇītena hutāśanena) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.1.

4) To consecrate by reciting sacred Mantras, hallow, consecrate in general; त्रिधा प्रणीतो ज्वलनः (tridhā praṇīto jvalanaḥ) Hariv.

5) To inflict (as punishment); यदि न प्रणयेद् राजा दण्डं दण्ड्येष्वतन्द्रितः (yadi na praṇayed rājā daṇḍaṃ daṇḍyeṣvatandritaḥ) Manusmṛti 7.2;8.238; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.64.15.

6) To lay down, teach, promulgate, institute, prescribe; स एव धर्मो मनुना प्रणीतः (sa eva dharmo manunā praṇītaḥ) R.14.67; भवत्प्रणीतमाचारमामनन्ति हि साधवः (bhavatpraṇītamācāramāmananti hi sādhavaḥ) Kumārasambhava 6.31.

7) To write, compose (as a work); प्रणीतः न तु प्रकाशितः (praṇītaḥ na tu prakāśitaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4; उत्तरं रामचरितं तत्प्रणीतं प्रयुज्यते (uttaraṃ rāmacaritaṃ tatpraṇītaṃ prayujyate) Uttararāmacarita 1.3.

8) To accomplish, effect, perform, bring about; प्रणीय दारिद्र्यदरिद्रतां नृपः (praṇīya dāridryadaridratāṃ nṛpaḥ) N.1.15.19; कण्ठाश्लेषोपगूढं तदपि च न चिरं यत् प्रियाभिः प्रणीतम् (kaṇṭhāśleṣopagūḍhaṃ tadapi ca na ciraṃ yat priyābhiḥ praṇītam) Bhartṛhari 3.82.

9) To lead or reduce to any condition.

1) To show, display; यद्यद्धिया त उरुगाय विभावयन्ति तत्तद्वपुः प्रणयसे सदनुग्रहाय (yadyaddhiyā ta urugāya vibhāvayanti tattadvapuḥ praṇayase sadanugrahāya) Bhāgavata 3.9.11.

11) To direct, fix or turn towards (as the eyes).

12) To show affection or love, love.

13) To throw, cast, discharge; अस्त्रं पुनः पाशमृतः प्रणिन्ये (astraṃ punaḥ pāśamṛtaḥ praṇinye) Kirātārjunīya 16.54.

14) To remove, destroy; द्रौपद्याश्च परिक्लेशं प्रणेष्यामि हते त्वयि (draupadyāśca parikleśaṃ praṇeṣyāmi hate tvayi) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.79.4.

15) To draw in the breath (Ātm.).

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Praṇī (प्रणी).—a. maker, fashioner; सायंतनीं तिथिप्रण्यः (sāyaṃtanīṃ tithipraṇyaḥ); Bhaṭṭikāvya 5.65. (tithipraṇī the moon.)

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्).—n. Breathing, living, alive. -m.

1) A living or sentient being, a living creature; यया प्राणिनः प्राणवन्तः (yayā prāṇinaḥ prāṇavantaḥ) Ś.1.1; Meghadūta 5.

2) A man, power, vigour; देवस्त्रियो रसां नातीः प्राणिभिः पुनराहरत् (devastriyo rasāṃ nātīḥ prāṇibhiḥ punarāharat) Bhāgavata 9.2.31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्).—mfn. (-ṇī-ṇinī-ṇi) Living, breathing. m. (-ṇī) An animal, a sentient or living being. E. prāṇa vital air, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्).—i. e. prāṇa + in, adj. sbst., f. , Living, a living being, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 117, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 140.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇī (प्रणी).—[masculine] guide, [feminine] guidance.

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Pranī (प्रनी).—bring forwards, lead further, promote; convey ([ritual or religion]); conduct or take to ([Middle] to one’s self), present, offer; bring or reduce to (a state); employ, inflict (punishment); state, decide, teach, compose, promulgate; perform, accomplish; show, betray ([especially] one’s feelings), love, desire.

Pranī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pra and (नी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्).—[adjective] having breath or life; [masculine] living creature, man or animal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praṇi (प्रणि):—[=pra-ṇi] for pra-ni, according to, [Pāṇini 8-4, 17] before a number of roots, viz. gad (See below), ci, 1. , dih, de, do, drā, dhā (See below), dhe, nad (See below), pat (See below), pad, psāmā, me, yam, , vap, vah, , śam, so, han (See below)

2) [v.s. ...] according to, [Vopadeva xii, 1] also before 1 mi.

3) Praṇī (प्रणी):—[=pra-ṇī] a (√nī) [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] -ṇayati, te to lead forwards, conduct, advance, promote, further, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

—to bring or lead to, convey ([especially] the sacrificial fire or water or Soma to its place at the altar), [ib.];

—to offer, present, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya];

—to produce, perform, execute, finish, [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to do away with, remove, dispel, [Mahābhārata];

—to manifest affection, love, desire, [Mahābhārata];

—to show, represent (a drama), [Bālarāmāyaṇa; Prasannarāghava];

—to inflict (as punishment), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to apply (as a clyster), [Caraka];

—to establish, fix, institute, promulgate, teach, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.;

—to write, compose, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha];—([Ātmanepada]) to draw in (the breath), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] :

—[Desiderative] -ninīṣati (!), to wish to lead or conduct, [Ṛg-veda]

4) [=pra-ṇī] b m. a leader or guide, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] f. guidance, furtherance, devotion (?), [Ṛg-veda iii, 38, 2.]

6) Prāṇi (प्राणि):—[from prān] in [compound] for prāṇin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāṇin (प्राणिन्):—[from prān] mfn. breathing, living, alive

2) [v.s. ...] m. a living or sentient being, living creature, animal or man, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc., etc. (also n., [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇi (प्रणि):—pāta (taḥ) 1. m. Salutation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्):—(ṇī) 5. m. Sentinet being, an animal. a. Breathing, living.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Praṇī (प्रणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṇaya.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prāṇin (प्राणिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pranin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Prāṇi (प्राणि):——an allomorph of [prāṇī; ~jagata] the animal world/kingdom; the world of living beings; animal life; ~[vijñāna] Zoology; ~[vaijñānika] a zoologist; zoological; —[hiṃsā] killing of or violence towards living beings.

2) Prāṇī (प्राणी):—: (nm) a living being, living organism, a creature; an animal.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prāṇi (ಪ್ರಾಣಿ):—

1) [noun] any living organism, excluding plants; an animal.

2) [noun] any such organism other than a human being; an animal.

3) [noun] (derog. or compassionate term) a human being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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