Pandura, Pāṇḍura, Pāṇḍurā, Pamdura: 24 definitions
Pandura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर).—Name of a minor mountain (kṣudraparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर):—On the Pāṇḍura mountain is situated the city of the Vidyādharas.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर).—A soldier of Subrahmaṇya. (Śloka 73, Chapter 45, Śalya Parva).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर).—A mountain in the Bhāratavarṣa;1 residence of the Vīdyādharas.2Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.68) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pāṇḍura) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर, “whitish”) is a sanskrit technical term used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Pāṇḍurā (पाण्डुरा) is another name for Māṣaparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Teramnus labialis from the Fabaceae, or “pea family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.30-33 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Pāṇḍurā and Māṣaparṇī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर):—Pale colour
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर) refers to “yellow” colour of the eastern face of Kubjikā, according to the Agnipurāṇa chapter 144.—Accordingly, while describing the visualization of Kubjikā: “[...] The upper (-most) face of the goddess is white (śveta). The other upper (face) is also white (śveta). The eastern face is yellow (pāṇḍura) and angry. The southern one is black (kṛṣṇa). The northern one (is white) like snow, a jasmine flower and the moon. Brahmā is on the soles of (her) feet. Viṣṇu is on the shanks (of her legs). Rudra is in (her) heart and Īśvara in (her) throat. Sadāśiva is on her forehead and Śiva is located above him. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर) refers to one of the four kinds of “bricks” (iṣṭakā) which represents one of the most important building materials in the construction of a Temple, which used to make walls, according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy. In ancient time bricks (iṣṭakā) used to be made of clay which were of four kinds, e.g., pāṇḍura. The procedure of making bricks is very nicely explained in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa. [...]
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Pāṇḍurā (पाण्डुरा) refers to the “white goddess” and represents one of the “four Goddesses” (caturdevī) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 4). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., caturdevī and Pāṇḍurā). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Biology (plants and animals)
Pandura in India is the name of a plant defined with Teramnus labialis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Kennedya arabica Hochst. ex Benth. (among others).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Kew Bulletin (1970)
· Systema Vegetabilium (1826)
· Flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1855)
· Philippine Journal of Science (1912)
· Journal of the Linnean Society Bot. (1865)
· Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany (1992)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Pandura, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर).—a. [pāṇḍuvarṇo'syāsti ra] Whitish, pale, palewhite, yellowish-white; पाण्डुरेणातपत्रेण ध्रियमाणेन मूर्धनि । शुशुभे तारकाराजः सितमभ्रमिव स्थितः (pāṇḍureṇātapatreṇa dhriyamāṇena mūrdhani | śuśubhe tārakārājaḥ sitamabhramiva sthitaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.41.14. छविः पाण्डुरा (chaviḥ pāṇḍurā) Ś.3.9; R.14.26; Kumārasambhava 3.33.
-ram The white leprosy.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Pāṇḍurā (पाण्डुरा).—see Pāṇḍarā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Of a yellowish white colour. m.
(-raḥ) 1. A pale or yellowish white. 2. The jaundice. 3. A tree: see maruvaka. n.
(-raṃ) The white leprosy, vitiligo. E. pāṇḍu pale, and ra added.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर).—[pāṇḍu + ra], I. adj., f. rā, Of a yellowish white colour, white, pale, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 8, 8. Ii. m. a proper name.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर).—[adjective] whitish, pale.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर):—[from pāṇḍu] mf(ā)n. whitish, white, pale, yellow, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] m. a form of jaundice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] Anogeissus Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] an Andropogon with white flowers, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the attendants of Skanda, [Mahābhārata]
6) Pāṇḍurā (पाण्डुरा):—[from pāṇḍura > pāṇḍu] f. Glycine Debilis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist deity, [Dharmasaṃgraha iv] (cf. pāṇḍarā)
8) Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर):—[from pāṇḍu] n. the white leprosy, vitiligo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Pale or yellowish white. m. White colour; the jaundice; a tree. n. Leprosy.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Pāṇḍura (पाण्डुर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṃḍura.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Paṃḍura (पंडुर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pāṇḍura.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Pāṃḍura (ಪಾಂಡುರ):—[adjective] of the colour of pure snow or milk; white or somewhat white; white; whitish.
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1) [noun] the white colour.
2) [noun] a disorder in which there is a loss of pigment resulting in white patches of skin; vitiligo.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+4): Pamdurakushtha, Pamduramgavitthala, Pamdurate, Panduradruma, Panduraga, Panduraja, Panduraka, Pandurakta, Panduranga, Pandurangamahatmya, Pandurangashtaka, Pandurangavilasacampu, Pandurangavilasachampu, Pandurangavitthalastotra, Panduraphali, Panduraprishtha, Pandurashirish, Pandurashtra, Pandurata, Panduravasin.
Ends with: Apandura, Bilvapandura, Candrapandura, Dimdirapamdura, Krishnapandura, Lavaliphalapandura, Paripandura, Prapandura, Stokapandura, Vipandura.
Full-text (+35): Vipandura, Apandura, Pandurata, Pandurekshu, Panduradruma, Pandara, Pandaravasin, Panduraprishtha, Stokapandura, Pamdurakushtha, Panduravasin, Pamdura, Pamdurate, Panduraphali, Pandur, Bilvapandara, White goddess, Panduriman, Vipandava, Candrapandura.
Search found 16 books and stories containing Pandura, Pāṇḍura, Pāṇḍurā, Pamdura, Paṃḍura, Paṇḍura, Pāṃḍura; (plurals include: Panduras, Pāṇḍuras, Pāṇḍurās, Pamduras, Paṃḍuras, Paṇḍuras, Pāṃḍuras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.1.355 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.5.118 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 4 - Katamanayaka (A.D. 1135-1151) < [Chapter X - The Saronathas (A.D. 950-1260)]
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
4. Materials for the Construction of Temple < [Chapter 4 - Temple Building]
The Linga Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 50 - The abodes of Devas (bhuvanavinyāsa) < [Section 1 - Uttarabhāga]
Chapter 49 - Ilāvṛta sub-continent < [Section 1 - Uttarabhāga]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)