Palini, Pālinī, Paliṉi, Pāliṉi: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Palini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pālinī (पालिनी) refers to “protecting” (the universe), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as Umā (Durgā/Satī) spoke to the Gods:—“[...] Hear further, O Viṣṇu, O Brahmā, O sages and O gods, the divine sports of the supreme lord Śiva, that protect the universe [i.e., bhuvana-pālinī]. Oppressed by the pangs of bereavement He wreathed a garland of my bones. Although He is the sole enlightened god He did not get peace anywhere. Like a non-god, like a helpless creature he roamed about here and there and cried aloud. The lord Himself could not distinguish between the proper and the improper. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Pālinī (पालिनी) refers to the “female guardian” (of the world), according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while describing the earth-circle (medinīcakra)]: “[...]  He should place [them] in order (1) Indrī, (2) Yamā, (3) Rudrā, (4) Yakṣiṇī, (5) Bhūtinī, (6) Ṛṣī, (7) Rākṣasī, and (8) Vāyubhāryā—he should place the female world guardians (loka-pālinī). There are [also] female serpents and female clouds. He should place all [of them] on this [circle] completely. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Palini in India is the name of a plant defined with Cochlospermum religiosum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Maximilianea gossypium Kuntze, nom. illeg. (among others).

2) Palini is also identified with Sarcostemma acidum It has the synonym Asclepias acida Roxburgh (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae (1810)
· Ethnobotany (2001)
· Allgemeine Naturgeschichte
· Hortus Bengalensis (1814)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Palini, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pālinī (पालिनी):—[from pālin > pālana > pāl] f. Ficus Heterophylla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Paliṉi (பலினி) noun < phalinī.

1. See ஞாழல். (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [gnazhal. (sudamaninigandu)]

2. Black pepper; மிளகு. (தைலவருக்கச்சுருக்கம் தைல.) [milagu. (thailavarukkachurukkam thaila.)]

3. Tree laden with fruits; நிறையக் காய்த்திருக்கு மரம். ((சங்கத்தகராதி) தமிழ்சொல்லகராதி) [niraiyag kaythirukku maram. ((sangathagarathi) thamizhsollagarathi)]

4. Jasmine; மல்லிகை. [malligai.]

5. A kind of rat; எலிவகை. [elivagai.] (சீவரட்சாமிருதம் [sivaradsamirutham] 359.)

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Pāliṉi (பாலினி) noun < pālanī. Protectress; காப்பவள். பாலினிபாலவன் [kappaval. palinipalavan] (திருமந். [thiruman.] 1216).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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