Pali, aka: Pālī, Pāli; 11 Definition(s)


Pali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The canon of texts (see Tipitaka) preserved by the Theravada school and, by extension, the language in which those texts are composed.(Source): Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

See Mahapali and Suvannapali.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Pali is the language of the Buddhist scriptures of the Theravada tradition.

(Source): Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

General definition (in Buddhism)

The language of the Theravada (Hinayana) Buddhist Canon, alleged to be the language used by the Buddha.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Pāli (पालि) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning pāli) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

(Source): Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

pāli : (f.) a line; range; the canon of the Buddhist writings or the language in which it is written. || paḷi (f.) a line; range; the canon of the Buddhist writings or the language in which it is written.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Pāli, (Pāḷi) (f.) (cp. Sk. pālī a causeway, bridge Halāyudha III, 54) 1. a line, row Dāvs III, 61; IV, 3; Vism. 242 (dvattiṃs’ākāra°), 251 (danta°); SnA 87.—2. a line, norm, thus the canon of Buddhist writings; the text of the Pāli Canon, i.e. the original text (opp. to the Commentary; thus “pāliyaṃ” is opposed to “aṭṭhakathāyaṃ” at Vism. 107, 450, etc). It is the literary language of the early Buddhists, closely related to Māgadhī. See Grierson, The Home of Lit. Pāli (Bhandarkar Commemoration vol. p. 117 sq.), and literature given by Winternitz, Gesch. d. Ind. Litt. , II. 10; III, 606, 635. The word is only found in Commentaries, not in the Piṭaka. See also Hardy, Introd. to Nett, p. xi.—J. IV, 447 (°nayena accord. to the Pāli Text); Vism. 376 (°nay’anusārena id.), 394, 401, 565 (°anusārato accord. to the text of the Canon); 607, 630, 660 sq. , 693, 712; KhA 41; SnA 333, 424, 519, 604; DhsA. 157, 168; DhA. IV, 93; VvA. 117, 203 (pālito+aṭṭhuppattito); PvA. 83, 87, 92, 287; and freq. elsewhere.—vaṇṇanā is explanation of the text (as regards meaning of words), purely textual criticism, as opposed to vinicchaya-kathā analysis, exegesis, interpretation of sense Vbh. 291; Vism. 240 (contrasted to bhāvanāniddesa). (Page 455)

— or —

Pali°, (a variant of pari°, to be referred to the Māgadhī dialect in which it is found most frequently, esp. in the older language, see Pischel, Prk. Gr. § 257; Geiger, P. Gr. § 44) round, around (=pari) only as prefix in cpds. (q. v.). Often we find both pari° & pali° in the same word. (Page 440)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

pāli (पालि) [or पाली, pālī].—f S The curving edge of the auricle, the helix. 2 Circumference.

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pāḷī (पाळी).—f A turn or recurring season: also an alternation or a vicissitude, a turn, spell, bout. 2 Lot or allotment; state or portion assigned. (For kuḷavācī pāḷī) A turn or bout (over ploughed ground) of the kuḷava (harrow); and, sometimes (over ground gen.) of the nāṅgara (plough). v ghāla.

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pāḷī (पाळी).—f (Poetry. pāli S) An encircling body or line (of troops, trees, wall, hedge &c.)

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paḷī (पळी).—f A ladle gen.

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pāḷī (पाळी).—f A turn. Lot or allotment. An encircling body or line.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pali (पलि).—f. A part of the elephant's face, perhaps the hollow in the middle of the forehead; Mātaṅga L.6.1.

Derivable forms: paliḥ (पलिः).

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Pāli (पालि) or Pālī (पाली).—f.

1) The tip of the ear; श्रवणपालिः (śravaṇapāliḥ) Gīt.3.

2) The edge, skirt, margin; तिष्ठतो युगपालीषु (tiṣṭhato yugapālīṣu) Mb.7.191. 3; महति सितपटच्छन्नपालीं कपालीम् (mahati sitapaṭacchannapālīṃ kapālīm) Bh.3.55.

3) The sharp side, edge or point of anything (aśri); कपोलपालिं तव तन्वि मन्ये लावण्यधन्ये दिशमुत्तराख्याम् (kapolapāliṃ tava tanvi manye lāvaṇyadhanye diśamuttarākhyām) Bv.2.9.

4) Boundary, limit.

5) A line, row; विपुलपुलकपाली (vipulapulakapālī) Gīt.6; Śi.3.51; रजनीचरपालिरागमिष्यत्यविलम्बं प्रतिपाल्यतां कुमारौ (rajanīcarapālirāgamiṣyatyavilambaṃ pratipālyatāṃ kumārau) Rām. Ch. 2.52.

6) A spot, mark.

7) A causeway, bridge.

8) The lap or bosom.

9) An oblong pond.

1) Maintenance of a pupil by his teacher during the period of his studies.

11) A louse.

12) Praise, eulogium.

13) A woman with a beard.

14) The hip.

15) A measure of capacity (prastha).

16) A circumference.

-lī A pot, boiler.

Derivable forms: pāliḥ (पालिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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