Palaka, aka: Pālaka; 9 Definition(s)
Palaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Pālaka (पालक).—The son of Pṛadyota and father of Viśākhayupa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 3.
1b) A son of Bālaka, ruled for 28 years*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 125; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 3. Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 312.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kathā (narrative stories)
Pālaka (पालक) is the name of one of the two sons of Caṇḍamahāsena and his wife Aṅgāravatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 11. Pālaka had a brother named Gopālaka. Caṇḍamahāsena was previously known by the name Mahāsena and was the son of Jayasena, son of Mahendravarman (king of Ujjayinī). Aṅgāravatī was the daughter of Aṅgāraka, who broke the chariot of Caṇḍamahāsena in the form of a fierce boar and fled into a cavern, but was later slain by Caṇḍamahāsena.
In Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 13, Pālaka and Gopālaka were pursuing Udayana (king of Vatsa), who escaped from Caṇḍamahāsena together Vasantaka, Yaugandharāyaṇa, Vāsavadattā and Kāñcanamālā.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pālaka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.
pālaka : (m.) a guard; keeper; protector.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Palaka, (cp. late Sk. pala, flesh, meat) a species of plant J. VI, 564. (Page 439)
— or —
Pālaka, (-°) (fr. pā) a guardian, herdsman M. I, 79; S. III, 154; A. IV, 127; J. III, 444. (Page 455)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Pālaka (पालक) refers to a class of piśāca deities according to the Śvetāmbara tradition of Jainism, while Digambara does not recognize this class. The piśācas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas).
The deities such as the Pālakas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.
2) Pālaka (पालक) refers to a type of vegetable (śāka), according to The Vyākhyāprajñapti 7.3.276. It is also known as Pālaṃka. Different kinds of vegetables were grown in the vegetable gardens (kaccha / kakṣa). The consumption of vegetables was considered essential for digesting food according to the Niśīthacūrṇi. The Jaina texts forbid the consumption of certain vegetables as it leads to killing of insects.
The Vyākhyāprajñapti, also known as the Bhagavatīsūtra contains a compilation of 36,000 questions answered by Mahāvīra and dates to at least the 1st century A.D. The Niśīthacūrṇi by Jinadāsa is a 7th century commentary on the Niśthasūtra and deals with Jain medical knowledge.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Palaka dynasty according to Harivamsa Purana and Tiloyapannati.—Starting from the epoch of Mahavira nirvana (1189 BCE), Palaka ruled for 60 years, Vishaya kings for 150 years, Murundas for 40 years, Pushpamitra for 30 years, Vasumitra & Agnimitra for 60 years, Gandhavvaya or Rasabha kings for 100 years, Naravahana for 40 years, Bhattubanas for 242 years and Guptas for 231 years.(Source): academia.edu: The epoch of the Mahavira-nirvana
Pālaka (पालक) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his twelfth year of spiritual-exertion.—From Meḍhiyāgrāma he reached Kauśāmbī. After leaving Kauśāmbī, the Lord arrived at Campā city after passing through the villages Sumaṅgala, Suchettā, Pālaka etc. After four months fast, he completed the 12th cāturmāsa at the sacrificial hall of the Brahmin Svātidatta. Leaving that place the Lord arrived at Jambhiyagrāma.(Source): HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
palaka (पलक) [or पलख, palakha].—m n ( P) A twinkling of the eye (as a measure of time); a moment, an instant.
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paḷakā (पळका).—a (paḷaṇēṃ) Fleet, swift, quick in running. 2 Of a runaway disposition.
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paḷakā (पळका).—m (pōḷaṇēṃ) The skin that peels off from a burn.
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pālaka (पालक) [or ख, kha].—m (Poetry.) A cradle. Ex. suvāsiṇī miḷavūni sakaḷā || ghātalēṃ bāḷa pālakhānta ||. 2 f m A vegetable, Beta Bengalensis.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
palaka (पलक) [or palakha, or पलख].—m n A twinkling of the eye, a moment.
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paḷakā (पळका).—a Fleet, swift. Of a runaway disposition.
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pālaka (पालक).—(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Piśāca (पिशाच) refers to the “goblin” class of “peripatetic celestial beings” (vyantara), itsel...
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naravāhana (नरवाहन).—n Any vehicle carried by men, a palanquin &c.
rāsabha (रासभ).—m A male ass.
Sumaṅgala (सुमङ्गल) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his twelfth year of spi...
Gopālaka (गोपालक) is the name of one of the two sons of Caṇḍamahāsena and his wife Aṅgāravatī, ...
Vāsavadattā (वासवदत्ता).—The title of the Vāsavadattā of Subandhu, the oldest romantic novel in...
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Search found 10 books and stories containing Palaka or Pālaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 12: Dravya and bhāva worship < [Chapter X - The recovery of draupadī]
Part 9: Story of Jaṭāyus < [Chapter V - The kidnapping of Sītā]
Part 7: The birth-bath of Śreyāṃsa < [Chapter I - Śreyāṃsanāthacaritra]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD) (by Yashoda Devi)
Part 12 - Alladanatha Devaraja and Bhimaraja (A.D. 1283) < [Chapter VI - The Parichchedis (A.D. 1040-1290)]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter CXII < [Book XVI - Suratamañjarī]
Chapter CXI < [Book XVI - Suratamañjarī]
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 5: Kalpasthana (by Sushruta)
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
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