Mudras, Mudrās: 1 definition



Mudras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mudrās (मुद्रास्).—When he recites the mantras a Māntrika should use different kinds of gestures with his hands to suit the recital. They are called Mudrās. The Mudrās in general are given below:

The first mudrā is called Añjalimudrā. Añjalī means a cavity formed by folding the hands and joining the open hands together. If the hands thus folded are placed on the breast it becomes a Vandinī mudrā. The hands should be placed on the breast with a slight slant to the left for Vandinī mudrā. The third mudrā is called Ūrddhva mudrā. Hold the left hand first in such a way that the thumb comes on the top and then with the fingers of the right hand bind the thumb of the left hand. The thumb of the right hand should also come to the top. This is called Ūrddhva mudrā. The lowering of the left palm opened up is called Varāhamudrā. (Chapter 26, Agni Purāṇa).

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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