Palāśa, aka: Palasa, Palāsa, Palasha, Palāśā; 9 Definition(s)
Palāśa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.
The Sanskrit term Palāśa can be transliterated into English as Palasha or Palasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Palāśā (पलाशा).—A R. of the Ketumālā country.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 18.
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmaśāstra (religious law)
Palāśa (पलाश) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Butea frondosa (flame-of-the-forest) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considerd as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat. Note that Butea frondosa is a synonym of Butea monosperma.
The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as palāśa).”Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
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Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Āyurveda (science of life)
Palāśa (पलाश) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Bastard teak” tree from the Fabaceae family, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known as Kiṃśuka. Its official botanical name is Butea monosperma and is commonly known in English as “Flame of the Forest”, “Bastard teak”, “Parrot tree” among many others. It has various songs and legends associated with it, for example, it is said that the tree is a form of Agni (God of Fire).Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Palāśa (पलाश).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The tree blossoms in spring with blood-red flowers, the flower is astringent and checks diarrhoea. The seed is flat and anthelmintic.Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Hindu science dealing with subjects such as health, medicine, anatomy, etc. and has been in use throughout India since ancient times.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Pālāsa, the Ardha-candra hand.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Palāsa (पलास): A tree Butea frondosa also called "flame of the forest".Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
1) Palāsa, 2 & (more commonly) Paḷāsa (according to Trenckner, Notes 83, from ras, but BSk. pradāśa points to pa+ dāśa=dāsa “enemy” this form evidently a Sanskritisation) unmercifulness, malice, spite. Its nearest synonym is yuga-ggāha (so Vbh. 357; Pug. 18, where yuddhaggāha is read; J. III, 259; VvA. 71); it is often combd with macchera (Vv 155) and makkha (Miln. 289). ‹-› M. I, 15, 36, 488; A. I, 79; J. II, 198; Vbh. 357; Pug. 18 (+paḷāsāyanā, etc.).—apaḷāsa mercifulness M. I, 44. (Page 440)
2) Palāsa, 1 (m. & nt.) (Vedic palāśa) 1. the tree Butea frondosa or Judas tree J. III, 23 (in Palāsa Jātaka).—2. a leaf; collectively (nt.) foliage, pl. (nt.) leaves S. II, 178; J. I, 120 (nt.); III, 210, 344; PvA. 63 (°antare; so read for pās’antare), 113 (ghana°), 191 (sāli°). puppha° blossoms & leaves DhA. I, 75; sākhā° branches & leaves M. I, 111; J. I, 164; Miln. 254; paṇḍu° a sear leaf Vin. I, 96; III, 47; IV, 217; bahala° (adj.) thick with leaves J. I, 57.—palāsāni (pl.) leaves J. III, 185 (=palāsapaṇṇāni C.); PvA. 192 (=bhūsāni). (Page 440)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
palāsa : (m.) leaf; foliage; malice; spite.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
General definition (in Jainism)
Palāśa (पलाश) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Śreyāṃsa are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to the Digambara tradition. According to the Śvetāmbara tradition the tree is known as Tinduga. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.
Śreyāṃsa is the eleventh of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Viṣṇu and his mother is Viṣṇu according to Śvetāmbara or Veṇudevī according to Digambara, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
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Ghana (घन).—Three kinds described.** Vāyu-purāṇa 51. 28-33.
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1) Makkha, 2 (probably=makkha1, but BSk. differentiates with mrakṣya Divy 622, trsl. Index “ill...
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Kiṃśuka (किंशुक) is a synonym for Kālamegha, a tree from the Fabaceae family. It is used thr...
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Search found 130 books containing Palāśa, Palasa, Palāsa, Palasha or Palāśā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:
- · The Jataka, Volume III > No. 307.: Palāsa-Jātaka.
- · The Jataka, Volume III > No. 370.: Palāsa-Jātaka.
- · Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi > ... > Verse 2.45
- · Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra > Praśna 7, Section 17
- · Satapatha Brahmana > ... > Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 7, brāhmaṇa 2
- · Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra > Adhyāya V, Khaṇḍa 10
- · Satapatha Brahmana > ... > Kāṇḍa VI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 1
- · Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra > Praśna II, Paṭala 3, Section 9
- · Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra > Adhyāya I, Kaṇḍikā 22
- · Gobhila-gṛhya-sūtra > Prapāṭhaka I, Kāṇḍikā 5
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.7.63-66
- · Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra > Adhyāya I, Kaṇḍikā 19
- · Satapatha Brahmana > ... > Kāṇḍa XIII, adhyāya 4, brāhmaṇa 4
- · Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra > Adhyāya IV, Khaṇḍa 18
- · Satapatha Brahmana > ... > Kāṇḍa VI, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 3
- · Satapatha Brahmana > ... > Kāṇḍa I, adhyāya 3, brāhmaṇa 3
- · Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra > Adhyāya III, Kaṇḍikā 11
- · The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) > Hands denoting Trees
- · Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra > Adhyāya II, Khaṇḍa 1
- · Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra > Praśna 8, Section 22
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