Pala, Palā, Pāla: 30 definitions



Pala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Paal.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Pala (पल) is a Sanskrit unit of weight corresponding to “50 grams”. It is commonly used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Pala is a weight unit often used in various Ayurvedic recipes and Alchemical preparations.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pala (पल) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘40 grams’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Pala unit corresponds to 2 Śukti units (a single Śukti unit equals 20 grams). You need 2 Pala units to make a single Prasṛta unit (1 Prasṛta equals 80 grams). You need a 100 Pala units to make a single Tulā unit (1 Tulā equals 4 kilograms).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Pala (पल) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 pala equals 48mg; 2 palas = 1 prasṛti = 96g), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning pala] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, pala indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pala (पल):—A unit of Measurement; Four karshas will make one pala i. e 48 g of metric units

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Pala (पल) refers to a unit of time-measurement, consisting of 6 niśvāsas (respirations), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.10, while explaining the span of life of the deities (Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Hara):—“[...] in the case of all living beings, Brahmā, Viṣṇu, Hara, Gandharvas, serpents, Rākṣasas, etc., twenty one thousand six hundred respirations constitute the period of one day and one night (ahorātra), O foremost among Devas. Six respirations constitute the period of time one Pala. Sixty such Palas constitute one Ghaṭī. Sixty Ghaṭīs constitute one day and one night. (6 x 60 x 60 = 21600). There is no limit to the number of respirations of Sadāśiva. Hence He is undecaying”.

2) Pala (पल) refers to a unit for measurement of weight, corresponding to ten ṭaṅkas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“twenty full lotuses (kamalā) constitute one prastha measure. A Thousand Bilva leaves (bilvapatra) constitute half a prastha. Petals of lotuses (śatapatra), a thousand in number constitute half a prastha. Ten ṭaṅka weight constitutes one pala and sixteen palas make one prastha. Flowers for worship shall be weighed in the balance according to this calculation. The worship thus duly performed shall accord all cherished desires. If the devotee worships with no specific desires he will become Śiva himself”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Pala (पल).—A measure of ancient times. (See under Trasareṇu).

2) Pāla (पाल).—A serpent born of the race of Vāsuki. This serpent committed suicide at the Sarpasatra of Janamejaya. (Śloka 51, Chapter 57, Ādi Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pala (पल).—A measurement: thirteen palas make one Māgadha measure, (jalaprastha, Vāyu-purāṇa): [n.b. 40 palas make at present one Madras measure.]*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 217; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 219; Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 3. 8.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Pāla (पाल) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā the words Pāla and Mañjara occur in two places. These both places appear joined together and said to be the Janapadas as well as mountains situated in the Dakṣināpatha. Therefore, these two also be taken as one word and identified with Pāla near Mahad.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Pala (पल).—1. Latitude. 2. Unit of time equivalent to 24 seconds. Note: Pala is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Palā (“jackfruit”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The fruits found in connection with the deities or held in the hands of the deities are, for example, Palā.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Pāla (पाल) is a Sanskrit word referring to ‘herdsman’. Also see avipāla, ‘shepherd ’.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Cullapala, Mahapala, and Cakkhupala.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Pāla (पाल) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning pāla) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Pala is the name of a tank that was situated in the Upalabijaka district: a locality that existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Pala (“milk”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Malas (considered the Pariahs of the Telugu country) of the Daindla section. The Mala people are almost equally inferior in position to the Madigas and have, in their various sub-divisions, many exogamous septs (e.g., Pala).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pala.—(EI 9, 21, 30; CII 3), name of a weight. (IA 26), a weight equal to 320 ratīs; sometimes spelt phala in Pāli. (CITD), in Telugu-Kannaḍa records, a weight equal to that of 10 pagodas; four karṣas or (1/100) of a tula; the 8th part of a ser, or 3 tolas or rupees; 4 tolas or 320 guñjās. (CII 3), the sixtieth division of a ghaṭī; equal to twenty- four English seconds. Note: pala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pālā.—(LP), sheds. (LP), a foot-soldier; cf. Gujarātī pāḻo. Note: pālā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pala.—weight of 320 ratis (cf. śatamāna); equal to 4 or 5 suvarṇas according to the Yājñavalkyasmṛti. Note: pala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas (history)

Pāla is the name of an ancient dynasty from Bengal where Shaivism thrived between the 10th and 12th centuries, according to Dr. Akhilesh K. Dubey (2005). He notes several grants to temples, Śaiva Brāhmaṇas and ascetics of śaiva mutts. The Cāhamānas (of Śākambharī, Jāvalīpura and Naḍḍūla), the Paramāras of Mālvā, Pālas and Senas of Bengal, the Gāhaḍavālas of Kanauj, the Candellas and the Kalacūrīs of Tripurī were all staunch Śaivites. There is also evidence of Śaiva Brāhmaṇas migrating from various places to propagate their wisdom and teachings.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pala : (nt.) a certain weight (of about 4 ounces). || pāla (m.) a guard; keeper; protector.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pala, (-°) (classical Sk. pala) a certain weight (or measure), spelt also phala (see phala2), only in cpd. sata° a hundred (carat) in weight Th. 1, 97 (of kaṃsa); J. VI, 510 (sataphala kaṃsa=phalasatena katā kañcana-pātī C.). Also in combination catuppala — tippala — dvipala — ekapala — sāṭikā Vism. 339. (Page 439)

— or —

Pāla, (-°) (fr. pā, see pāleti) a guard, keeper, guardian, protector S. I, 185 (vihāra°); J. V, 222 (dhamma°); VvA. 288 (ārāma°); Sdhp. 285. See also go°, loka°. (Page 455)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pala (पल).—n (S) The sixtieth part of a ghaṭikā. Two and a half are one minute. 2 m S Terrestrial latitude.

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paḷa (पळ).—n (pala S) The sixtieth part of a ghaṭikā or the 160th part of an hour. 2 A weight of twenty-eight ḍhabū;--used in weighing butter, ghee &c.

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paḷa (पळ).—m (paḷaṇēṃ) A general flight (as of the people of a town, village, or country, of a routed army &c.) v suṭa. Also, by meton., the fleeing people. Ex. āmacyā gāṃvānta paḷa ālā āhē. 2 f A run, a wild running from. v ghē. Also a run or race; a run as struck up. v māra. 3 f C A course or channel to drain fields. paḷa kāḍhaṇēṃ To take to flight; to scamper off. 2 g. of o. To make to run or to flee. paḷa suṭaṇēṃ in. con. To fall a scampering, fleeing, or running.

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paḷā (पळा).—m ( H) A large metal ladle. paḷī f A ladle gen.

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pāla (पाल).—f (palli S) The common house-lizard.

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pāla (पाल).—n A cloth or a large blanket &c. stretched across a pole, forming a sort of tent with two sloping sides and two open ends. 2 A thick sort of cloth used as carpeting. 3 m A large fighting vessel. 4 (pallava) The tender shoots (of grass or trees). v phuṭa, nigha, yē, hō. pāla ghālaṇēṃ or māṇḍaṇēṃ To set up openly the trade of a prostitute.

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pāla (पाल) [or पालक, pālaka].—a (S) That supports, cherishes, protects. In comp. as bhūpāla, mahīpāla.

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pālā (पाला).—m (pallava S) Leaves, blades, tufts of leaves, foliage.

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pāḷa (पाळ).—n pāḷaka n A ramification of the root of a tree. 2 fig. Scattered, diffused, or outspread state (of things gen.) v ghāla, māṇḍa, pasara, paḍa. pāḷēmpāḷēṃ khaṇūna ṭākaṇēṃ g. of o. To hoist out, oust, uproost; to turn out root and branch, neck and crop.

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pāḷa (पाळ).—f (pāli S) A parapet or marginal wall (as built around wells or tanks). 2 The raised edge of the mouth of a handmill. 3 The outer and curving edge of the auricle, the helix: the lower edge of the nose &c. 4 The ring of bundles (of kaḍabā, sarama &c.) which, at thrashing time, is made around the khaḷēṃ or thrashing floor to confine the corn from being scattered: the ring (of earth, lime &c.) around the cavity wherein water is to be poured: the similar ring of the āḷēṃ or cavity around the foot of a tree: the circle of flour around a mill: the ring or crown of the glacis around a fort: an encircling line of trees, stakes, men &c.: a ring in many similar applications. 5 A furrow (as made by a rush of water).

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pāḷa (पाळ).—a Free from taxation, exempt--a beast &c.; as cāra mhaśī pāḷa āhēta. Also remitted or waved--a tax; as gharadēṇēṃ pāḷa āhē. Also released from the payment of a tax--a person or family.

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pāḷa (पाळ) [or पाळक, pāḷaka].—a (Properly pāla & pālaka) That supports, cherishes, protects, defends. Esp. in comp. as bhūpāḷa, lōkapāḷa.

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pāḷā (पाळा).—m A small wood-bill. 2 W (pāḷaṇēṃ) Obedience, keeping of commands. 3 (Poetry. pāli S) An encircling body or line. Ex. hātīṃ ghēūnī ghana- sāṃvaḷā || vrajāṅganā dharitī pāḷā. 4 An encircling body; a band, troop, party, company gen. Ex. bhūtāñcē pāḷē apāra || mandarācaḷīṃ miḷālē ||. Also a flock or herd or any assemblage or multitude. Ex. jaisē gurāñcē pāḷē bahuta || ēka gurākhī rākhīta ||. 5 Scattered or outspread state (of things in general). v ghāla, māṇḍa, pasara, pāḍa & paḍa. 6 The name of a small white-reddish sea-fish.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pala (पल).—n The sixtieth part of a ghaṭikā. Two and a half are one minute. m Terres- trial latitude.

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paḷa (पळ).—n The sixtieth part of a ghaṭikā. m A general flight, The feeling people paḷa kāḍhaṇēṃ To take to flight; to scamper off. To make to run or to flee. paḷa suṭaṇēṃ in con. To fall a feeling.

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paḷā (पळा).—m A large metal ladle.

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pāla (पाल).—f The common house-lizard.

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pāla (पाल).—n A piece of cloth stretched across a pole, forming a sort of tent with two sloping sides and two open ends. A thick cloth used as carpeting.

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pāla (पाल) [or pālaka, or पालक].—a That supports, protects.

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pālā (पाला).—m Leaves, foliage.

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pāḷa (पाळ).—n pāḷaka n A root of a tree. pāḷēṃ muḷēṃ khaṇūna kāḍhaṇēṃ To uproot; to turn out root and branch.

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pāḷa (पाळ).—f A parapet or marginal wall (as built around wells or tanks).

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pāḷa (पाळ).—a Free from taxation, exempt-a beast &c., as cāra mhaśī pāḷa āhēta. Remit- ted-a tax; as ghara dēṇēṃ pāḷa āhē.

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pāḷa (पाळ) [or pāḷaka, or पाळक].—a That supports, protects.

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pāḷā (पाळा).—m A small wood-bill. Obedience. An encircling body or line. A flock or herd.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pala (पल).—[pal-ac] Straw, husk.

-lam 1 Flesh, meat.

2) A particular weight equal to four karṣas.

3) A particular measure of fluids.

4) A particular measure of time.

5) A small measure; लवणपलमिव क्षिप्तमन्तर्ह्रदस्य (lavaṇapalamiva kṣiptamantarhradasya) Nāg.5.24.

Derivable forms: palaḥ (पलः).

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Palā (पला).—The plant जटामांसी (jaṭāmāṃsī), Indian spikenard; ग्रन्थिकं च पलां चव्यं (granthikaṃ ca palāṃ cavyaṃ)...... Śiva B.3.16.

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Pāla (पाल).—1 [पाल्-अच् (pāl-ac)] A protector, guardian, keeper; as in गोपालः, वृष्णिपालः (gopālaḥ, vṛṣṇipālaḥ), &c.

2) A herdsman; विवादः स्वामि- पालयोः (vivādaḥ svāmi- pālayoḥ) Ms.8.5,229,24.

3) A kind; अहो अधर्मः पालानाम् (aho adharmaḥ pālānām) Bhāg.1.18.33.

4) A spitting-pot.

-lī 1 A herdsman's wife; Mb.5.

2) An oblong pond.

Derivable forms: pālaḥ (पालः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pala (पल).—n.

(-laṃ) 1. A weight of gold or silver equal to four Karshas or Suvarnas; also of four or of eight Tolas, or in common use, of three Tolas, two Mashas, and eight Rattis. 2. A moment, the sixtieth part of an Indian hour. 3. Flesh. m.

(-laḥ) Straw after threshing, &c. E. pal to go, to move, aff. ac .

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Pāla (पाल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Who or what guards or preserves. m.

(-laḥ) 1. A nourisher, a protector. 2. A spitting-pot. 3. A herdsman. 4. A king. f. (-lī) 1. The sharp edge of a sword. 2. A woman with a beard. 3. A louse. 4. A line, a row or range. 5. A pot, a boiler. E. pāl to nourish, aff. ac; ṅīṣ added; also with i aff. pāli.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pala (पल).—n. 1. A weight = 4 kar- ṣas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 135. 2. Flesh, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 215.

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Pāla (पाल).—[pā + la] 2., m. One who guards or protects, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 42, 15 Gorr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pala (पल).—[neuter] a cert. weight (also [masculine]) or measure; flesh, meat.

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Pāla (पाल).—1. [masculine] guard, protector, herdsman ([feminine] ī), king; a man’s name.

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Pāla (पाल).—2. [masculine] [neuter] alms-pot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pala (पल):—m. (scarcely to be connected with [preceding]) straw, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) = pāla [gana] jvalādi

3) n. a [particular] weight = 4 Karṣas = 1/100 Tulā (rarely m.; ifc. f(ā). ), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Suśruta] etc.

4) n. a [particular] fluid measure, [Nirukta, by Yāska xiv, 7; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) a [particular] measure of time (= 1/60 Ghaṭī), [Gaṇitādhyāya]; flesh, meat, [Yājñavalkya; Suśruta]

6) cf. [Latin] palea; Fr. paille, [Lithuanian] pelai.

7) Pāla (पाल):—[from pāl] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a guard, protector, keeper, [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] a herdsman, [Manu-smṛti; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] protector of the earth, king. prince, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] (also n.) a spitting spittoon (as ‘recipient’ ?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-demon of the race of Vāsuki, [Mahābhārata]

12) [v.s. ...] of a prince, [Catalogue(s)]

13) [v.s. ...] (with bhaṭṭa) Name of an author, [ib.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a dynasty (that reigned over Gauḍa and the adjacent countries from about 800-1050 [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]D.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pala (पल):—(laṃ) 1. n. A weight of gold or silver; a minute; flesh. m. Straw.

2) Pāla (पाल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Protecting. m. A protector; a spitting pot. f. Edge of a sword; bearded woman; louse; row; pot; a flock.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pala (पल):—

1) m. a) = pāla gaṇa jvalādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 140.] — b) = palāla Stroh [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1182.] —

2) n. a) ein best. Gewicht, = unmāna [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 495.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 29.] = 4 Karṣa oder Suvarṇa (auch 5 Suv.) = (1/4) Kuḍava = (1/10) Dharaṇa (10 Dharaṇa [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch]) = (1/100) Tulā [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 135.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 363. 364.] [Suśruta 2, 175, 15.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 86. 87. 3, 4, 1, 13.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 884.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 9, 671.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 397.] [Harivaṃśa 16217.] [Suśruta 1, 162, 6. 165, 10. 2, 50, 20.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 82, 13. 83, 7.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 202.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 11, 9.] Cit. beim Schol. zu [Sūryasiddhānta 13, 23.] Sch. zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 1, 3.] hastatulayāpi nipuṇāḥ palaparimāṇaṃ vijānanti [Pañcatantra II, 84.] daśapalā vṛddhiḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 179.] ein best. Maass für Flüssigkeiten: ṣoḍaśa vapāpalāni [Yāska’s Nirukta 14, 7.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 61, 6. 8.] [Mahīdhara] zu [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 19, 80.] [WEBER, Omina 398.] [Jyotiṣa 29. 30. 81.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 23, 2.] jala [GAUḌAP.] zu [SĀṂKHYAK. 5.] Cit. beim Schol. zu [Sūryasiddhānta 13, 23.] ein best. Zeitmaass, = vighaṭikā [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) Fleisch (vgl. palala) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 26, 204.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 623.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 3, 9.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 215.] palaṃ bhuvo gnito raktaṃ vātātkṛṣṇam (jāyante netrabudbude) [Suśruta 2, 303, 6.] palānna [373, 20.] — Vgl. utpala, kanaka .

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Pāla (पाल):—(von 3. ) m. gaṇa jvalādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 140.]

1) Wächter, Hüter: diśām [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 42, 15.] kaṃsadhanuṣām [Harivaṃśa 4502.] ohne Ergänzung [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 62, 10.] Hirt: vivādaḥ svāmipālayoḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 5. 229. fgg. 235. fg. 244.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 163.] yathā paśūnāṃ saṃghātaṃ yaṣṭyā pālaḥ prakālayet [Mahābhārata 6, 2776. 7, 7822. 13, 401.] [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 106.] sapāla, vipāla [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 240. 242.] [Mahābhārata 4, 294.] der Hüter der Erde, Fürst [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 18, 33.] taskarapālayoḥ [4, 18, 8.] sapālo yadvaśe lokaḥ [1, 9, 14.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. āḥ kṣudhyanto pyaghasanvyālāstvāmapālāṃ kathaṃ na vā [Bhaṭṭikavya 5, 66.] pālī Hüterin: diśāṃ pālyaḥ [Mahābhārata 5, 3608.] Häufig in Zusammensetzung mit dem obj. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 4.] sthāna [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 173]; vgl. ajapāla, anta, antaḥ, avani, avi, aśva (auch [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 16, 4, 5]), āmrapālī (v. l. pālā), āśāpāla, udyāna, kareṇu, kapotapālī, kumārīpāla, kulapāli, kulapālī, koṭṭapāla (u. koṭṭa), kośa, kṣiti, go, grāma, dvāra, dīkṣā, nara, nidhi, nṛ, paśu, prajā, prapanna, bhūta, madhyamaloka, mahī, loka, vana, śmaśāna, sabhā, soma, sthāna . Eine Dynastie mit auf pāla ausgehenden Namen [WASSILJEW 50. 55.] —

2) Spucknapf [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 683.] —

3) Nomen proprium eines Nāga aus Vāsuki’s Geschlecht [Mahābhārata 1, 2146.] eines Fürsten: śrīpālarājñaścaritram in Bhāṣā [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1362.] — pāla mit pāṇa verwechselt; s. u. khaṇḍapāla . In karapāla und pattrapāla scheint pāla = pāli zu sein.

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Pala (पल):—

2) a) [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH.1,1,18. 30.] [Oxforder Handschriften 307,b,7. 8.] [WEBER, Jyotiṣa 81. fgg.] [Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 301.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 61,284. 286] (pañcapalīmāṃsa). payaḥpalaśata 45.

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Pala (पल):—

2) a) m. purākalpa etadāsīt . ṣoḍaśa māṣāḥ kārṣāpaṇaṃ ṣoḍaśa palāśca māṣasaṃvadyaḥ [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.1,225,a.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Pala (पल):——

1) *m. Stroh.

2) n. — a) ein best. Gewicht [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,435,5.477,21.,] Ausnahmsweise auch m ; am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. palārdha n. = 2 karṣa [Carakasaṃhitā 7,12.] — b) ein best. Hohlmaass für Flüssigkeiten , — c) ein best. Zeitmaass [Rājan 21,35.Gaṇitādhāya 1,17.] = 1/60 ghaṭī Comm. — d) Fleisch [Varāhamihira’s Yogayātrā 7,18.] [Indische sprüche 7634.] zu 2041.

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Pāla (पाल):—1. —

1) m. (adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) Wächter , Hüter. — b) Hirt [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra 12,20,21.] — c) Hüter der Erde , Fürst , König. — d) Nomen proprium — α) eines Schlangendämons. — β) eines Fürsten. —

2) f. ī Hüterin. pālī s. auch u. pāli.

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Pāla (पाल):—2. m. n. Almosentopf.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of pala in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Pala (पल) [Also spelled pal]:—(nm) a measure of time equivalent to twenty-four seconds; —[bhara] ([ko]) for a while, for a moment; •[meṃ] in a moment, instantaneously; —[meṃ tolā pala meṃ māśā] to chop and change, to play fast and loose.

2) Pāla (पाल) [Also spelled paal]:—(nf) a sail; the layers of straw, leaves, etc, between which unripe mangoes (and some other fruits) are ripened within doors; a suffix denoting a protector, maintainer, manager administrator, etc. (as [rājyapāla, lekhapāla] etc.); —[kā pakā] ripened in [pāla; ~ghara] sail-loft; —[meṃ ḍālanā] to keep fruits under layers of straw etc. to ripen.

3) Pālā (पाला):—(nm) frost; side; concern; (a) reared, nurtured, brought up, fostered, tended; cherished; —[paḍanā] to be frost-hit; to be devastated, to suffer destruction; —[paḍanā, kisī se] to have to contend with; to be confronted with (a difficult person etc.); to face a difficult person in hostility and defiance; —[māranā] to be frost-hit, to be frost-bitten.

context information


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