Pushpa, Puṣpa, Puṣpā: 26 definitions

Introduction

Pushpa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Puṣpa and Puṣpā can be transliterated into English as Puspa or Pushpa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Puṣpa (पुष्प):—Son of Hiraṇyanābha (son of Vidhṛti). He had a son named Dhruvasandhi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.5)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—A serpent born of the family of Kaśyapa. (Śloka 13, Chapter 103, Udyoga Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Puṣpa (पुष्प, “flowers”) refers to “offering of flowers” and represents one of the sixteen upacāra, or “sixteen types of homage and services”, as described while explaining the mode of worshipping the phallic form (liṅga) of Śiva in the Śivapurāṇa 1.11. Accordingly, “[...] the devotee shall worship the mobile emblem with the sixteen types of homage and services (upacāra) as prescribed. It accords the region of Śiva gradually. The sixteen types of service are [for example, offering of flowers (puṣpa)] [...] Or he shall perform all the sixteen rites in the phallic emblem of human, saintly or godly origin, or in one naturally risen up (svayambhū) or in one of very extraordinary nature installed duly”.

Puṣpa or Puṣpasamarpaṇa (flower offerings) is also mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20, while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] flower (puṣpa) offerings shall be made with the mantra ‘Namaḥ Pāryāya’ etc. Bilva leaves shall be offered with the mantra ‘Namaḥ Parṇāya’ etc.”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—The son of Hiraṇyanābha and father of Dhruvasandhi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 209.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Puṣpa (पुष्प) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.13/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Puṣpa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Puṣpa (पुष्प, “flowers”):—One of the five preliminary oblations (upacāra) to be offered during the worship of Gaṇeśa, Durgā, Śiva and Viṣṇu, according to the Durgāpūjātattva.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Puṣpa (पुष्प) or Puṣpatantra refers to one of the thirty-three Dakṣiṇatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Puṣpa-tantra belonging to the Dakṣiṇa class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Puṣpa (पुष्प) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “flower” or “blossom” and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita or the Carakasaṃhita.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Puṣpa (पुष्प) or Puṣpavarga is another name for Karvīrādi: the tenth chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Puṣpa-varga].

2) Puṣpa (पुष्प) refers to a “flower”, as mentioned in a list of eight synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) verse 33.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Puṣpa (पुष्प) refers to “flower” (part of a plant) and represents a type of vegetable (śāka) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Śāka-prakaraṇa deals with all types of vegetables. Here vegetables are classified into different plant parts [like flower (puṣpa), etc.]. Each of these classification have so many varieties. This prakaraṇa is devoted to explain these varieties and their properties in detail.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Puṣpa (पुष्प, “sweet words”) refers to ‘sweet words’ of gallantry. Puṣpa represents one of the thirteen pratimukhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Pratimukhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the progressing part (pratimukha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

2) Puṣpa (पुष्प) refers to one of the four kinds of vyañjana (indication), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Vyañjana represents one of the four classes of dhātu (stroke), which relate to different aspects of strokes in playing stringed instruments (tata).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “puṣpa is one stroke with the little finger and the thumb”.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—One of the twelve elements of the ‘progression segment’ (pratimukhasandhi);—(Description:) Mentioning some favourable peculiarity is called Sweet Words (puṣpa, lit. flower).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Puṣpa (पुष्प) or Kusuma refers to “fragrant flowers” and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Puṣpa].

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Puṣpa (पुष्प) refers to “flowers” and represents one of the articles offered during Maṅgalārati, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—Before each article is offered, purify the right hand [with a drop of water from the pañca-pātra], and then purify the article [viz., puṣpa]. Chant the mūla-mantra for the deity and then offer the article.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja

Puṣpa (पुष्प) refers to “offering flowers”, representing one of the various services (upacāra) of a pūjā (ritualistic worship of a deity) which aim at the purification of the devotee.—Next [after akṣata] the devotee offers carefully selected fresh flowers (puṣpa) and leaves of the season (ṛtukālodbhava), which are usually kept in a special container (puṣpa-bhājana). There are elaborate rules for the use of certain flowers in the worship of particular deities. Durvā grass—liked by elephants—should be given to Ganapati but not to Devī, tulaśi to Viṣṇu but not to Ganapati, bilva leaves are to be offered to Śiva but not to Sūrya. Certain stories from the Puranic literature try to give reasons for these rules. Thus Mudgala-Purāṇa 5.31 explains the enmity between tulasi and Ganapati as leading to the prohibition of tulasi leaves in Ganapati’s worship. In kāmya-pūjās worship with certain flowers is believed to lead to certain desired results.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Puṣpa (पुष्प, “flower”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reborn as due to karma. Puṣpa and other plant-bodies are within the animal world (tiryag-gati) which is one of the four divisions of saṃsāra where souls are reborn.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—Gupta inscription No. 1 mentions a city named Puṣpa where Samudragupta enjoyed playfully while he was young. Apparently, the city was the Gupta capital. Also see Pāṭaliputra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Puṣpa.—(IE 8-8), a coin having the shape or sign of flower. Cf. a-harītaka-śāka-puṣpa-grahaṇa (IE 8-5), flowers which the villagers (probably, the florists) were obliged to supply to the king or landlord on occasions or to the touring officials. Note: puṣpa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

puṣpa (पुष्प).—n (S) A flower. 2 The menses, vulgo flowers. 3 A disease of the eyes, albugo. 4 The uterus at large or the ovarium. See under phūla. puṣpa ṭhēvaṇēṃ To cast blame upon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

puṣpa (पुष्प).—n A flower. The menses. A disease of the eyes, albugo.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—[puṣp vikāśe-ac]

1) A flower, blossom; पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति (patraṃ puṣpaṃ phalaṃ toyaṃ yo me bhaktyā prayacchati) Bg.9.26.

2) The menstrual discharge; as in पुष्पवती (puṣpavatī) q. v.

3) A topaz (puṣparāga); Rām.2.94.6.

4) A disease of the eyes (albugo).

5) The car or vehicle of Kubera; see पुष्पक (puṣpaka).

6) Gallantry, politeness (in love language).

7) Expanding, blooming, blossoming (said to be m. in this sense).

Derivable forms: puṣpam (पुष्पम्).

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Puṣpā (पुष्पा).—Name of the town Champā, the modern Bhāgalpur.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—m., (1) as common noun, flower (regularly nt.): puṣpāṃ = °pān, acc. pl., Lalitavistara 92.16; (2) name of a plurality of former Buddhas, puṣpa-nāmaka or the like, numbering 300: Mahāvastu i.46.3, but 3 crores, 58.4; 61.13; name of an individual former Buddha, iii.239.7—8, 432.12; oc- curs also as v.l. for Puṣya (1), q.v., in mss. and some edd.; (3) name of a future Buddha (compare Puṣya 2): Mahāvastu ii.355.12 = iii.279.17; (4) name of a king: Puṣpa-nāmo (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 625.22 (possibly means with a name containing the etement puṣpa, and may even refer to more than one king).

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Puṣpā (पुष्पा).—name of a goddess or yoginī: Sādhanamālā 157.12 etc.; 324.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—n.

(-ṣpaṃ) 1. A flower in general. 2. The menses. 3. Expansion, expanding. 4. The vehicle or car of Kuvera. 5. A disease of the eyes, specks on the eye, albugo. 6. A topaz. 7. Gallantry, politeness, (in erotic poetry.) f.

(-ṣpā) The capital of Karna, or Bhagalpur. m.

(-ṣpaḥ) Blossoming, blooming, expanding. E. puṣpa to flower, &c. ac aff.

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Puṣpā (पुष्पा).—m.

(-ṣpā) The district of Bhagalpur or the name of its capital champa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṣpa (पुष्प).—[neuter] bloom, flower (adj. —° [feminine] ā or ī); [masculine] topaz, a man’s name.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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