Nagara, Nāgara, Naga-ra: 45 definitions
Nagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Nagar.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Nāgara (नागर):—Another name for Śuṇṭhī (Zingiber officinale), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Kirātatiktādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.
According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), Nāgara is a synonym for Śṛṅgavera, which is the Sanskrit word referring to fresh ginger (the same Zingiber officinale). The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Nāgara (नागर) refers to “dry ginger” and is one of the pañcakola (“five spices”), mentioned in verse 3.46 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—By pañcakola (“the five spices”) are meant long pepper (pippalī), long-pepper roots (pippalīmūla) , elephant pepper (cavya), plumbago (citraka), and dry ginger (nāgara). Instead of lṅai CD offer lṅa ni, which is probably corrupt for lṅa-yi.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Nāgara (नागर) refers to “dry ginger” and is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., fruits of bilva (bael) or jambu (Eugenia jambolana or rose apple)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., nāgara (dry ginger)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā
Nāgara (नागर) (or Śuṇṭhī, Viśvabheṣaja, Viśva, Śṛṅgavera) (one of the tryuṣaṇa) refers to the medicinal plant Zingiber officinale Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Nāgara] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.
The plant Zingiber officinale Roxb. (Nāgara) is also known as Ārdraka according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Nāgara (नागर) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Zingiber officinale Rosc.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning nāgara] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā
Nāgara (नागर) refers to Zingiber officinale, and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Synonyms of Nāgara: Ārdraka (fresh rhizome of ginger) and Śuṇṭhī (dried ginger).—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 221-222, Singh and Chunekar, 1999)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Nāgara (नागर) is another name for Śuṇṭhī, a medicinal plant identified with Zingiber officinale Rosc. or “ginger root” from the Zingiberaceae or “ginger” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.24-26 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—Note: Śuṇṭhi is dried and specially prepared form of Ārdraka by removing the outer scales of the rhizome. The major part of the oil of ginger remains in theese scales and is obtained from the Śuṇṭhī/Ārdraka with scales.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Nāgara and Śuṇṭhī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra
Nagara (नगर):—Another name for Caitrakaccha, one of the twenty-four pītha (‘sacred sites’) of the Sūryamaṇḍala according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra and the kubjikāmata-tantra.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Nagara (नगर) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) to be assigned to the right buttock (sakthi) during the pīṭhavidhi (‘ritual of sacred sites’) according to the Tantrāloka chapter 29. This chapter of the Tantrāloka by Abhinavagupta expounds details regarding the Kula initiation ritual. Kula or Kaula is a specific tradition within Śaivism, closely related to Siddhānta and Śaktism. In the Jñānārṇava-tantra it is also mentioned as a pīṭha and is also called Kolvagiri.Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)
Nagara (नगर) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Ujjayinī is presided over by a (Devī) accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Romajaṅgha. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the hala and their abode is Caitrakaccha. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Nāgara (नागर, “townsmen”):—The Sanskrit name for a group of Prāsādas (‘town buildings’), according to the 11th-century Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra (chapter 63). This work, authored by Bhojadeva, is an encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.āsāda.
The names of the twenty buildings/temples (prāsādas) mentioned in this group are as follows:
- Garuḍa (Garutmaḍ),
Nāgara (नागर).—A classification of prāsada (‘superstructure of a temple’);—Nāgara, according to texts, is a building, wiiich is square up to its finial. See the Suprabhedhāgama, Kriya 30.40, Padmasaṃhita 9.1-2 and the Mayamata 19.37.Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Nāgara (नागर) refers to “n. of a type of prāsāda §§ 4.11; 5.14.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana
Nāgara (नागर) is another name for Camatkārapura.—King Camatkāra of Ānarta built and gifted a city to Brāhmaṇas. The city was named “Camatkārapura” after the name of the donor. It is called “Ānandapura” and “Nāgara”, synonyms of modern Vadnagara. It is the home of Nāgara Brāhmaṇas of Gujarat.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Nagara (नगर).—In ancient days there were rules and principles regulating the construction of a city. The name 'city' could be applied to them only if they conformed to the rules and principles in vogue. The principles and rules of the erection of a proper city are given below:—
One yojana or a half of land should be selected as site.* The planning of the city should be commenced after worshipping the deity of Vāstu. There should be four main gates on the four sides, East, West, North and South. The South gate should be in the position of Gandharvapada, West gate in the place of Varuṇa, the North gate in the place of Soma (Moon) and the East fort gate in the place of Sūryapada (the position of the Sun). The haṭṭas (minor gates) should be wide enough for elephants etc. to pass through. The main gates should be six rods wide. (See full article at Story of Nagara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Nagara (नगर).—In Śākadvīpa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 101; III. 70. 10.
1b) A son of Manyu, and father of Samkṛti.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 21-2.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Nagara (city): A nagara or pura covers an area of a yojana (1 yojana = ~13km).Source: Yoga Magazine: 2005
Dried ginger is called nagaram in Sanskrit and south in Hindi. Ayurveda calls dried ginger 'the great medicament' against colds, cough, rhinitis, bronchitis and indigestion. It is a strong aromatic stimulant, prescribed for abdominal distension, colic, diarrhoea and nausea. Ayurvedic physicians used an infusion of dried ginger in hot water to induce sweating for breaking fevers. They also applied it externally to relieve rheumatic pain. However, they stressed that ginger should be avoided by those who suffer from hyperacidity and gastric ulcers.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
The name of King Maddas capital (?) J.v.310.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Nagara (नगर) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Suvīrā, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Suvīrā is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the southern lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Pāṇḍaravāsinī. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.
Nagara is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Nagara is to be contemplated as situated in the toes. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitionersSource: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
1) Nagara (नगर) is one of the two Śmaśāna (‘sacred spot’) present within the Kāyacakra (‘circle of body’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Pātālavāsinī (‘a woman living underground’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. Vākcakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts (viz., Nagara) resided over by twenty-four ‘sacred girls’ (ḍākinīs) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.
Nagara has the presiding Ḍākinī named Suvīrā whose husband, or hero (vīra) is named Mārāri. The associated internal location are the ‘toes’ and the bodily ingredient (dhātu) is the ‘fat’. According to the Vajraḍākavivṛti, the districts Sindhu, Nagara, Pūrṇagiri and Jālandhara are associated with the family deity of Yāminī; while in the Abhidhānottarottaratantra there is the Ḍāka deity named Viśvaḍāka standing in the center of the districts named Nagara, Sindhu, Maru and Kulatā.
2) Nagara (नगर) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). These districts are not divided into subgroups, nor are explained their internal locations. They [viz., Nagara] are external holy places, where the Tantric meting is held with native women who are identified as a native goddess. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.
Nagara is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Vetālā accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Romajaṅgha. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the hala and their abode (residence) is mentioned as being a vetra-tree.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: Wisdom Library: India History
Nagara (or, Nāgara) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Nagarachala (or, Nāgarachāla). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Nagara), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.
According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Nagara) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).
The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (e.g., Nagara) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (e.g., Nagarachala), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
Nagara (नगर) or Nagarī means a “town”, a “city” and refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). We find the term being used by Pāṇini (IV.2.142). The word Nāgaraka (or Nāgarika) also occurs in Sanskrit literature as standing for “an inhabitant of a town” but sometimes its use was restricted for the chief of a town or a police-officer. In modern times nāgarika is used to refer to “a citizen of a state whether living in city or village”.
The word Nagara is changed into:
- nar as Kuśīnagara, Kusinar, Girinagara, Girnar;
- ner as Jīrṇanagara, Jooner.
In modern times the suffix nagara is sometimes used to denote an inhabitation or Mohalla e. g. Tilak Nagar, Subhash Nagar, Patel Nagar, Jawahar Nagar, Lajapat Nagar.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Nagara (towns) refers to administrative divsions of viṣayas and khollas of during the rule of Kannaḍa-speaking Śilāhāra dynasty (r. 765-1215 A.D.).—The viṣayas and khollas comprised nagaras or towns, and grāmas or villages. Very few towns in the kingdoms of the Śilāhāras find mention in their inscriptions. The deśa (administrative unit) was there divided into nāḍas or khollas.Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Architecture (1): Early and Classical Architecture (h)
Nāgara Temples.—In Orissa, from the 7th century up to the 13th century temples of the Nāgara order were built. These temples, while retaining the blueprint of the earlier ones of this style, became far larger and more ornate. This regional school, called the Kalinga or Orissan style, had a long period of evolution. The curvilinear śikhara over the sanctum sanctorum is the most eye-catching feature as also the hall called the jagmohana. The walls are profusely decorated with sculptures.Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Nagara (नगर) or Nagari is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The place is mentioned in the Barhut inscriptions. The location of the place is unknown. Is it identical with Nagarahāra mentioned in the Parāsaratantra, the Nang-go-lo-ho-lo of the Chinese, the Nagara or Dionysopolis of Ptolemy and identified with Jelalabad? If so, then it should be located in the Uttarāpatha division. But it may also be held to he identical with Nagarī or Nagara, 8 miles north of Chitorgadh State in Udaipur in Rajputana.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Nagara.—(IE 8-4), city; palace; cf. navara. (EI 21; SITI), a commercial guild; guild of merchants; a mercantile town; often spelt in Kannaḍa inscriptions as nakara or nakhara; cf. pañca-nagara. (CITD), in Telugu inscriptions, a territorial assembly like the sabhā and ūr; the merchant community in general or the organization of the merchant community of a town. In some places, the nagara and ūr carried on their functions side by side. The word is sometimes used to indicate occupational groups like śāleyanagarattom. Cf. K. A. Nilakanta Sastri, The Coḻas, Vol. II, 1st ed., p. 294. (EI 4), same as Kaliṅga-nagara. Cf. śrī-Nagara-bhukti= Pāṭaliputra-bhukti (Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, p. 311). (IA 17), represented in Prakrit by nera further corrupted to ner or nar. See nagarī. Note: nagara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: academia.edu: The Cakrasamvara Tantra (h)
Nagara (नगर) is the name of an ancient locality identified with “Laṅkāpura (the land of Rākṣasa)” according to Nāropāda (11th century A.D.). He is known for identifying unnatural or obscure names mentioned by the Cakrasaṃvara scriptures. Some say that Nagara is an area around a monastery standing on the border of Kaśmīra and northwest India.
There are three diﬀerent descriptions of the geographical location of Nagara according to Nāropāda as mentioned in the previous paragraph; but according to the Yoginījālatantra (and the two commentaries on the Hevajratantra by Kāṅhapāda and Ratnākaraśānti), Nagara refers to Pāṭaliputra (east India).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
nagara : (nt.) town; a citadel. || nāgara (adj. & n.), belonging to a city; urbane; polite; a citizen.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Nāgara, (Sk. nāgara, see nagara) a citizen J. I, 150; IV, 404; V, 385; Dāvs II. 85; VvA. 31; PvA. 19; DhA. I, 41. (Page 349)
— or —
Nagara, (nt.) (Ved. nagara, Non-aryan? Connection with agāra is very problematic) a stronghold, citadel, fortress; a (fortified) town, city. As seat of the government & as important centre of trade contrasted with gāma & nigama (village & market-place or township) Vin. III, 47 (°bandhana), 184; cp. gāma 3 b. deva° deva-city JI. 3, 168, 202; DhA. I, 280 etc.; cp. yakkha° J. II, 127.—Vin. I, 277, 342, 344; II, 155, 184; D. II, 7; S. II, 105 sq.; IV, 194 (kāyassa adhivacanaṃ); V, 160; A. I, 168, 178; IV, 106 sq. (paccantima); V, 194 (id.) Dh. 150 (aṭṭhīnaṃ); Sn. 414, 1013 (Bhoga°); J. I, 3, 50 (Kapilavatthu°); II, 5; III, 188; VI, 368 etc.; Pug. 56; DhA. IV, 2; PvA. 3, 39, 73; Dpvs XIV. 51 (+pura). Cp. nāgara.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
nagara (नगर).—n (S) A city or town. 2 Applied by eminence to Ahmednugger, Satara &c.
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nagārā (नगारा).—m ( A) A kettledrum. na0 vājaṇēṃ or nagāṛyāvara ṭiparūṃ paḍaṇēṃ g. of s. To be noised abroad; to become notorious. nagāṛyāvara ṭiparūṃ ṭākaṇēṃ-vājaviṇēṃ To make a noise in the world.
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nāgara (नागर).—m (S) A tribe of the gujarāthī brāhmaṇa or an individual of it.
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nāgara (नागर).—a (S) Relating to a city or town, urban, oppidan. Hence Clever, sharp, knowing, knavish.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
nagara (नगर).—n A city or town.
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nagārā (नगारा).—m A kettle-drum. nagārā vājaṇēṃ or nagāṛyā- vara ṭiparūṃ paḍaṇēṃ To be noised abroad; to become notorious. nagāṛyāvara ṭiparūṃ ṭākaṇēṃ- vājaviṇēṃ To make a noise in the world.
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nāgara (नागर).—m A tribe of the gujarāthī brāhmaṇa or an individual of it.
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nāgara (नागर).—a Relating to a city or town, urban. Clever, sharp.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Nagara (नगर).—[nagā iva prāsādāḥ santyatra bā° ra; cf. P.V.2.17 Vārt.] A town, city (opp. grāma); नगरगमनाय मतिं न करोति (nagaragamanāya matiṃ na karoti) Ś2. पण्यक्रियादिनिपुणैश्चातुर्वर्ण्यजनैर्युतम् । अनेकजातिसंबद्धं नैकशिल्पिसमाकुलम् । सर्वदैवतसंबद्धं नगरं त्वभिधीयते (paṇyakriyādinipuṇaiścāturvarṇyajanairyutam | anekajātisaṃbaddhaṃ naikaśilpisamākulam | sarvadaivatasaṃbaddhaṃ nagaraṃ tvabhidhīyate) ||
Derivable forms: nagaram (नगरम्).
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Nāgara (नागर).—a. (-rī f.) [नगरे भवः अण् (nagare bhavaḥ aṇ)]
1) Town-born, town-bred.
2) Relating to a town, civic.
3) Spoken in a town.
4) Polite, civil.
5) Clever, sharp.
6) Bad, vile, one who has contracted the vices of a town. नाग- नागरयोर्मध्ये वरं नागो न नागरः । नागो दशति कालेन नागरस्तु पुनः पुनः (nāga- nāgarayormadhye varaṃ nāgo na nāgaraḥ | nāgo daśati kālena nāgarastu punaḥ punaḥ) || Subhāṣita.
-raḥ 1 A citizen (paura); यः पण्यस्त्रीरतिपरिमलोद्गारिभिर्नागराणामुद्दामानि प्रथयति शिलावेश्मभि- र्यौवनानि (yaḥ paṇyastrīratiparimalodgāribhirnāgarāṇāmuddāmāni prathayati śilāveśmabhi- ryauvanāni) Me.25; Śānti.4.19; Bhāg.1.56.17.
2) A husband's brother.
3) A lecturer.
4) An orange.
5) Fatigue; hardship, toil.
6) Desire of final beatitude.
7) A term applied to a prince engaged in war under certain circumstances and also to a planet when in opposition to other planets (in astrol.)
8) Denial of knowledge.
-ram 1 Dry ginger; खर्बूरं मरिचं पूर्णं देवदारु च नागरम् (kharbūraṃ maricaṃ pūrṇaṃ devadāru ca nāgaram) Śiva B.3.16. पिप्पली सैन्धवं चैव नागरं च गुडान्वितम् । प्रातर्दत्तं तुरङ्गाणां नस्यं श्लेष्मविनाशनम् (pippalī saindhavaṃ caiva nāgaraṃ ca guḍānvitam | prātardattaṃ turaṅgāṇāṃ nasyaṃ śleṣmavināśanam) || Śālihotra.
2) A kind of coitus.
3) One of the three styles of architecture; it is quadrangular in shape; चतुरस्राकृतिं यत्तु नागरं तत् प्रकीर्तितम् (caturasrākṛtiṃ yattu nāgaraṃ tat prakīrtitam) Māna.18.94.
-rī 1 The character in which Sanskrit is generally written; cf. देवनागरी (devanāgarī).
2) A clever, intriguing or shrewd woman; हन्ताभीरीः स्मरतु स कथं संवृतो नागरीभिः (hantābhīrīḥ smaratu sa kathaṃ saṃvṛto nāgarībhiḥ) Ud. D.16.
3) The plant स्नुही (snuhī)
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Nāgara (नागर).—a kind of steel.
Derivable forms: nāgaram (नागरम्).
Nāgara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nāga and ra (र).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Nāgara (नागर).—name of a locality: Mahā-Māyūrī 64.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nagara (नगर).—nf. (-raṃ-rī) A town, a city. E. naga a tree, or according to some, a mountain, ral affix; having trees or houses like mountains. nagā iva prāsādāḥ santi atra bā0 ra .
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(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Clever, sharp, knowing, (as a buck, a blood, a wag. &c.) 2. Town-born or bred, citizen. 3. Nameless. 4. Relating to a city. 5. Polite, civil 6. Bad, vile. n.
(-raṃ) 1. Dry ginger. 2. A short of grass, (Cyperus pertenuis). 3. A form of writing, the “Devanagari alphabet.” m.
(-raḥ) 1. A husband’s brother. 2. An orange. 3. A lecturer. 4. Denial of knowledge. 5. Fatigue. 6. Desire of final beautitude. f. (-rī) 1. A sort of Euphorbia. 2. A clever or intriguing woman. E. nagara a city aṇ aff. nagare bhavaḥ aṇ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nagara (नगर).—[naga + ra], n. and f. rī, A town, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 107.
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Nāgara (नागर).—i.e. nagara + a, I. adj. 1. Belonging to a town, Mahābhārata 1, 5682; m. A citizen, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 17, 34. 2. Referring to a town, Mahābhārata 2, 256. 3. Polite, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 94, 10 C. Ii. f. rī, A crafty woman, Haeb. Anth. 351, 16. Iii. n. Dry ginger, [Suśruta] 1, 161, 2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nagara (नगर).—[neuter] ([masculine]), ī [feminine] town, city.
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Nāgara (नागर).—[adjective] born or bred in town, civic, urbance; clever, cunning ([abstract] tā [feminine]).
— [masculine] citizen; [neuter] dry ginger.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nagara (नगर):—n. (m. only, [Mahābhārata iii, 3014]; ifc. f(ā). , [Harivaṃśa 2951]; [probably] not [from] naga + ra, but cf. [gana] aśamādi; the n cannot be cerebralized [gana] kṣubhnādi) a town, city, Name of sub voce cities, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]
2) Nāgara (नागर):—mf(ī)n. ([from] nagara) town-born, t°-bred, relating or belonging to a t° or city, t°-like, civic, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
3) spoken in a t° (said of a [particular] Apabhraṃśa dialect; cf. upa-n), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
4) polite, civil, [Śakuntalā v, 1/2] ([varia lectio] for rika)
5) clever, dexterous, cunning, [Dhūrtanartaka]
6) bad, vile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) nameless, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) m. a citizen, [Mahābhārata] etc.
9) (= paura) a prince engaged in war under [particular] circumstances (opp. to yāyin etc. and also applied to planets opposed to each other), [Varāha-mihira]
10) a husband’s brother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) a lecturer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) an orange, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. nāga-raṅga)
13) toil, fatigue, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) desire of final beatitude, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) denial of knowledge, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) n. dry ginger, [Suśruta]
17) the root of Cyperus Pertenuis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
18) a [particular] written character, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]
19) a kind of coitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
20) Name of sub voce places, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nagara (नगर):—[(raṃ-rī)] 1. n. f. A town or city.
2) Nāgara (नागर):—[(raḥ-rī-raṃ) a.] Town-born; vile; clever. m. A husband’s brother; an orange; a lecturer. f. Euphorbia; intriguing woman. n. Dry ginger; grass; Nāgari alphabet.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Nagara (नगर) [Also spelled nagar]:—(nm) a city; town; —[kā] urban; -[nigama] municipal corporation; ~[pālikā] municipality, municipal committee; ~[pitā] city father, municipal councillor; -[pramukha] the mayor; —[prāṃta] urban area; a suburb; skirt of a city; -[rakṣā] civil defence; -[rājya] a city-state; -[vadhū] a prostitute; ~[vāsī] a citizen; townfolk.
2) Nāgara (नागर) [Also spelled nagar]:—(a) urban; civil, civic, civilian; wise; (nm) a civilian; a subcaste of Brahmans of Gujarat; Nagri:(Devnagri:) letters/alphabet; also —[akṣara; ~tā] civility; urbanity.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
2) Ṇāgara (णागर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nāgara.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+112): Nagara Sutta, Nagara-akshadarsha, Nagara-mahallaka, Nagara-Motha, Nagara-parivara, Nagara-rakshaka, Nagara-shreshthin, Nagara-vyavaharika, Nagarabahu, Nagarabahya, Nagarabhavani, Nagarabhukti, Nagarabhyasha, Nagarabindava, Nagarabindu, Nagaracatutpatha, Nagaraci, Nagaradaivata, Nagaradaivatavat, Nagaradhanasamgharama.
Ends with (+192): Abhayanagara, Agganagara, Akashanagara, Amjanagara, Amtakanagara, Anagara, Antarnagara, Ashmanagara, Ashvatthanagara, Asitanjananagara, Atthakanagara, Avantinagara, Bahinagara, Bahirnagara, Balanagara, Balinagara, Bandhanagara, Bhadranagara, Bhairundanagara, Bhallatanagara.
Full-text (+500): Nagari, Nagararakshin, Nagaraghata, Nagaradhipa, Khetin, Kundakila, Nagarya, Nagarajana, Nagariya, Nagarahva, Nagarastha, Nagarapati, Nagaramusta, Nagaraukas, Nagaraka, Nagarapradakshina, Maha-nagara, Sakhanagara, Nagarakaka, Girinagara.
Search found 47 books and stories containing Nagara, Nāgara, Nagārā, Naga-ra, Nāga-ra, Ṇagara, Ṇāgara; (plurals include: Nagaras, Nāgaras, Nagārās, ras, Ṇagaras, Ṇāgaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 164 - Installation of Nāgeśvara (Nāga-īśvara) etc. < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 181 - Greatness of Gāyatrī Tīrtha < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 163 - Creation of Brāhma Nāgara [Community] < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter VI - Origin of the four castes < [Book I]
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Sikhara < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Dravidian Art < [Chapter XIV - Conclusion]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.4.228 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 1.7.87-88 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)