Girinagara, Giri-nagara: 10 definitions


Girinagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Girinagara in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Girinagara (गिरिनगर) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Girinagara is well-known by the Girnar hills. In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā, describes this hill in the western India, situated at a small distance from the town of Junagadh in Kathiawar. This is now presumed to be the Raivatakagiri of the Purāṇas.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Girinagara in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Girinagara (गिरिनगर) [=Giri and Nagara?] refers to a mountain belonging to “Dakṣiṇa or Dakṣiṇadeśa (southern division)” classified under the constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Uttaraphālguni, Hasta and Citrā represent the southern division consisting of [i.e., Girinagara] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Girinagara in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

-A monastery in Devapali built by Aggabodhi V. Cv.xlviii.3.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Girinagara (गिरिनगर) is a place name ending in nagara or nagarī mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Girinagara is also known as Girnar in the way that nagara is changed to nar.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Kalachuri-chedi era

Girinagara (गिरिनगर).—Girinagara is the well-known Girnār in Kathiawad. Śraddhikā is Sādhi, 5 miles south by west of Padrā, the head-quarters of the Padrā taluka in the Baroda District.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Girinagara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Girinagara (गिरिनगर).—Name of a district in Dakṣiṇāpatha.

Derivable forms: girinagaram (गिरिनगरम्).

Girinagara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms giri and nagara (नगर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Girinagara (गिरिनगर):—[=giri-nagara] [from giri > gir] n. ([gana] 1. kṣubhnādi) ‘mountain-city’, Name of a town in Dakṣiṇā-patha (the modern Girnār, [Religious Thought and Life in India p.349]), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xiv, 11.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Girinagara (गिरिनगर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Girinayara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Girinagara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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