Maniratna, Maṇiratna, Mani-ratna: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Maniratna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Maniratna in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न) refers to “(that which is adorned with) jewels and gems”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, while describing the Mūrti (visualized iconic form) of the goddess Mālinī: “She is like the rising sun and is blissful with wine. Very beautiful, she has five faces and is radiant with five time three eyes. [...] Three wrinkles (adorn her) middle part and she has large, upraised breasts. She has a necklace and bracelets adorned with jewels and gems [i.e., maṇiratna-vibhūṣitā]. The goddess sits in the adamantine posture on a cot. She wears a garland of vowels on her head and a divine necklace of letters around her neck”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Maniratna in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न) refers to “gems and precious stones”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Having examined the treatises of Garga, Parāśara, Asita, Devala and many others on Ketus, I now proceed to give a clear account of the same. The reappearance or disappearance of the Ketus is not subject to astronomical calculations. The Ketus are of three kinds—celestial, etherial and terrestrial. Ketus are luminous appearances resembling fíre but without the power to consume objects—the glow worm, certain phosphorescent appearances, gems, precious stones [i.e., maṇiratna] and the like excepted”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Maniratna in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न) refers to “gems and jewels” (suitable for a marriage ceremony)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] Then he began collecting foodstuffs and other requisite articles intended for the performance of the marriage. [...] Tanks were built for butter, spirituous beverages, sweet juices of various kinds and rice preparations of various sorts. Different kinds of pickles and side dishes were prepared that might appeal to Śiva’s Gaṇas and the gods. Different kinds of valuable garments purified in fire were kept ready. Gems and jewels (maṇiratna) of different kinds, gold, silver and other articles were gathered duly. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न) is the name of a deity or entity to which is given homage to [i.e., oṃ lāṃ maṇi-ratnāya namaḥ], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Maniratna in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न) refers to a “precious pearl”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “... From the absolute point of view (paramārtha), the true nature (bhūtalakṣaṇa) of things, there are no beings (sattva) and there is no salvation (trāṇa). It is merely conventionally that we affirm the existence of salvation. As for you, you seek the absolute (paramārtha) in the conventional (saṃvṛti), which is inadmissible. It is as if you were looking for a precious pearl (maṇiratna) in a brick or a stone: never would you find it there.”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न) refers to “jewels and gems” (suitable for an offering manual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “A wax Garuḍa should be made. [...] [The Garuḍa] should hold a three-headed [Nāga] in the right hand, and jewels and gems (maṇiratna) in the left. It should be covered with shining gold. It should be touched by colours according to the ritual manual. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Maniratna in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न) or simply Maṇi refers to the “gem jewel” and represents the fourth of the “seven jewels of universal monarchs” (saptaratna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 85). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., maṇi-ratna). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maniratna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न).—a jewel, gem.

Derivable forms: maṇiratnam (मणिरत्नम्).

Maṇiratna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms maṇi and ratna (रत्न).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न).—n.

(-tnaṃ) A precious gem. E. maṇi, and ratna a jewel, or the best of any thing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न).—[neuter] jewel, precious stone.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न):—[=maṇi-ratna] [from maṇi] n. a jewel, gem, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] (with Buddhists ‘one of a sovereign’s 7 treasures’, [Dharmaśarmābhyudaya 85])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇiratna (मणिरत्न):—[maṇi-ratna] (tnaṃ) 1. n. Precious gem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Maniratna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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