Manikya, aka: Māṇikya, Māṇikyā; 7 Definition(s)
Manikya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
Māṇikya (माणिक्य, “Ruby”):—One of the nine gems (navaratna) according to the 13th century Rasaprakāśasudhākara.
It has two known varieties:
- and Nīlagandhi-māṇikya.
The Ruby (māṇikya) has the following Pharmaco-therapeutic properties:
- rūkṣa (dry) in property,
- sandīpana (good stimulant to digestive fire),
- vṛṣyatama (having a high vṛṣya (aphrodisiac property) in karma),
- destroys vātadoṣa,
- and the prakopa of all the three doṣas.
It is found highly suitable for kings and high society persons.
Superior: The Ruby is considered superior when the following properties can be described about the form of the gem: Mahat (big in size), kamalacchāya (looking like lotus in colour and shade), snigdha (greasy), svaccha (clean), guru (heavy), sphuṭa (clear), asama (uneven) and vṛttāyata (oval shaped).
Inferior: The Ruby is considered inferior when containing the following characteristics: Having fissures, dull shade, light weight, rough surface, flat apperance, tilled or un-straight, small in size and unclear.Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)
Author of the Amarakośavivṛti. Most probably, Māṇikya (or Maṇika) is also the author of the Abhinavarāghavānandanāṭaka, preserved in Add. 1658.1, as well as of a Newari commentary on the legal text called Mānavanyāyaśāstraṭīkā, preserved in (Add.2137 (see also Shastri 1905: x and 43-44).Source: University of Cambridge: Amarakośavivṛti
Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.
General definition (in Hinduism)
An Indian physician by the presumed name of Māṇikya travels to Iraq at the beginning of the reign of the Abbasid caliph Hārūn ar-Rašīd, probably upon the latter’s request and perhaps in the company of a delegation dispatched by the Arab governor of Sind, Isḥāq ibn Sulaimān al-Hāšimī; he carries with Ayurvedic books; he is admitted to the palace in Baghdad, serves both the caliph and his vizier, the Barmakid Yaḥyā ibn Hālid, as a physician, and is also attached to the newly founded Barāmika hospital; the vizier commissions him to undertake the translation of the Suśrutasaṃhitā; Māṇikya translates from Sanskrit into Pahlavi, probably on his own, and/or into Arabic, probably not on his own—it seems unlikely that he could have tackled single-handedly a direct translation from Sanskrit into Arabic; in the course of this translatory process the formal structure of the original work is altered, probably as a result of condensing its contents, and metrical structures are dissolved; the translation is commissioned and accomplished duruing Yaḥyā ibn Ḫālid’s vizierate, namely between the years 789 and 803 CE, though Māṇikya stays in Baghdad even after the downfall of the Barmakid, whom he visits in jail; Māṇikya may or may not have returned to India.Source: Google Books: The Sanskrit, Syriac and Persian Sources in the Comprehensive Book of Rhazes
Languages of India and abroad
māṇikya (माणिक्य).—n S pop. māṇīka n A ruby. māśānēṃ māṇīka giḷaṇēṃ A figure expressive of the utter irrecoverableness of a loss.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
māṇikya (माणिक्य).—n A ruby.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Māṇikya (माणिक्य).—A ruby; शैले शैले न माणिक्यम् (śaile śaile na māṇikyam) Subhāṣ.
Derivable forms: māṇikyam (माणिक्यम्).
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Māṇikyā (माणिक्या).—A small house-lizard.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-kyaṃ) A ruby. f.
(-kyā) A house-lizard. E. maṇi a gem, kai to call, yat or yañ added.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Manikya, Māṇikya, Māṇikyā; (plurals include: Manikyas, Māṇikyas, Māṇikyās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Ruby (manikya) < [Chapter XV - Gems (3): Manikya (ruby)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Appendix 6.2: new and rare words < [Appendices]
Part 3: Mahāvīra’s childhood < [Chapter II - Mahāvira’s birth and mendicancy]
Appendix 1.6: New and rare words < [Appendices]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-vijaya (by Śrī Gunaraja Khan)