Manika, Maṇīkā, Maṇika, Mānikā, Manikā, Manīka, Māṇika, Māṇikā: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Manika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Maṇika (मणिक):—The Sanskrit name for one of the five Vimānas created by Brahmā, the great Creator, in the hoary past for gods. They were for travelling in the air, beautiful to look at, colossal in shape, made of gold and studded with gems. Maṇika was to be used by Varuṇa, the noose-holder. Vimānas represent the ‘aerial chariots’ of the gods, but also refers to seven-storey palaces. It is described in the 11th-century Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra (49.3) by Bhojadeva. Accordingly, “Maṇika may be globular and oblong in structure”. It is from the self-same five shapes of Vimānas that later on, Brahmā created the Prāsāda.

The Maṇika type of Vimāna exhibits ten different temples:

  1. Āmoda,
  2. Raitika,
  3. Tuṅga,
  4. Cāru,
  5. Bhūti,
  6. Niṣevaka,
  7. Sadāniṣedha,
  8. Siṃhākhya,
  9. Suprabha,
  10. Locanotsava.

These are the names of 10 out of a total of 64 temples (prāsāda) mentioned in same chapter.

2) Maṇika (मणिक):—The name of a group of temple classifications, comprising 9 oval-shaped temple categories, according to the 8th-century Agnipurāṇa. The Maṇika group is one of the five groups mentioned in the purāṇa, and represents the North-Indian classification of temples.

  1. Gaja,
  2. Vṛṣabha,
  3. Haṃsa,
  4. Garuḍa,
  5. Ṛkṣanāyaka,
  6. Bhūṣaṇa,
  7. Bhūdhara,
  8. Śrījaya,
  9. Pṛthivīdhara.
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Maṇika (मणिक).—A big water vessel into which Manu threw the growing fish.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 1. 20.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Maṇika (मणिक) refers to a “jar”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 7.75.—In 22.146 maṇika and caṣaka (“a cup”) are used.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mānikā (मानिका) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 mānikā equals 384mg; 2 mānikās = 1 prastha = 768g), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mānikā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, mānikā indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name of a vijja, whereby thoughts can be read. DA.ii.389.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Māṇika is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Māṇika) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Māṇika) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Māṇika.—(CITD), Telugu; a measure; (1/4) of a kuñcamu and (1/15) of a tūmu. Note: māṇika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

maṇika : (m.) 1. a big jar; 2. a bracelet made of glass, etc.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṇīkā, (f.) (f. of maṇika, adj. fr. maṇi) N. of a charm, the Jewel-charm, by means of which one can read other people’s minds D. I, 214 (m. iddhi-vijjā), cp. Dial. I. 278, n. 3.). (Page 516)

— or —

Maṇika, (cp. Class. Sk. maṇika) a waterpot M. II, 39. Usually in cpd. udaka° Vin. I, 277; M. I, 354; S. IV, 316; A. III, 27; Miln. 28; DhA. I, 79. Whether this is an original meaning of the word remains doubtful; the connection with maṇi jewel must have been prevalent at one time. (Page 516)

— or —

Mānikā, (f.) (cp. māna2 2) a weight, equal to 4 Doṇas SnA 476 (catudoṇaṃ mānikā). Cp. BSk. mānikā, e.g. Divy 293 sq. (Page 529)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

māṇīka (माणीक).—n A ruby.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṇika (मणिक).—1 A water-jar; विवृद्धमूषिका रथ्या विभिन्नमणिकास्तथा (vivṛddhamūṣikā rathyā vibhinnamaṇikāstathā) Mb.16.2.5; तस्माच्च शिल्पान्मणिकादिकारी प्रसिद्ध- नामाजनि कुम्भकारः (tasmācca śilpānmaṇikādikārī prasiddha- nāmājani kumbhakāraḥ) N.7.75.

2) = अजागलस्तन (ajāgalastana) q. v.

3) The front part of the male organ of generation.

-kaḥ 1 A crystal palace.

2) A jewel, gem.

Derivable forms: maṇikaḥ (मणिकः), maṇikam (मणिकम्).

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Manīka (मनीक).—Collyrium, eye-salve.

Derivable forms: manīkam (मनीकम्).

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Māṇika (माणिक).—A jeweller.

Derivable forms: māṇikaḥ (माणिकः).

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Māṇikā (माणिका).—A particular weight (equal to eight palas).

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Mānikā (मानिका).—

1) A kind of spirituous liquor.

2) A kind of weight.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṇika (मणिक).—m. (Sanskrit maṇi plus -ka, pejorative, see § 22.37), worthless (glass-) gem: Gaṇḍavyūha 500.5 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇika (मणिक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A small water-jar, a pitcher. m.

(-kaḥ) A jewel. E. maṇi the same, aff. kan .

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Manīka (मनीक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Collyrium, powdered antimony or other substances, used as an application and ornament to the eye. E. man to know, to be agreeable, īkan Unadi aff.

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Māṇikā (माणिका).—f.

(-kā) A weight of eight Palas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇika (मणिक).—[maṇi + ka], I. m. A precious stone, a jewel. Ii. n. A small waterpot, Pārask. in Journ. of the German Oriental Society, ix. xxi. n. 4.

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Māṇikā (माणिका).— (akin to maṇi), f. A weight of eight Palas.

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Mānika (मानिक).—[-mānika], i. e. mānin + ka, in panḍita-, adj. Fancying one’s self a learned man, Mahābhārata 12, 6738.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇika (मणिक).—[masculine] a large water-jar.

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Māṇika (माणिक).—[masculine] jeweller.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṇika (मणिक):—[from maṇi] m. a jewel, gem, precious stone, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f: ā) a water-jar or pitcher, [Adbhuta-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]; Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] ([according to] to [Sāyaṇa]) globular formations of flesh on an animal’s shoulder, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

4) Manīka (मनीक):—n. eye-salve, collyrium (powdered antimony or other substances used as an application and ornament to the eye), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Māṇika (माणिक):—[from māṇi] m. a jeweller, [Campaka-śreṣṭhi-kathānaka]

6) Māṇikā (माणिका):—[from māṇika > māṇi] f. a [particular] weight (= 2 Kuḍavas, = 1 Śarāva, = 8 Palas), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

7) Mānika (मानिक):—[from māna] a = mānin1 in paṇḍiśa-mānika q.v.

8) Mānikā (मानिका):—[from mānaka > māna] f. a [particular] weight or measure (= 2 Añjalis), [Siddhānta-kaumudī] (cf. mānī)

9) [v.s. ...] a [particular] spirituous liquor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Mānika (मानिक):—b mānita, 1. 2. mānin See p.809, [columns] 2 and 3.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Maṇika (मणिक):—(von maṇi) m. gaṇa sthūlādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 3.] gaṇa yāvādi zu [29.] gaṇa caturvarṇādi zu [5, 1, 124, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 1.]

1) ein grosser Wassertopf [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 31] [?(Nalopākhyāna). Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1022. Halāyudha 2, 162. ĀŚV. GṚHY. 2, 9, 3. 4, 6, 4.] dvāvudakumbhau maṇika āsiñcet [GOBH. 3, 9, 6. 7. 1, 1, 26.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 14.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 9.] avaṭe minoti maṇikam [?5. ADBH. BR. bei WEBER, Omina 316.] vivṛddhamūṣikā raghyā vibhinnamaṇikāstathā [Mahābhārata 16, 37.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 728, 2.] —

2) nach [Sāyaṇa] kugelförmige Fleischbildungen an der Schulter des Thieres: skandhyā maṇikāstisraśca kīkasāḥ [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 1.] Vielleicht das muldenförmig ausgehöhlte Schulterbein. — Vgl. māṇikya .

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Manīka (मनीक):—n. Augensalbe [Uṇādikoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Māṇikā (माणिका):—f. ein best. Gewicht, = 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva = 8 Pala [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 1, 1, 19.] — Vgl. mānikā unter mānaka .

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Mānika (मानिक):—von mānin in paṇḍita .

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Mānikā (मानिका):—s. u. mānaka; mānita u. dem caus. von man .

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Māṇika (माणिक):—(von maṇi) m. wohl Juwelenhändler; s. u. suvarṇajīvika .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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