Mangu, Maṅgu, Mamgu: 10 definitions


Mangu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Maṅgu (मङ्गु).—A son of Gāndinī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 111; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 110.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Maṅgu (मङ्गु) or Maṅgukathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Maṅgu-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Mandala Texts: Trözo: Gold and Silver Smithery

Mangu (མང་གུ་) or Druphor (འབྲུ་ཕོར་) refers to “container for grains” and represents a product created with Trözo (སྤྲོས་བཟོ་) or Troezo (“silver and gold smithery”) which represents one of the various arts and crafts, which were promoted by the state Bhutan since the 17th century.— There are today many exquisite life size bronze and silver figures of religious heirarchs created in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries in Bhutan. Beside statues, gold and silver smiths created a wide range of religious objects. They include cups for offering such as the skull shaped thoedzu or banza (བཉྫ་), many types of butter lamp containers called kongbu (ཀོང་བུ་), offering vase known as bumpa (བུམ་པ་), ceremonial water jugs called chapbum (ཆབ་བུམ་), cups for water offering called ting (ཏིང་), containers for alcohol offering called thro (ཁྲོ་) and phudchung (ཕུད་ཅུང་), bowls for fruit offering called thokoe (མཐོ་སྐོས་), container for grains called druphor (འབྲུ་ཕོར་) or mangu (མང་གུ་), etc.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Mangu in India is the name of a plant defined with Catunaregam spinosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Canthium coronatum Lam. (among others).

2) Mangu in Kenya is also identified with Sclerocarya birrea It has the synonym Poupartia birrea (Hochst.) Aubrév. (etc.).

3) Mangu in Togo is also identified with Ziziphus mucronata It has the synonym Ziziphus madecassus H. Perrier.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Observationes Botanicae (1781)
· Florae Senegambiae Tentamen (1831)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Botanici Berolinensis (1809)
· Notulae Systematicae. (1943)
· Phytotherapy Research (2004)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Mangu, for example side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṅgu (मङ्गु) or Maṅku or Madgu.—adj., also in composition with bhāva, -bhūta (= Pali maṅku; compare also durmaṅku; maṅku once in Vedic, ŚB, app. staggering, [Boehtlingk and Roth], but perhaps not the same word): mentally disturbed, upset, abashed, out of countenance; all three forms are clearly variants of each other (compare pudgala: puṃgala etc., § 3.4), as is shown notably by a cliché, tūṣṇībhūto (once °tvā, Divyāvadāna 633.24; not in Mahāvyutpatti) madgubhūtaḥ srastaskandhaḥ adhomukho niṣpratibhānaḥ (Divyāvadāna °pratibhaḥ; in Mahāvyutpatti before adho°) pradhyānaparamaḥ (Mahāvyutpatti °paraḥ) Mahāvyutpatti 7122—26; Divyāvadāna 633.24, 27 (here accs.); 636.7; Avadāna-śataka i.48.10, in which, for madgu- of the other texts, Mahāvyutpatti 7122 reads maṅgu-, or with Mironov maṅku-(v.l. maṅgu-). The form madgu also in Avadāna-śataka i.286.5 vyāpadyate madguḥ pratitiṣṭhati kopaṃ saṃjanayati; in Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.86.2 madguvo (n. pl. f.); see also amadgu; and in Bodhisattvabhūmi 123.10 (na ca bodhisattvo) yācana- kam avahasati…na madgubhāvam (so ms., ed. em. maṅku°) asyopasaṃharati; but maṅku elsewhere in Bodhisattvabhūmi, (bhūtaṃ ca) doṣaṃ (of someone else) pratichādayati, na vivṛṇoti, yenāsya syān maṅkubhāvaḥ 254.15, so that he would be embarrassed; maṅku-bhā(vam…,lacuna) 150.4, filled by Tibetan bag ḥkhums pa, timidity, ‘little-mindedness’, and elsewhere: maṅkur bhavati, Hoernle, JRAS 1916.711 (= Pali Sn 818 maṅku hoti), is upset, disturbed (by the criticism of others); abhīru acchambhina-m (! n. sg. m. required; ‘hiatus-bridging’ m?) a-maṅku-bhūtaḥ dṛḍha- vīryaḥ (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 93.24. There seems to be even, once, an apparently related madgībhūta, q.v., implying a stem madga, but this is doubtful. See Pischel, SBBA 1904 pp. 816 (fol. 169a), and 823 f., for a discussion which in my opinion leads in a quite wrong direction.

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Maṅgu (मङ्गु).—(°-), see maṅku.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṅgu (मङ्गु).—[masculine] names of men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṅgu (मङ्गु):—m. Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Maṅgu (मङ्गु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Maṃgu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mangu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Maṃgu (मंगु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Maṅgu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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